Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Species in the genus Garra: [ 214 ] records


abhoyai, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:664, Pl. 26 (figs. 1, 1a-b) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Manipur, Assam and the neighbourhood of Ukhral, Naga Hills, India, elevation 6000 feet. Holotype: ZSI F5307/1. Paratypes: ZSI F5308/1 (1), F5309/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:111 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706] as abhayai. •Synonym of Garra rupecula (McClelland 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:432 [ref. 20764], Vishwanath 1993:61 [ref. 22063], Menon 1999:151 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Garra abhoyai Hora 1921 -- (Vishwanath & Linthoingambi 2008:101 [ref. 30107], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:2 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747] as abhoyi, Roni et al. 2017:372 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749], Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132]). Current status: Valid as Garra abhoyai Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

aethiopicus, Discognathus Pellegrin [J.] 1927:232 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 52; ref. 15814] Kabana River, tributary of Aouche River, Ethiopia, elevation about 2400 meters. Lectotype: MNHN 1927-125. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1927-0124 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:55 [ref. 19574]. Lectotype designated by Stiassny & Getahun 2007:68 [ref. 29119]. •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:304 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Garra aethiopica (Pellegrin 1927) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119], Habteselassie et al. 2010:52 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra aethiopica (Pellegrin 1927). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Awash River basin, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

allostoma, Garra Roberts [T. R.] 1990:163, Figs. 1-2 [Revue d'Hydrobiologie Tropicale v. 23 (no. 2); ref. 16927] Rapids of River Menchum below waterfall near Befang, Bamenda highlands, Niger basin, Cameroon, western Africa. Holotype: MNHN 1987-1626. Paratypes: MNHN 1988-1627 (32, 4 c&s). Other specimens: MNHN 1988-1166 (6). •Valid as Garra allostoma Roberts 1990 -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:284 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119]). Current status: Valid as Garra allostoma Roberts 1990. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

alta, Garra Day [F.] 1867:349 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 5); ref. 14044] Rapid streams, Wynaad, India. No types known. Possible syntype: BMNH 2016.11.30.676 (Day specimen from Wynaad). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. •Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:148 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

alticaputus, Garra Arunachalam [M.], Nandagopal [S.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2013:128, Fig. 6 [Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture. v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 33196] Dikrong River at Boorum Village, tributary of Ranga River, Lower Subanshri District, Anunachal Pradesh, India, 27°09'26"N, 93°42'22.7"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F8578. Paratypes: MSUMNH 60 (3), CMA 18 (4). •Valid as Garra alticaputus Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:90 [ref. 34491]). Current status: Valid as Garra alticaputus Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dikrong River, tributary of Ranga River, India. Habitat: freshwater.

amirhosseini, Garra Esmaeili [H. R.], Sayyadzadeh [G.], Coad [B. W.] & Eagderi [S.] 2016:87, Figs. 2-10 [Iranian Journal of Ichthyology v. 3 (no. 2); ref. 34620] Sartang-e-Bijar hot spring at Mehran, TigrisRiver drainage, Ilam Province, Iran, 33°46'16.3''N, 45°56'17.2''E. Holotype: ZM-CBSU H1216. Paratypes: ZM-CBSU. •Valid as Garra amirhosseini Esmaeili, Sayyadzadeh, Coad & Eagderi 2016 -- (Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Esmaeili et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Garra amirhosseini Esmaeili, Sayyadzadeh, Coad & Eagderi 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tigris River drainage, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

andruzzii, Phreatichthys Vinciguerra [D.] 1924:240 [2], Figured [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 51; ref. 4523] A spring near Bud-Bud, 4°11.5'N, 46°30'E [actual 4°11'19"N, 46°28'21"E], Uaesle, Somalia. Syntypes: MSNG 18259 (orig. 6, now 4); MSNM 31 [ex MSNM 4318] (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:185 [ref. 10343], Conci & Michelangeli 1974:225 [ref. 21560]. On p. 2 of separate. •Valid as Phreatichthys andruzzii Vinciguerra 1924 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:330 [ref. 6186], Poll & Gosse 1995:161 [ref. 24781] as andruzii, Romero & Paulson 2001:17 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:59 [ref. 28992]). •Valid as Garra andruzzii (Vinciguerra 1924). Current status: Valid as Garra andruzzii (Vinciguerra 1924). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

angulostoma, Garra Mai [D. Y.] 1978:59, Fig. 24 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Fast-running creeks in northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): DVZUT (lost). Mai's spelling of this species was angulostoma (3 places). •Synonym of Garra caudofasciata (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Kottelat 2001:24 [ref. 25482] wrongly as angulostomata on pp. 15, 24 and 81, Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780] with question). •Synonym of Placocheilus caudofasciatus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Zheng et al. 2002:210 [ref. 27464], Kottelat 2013:142 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra caudofasciatus (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

annandalei, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:657 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Assam, and various streams at the base of the Darjiling [Darjeeling] Himalayas, West Bengal, India. Syntypes: ZSI F10104/1 (5). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Garra annandalei Hora 1921 -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Vishwanath & Sarojnalini 1988:125 [ref. 16290], Ataur Rahman 1989:142 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:419 [ref. 20764], Sen 1995:535 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:142 [ref. 24904], Kundu 2000:96 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Ataur Rahman 2003:161 [ref. 31338], Shrestha 2008:118 [ref. 29923], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2354 [ref. 31816], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Tamang 2013:39 [ref. 32803], Gurung et al. 2013:4883 [ref. 32969], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017:406 [ref. 35691]). Current status: Valid as Garra annandalei Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, India and Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

apogon, Discognathus Norman [J. R.] 1925:570 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 15 (no. 89) (art. 64); ref. 6493] Ngoi-Tio, [Lao Chi Province] "cau Col des Nuages, Tonkin", Vietnam, elevation 4500-6500 feet. Syntypes: BMNH 1925.2.19.1-4 (4). •Synonym of Ageneiogarra imberba (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Mai 1978:51 [ref. 13511]). •Valid as Garra apogon (Norman 1925) -- (Kottelat 1998:34 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:23 [ref. 25482], Li et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29588], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra apogon (Norman 1925). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Red River basin, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

arabica, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:677, Fig. 5 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Not "Lahej near Aden, Yemen"; See Menon & Yazdani 1968. Holotype: ZSI F8123/1. Paratypes: ZSI F8124/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743]. See Krupp 1983:616 [ref. 8320] for locality information. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Garra nasuta (McClelland 1838) -- (Krupp 1983:616 [ref. 8320], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405]). Current status: Synonym of Garra nasuta (McClelland 1838). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

arunachalami, Horalabiosa Johnson [J. A.] & Soranam [R.] 2001:393, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 98 (pt 3); ref. 26173] Tributary of Panniyar stream, above Ponmudi reservoir at Santhamparai hills, Idukki district, Kerala, India, 9°82'N, 77°15'E, elevation 912 meters. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F.5324. Paratypes: SPKCES F.2 (7). •Valid as Horalabiosa arunachalami Johnson & Soranam 2001. •Valid as Garra arunachalami (Johnson & Soranam 2001). Current status: Valid as Garra arunachalami (Johnson & Soranam 2001). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

arunachalensis, Garra Nebeshwar [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2013:101, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 33006] Lower Divang valley district, Deapani River at Roing, Brahmaputa basin, 29°09'35"N, 95°54'08"E, Arunachal Pradesh, India, Holotype: MUMF 4304. Paratypes: MUMF 4305/4 (4), RGUMF 0190/5 (5). Plus non-type specimens, •Valid as Garra arunachalensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:271 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:373 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra arunachalensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra basin, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Habitat: freshwater.

arupi, Garra Nebeshwar [K.], Vishwanath [W.] & Das [D. N.] 2009:198, Figs. 1-3 [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 1 (no. 4); ref. 30177] Deopani River at Roing, Lower Divang Valley, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: RGUMF-0184. Paratypes: RGUMF-0185 (15), -0186 (10), -0187 (12), -0188 (12). •Valid as Garra arupi Nebeshwar, Vishwanath & Das 2009 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2357 [ref. 31816], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Tamang 2013:39 [ref. 32803], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:116 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:375 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra arupi Nebeshwar, Vishwanath & Das 2009. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, Arunachal Pradesh, India and Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

barreimiae, Garra Fowler [H. W.] & Steinitz [H.] 1956:262, Figs. 1-4 [Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel v. 5B (no. 3-4); ref. 1478] Buraimi, Oman. Holotype: ANSP 72129 (missing). Paratypes: ANSP 72133-34 (2); HUJ 2085/1 (1), HUJ [ex ANSP 72130-32] (3, missing); ZSI F2285/2 (2). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743], Böhlke 1984:69 [ref. 13621], Golani 2006:22 [ref. 28840]. •Valid as Garra barreimiae Fowler & Steinitz 1956 -- (Banister & Clarke 1977:132 [ref. 7232], Alkahem & Behnke 1983:562 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:592 [ref. 8320], Krupp 1988:403 [ref. 13859] with subspecies, Romero & Paulson 2001:17 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:66 [ref. 28992], Krupp & Budd 2009:120 [ref. 30148], Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:77 [ref. 34042], Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:45 [ref. 34341], Lyon et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34670], Pichler et al. 2018:1054 [ref. 35892]). Current status: Valid as Garra barreimiae Fowler & Steinitz 1956. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Oman, Southeastern Arabia. Habitat: freshwater.

baudoni, Discognathus Pellegrin [J.] 1923:339 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 48; ref. 15420] Loukoula River, tributary of the Loémé Gabon. Holotype: MNHN 1923-0055. Paratypes: MNHN 1923-0056 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:54-55 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Garra ornata (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:303 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Garra ornata (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

bicornuta, Garra Narayan Rao [C. R.] 1920:57, Pl. 1 (figs. 3, 3a-b) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 6 (no. 31) (art. 2); ref. 15244] Tunga River at Shimoga, Karnataka, India. Holotype: BMNH. Paratypes: BMNH 1919.11.19.1-3 (3), ZSI (3). •Valid as Garra bicornuta Narayan Rao 1920 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:420 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi 1993:244 [ref. 23727], Rema Devi & Indra 1999:55 [ref. 24756], Yadav 2003:15 [ref. 27711], Arunachalam et al.2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:48 [ref. 33405], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra bicornuta Narayan Rao 1920. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tunga River, Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

biloborostris, Garra Roni [N.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2017:134, Figs. 1-4 [Vertebrate Zoology v. 67 (no. 2); ref. 35625] Kanamakra River, Bhramaputra River basin, Chirang district, Assam, India, 26°45'0.59"N, 90°39'17.36"E, elevation 191 meters. Holotype: MUMF 22017. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra biloborostris Roni & Vishwanath 2017. Current status: Valid as Garra biloborostris Roni & Vishwanath 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Bhramaputra River basin, Assam, India. Habitat: freshwater.

bimaculacauda, Garra Thoni [R. J.], Gurung [D. B.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2016:118, Figs. 3-4 [Zootaxa 4169 (no. 1); ref. 34747] Dangmechhu River, Marangdud, Zhemgang Dzongkhag, Bhutan, 27°11.513'N, 91°36.059'E. Holotype: NBC 15184. Paratypes: CNR. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Garra bimaculacauda Thoni, Gurung & Mayden 2016 -- (Roni et al. 2017:372 [ref. 35205], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625]). Current status: Valid as Garra bimaculacauda Thoni, Gurung & Mayden 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dangmechhu River drainage, central and eastern Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

birostris, Garra Nebeshwar [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2013:104, Fig. 5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 33006] Papum Pare district, Dikrong River at Doimukh, Brahmaputra basin, 27°08'19"N, 93°44'51"E, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: MUMF 4302. Paratypes: MUMF 4303 (5); RGUMF 0077 (5), 0078 (5), 0080 (5). •Valid as Garra birostris Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:271 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:122 [ref. 34747] dated 2014, Roni et al. 2017:373 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra birostris Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra basin, India and Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

bisangularis, Garra Chen [Z.-M.], Wu [X.-Y.] & Xiao [H.] 2010:381, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Xinyang Normal University (Natural Science Edition) v. 23 (no. 3); ref. 31033] Luosuo River, a tributary flowing into the Lancangjiang River (upper Mekong) drainage in Mengala County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype (unique): KI 20080728001. •Valid as Garra bisangularis Chen, Wu & Xiao 2010 -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). •Synonym of Garra fasciacauda Fowler 1937 -- (Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989] with question, Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Garra fasciacauda Fowler 1937. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Luosuo River, Mekong River basin, Yunnan, China (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

bispinosa, Garra Zhang [E] 2005:10, Figs. 1, 2A [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Suppl. no. 13; ref. 28349] Daying Jiang, a tributary flowing to the Yiluowadi Jiang (Irrawaddy River) basin in Yingjiang, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: IHASW 78IV1537. Paratypes: IHASW 78IV1459 (1), 1460 (1), 1462-4 (3), 1466-7 (2), 1524-9 (6), 1532 (1), 1534-6 (3), 1538 (1), 1543-5 (3), 1547 (1), 1548-9 (2); ZRC 78IV1542 (1). •Valid as Garra bispinosa Zhang 2005 -- (Zhang 2006:447 [ref. 28912], Li et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29588], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:110 [ref. 33006], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Yu et al. 2016:295 [ref. 34494], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:55 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra bispinosa Zhang 2005. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Irrawaddy River basin, Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

blanfordii, Discognathus Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:160 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1901, v. 2 (pt 3) (art. 2) (for 4 June 1901); ref. 14746] Stream at Suru and small pool at Amba, about 25 miles north of Massawa, Eritrea. Lectotype: BMNH 1869.11.4.39. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1869.2.8.13 (1) Suru, Abyssinia; 1869.11.4.40-44 (5) Amba; 1872.12.18.3 (1) Abyssinia, 1869.2.8.4-11 (8) near Massowa; MSNM 20 [ex MSNM 4321 and ex BMNH] (1). Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:224 [ref. 21560]. Lectotype apparentlyu selected by Stiassny & Getahun 2007:73 [ref. 29119]. •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:304 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Garra blanfordii (Boulenger 1901) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:73 [ref. 29119], Habteselassie et al. 2010:50 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra blanfordii (Boulenger 1901). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Eritrea, Ethiopia and Sudan. Habitat: freshwater.

borneensis, Discognathus Vaillant [L. L.] 1902:91, Figs. 25-26 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 24 (note 1); ref. 4490] Bluu [Bloeoe] River, Mahakam basin, Borneo. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7698. •Valid as Garra borneensis (Vaillant 1902) -- (Roberts 1989:40 [ref. 6439], Kottelat & Lim 1995:230 [ref. 23210], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Martin-Smith & Tan 1998:580 [ref. 23647], Parenti & Lim 2005:180 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Thoni & Mayden 2015:284 [ref. 33873], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra borneensis (Vaillant 1902). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

bourreti, Discognathus Pellegrin [J.] 1928:340 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 53; ref. 15870] Claire River, Tonkin. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1928-0209. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:55 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Garra orientalis Nichols 1925 -- (Wu et al. 1977:379 [ref. 4807], Mai 1978:53 [ref. 13511], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:240 [ref. 25272]). •See Kottelat 2000:42 [ref. 25040]. •Valid as Garra bourreti (Pellegrin 1928) -- (Kottelat 2001:24 [ref. 25482], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Li et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29588], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra bourreti (Pellegrin 1928). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Red River basin, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

brachypterus, Gonorhynchus McClelland [J.] 1839:283, 374 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Mishmee Mountains. No types known. •Synonym of Garra rupecula (McClelland 1839) -- (Menon 1999:151 [ref. 24904], ? as rupecola). Current status: Synonym of Garra rupecula (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brevimentalia, Garra jerdonia var. Narayan Rao [C. R.] 1920:54, Pl. 1 (figs. 1, 1a-b) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 6 (no. 31) (art. 2); ref. 15244] Harangi [Harang] River at Madapur, Coorg, Karnataka, India. Holotype: BMNH 1919.11.19.5-7 (1 of 3). Paratypes: (6) BMNH 1919.11.19.5-7 (2 of 3), ZSI (2), CCB (1). •Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:429 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:149 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

brittoni, Garra Trewavas [E.] 1941:11, Fig. B [British Museum (Natural History) expedition to southwest Arabia v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 12735] Migyal al Alaf, a cistern 8 miles south of San'a, Yemen, elevation 8000 feet. Lectotype: BMNH 1940.2.15.19. Paralectotypes: BMNH 1940.2.15.20-27 (8). Lectotype established as "Lectotype selected by Dr. P. Bănărescu (in press)" in Banister & Clarke 1977:140 [7232]. Stiassny & Getahun 2007:66 [ref. 29119] have lectotype as 1940.8.15.192. •Synonym of Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941 -- (Banister & Clarke 1977:140 [ref. 7232], Alkahem & Behnke 1983:560 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:607 [ref. 8320]). •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:66 [ref. 29119] dated to Rüppell 1836). Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

buettikeri, Garra Krupp [F.] 1983:595, Fig. 21 [Fauna of Saudi Arabia v. 5; ref. 8320] Wadi Turabah, Saudi Arabia, 20°29'N, 41°12'E, elevation 1470 meters. Holotype: NMBA 5552. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.8.25.8 (1), 1977.8.25.9-13 (5); NMBA 5549-51 (3), 5553-55 (3), 5574-80 (7), 5588-90 (3), 5881-5913 (32), 5914-26 (12); SMF 16444 (10). Type catalog: Kottelat & Sutter 1988:53 [ref. 13796]. •Valid as Garra buettikeri Krupp 1983 -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626] as buettikerii, Lyon et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34670] as buettikerii). Current status: Valid as Garra buettikeri Krupp 1983. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Arabian Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

cambodgiensis, Cirrhina (Crossochilus) Tirant [G.] 1884:170, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Bulletin de la Société des Études Indo-chinoises. Saigon. 1883; ref. 17921] Montagnes de Samrong Tong, Cambodia. Holotype (unique): MHNL 4200-0002 (3465). On p. 37, pl. 2 (fig. 1) of reprint in Chevey 1929 [ref. 16215]. Original genus should have been Cirrhinus. •Valid as Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884) -- (Kottelat 1986:11, 21 [ref. 11434], Rainboth 1996:121 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:29 [ref. 23436], Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Chen 2002:463 [ref. 26897], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Lothongkham et al. 2014:551 [ref. 33283], Vilasri et al. 2014:24 [ref. 33693], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477], Kangrang et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34836], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mekong River and Chao Phraya River basins, Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia. Habitat: freshwater.

caudatus, Gonorhynchus McClelland [J.] 1839:375 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Mishmee mountains, India. No types known. •Synonym of Garra nasuta (McClelland 1838) -- (Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra nasuta (McClelland 1838). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

caudomaculata, Hemigrammocapoeta Battalgil [F.] 1942:296, Fig. 7 [Revue de la Faculté des Sciences de l'Université d'Instanbul, Série B: Sciences Naturelles v. 7 (no. 4); ref. 13190] Amik Lake, Antakya, southern Turkey. •Valid as Crossocheilus caudomaculatus (Battalgil 1942) -- (Fricke et al. 2007:38 [ref. 29533], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151]). •Synonym of Hemigrammocapoeta culiciphaga Pellegrin 1927 -- (Küçük et al. 2015:362 [ref. 34064] as caudamaculatus). •Synonym of Garra culiciphaga (Pellegrin 1927) based on placement of culiciphaga, Çiçek et al. 2016:117 [ref. 35152]. •Valid as Garra caudomaculata (Battalgil 1942) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Yoğurtçuoğlu et al. 2018:287 [ref. 36205]). Current status: Synonym of Garra culiciphaga (Pellegrin 1927). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ceylonensis, Garra (Garra) Bleeker [P.] 1863:239 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeling Natuurkunde. v. 15; ref. 17011] Sri Lanka; Periyar River, Kerala, India. Syntypes: (3). Also appeared in Bleeker 1864:8, Pl. 1 (fig. 4) [ref. 13925]. •Valid as Garra ceylonensis Bleeker 1863 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:74 [ref. 20075], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:421 [ref. 20764], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:222 [ref. 31583], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra ceylonensis Bleeker 1863. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

chakpiensis, Garra Nebeshwar [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2015:306, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 4) (for Mar. 2015); ref. 33758] Chindwin River basin, Chakpi River at Tankpol. Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 4308. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra chakpiensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015 -- (Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra chakpiensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

chaudhurii, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:671, Pl. 25 (fig. 3) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Darjiling [Darjeeling] District, Himalayas, West Bengal, India. Holotype: ZSI F8146/1. Paratypes: ZSI F8147/1 (1), F8148/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Garra annandalei Hora 1921 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:420 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:143 [ref. 24904]). •Questionably valid as Garra chaudhurii Hora 1921 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2359 [ref. 31816]). •Valid as Garra chaudhurii Hora 1921 -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:161 [ref. 31338], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:375 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra chaudhurii Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

chebera, Garra Habteselassie [R.], Mikschi [E.], Ahnelt [H.] & Waidbacher [H.] 2010:46, Figs. 2-3 [Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien B v. 111; ref. 30774] Dildil stream, tributary of Lake Womba, in Chebera-Churchura National Park, some 12 kilometers southeast of Genji village, 7°03'N, 36°48'E, Ethiopia. Holotype: NMW 95229. Paratypes: NMW 95230 (16), 95231 (2 c&s). •Valid as Garra chebera Habteselassie, Mikschi, Ahnelt & Waidbacher 2010. Current status: Valid as Garra chebera Habteselassie, Mikschi, Ahnelt & Waidbacher 2010. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dildil Stream, tributary to Lake Womba, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

chiarinii, Discognathus Vinciguerra [D.] 1883:696 [8], Figured [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova v. 18; ref. 17887] Lake Arsadé, Adda, Ethiopia. Lectotype: MSNG 8974A. Paralectotypes: (many) BMNH 1903.8.10.14-16 (3); MSNG 8974B (1, now many); NMW 53235 (1). On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:302 [ref. 6186], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119] dated 1836). Current status: Synonym of Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

chindwinensis, Garra Premananda [N.], Kosygin [L.] & Saidullah [B.] 2017:191, Figs. 1-3 [Records of the Zoological Survey of India v. 117 (no. 3); ref. 35861] Laniye River near Laii, Chindwin basin, Senapati District, Manipur, India, 25°31'20"N, 93°26'13"E. Holotype: ZSI FF 5906. Paratype: PCZM. •Valid as Garra chindwinensis Premananda, Kosygin & Saidullah 2017. Current status: Valid as Garra chindwinensis Premananda, Kosygin & Saidullah 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Laniye River drainage, Chindwin basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

cimmaruta, Discognathus blanfordii Gianferrari [L.] 1936:298, Figs. 1-2; Pl. 4 [Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano v. 75 (nos 3/4); ref. 20922] Gherungurà stream, Adua, Ethiopia. Syntypes: MSNM 21 [ex MSNM 4844] (4). Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:224 [ref. 21560]. •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:304 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Garra blanfordii (Boulenger 1901) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:73 [ref. 29119]). Current status: Synonym of Garra blanfordii (Boulenger 1901). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

clavirostris, Garra Roni [N.], Sarbojit [T.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2017:368, Figs. 1-4 [Zootaxa 4244 (no. 3); ref. 35205] Dilaima River at Boro Chenam Village below the confluence of Dilaima and Dihandi, Brahmaputra drainage, Dima Hasao District, Assam, India, 25°18′03"N, 92°52′05"E, elevation 401 meters. Holotype: MUMF 22004. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra clavirostris Roni, Sarbojit & Vishwanath 2017 -- (Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra clavirostris Roni, Sarbojit & Vishwanath 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, Assam, India. Habitat: freshwater.

compressus, Garra Kosygin [L.] & Vishwanath [W.] 1998:45, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Freshwater Biology v. 10 (no. 1-2); ref. 25761] Wanze stream at Khamsom, 25°12'N, 94°32'E, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 2316. Paratypes: MUMF 2314-2315 (2). •Valid as Garra compressus Kosygin & Vishwanath 1998 -- (Kullander & Fang 2004:276 [ref. 27857], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2357 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:367 [ref. 35205] as compressa, Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484] as compressa, Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749] as compressa). Current status: Valid as Garra compressus Kosygin & Vishwanath 1998. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

congoensis, Garra Poll [M.] 1959:88, Pl. 16 (figs. 3A-3C) [v. 71 (art. 3); ref. 3522] Regina Falls, rapids at Kinsuka, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype: MRAC 103350. Paratypes: (22) MRAC 87979-80 (2), 103351-55 (5), 118283-90 (8), 118291-95 (5), 118931-33 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:40 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Garra congoensis Poll 1959 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:301 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Valid as Garra congoensis Poll 1959. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Central Africa: Angola and Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

cornigera, Garra Shangningam [B.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2015:264, Fig. 1 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 26 (no. 3); ref. 34052] Sanalok River, Chindwin basin, Ukhrul district, Manipur, India, 24°52'N, 94°39'E. Holotype: MUMF 12061. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra cornigera Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015 -- (Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra cornigera Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

crenulatus, Discognathus Heckel [J. J.] 1847:262 [Reisen in Europa, Asien und Africa v. 2 (pt 3); ref. 2068] Confluents of Araks River and sources of Saadi and Kara-Agatsch rivers. Syntypes: NMW 53236-37 (14, 7). •Synonym of Garra rufa (Heckel 1843), but a valid subspecies crenulata (Heckel 1847) -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:82 [ref. 8508]). •Synonym of Garra rufa (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:17 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:17 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:86 [ref. 34042], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2016:108 [ref. 34620], Esmaeili et al. 2017:47 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:28 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Synonym of Garra rufa (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

cryptonemus, Placocheilus Cui [G.-H.] & Li [Z.-Y.] 1984:110 (English p. 112), Fig. 1 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 8236] Laowo, 25°51'N, 99°01'E, Yunlong County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 742035. Paratypes: KIZ (14). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:349 [ref. 32939]. Specific name is an undeclinable noun. •Valid as Placocheilus cryptonemus Cui & Li 1984 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:280 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:71 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:176 [ref. 23556], Yue & Chen 1998:136 [ref. 26415], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:267 [ref. 25272], Zheng et al. 2002:213 [ref. 27464], Zhang & Zhou 2012:24 [ref. 32322]). •Valid as Garra cryptonemus (Cui & Li 1984) -- (Li et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29588], Lothongkham et al. 2014:552 [ref. 33283]). Current status: Valid as Garra cryptonemus (Cui & Li 1984). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Yunnan Province, China. Habitat: freshwater.

culiciphaga, Hemigrammocapoeta Pellegrin [J.] 1927:34 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 52 (for 1927); ref. 5042] Adana, Asia Minor [Turkey]. Syntypes: BMNH 1927.5.7.7 (1), MNHN 1926-0396 (6), MSNM 27 [ex MSNM 4411 and ex MNHN] (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:45 [ref. 19574], Conci & Michelangeli 1974:224 [ref. 21560]. •Valid as Hemigrammocapoeta culiciphaga Pellegrin 1927 -- (Küçük et al. 2015:364 [ref. 34064], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151]). •Valid as Garra culiciphaga (Pellegrin 1927) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Yoğurtçuoğlu et al. 2018:287 [ref. 36205]). Current status: Valid as Garra culiciphaga (Pellegrin 1927). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Turkey. Habitat: freshwater.

cyclostomata, Garra Mai [D. Y.] 1978:56, Fig. 23 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Fast-running creeks in northern Vietnam. Syntypes: DVZUT. Original genus should have been Garra, instead was Gara •Status uncertain -- (Kottelat 1998:35 [ref. 23436]). •Synonym of Garra poilanei Petit & Tchang 1933 -- (Kottelat 2001:25 [ref. 25482]). •Tentatively valid as Garra cyclostomata Mai 1978 -- (Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra cyclostomata Mai 1978. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Red RIver basin, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

cyrano, Garra Kottelat [M.] 2000:41, Fig. 6 [Journal of South Asian Natural History v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 25040] Nam Leuk, about 500 meters downstream of Thad Leuk waterfall, 18°23'34"N, 103°04'17"E, Vientiane Province, Laos. Holotype: ZRC 45303. Paratypes: CMK 13288 (4), LARRI uncat. (2), ZRC 45304 (1). •Valid as Garra cyrano Kottelat 2000 -- (Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Zhang 2005:13 [ref. 28349], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:117 [ref. 33006], Vilasri et al. 2014:24 [ref. 33693], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Yu et al. 2016:299 [ref. 34494], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra cyrano Kottelat 2000. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mekong River basin and Nam Theun: Laos. Habitat: freshwater.

dageti, Garra waterloti var. Monod [T.] 1950:981, Figs. 3, 6 [Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire v. 12 (no. 4); ref. 12902] Markala, French Sudan. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1950-0076. Non-types: BMNH 1952.12.31.12-17 (6). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:269 [ref. 20870]. •Synonym of Garra ornata (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:303 [ref. 6186]). •Synonym of Garra waterloti (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:285 [ref. 21589]). Current status: Synonym of Garra waterloti (Pellegrin 1935). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dampaensis, Garra Lalronunga [S.], Lalnuntluanga [no initials] & Lalramliana [no initials] 2013:4369, Images 1- 2 [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 5 (no. 9); ref. 32715] Seling River, tributary to Khawthlang Tuipui (Karnaphuti River) in the vicinity of Damparengpui, Mizoram, India, 23°40'51"N, 92°22'35"E. Holotype: PUCMF 12001. Paratypes: PUCMF 12002 (10), 12003 (2), 12004 (3). •Valid as Garra dampaensis Lalronunga, Lalnuntluanga & Lalramliana 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:375 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132]). Current status: Valid as Garra dampaensis Lalronunga, Lalnuntluanga & Lalramliana 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Karnaphuli River basin, Mizoram, India. Habitat: freshwater.

dembecha, Garra Getahun [A.] & Stiassny [M. L. J.] in Stiassny & Getahun 2007:62, Fig. 15 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 150; ref. 29119] Bula River, crossing southern part of Dembecha, Gojam, Ethiopia. Holotype: AMNH 228483. Paratypes: AMNH 223693 (27, 3 c&s). Plus non-type material. Appeared first as unavailable in an unpublished PhD thesis by Getahun, 2000. •Valid as Garra dembecha Getahun & Stiassny 2007 -- (Habteselassie et al. 2010:50 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra dembecha Getahun & Stiassny 2007. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya and Tanzania. Habitat: freshwater.

dembeensis, Chondrostoma Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:16, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Lake Tana at Gorgora, Ethiopia, 12°15'N, 37°20'E. Neotype: AMNH 223731. Neotype designated by Stiassny & Getahun 2007:71 [ref. 29119]. Date of publication is based on date separates were issued. •Valid as Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:302 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:286 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Seegers et al. 2003:34 [ref. 28087], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:69 [ref. 29119] dated 1836, De Weirdt et al. 2007:533 [ref. 30024] dated 1836, Habteselassie et al. 2010:50 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Africa: widespread in eastern Africa to Cameroon. Habitat: freshwater.

dengba, Garra Deng [S.-Q.], Cao [L.] & Zhang [E] 2018:95, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4476 (no. 1); ref. 36132] Chayu-Qu, a tributary flowing into the Brahmaputra River, Chayu County, eastern Tibet, west China, about 28°26'55"N, 97°02'48"E. Holotype: IHB 2016032616. Paratypes: IHB. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Garra dengba Deng, Cao & Zhang 2018. Current status: Valid as Garra dengba Deng, Cao & Zhang 2018. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chayu-Qu [Lohit River] drainage, Brahmaputra River basin, eastern Tibet, west China. Habitat: freshwater.

dhamarica, Garra tibanica Balletto [E.] & Spanò [S.] 1977:274, Fig. 5.1 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 81; ref. 7231] Bir al-Manzil, near Dhamar, Yemen. Holotype: MSNG 46541 [ex 390] (1 of 6). Paratypes: MSNG 46541 (5 of 6, mixed with holotype); Ist. Zool. Univ. Genova (orig. 135). •Synonym of Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941 -- (Krupp 1983:608 [ref. 8320]). •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) based on placement of tibanica. Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dienbieni, Discogobio Nguyen [V. H.] in Nguyen & Ngo 2001:564, Fig. 291 [Freshwater fishes of Viet Nam. Volume I. Family Cyprinidae v. 1; ref. 28301] Sông Nâm Rôm, Diên Biên Phu, Lai Châu, Viêt Nam. Holotype: VNCNTTS I: H.01.97.03.01. Paratypes: VNCNTTS I: H.01.97.03.02 - 05 (10). •Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1888) -- (Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Lai Chai Provence, Nan Rom River, in Dien Bien Phu city, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

dulongensis, Placocheilus Chen [Z.-M.], Pan [X.-F.], Kong [D.-P.] & Yang [J.-X.] 2006:308, No fig. [Journal of Xinyang Normal University (Natural Science Edition) v. 19 (no. 3); ref. 29062] Dulongjing River basin, Yunnan Province, China. No types listed but 7 specimens examined. Also appeared as new with different authorship in 2012 [ref. 31859]; apparently no type was established in 2006 [ref. 29062], so the species may not date to 2006. •Possibly in Placocheilus or Garra. •Synonym of Garra dulongensis (Chen, Pan, Xiao & Yang 2012). Current status: Synonym of Garra dulongensis (Chen, Pan, Xiao & Yang 2012). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

dulongensis, Placocheilus Chen [Z.-M.], Pan [X.-F.], Xiao [H.] & Yang [J.-X.] 2012:216, Fig. 2 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 251 (no. 3); ref. 31859] Tributary of the Dulong River, near Qinlangdang village, 27°41'14.5"N, 98°16'37.8"E, Dulongjiang Town, Gongshan County, Yunnan, China, elevation 1213 meters. Holotype: KIZ 041106082. Paratypes: KIZ 1107079-81 (3), 20005352-56 (5), -5358-60 (3), -5972 (1), -5981 (1), -5985-86 (2), 041106009, -6081 and -6083 (3 c&s). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:349 [ref. 32939]. The species appeared first in Chen et al. 2006 [ref. 29062] with different third author (Kong D.-P. replacing Xiao H.); appearance in 2006 not available (7 specimens mentioned but no holotype or syntypes designated; see Art. 16.4.1 of ICZN). Available as above. •In Garra -- (Lothongkham et al. 2014:543 [ref. 33283]). •Valid as Placocheilus dulongensis Chen, Pan, Xiao & Yang 2012 -- (Zhang et al. 2016:114 [ref. 34477]). •Valid as Garra dulongensis (Chen, Pan, Xiao & Yang 2012) -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132]). Current status: Valid as Garra dulongensis (Chen, Pan, Xiao & Yang 2012). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tributary of Dulong River, Irrawaddy River basin, Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

dunsirei, Garra Banister [K. E.] 1987:59, Figs. 1, 2a, 3-5 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 52 (no. 1); ref. 8111] Sink hole, Tawi Atair [or Attair], 17°06'N, 54°34'E, in the Jabal Qara (Jabal Samhan) mountains, Dhofar, Oman. Holotype: BMNH 1984.3.6.571. Paratypes: BMNH 1984.3.6.572-576 (6). •Valid as Garra dunsirei Banister 1987 -- (Romero & Paulson 2001:17 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:68 [ref. 28992], Krupp & Budd 2009:120 [ref. 30148], Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Lyon et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34670], Mousavi-Sabet et al. 2016:141 [ref. 34988]). Current status: Valid as Garra dunsirei Banister 1987. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dhofar Province, Oman. Habitat: freshwater.

duobarbis, Garra Getahun [A.] & Stiassny [M. L. J.] in Stiassny & Getahun 2007:55, Fig. 12 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 150; ref. 29119] Koladiba, about 80 kilometers south of Gondar, in Dirma River, 12°25'N, 37°20'E, Ethiopia. Holotype: AMNH 228484. Paratypes: AMNH 223736 (9, 2 c&s). Appeared first as unavailable in an unpublished PhD thesis by Getahun, 2000. •Valid as Garra duobarbis Getahun & Stiassny 2007 -- (Habteselassie et al. 2010:51 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra duobarbis Getahun & Stiassny 2007. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dirma River, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

elbahrica, Garra tibanica Balletto [E.] & Spanò [S.] 1977:277, Fig. 5.2 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 81; ref. 7231] Wadi al-Bahr, Yemen. Holotype: MSNG 46547 [ex 333]. Paratypes: MSNG 46547 (holotype and many paratypes), Ist. Zool. Univ. Genova (orig. 50). •Synonym of Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941 -- (Krupp 1983:608 [ref. 8320]). •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) based on placement of tibanica. Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Discognathus Annandale [N.] 1919:76, Pls. 9 (fig. 4), 11 (fig. 5) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 18 (pt 1); ref. 15203] Nierolay stream, base of Nilgiris, India. Holotype: ZSI F9798/1. Paratypes: BMNH 1919.8.16.6 (1); ZSI F9794/1 (1), F9795/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:110 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706] dated 1921. •Synonym of Garra mcclellandi (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:428 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:148 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196]). Current status: Synonym of Garra mcclellandi (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

elegans, Tylognathus Günther [A.] 1868:64 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Mesopotamia? Syntypes: (numerous) BMNH 1850.10.21.31-35 (5), 1850.10.21.36 (1, c&s). •Valid as Hemigarra elegans (Günther 1868) -- (Coad 1981:11 [ref. 22348]). •Valid as Hemigrammocapoeta elegans (Günther 1868) -- (Coad 1991:17 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:18 [ref. 23608], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:873 [ref. 34062]). •Valid as Garra elegans (Günther 1868) -- (Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Freyhof 2016:497 [ref. 34805], Esmaeili et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Garra elegans (Günther 1868). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tigris River drainage, Iraq and probably Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

elongata, Garra Vishwanath [W.] & Kosygin [L.] 2000:408, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-3) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 97 (pt 3); ref. 25322] Hill stream near Tolloi, 25°12'N, 94°20'E, Chindwin basin, Manipur, India, elevation about 2016 meters. Holotype: MUMF 2311. Paratypes: MUMF 2308-10 (3). •Valid as Garra elongata Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000 -- (Kullander & Fang 2004:265 [ref. 27857], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2355 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989] with question, Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:110 [ref. 33006], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:312 [ref. 33758], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747] as elongatus, Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra elongata Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

emarginata, Garra Kurup [B. M.] & Radhakrishnan [K. V.] 2011:220, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 107 (no. 3) [2010]; ref. 31583] Pooyamkutty, Periyar River, Kerala, India. Holotype: ZSI-WGRS V/F 13033. Paratypes: CUSAT, Regn No. 1, 62a, 62b, 63c (3). •Valid as Garra emarginata Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011 -- (Arunachalam et al.2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra emarginata Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Periyar River, Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

ethelwynnae, Garra Menon [A. G. K.] 1958:450, Fig. 1 [Current Science v. 27 (no. 11); ref. 12092] Salamona, Eritrea. Holotype: BMNH 1950.5.31.19. Paratypes: BMNH 1950.5.31.20 (1), ZSI F859/2 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:358 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Garra ethelwynnae Menon 1958 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:302 [ref. 6186], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119], Rahman et al. 2016:178 [ref. 34903]). Current status: Valid as Garra ethelwynnae Menon 1958. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Eritrea. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciacauda, Garra Fowler [H. W.] 1937:212, Figs. 187-188 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Kemrat [Kemarat], Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68222. Paratypes: ANSP 68223-30 (8), USNM 118115 [ex ANSP 68231-32] (2). Additional material: (28). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Garra taeniata Smith 1931 -- (Wu et al. 1977:377 [ref. 4807], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:246 [ref. 25272]). •Valid as Garra fasciacauda Fowler 1937 -- (Rainboth 1996:121 [ref. 22772], Doi 1997:5 [ref. 22832], Kottelat 1998:29 [ref. 23436], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Chen 2002:463 [ref. 26897], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2014:24 [ref. 33693], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477], Kangrang et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34836], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra fasciacauda Fowler 1937. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mekong River basin and Xe Bangfai. Habitat: freshwater.

festai, Tylognathus Tortonese [E.] 1939:323 [13], Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino. (Ser. 3) v. 46 (no. 85); ref. 10283] El Bekáa, Lebanon. Holotype (unique): MZUT 2917. Type catalog: Tortonese 1940:139 [ref. 21559]. On p. 13 of separate. •Valid as Garra festai (Tortonese 1939) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805]). Current status: Valid as Garra festai (Tortonese 1939). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Lebanon. Habitat: freshwater.

fisheri, Discolabeo Fowler [H. W.] 1937:211, Figs. 177-178 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 89; ref. 1425] Tachin River, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68219. Paratypes: ANSP 68220 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:76 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Garra fisheri (Fowler 1937) -- (Rainboth 1996:121 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Garra fuliginosa Fowler 1934 -- ( Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra fuliginosa Fowler 1934. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Asia. Habitat: freshwater.

flavatra, Garra Kullander [S. O.] & Fang [F.] 2004:270, Figs. 3e, 10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 27857] Thandwe, Kananmae Chaung, near Leldee village, by foot 45 min from Gwechaung village at kilometer 18 on road Thandwe-Taunggok, 8°35'39"N, 94°22'45"E, Rakhine State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 49511. Paratypes: NRM 40757 (5), 40795 (4), 40828-29 (10, 18). •Valid as Garra flavatra Kullander & Fang 2004 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2009:202 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2358 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:305 [ref. 33758], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:67 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra flavatra Kullander & Fang 2004. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Western slope of Rakhine Yoma, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Garra Kangrang [P.], Thoni [R. J.], Mayden [R. L.] & Beamish [F. W. H.] 2016:336, Figs. 2-4 [Zootaxa 4175 (no. 4); ref. 34836] Kanchanaburi, Mae Nam Kwai Noi drainage, Kroeng Krawai, route 323 at km 32 near Prang Phe, Thailand, 14°58'17"N, 98°38'24"E. Holotype: NIFI 5083. Paratypes: NIFI, UF. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Garra fluviatilis Kangrang, Thoni, Mayden & Beamish 2016. Current status: Valid as Garra fluviatilis Kangrang, Thoni, Mayden & Beamish 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Kanchanaburi province, Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

fuliginosa, Garra Fowler [H. W.] 1934:139, Figs. 108-111 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Metang [Maetang] River, 35 miles north of Chieng Mai [Chiengmai], northern Thailand. Holotype (unique): ANSP 58006. Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:77 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Garra fuliginosa Fowler 1934 -- (Rainboth 1996:122 [ref. 22772], Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438], Kottelat 2000:42 [ref. 25040], Kottelat 2001:53 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Zhang 2005:13 [ref. 28349], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:117 [ref. 33006], Lothongkham et al. 2014:551 [ref. 33283], Vilasri et al. 2014:24 [ref. 33693], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Yu et al. 2016:299 [ref. 34494], Kangrang et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34836], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:67 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra fuliginosa Fowler 1934. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chao Phraya River basin, Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

fusiformis, Discognathus Heckel [J. J.] 1844:387, Fig. [Fische Kaschmir's v. 4 (pt 2); ref. 18255] Kashmir. •Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:148 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

gallagheri, Garra barreimiae Krupp [F.] 1988:402, Fig. 1 [Journal of Oman Studies Special Report No. 3; ref. 13859] Wadi Bani Khalid north of Muqal, 22°40'N, 59°05'E, Oman. Holotype: SMF 17262. Paratypes: BMNH 1977.12.13.557-578 (5), 1978.9.6.5-13 (7); NHMB 6343 (6), 6350 (4); ONHM 771.1 (3); SMF 17262 (2 or 10). •Valid as Garra gallagheri Krupp 1988 -- (Lyon et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34670]). Current status: Valid as Garra gallagheri Krupp 1988. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Wadi Bani Khalid, Oman. Habitat: freshwater.

geba, Garra Getahun [A.] & Stiassny [M. L. J.] in Stiassny & Getahun 2007:57, Fig. 13 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 150; ref. 29119] Geba River, about 2 kilometers south of Hagere Selam town, Tigray, 13°35'N, 39°25'E, Ethiopia. Holotype: AMNH 228485. Paratypes: AMNH 223747 (7, 2 c&s). Appeared first as unavailable in an unpublished PhD thesis by Getahun, 2000. •Valid as Garra geba Getahun & Stiassny 2007 -- (Habteselassie et al. 2010:51 [ref. 30774]) Current status: Valid as Garra geba Getahun & Stiassny 2007. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Geba River, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

gharbia, Garra sahilia Krupp [F.] 1983:604, Fig. 37 [Fauna of Saudi Arabia v. 5; ref. 8320] Wadi Minsah, Saudi Arabia, 20°31'N, 40°40'E. Holotype: NMBA 5927. Paratypes: NMBA 5928-41 (now 13), SMF 17104 (3). Plus additional material. Type catalog: Kottelat & Sutter 1988:53 [ref. 13796]. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

ghorensis, Garra tibanica Krupp [F.] 1982:319, Figs. 1-2 [Hydrobiologia v. 88 (no. 3); ref. 8987] Dead Sea Valley, Ain al-Hadita, Jordan, 31°18'N, 35°32'E. Holotype: SMF 16436. Paratypes: NMC 80-0134 [ex SMF 16437] (3); SMF 16437-39 (41, 1, 7); UJZM (2). •Synonym of Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Krupp 1983:613 [ref. 8320]). •Valid as Garra ghorensis Krupp 1982 -- (Krupp & Schneider 1989:368 [ref. 13651], Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:87 [ref. 34042], Mousavi-Sabet et al. 2016:141 [ref. 34988]). Current status: Valid as Garra ghorensis Krupp 1982. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Jordan. Habitat: freshwater.

giarrabensis, Discognathus Gianferrari [L.] 1932:109, Figs. 1-2 [Bollettino di Zoologia v. 3 (nos 1-2); ref. 16371] Well at Giarrabà, Eritrea, northern Ethiopia. Syntypes: MSNM 22 [ex MSNM 4290] (5). Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:224 [ref. 21560]. •Synonym of Garra blanfordii (Boulenger 1901) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:73 [ref. 29119]). Current status: Synonym of Garra blanfordii (Boulenger 1901). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

gotyla, Cyprinus Gray [J. E.] 1830:no page number, Pl. 88 (fig. 3) [Illustrations of Indian zoology; ref. 1878] Sikkim, Tista [Teesta] River at Rangpo, 27°10'43"N, 88°32'10"E, India [original locality: Mountain stream, northern India] Neotype: MUMF 4300. Published about 15 July 1830. Neotype designated by Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:115 [ref. 33006]. •Valid as Garra gotyla (Gray 1830) -- (Shrestha 1978:35 [ref. 15970], Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348], Ataur Rahman 1989:141 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:421 [ref. 20764], Singh & Yazdani 1993:199 [ref. 24022], Vishwanath 1993:62 [ref. 22063], Sen 1995:536 [ref. 23778], Rema Devi & Indra 1999:55 [ref. 24756], Menon 1999:143 [ref. 24904], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220], Mirza 2000:356 [ref. 25207], Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000:413 [ref. 25322], Kundu 2000:96 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Gopi 2001:80 [ref. 25681], Rafique et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27173], Mirza 2003:10 [ref. 27265], Ataur Rahman 2003:160 [ref. 31338], Kullander & Fang 2004:276 [ref. 27857], Zhang 2005:13 [ref. 28349], Shrestha 2008:119 [ref. 29923] as subspecies gotyla, Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2354 [ref. 31816], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:110 [ref. 33006], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:123 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017:407 [ref. 35691], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749], Sun et al. 2018:67 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra gotyla (Gray 1830). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, India, Nepal and Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

gracilis, Discognathus Pellegrin [J.] & Chevey [P.] 1936:26 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 61; ref. 13734] Vicinity of Hagiang, Son Pak Xun, affluent of Claire River, Tonkin, Vietnam. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1935-0328. Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:56 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Garra gracilis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Mai 1978:57 [ref. 13511], Kottelat 2001:24 [ref. 25482], Gopi 2001:83 [ref. 25681], Li et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29588], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra gracilis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Red River basin, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

gravelyi, Discognathus Annandale [N.] 1919:133, Pl. 2 (figs. 3, 3a) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 16 (pt 1); ref. 15202] Stream at He-Ho, Yawaghwe State, southern Shan States, Yawnghwe State, Myanmar, elevation 3800 feet. Holotype (unique): ZSI F9694/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706] as graveli. •Valid as Garra gravelyi (Annandale 1919) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:423 [ref. 20764], Vishwanath 1993:62 [ref. 22063], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:243 [ref. 25272], Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000:413 [ref. 25322], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Kullander & Fang 2004:275 [ref. 27857], Zhang 2005:14 [ref. 28349], Zhang 2006:447 [ref. 28912], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2355 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:117 [ref. 33006], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477], Yu et al. 2016:295 [ref. 34494], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra gravelyi (Annandale 1919). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Irrawaddy River and Chindwin River basins, China, Myanmar and India. Habitat: freshwater.

gymnothorax, Garra rufa Berg [L. S.] 1949:792, Figs. 4-5 [Trudy Instituta Zoologii/ Akademiia Nauk SSSR v. 8 (no. 4); ref. 12936] Tigris River, Iran. Syntypes: ZIN 13214-15 (6, 6+), plus additional specimen 24429 (1), 24435-36 (10, 3). •Synonym of Garra rufa (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:17 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:17 [ref. 23608], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:85 [ref. 34042] and Garra cf. gymnothorax Berg 1949 on p. 86, Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062]). •Valid as Garra gymnothorax Berg 1949 -- (Esmaeili et al. 2016:93 [ref. 34620], Esmaeili et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:26 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Garra gymnothorax Berg 1949. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Karun River system, Balarud River and Bashar River, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

hindii, Discognathus Boulenger [G. A.] 1905:62, Pl. 7 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1905, v. 1 (pt 1) (art. 2); ref. 15341] Headwaters of Nyiro River, Kenya, elevation 7000 feet. Syntypes: (numerous) BMNH 1904.12.24.18-37 (20), MNHN 1905-0207. •Synonym of Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:302 [ref. 6186], Seegers et al. 2003:34 [ref. 28087]). •Valid as Garra hindii (Boulenger 1905) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119]). Current status: Valid as Garra hindii (Boulenger 1905). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Cameroon, Congo River basin, Kenya, and Uganda. Habitat: freshwater.

hirticeps, Gobio Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:23, Pl. 3 (fig. 4) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Ethiopia. Lectotype: SMF 891. Paralectotypes: SMF 5403 (1). •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:304 [ref. 6186], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:66 [ref. 29119] dated to Rüppell 1836). Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

hughi, Garra Silas [E. G.] 1955:2, Pl. 4; Fig. 1 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 52 (no. 1); ref. 12114] Stream in Lower Vauguvarrai Estate, High Range, Travancore, Kerala State, India. Holotype: ZSI F746/2. Paratypes: ZSI F747/2 (51). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:110 [ref. 20743]. •Valid as Garra hughi Silas 1955 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:424 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi 1993:244 [ref. 23727], Raju Thomas et al. 1999:200 [ref. 24210], Rema Devi & Indra 1999:53 [ref. 24756], Menon 1999:145 [ref. 24904], Gopi 2001:80 [ref. 25681], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Abraham 2011:1591 [ref. 31231], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:222 [ref. 31583], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172]). Current status: Valid as Garra hughi Silas 1955. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

ignestii, Discognathus Gianferrari [L.] 1925:185 [7], Figs. 1-2 [Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano v. 64; ref. 15588] Torrent Kahha and Angrab, Ethiopia. Syntypes: MSNM 24 [ex MSNM 4315] (24 or 25) Angrab; MSNM 2155 [ex MSNM 4316] (14) Kahha. Type catalog: Conci & Michelangeli 1974:224 [ref. 21560]. •Valid as Garra ignestii (Gianferrari 1925) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:303 [ref. 6186], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:74 [ref. 29119], Habteselassie et al. 2010:52 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra ignestii (Gianferrari 1925). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

imberbis, Discognathus Vinciguerra [D.] 1890:277, Pl. 9 (fig. 7) [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 9; ref. 4520] Tao in Carin, Myanmar. Syntypes: BMNH 1893.2.16.29 (1) Karen Hills, MSNG 17355 (3, now 2). Type catalog: Tortonese 1961:186 [ref. 10343]. •Valid as Garra imberbis (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:425 [ref. 20764], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Kullander & Fang 2004:276 [ref. 27857], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra imberbis (Vinciguerra 1890). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Salween River basin, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

incisorbis, Garra Zheng [L.-P.], Yang [J.-X.] & Chen [X.-Y.] 2016:300, Figs. 1a, 2a, 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 26 (no. 4); ref. 34363] Guangxi, Napo County, Zuojiang River, a tributary of Pearl River at Pohe village, China, 23°18'56"N, 105°56'16"E. Holotype: KIZ 2013003383. Paratypes: KIZ. •Valid as Garra incisorbis Zheng, Yang & Chen 2016. Current status: Valid as Garra incisorbis Zheng, Yang & Chen 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Zuojiang River, Guangxi, China. Habitat: freshwater.

jenkinsonianum, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:673, Pl. 25 (fig. 1) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Sita Nullah, Paresnath Hills, Bihar, Bengal, India. Holotype: ZSI F5736/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:110 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:358 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:429 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:149 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Garra jenkinsonianum Hora 1921 -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484] as jenkinsoniana). Current status: Valid as Garra jenkinsonianum Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

jerdoni, Garra Day [F.] 1867:288 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1867 (pt 2) (art. 5); ref. 14043] Seegoor River and Bowany River, India. Syntypes and/or Day specimens: AMS B.7677 (1, non-type) Bowany; BMNH 1867.7.24.30 (1), 1975.9/30.5 (1); ZSI F1507 (1) Bhavani R., Nilgris. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:110 [ref. 20743] with a holotype, but original description says specimens from 2 to 4 5/10 inches, Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:298 [ref. 25110]. •Synonym of Garra mcclellandi (Jerdon 1849) -- (Menon 1999:147 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Garra jerdoni Day 1867 -- (Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405]). Current status: Valid as Garra jerdoni (Day 1867). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

johnstonii, Discognathus Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:159 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1901, v. 2 (pt 3) (art. 2) (for 4 June 1901); ref. 14746] Lake Victoria [Victoria Nyanza]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1901.6.24.94. •Synonym of Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:302 [ref. 6186] as johnstonii, Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Seegers et al. 2003:34 [ref. 28087], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119]). Current status: Synonym of Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

jordanica, Garra Hamidan [N. A.], Geiger [M. F.] & Freyhof [J.] 2014:227, Figs. 2-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 3); ref. 33626] Lower part of Mujib River, 31°27.998'N, 35°34.417'E, Jordan. Holotype: ZFMK 66328. Paratypes: FSJF, ZFMK. Plus additional material. •Valid as Garra jordanica Hamidan, Geiger & Freyhof 2014 -- (Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:87 [ref. 34042]). Current status: Valid as Garra jordanica Hamidan, Geiger & Freyhof 2014. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Northern Dead Sea basin, Jordan and Syria. Habitat: freshwater.

joshuai, Horalabiosa Silas [E. G.] 1954:30, Pl. 5; Fig. 1 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 51 (pt 1); ref. 4025] Tambraparni River at Singampatty, Tinnevelly [Tirunelveli] District, Tamil Nadu, India, elevation about 4000 feet. Holotype: ZSI F734/2. Paratypes: ZSI 736/2 (12, now 11). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:110-111 [ref. 20743]. •Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:429 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Horalabiosa joshuai Silas 1954 -- (Rema Devi 1993:199 [ref. 24010], Rema Devi & Menon 1994:110 [ref. 22065], Rema Devi & Menon 1994:248 [ref. 24013], Raju Thomas et al. 1999:200 [ref. 24210], Menon 1999:151 [ref. 24904], Johnson & Soranam 2001:392 [ref. 26173], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359]). •Genus should be Garra joshuai (Silas 1954). Current status: Valid as Garra joshuai (Silas 1954). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

kalakadensis, Garra Rema Devi [K.] 1993:239, Fig. [Records of the Zoological Survey of India v. 91 (no. 2); ref. 23727] Pachaiyar, east of Sengaltheri, Kalakad Wildlife Sanctuary, Tirunelveli District, Tamil Nadu, India, elevation 850 meters. Holotype: ZSI F.2664. Paratypes: ZSI F. 583 (5), F.584 (38), F.852 (144), F.854 (26), F.855 (36), F.856 (28). •Valid as Garra kalakadensis Rema Devi 1993 -- (Rema Devi 1993:202 [ref. 24010], Rema Devi & Indra 1999:55 [ref. 24756], Menon 1999:145 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:48 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484] with date 1992). Current status: Valid as Garra kalakadensis Rema Devi 1993. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

kalpangi, Garra Nebeshwar [K.], Bagra [K.] & Das [D. N.] 2012:2355, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of Threatened Taxa v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 31816] River at Yachuli (Brahmaputra River system), 27°25'54"N, 93°46'42"E, Lower Subansiri District, Arunachal Pradesh, India, elevation 843 meters. Holotype: RGUMF 18.vii.2005. Paratypes: RGUMF-0007 (9). •Valid as Garra kalpangi Nebeshwar, Bagra & Das 2012 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Tamang 2013:39 [ref. 32803], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:90 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:375 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra kalpangi Nebeshwar, Bagra & Das 2012. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

kangrae, Discognathus Prashad [B.] 1919:163, Figs 1-1a [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 16 (pt 1); ref. 15229] Hill stream at Jagual-khad [Khand], Kangra District, Himachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: ZSI F9699/1. Paratypes: ZSI (3). •Synonym of Garra gotyla (Gray 1830) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:422 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:144 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:160 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:104 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Garra kangrae Prashad 1919 -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra kangrae Prashad 1919. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Indus River basin, India and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

kasaba, Garra tibanica Balletto [E.] & Spanò [S.] 1977:264, Fig. 4.1 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 81; ref. 7231] Wadi al-Kasaba, Yemen. Holotype: MSNG 46544 [ex 41]. Paratypes: MSNG 46544 (?), Ist. Zool. Univ. Genova (orig. 73). •Synonym of Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941 -- (Krupp 1983:608 [ref. 8320]). •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) based on placement of tibanica. Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

kemali, Varicorhinus Hankó [B.] 1925:149, Pl. 3 (fig. 4) [Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici v. 21 (for 29 Dec. 1924); ref. 2035] Eregli, Turkey. Syntypes: (5) MNHN 1928-0219 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:44 [ref. 19574]. •Valid as Hemigrammocapoeta kemali (Hankó 1925) -- (Fricke et al. 2007:40 [ref. 29533], Küçük et al. 2015:364 [ref. 34064], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151]). •Valid as Garra kemali (Hankó 1925) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:235 [ref. 33626], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267], Yoğurtçuoğlu et al. 2018:284 [ref. 36205]). Current status: Valid as Garra kemali (Hankó 1925). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Turkey: central Anatolian lake tributaries, Isparta and Konya provinces; possibly introduced in Hirfanli reservoir. Habitat: freshwater.

kempi, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:665, Pl. 26 (figs. 3-3a) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Siyom River, below Damda, among the Abor Hills, Assam, India, elevation 1300 feet. Holotype (unique): ZSI F7716/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:110 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:358 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Garra kempi Hora 1921 -- (Wu et al. 1977:379 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:277 [ref. 13584], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:425 [ref. 20764], Wu & Wu 1992:293 [ref. 21205], Vishwanath 1993:62 [ref. 22063], Zhang et al. 1995:74 [ref. 22734], Sen 1995:536 [ref. 23778], Zhu 1995:69 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:177 [ref. 23556], Kosygin & Vishwanath 1998:48 [ref. 25761], Menon 1999:146 [ref. 24904], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:244 [ref. 25272], Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000:413 [ref. 25322], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Gopi 2001:83 [ref. 25681], Zhang & Chen 2002:459 [ref. 26897], Kullander & Fang 2004:276 [ref. 27857], Zhang 2006:447 [ref. 28912], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2354 [ref. 31816], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Zhang et al. 2016:111 [ref. 34477], Yu et al. 2016:295 [ref. 34494], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:67 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra kempi Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Brahmaputra River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

khawbungi, Garra Arunachalam [M.], Nandagopal [S.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2014:59, Figs. 3-4 [Species v. 10 (no. 24); ref. 33404] Tuipui River, Khawbung Village, Champhai District, Mizoram, India, 22°38'14.8"N, 94°07'44.0"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRI F8625. Paratypes: MSUMNH 63 (4), CMA 21 (3). •Valid as Garra khawbungi Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2014 -- (Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017:406 [ref. 35691]). Current status: Valid as Garra khawbungi Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2014. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mizoram, India Habitat: freshwater.

kimini, Garra Arunachalam [M.], Nandagopal [S.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2013:133, Fig. 10 [Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture. v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 33196] Tributary of Ranga River, 7 km from Hola camp, Lower Subanshri District, Arunachal Pradesh, India, 27°20'59"N, 93°56'37"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F8581. Paratypes: MSUMNH 62 (10), CMA 20 (6). •Valid as Garra kimini Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:90 [ref. 34491]). Current status: Valid as Garra kimini Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tributary of Ranga River, India. Habitat: freshwater.

klatti, Tylognathus (Neotylognathus) Kosswig [C.] 1950:409, Fig. 4 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 145; ref. 5022] Egridir [sic, Eğirdir], Turkey. Holotype: ZMUI. Paratypes: ZMUI (9). •Valid as Crossocheilus klatti (Kosswig 1950) -- (Fricke et al. 2007:38 [ref. 29533], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151]). •Valid as Garra klatti (Kosswig 1950) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:235 [ref. 33626], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805]). •Synonym of Hemigrammocapoeta kemali (Hankó 1925) -- (Küçük et al. 2015:362 [ref. 34064]). •Synonym of Garra kemali (Hankó 1925) -- (Çiçek et al. 2016:117 [ref. 35152]). Current status: Synonym of Garra kemali (Hankó 1925). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Lake Egirdir, Turkey [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

koladynensis, Garra Nebeshwar [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2017:28, Figs. 9-10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 35484] Koladyne River at Kawlchaw, Lawntlai district, Mizoram, India, 22°23'N, 92°57'E. Holotype: MUMF 4313. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra koladynensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017 -- (Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra koladynensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Koladyne River basin, Mizoram, India. Habitat: freshwater.

laichowensis, Garra Mai [D. Y.] (ex Hao & Hoa) 1978:54 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Rivers and creeks of Lai-Châu, northern Vietnam. Syntypes: ?DVZUT. Apparently unavailable from Hao & Hoa 1969 according to Kottelat 1989:1102 [ref. 14361], but Kottelat 2001 [ref. 25482] reversed this interpretation and dated to Nguyen & Doan [= Hao & Hoa] 1969. •See account of Garra laichowensis Nguyen & Doan 1969. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae.

lamta, Cyprinus Hamilton [F.] 1822:343, 393 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Behar Province and Rapti River, Gorakhpur District, Uttar Pradesh, India. No types known. •Synonym of Garra orientalis Nichols 1925 -- (Mai 1978:53 [ref. 13511] as lamba). •Synonym of Garra gotyla (Gray 1830) -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:160 [ref. 31338]). •Valid as Garra lamta (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:426 [ref. 20764], Coad 1991:23 [ref. 15702], Sen 1995:537 [ref. 23778], Sen 1999:196 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:146 [ref. 24904], Kundu 2000:96 [ref. 25663], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Labeoninae, Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Shrestha 2008:119 [ref. 29923], Conway et al. 2011:1755 [ref. 31594], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2354 [ref. 31816], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017:407 [ref. 35691], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Sun et al. 2018:67 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra lamta (Hamilton 1822). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Ganga River basin, India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

lancrenonensis, Garra Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1960:143 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 2); ref. 20674] Upper Lancrenon Falls, Ngou River, tributary of Mbéré River, Lake Chad basin. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0227 (7). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:269 [ref. 20870]. •Valid as Garra lancrenonensis Blache & Miton 1960 -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:303 [ref. 6186], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119]). •See Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:284 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]. Current status: Valid as Garra lancrenonensis Blache & Miton 1960. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tchad. Habitat: freshwater.

lautior, Garra Banister [K. E.] 1987:65, Figs. 2b, 6, 7 right, 8-9, 11-12 [Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology v. 52 (no. 1); ref. 8111] Qasam area, Wadi Hadramut, Yemen. Holotype: BMNH 1976.4.7.398. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.4.7.366 (1), 1976.4.7.367-373 (7), 1976.4.7.377 and 378 (1, 1), 1976.4.7.389-394 (6), 1976.4.7.399-404 (6), 1976.4.7.645-646 (2), 1976.4.7.647-648 (2). •Valid as Garra lautior Banister 1987 -- (Lyon et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34670]). Current status: Valid as Garra lautior Banister 1987. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Wadi Hadramut, Yemen. Habitat: freshwater.

lissorhynchus, Platycara McClelland [J.] 1842:587, Pl. 16 (fig. 2) or ? Pl. 18 [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2 (no. 8); ref. 2926] Kasyah [Khasi] Hills, Meghalaya, India. No types known. Kottelat 2013:105 dates to McClelland & Griffith 1824, Pl. 18. •Valid as Garra lissorhynchus (McClelland 1842) -- (Vishwanath & Sarojnalini 1988:125 [ref. 16290], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:427 [ref. 20764], Vishwanath 1993:61 [ref. 22063], Sen 1995:537 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:147 [ref. 24904], Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000:414 [ref. 25322], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Kullander & Fang 2004:274 [ref. 27857], Vishwanath & Joyshree 2005:1833 [ref. 28137], Vishwanath & Shanta Devi 2005:87 [ref. 23462], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2354 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:2 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:312 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:124 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017:407 [ref. 35691], Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132]). •A different species -- (Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715]). Current status: Valid as Garra lissorhynchus (McClelland 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, India, Nepal and Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

litanensis, Garra Vishwanath [W.] 1993:62, Figs 1, 2C-D [Journal of Freshwater Biology v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 22063] Litan stream at Litan, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 68. Paratypes: MUMF 69/1-5 (5). •Valid as Garra litanensis Vishwanath 1993 -- (Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000:413 [ref. 25322], Kullander & Fang 2004:276 [ref. 27857], Zhang 2005:13 [ref. 28349], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2357 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:116 [ref. 33006], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra litanensis Vishwanath 1993. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

longchuanensis, Garra Yu [Q.], Wang [X.-Z.], Xiong [H.] & He [S.-P.] 2016:296, Figs. 1, 2 [Zootaxa 4126 (no. 2); ref. 34494] Longchuan Jiang River, a tributary flowing to the Yiluowadi Jiang (Irrawaddy River) basin in Tengchong, Yunnan, China, 24°53′27′′N, 98°40′31′′E, elevation 1,207 meters. Holotype: IHB 201306027. Paratypes: IHB. •Valid as Garra longchuanensis Yu, Wang, Xiong & He 2016 -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484]). •Synonym of Garra qiaojiensis Wu & Yao 1977 -- (Sun et al. 2018:57 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Synonym of Garra qiaojiensis Wu & Yao 1977. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

longipinnis, Garra Banister [K. E.] & Clarke [M. A.] 1977:137, Fig. 23 [Journal Oman Studies (Special Report); ref. 7232] Saiq, Jabal al Akhdar, 23°02'N, 57°28'E, Oman. Holotype: BMNH 1968.10.11.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1968.10.11.2-8 (7). •Valid as Garra longipinnis Banister & Clarke 1977 -- (Alkahem & Behnke 1983:562 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:598 [ref. 8320], Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626] as cf. longipinnis, Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:77 [ref. 34042] as cf. longipinnis, Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:45 [ref. 34341], Lyon et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34670], Pichler et al. 2018:1060 [ref. 35892]). Current status: Valid as Garra longipinnis Banister & Clarke 1977. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Wadi Hijar, Oman. Habitat: freshwater.

lorestanensis, Garra Mousavi-Sabet [H.] & Eagderi [S.] 2016:46, Figs. 1-4, 8a, 9a, 9b [FishTaxa v. 1; ref. 34341] Loven Cave, Tigris River drainage, Persian Gulf basin, Lorestan Province, Iran, 33°04'39"N, 48°35'33"E. Holotype: VMFC GL-H. Paratypes: GUIC, VMFC. •Valid as Garra lorestanensis Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016 -- (Esmaeili et al. 2016:99 [ref. 34620], Mousavi-Sabet et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34988], Esmaeili et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Garra lorestanensis Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Loven Cave, Tigris River drainage, southwestern Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

macrochir, Discognathus Günther [A.] 1868:70 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Assam, India. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.3.19.96 (1), 2012.11.1.4 (1). Current status: Synonym of Garra lissorhynchus (McClelland 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

magnidiscus, Garra Tamang [L.] 2013:32, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 1); ref. 32803] Tributary of the Siang River, about 3 km from Bomdo Village on main road to Tuting, Upper Siang district, Arunachal Pradesh, India,28°44.04'N, 94°51.97'E. Holotype: ZSI/V/APFS/P-622. Paratypes: ZSI •Valid as Garra magnidiscus Tamang 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:375 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra magnidiscus Tamang 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

makiensis, Discognathus Boulenger [G. A.] 1904:330, Pl. 31 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1903, v. 2 (pt 2) (art. 3); ref. 15110] Maki River, running into Lake Zwai, southern Ethiopia. Lectotype: BMNH 1905.7.25.87. Paralectotypes: (5) BMNH 1905.7.25.88 (1). Lectotype selected by Stiassny & Getahun 2007:78 [ref. 29119]. •Valid as Garra makiensis (Boulenger 1904) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:303 [ref. 6186], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:74 [ref. 29119] incorrectly dated 1903, Habteselassie et al. 2010:50 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra makiensis (Boulenger 1904). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

malabarica, Garra Day [F.] 1865:297 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1865 (pt 1); ref. 5295] Kurriavanoor River, Cochin, India. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Day specimens: BMNH 1865.7.17.14 (1) Malabar; 1866.5.2.93 (1) Malabar (from Bleeker collection), 1975.9.30.6 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:155 [ref. 23762]. Described from one specimen. Also appeared in Day 1865:205, Pl. 15, fig. 1 [ref. 1074]. •Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839) -- (Menon 1999:148 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

mamshuqa, Garra Krupp [F.] 1983:599, Figs. 25-27, 29 [Fauna of Saudi Arabia v. 5; ref. 8320] Wadi Hadramut, Qasam area, Yemen, about 16°10'N, 49°04'E. Holotype: BMNH 1976.4.7.380. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.4.7.374-376 (3), 1976.4.7.381-387 (7). •Valid as Garra mamshuqa Krupp 1983 -- (Krupp & Budd 2009:120 [ref. 30148], Lyon et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34670] as mamshuqua). Current status: Valid as Garra mamshuqa Krupp 1983. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Wadi Hadramut, Yemen. Habitat: freshwater.

manipurensis, Garra Vishwanath [W.] & Sarojnalini [C.] 1988:124, Figs. 1, 4a. [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 35 (no. 2); ref. 16290] Manipur River at Sherou, Manipur, India, 24°18'N, 93°54'E, in error, now corrected to Tuivai River at Singhat. Holotype: MUMF 130 [as 67/1 in ref. 22063]. Paratypes: ZSI [ex MUMF 131] (1), MUMF 131A [as 67/2 in ref. 22063] (1). Type locality questioned -- Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177] •Mentioned in footnote -- (Menon 1999:147 [ref. 24904]). •Valid as Garra manipurensis Vishwanath & Sarojnalini 1988 -- (Vishwanath 1993:61 [ref. 22063], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Kullander & Fang 2004:264 [ref. 27857], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2357 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:2 [ref. 31861], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:35 [ref. 35484], Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132]). Current status: Valid as Garra manipurensis Vishwanath & Sarojnalini 1988. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Barak-Meghna River and Koladyne River basins, India, to western slope of the Rakhine Yoma, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

matensis, Garra Nebeshwar [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2017:33, Fig. 12 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 35484] Mat River at Thualthu, Lunglei district, Mizoram, India, 22°46'N, 92°56'E. Holotype: MUMF 4315. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra matensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017. Current status: Valid as Garra matensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Koladyne River basin, Mizoram, India. Habitat: freshwater.

mcclellandi, Lissorhynchus Bleeker [P.] 1860:85 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Neêrlandicae v. 7 (art. 2); ref. 380] Kasyah Mountains, India. Unneeded substitute name for Platycara lissorhynchus McClelland 1842. Dates to M'Clelland and Griffith. •Synonym of Garra lissorhynchus (McClelland 1842) -- (Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra lissorhynchus (McClelland 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

mclellandi, Gonorhynchus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:310 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Bhowany River, at the foot of the Neilgherries [Nilgiris], Manantoddy River, and Cavery River, southern India. No types known. Original spelling was mcLellandi, emended to mcclellandi by authors. •Valid as Garra mcclellandi (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:428 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi 1993:244 [ref. 23727], Sen 1995:538 [ref. 23778], Arun et al. 1996:103 [ref. 24725], Aijthkumar et al. 1999:248 [ref. 24211], Rema Devi & Indra 1999:55 [ref. 24756], Sen 1999:197 [ref. 24750], Menon 1999:147 [ref. 24904], Gopi 2001:80 [ref. 25681], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Abraham 2011:1591 [ref. 31231], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:222 [ref. 31583], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2354 [ref. 31816], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:48 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra mcclellandi (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

menderesensis, Hemigrammocapoeta Küçük [F.], Bayçelebi [E.], Güçlü [S. S.] & Gülle [I.] 2015:360, Figs. 1, 2, 4 [Zootaxa 4052 (no. 3); ref. 34064] Denizli, Lake Işıklıl, Büyük Menderes River, Turkey. Holotype: IFC-ESUF 03-1300a. Paratypes: IFC-ESUF 01-1300b (12). •Valid as Hemigrammocapoeta menderesensis Küçük, Bayçelebi, Güçlü & Gülle 2015. •Valid as Garra menderesensis (Küçük, Bayçelebi, Güçlü & Gülle 2015) -- (Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Çiçek et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36267], Yoğurtçuoğlu et al. 2018:286 [ref. 36205]). Current status: Valid as Garra menderesensis (Küçük, Bayçelebi, Güçlü & Gülle 2015). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Turkey: Büyük Menderes River (Aegean Sea tributary), Denizli Province. Habitat: freshwater.

menoni, Garra Rema Devi [K.] & Indra [T. J.] 1984:121, Pl. 5 A-B [Bulletin of the Zoological Survey of India v. 5 (nos 2-3); ref. 17450] Kunthi River, Silent Valley, Kerala, India, elevation 867 meters. Holotype: Coll. Regional Station Pillai F553. Paratypes: (1) Coll. Regional Station Pillai See Das 2003:358 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Garra mullya (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:429 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Garra menoni Rema Devi & Indra 1984 -- (Rema Devi 1993:244 [ref. 23727], Rema Devi & Menon 1994:250 [ref. 24013], Easa & Shaji 1996:305 [ref. 24977], Aijthkumar et al. 1999:248 [ref. 24211], Rema Devi & Indra 1999:55 [ref. 24756], Menon 1999:148 [ref. 24904], Gopi 2001:80 [ref. 25681], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:222 [ref. 31583], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra menoni Rema Devi & Indra 1984. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

mini, Garra Rahman [Md. M.], Mollah [A. R.], Norén [M.] & Kullander [S. O.] 2016:174, Figs. 1-2 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 27 (no. 2) for Oct.; ref. 34903] Chittagong Division, Rangamati District, Borokal, Karnafuli River drainage, Kaptai Lake, pool at bottom of Shuvolong waterfall, Bangladesh, 22°42'51"N, 92°14'52"E. Holotype: DU 70001. Paratypes: DU, NRM. •Valid as Garra mini Rahman, Mollah, Norén & Kullander 2016. Current status: Valid as Garra mini Rahman, Mollah, Norén & Kullander 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Bangladesh. Habitat: freshwater.

minima, Garra Arunachalam [M.], Nandagopal [S.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2013:124, Figs. 4 [Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture. v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 33196] Tribuary if Ranga River, Lower Subanshri District, Arunachal Pradesh, India, 27°21'35.9"N, 93°42'21.4"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F8577. Paratypes: MSUMNH 59 (5), CMA 17 (14). Originally described as minimus, but the correct feminine adjective should be minima. •Valid as Garra minima Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404] as minimus, Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405] as minimus, Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:90 [ref. 34491] as minimus). Current status: Valid as Garra minima Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Arunachal Pradesh, India. Habitat: freshwater.

mirofrontis, Garra Chu [X.-L.] & Cui [G.-H.] 1987:97 [English p. 99], Fig. 4 [Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica v. 12 (no. 1); ref. 19903] Menglun, 21°58'N, 101°20'E, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: KIZ 7890585. Paratypes: KIZ 735086-87 (1, 1), 7890584 (1). Type catalog: Du et al. 2013:349 [ref. 32939]. •Valid as Garra mirofrontis Chu & Cui 1987 -- (Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:241 [ref. 25272], Zhang & Chen 2002:463 [ref. 26897], Li et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29588], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2014:19 [ref. 33693], Zhang et al. 2016:111 [ref. 34477], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:67 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra mirofrontis Chu & Cui 1987. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mekong River basin, China and Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

mlapparaensis, Garra Kurup [B. M.] & Radhakrishnan [K. V.] 2011:221, Fig. 2 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 107 (no. 3) [2010]; ref. 31583] Mlappara, upstream of Periyar River, Kerala, India. Holotype: ZSI-WGRS V/F 13032. •Valid as Garra mlapparaensis Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011 -- (Arunachalam et al.2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra mlapparaensis Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Periyar River, Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

modesta, Mayoa Day [F.] 1870:553 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1869 (pt 3) (art. 3) (for 25 Nov. 1869); ref. 1077] Northern India. Syntypes (2) and/or Day specimens: AMS uncat. (1, lost); NMW 54882-83 (2); ZSI 1426 (1), A.710 (1, lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:156 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:299-300 [ref. 25110]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Garra lissorhynchus (McClelland 1842) -- (Menon 1999:147 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra lissorhynchus (McClelland 1842). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

mondica, Garra Sayyadzadeh [G.], Esmaeili [H. R.] & Freyhof [J.] 2015:78, Figs. 2-6 [Zootaxa 4048 (no. 1); ref. 34042] Konar Siyah spring at Firuzabd, Fars Province, Iran, 28°43'40"N, 52°25'20"E. Holotype: ZM-CBSU H1032. Paratypes: ZM-CBSU. Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Garra mondica Sayyadzadeh, Esmaeili & Freyhof 2015 -- (Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:45 [ref. 34341], Esmaeili et al. 2016:101 [ref. 34620], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Esmaeili et al. 2017:47 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36089] once misspelled mandica). Current status: Valid as Garra mondica Sayyadzadeh, Esmaeili & Freyhof 2015. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mond River drainage, Fars Province, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

montisalsi, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:651 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Nilwan ravine near the Shapur salt ranges, Punjab, Pakistan. Holotype (unique): ZSI F 9953/1. Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:109 [ref. 20743]. Originally as monti-salsa. See Das 2003:358 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Garra gotyla (Gray 1830) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:422 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:144 [ref. 24904], Ataur Rahman 2003:160 [ref. 31338]). •Synonym of Garra gotyla (Gray 1830) -- (Kottelat 2013:194 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Garra montisalsi Hora 1921 -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:110 [ref. 33006], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra montisalsi Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Indus River basin, India and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

mullya, Chondrostoma Sykes [W. H.] 1839:160 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1838 (pt 6) (for 27 Nov. 1838); ref. 18720] Deccan, India. No types known. Appeared first as above, then in Sykes 1839:57 [ref. 4306]; more complete treatment in Sykes 1841:359, Pl. 62 (fig. 3) [ref. 18868]. •Valid as Garra mullya (Sykes 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:429 [ref. 20764], Indra 1991:239 [ref. 24005], Rema Devi 1992:356 [ref. 24007], Singh & Yazdani 1993:199 [ref. 24022], Indra 1993:185 [ref. 24009], Rema Devi 1993:244 [ref. 23727], Rema Devi 1993:205 [ref. 24010], Indra 1994:417 [ref. 24015], Rema Devi et al. 1996:135 [ref. 24021], Easa & Shaji 1996:305 [ref. 24977], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Manimekalan 1998:439 [ref. 24989], Aijthkumar et al. 1999:248 [ref. 24211], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:155 [ref. 24759], Rema Devi & Raghunathan 1999:170 [ref. 24760], Rema Devi & Indra 1999:55 [ref. 24756], Menon 1999:148 [ref. 24904], Arunachalam et al. 2001:128 [ref. 25692], Gopi 2001:80 [ref. 25681], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:16 [ref. 27711], Shrestha 2008:120 [ref. 29923], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:222 [ref. 31583], Arunachalam et al.2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:48 [ref. 33405], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Narasimhaiah et al. 2016:69 [ref. 34975], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017:407 [ref. 35691], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172]). Current status: Valid as Garra mullya (Sykes 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

multaka, Garra tibanica Balletto [E.] & Spanò [S.] 1977:279, Fig. 5.3 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 81; ref. 7231] Wadi Multaka, Yemen. Holotype: MSNG 46548 [ex 85A]. Paratypes: MSNG ?46545 (15), 46548 (many mixed with holotype); Ist. Zool. Univ. Genova (orig. 27). Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

naganensis, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:667, Pl. 25 (figs. 2, 2a) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Senapati stream near Kairong, Naga Hills, Assam, Nagaland, India. Holotype (unique): ZSI F9970/1. See Das 2003:358 [ref. 27706] as nanganensis •Valid as Garra naganensis Hora 1912 -- (Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra naganensis Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Barak-Meghna River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

nakalani, Garra tibanica Balletto [E.] & Spanò [S.] 1977:270, Fig. 4.3 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 81; ref. 7231] Wadi Nakalani, Yemen. Holotype: MSNG 46543 [ex 231]. Paratypes: MSNG 46543 (8 mixed with holotype), Ist. Zool. Univ. Genova (orig. 34). •Synonym of Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941 -- (Krupp 1983:608 [ref. 8320]). •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) based on placement of tibanica. Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

nambulica, Garra Vishwanath [W.] & Joyshree [H.] 2005:1832, Figs. 1-3 [Zoos' Print Journal v. 20 (no. 4) (for Apr. 2005); ref. 28137] Ireng lok (stream of Nambul River), Singda village, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 8003. Paratypes: MUMF 8001-02 (2), 8004-08 (5). •Valid as Garra nambulica Vishwanath & Joyshree 2005 -- (Vishwanath & Linthoingambi 2008:103 [ref. 30107], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:2 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132]). Current status: Valid as Garra nambulica Vishwanath & Joyshree 2005. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

namyaensis, Garra Shangningam [B.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2012:10 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 32062] Namya River, close to Indo-Myanmar border, 24°52'N, 94°39"E, Ukhrul District, Manipur state, India. Holotype: MUMF 12042. Paratypes: MUMF 12041 (1), 12043 (1), 12044 (1), 12045 (1). Published as electronic only in ref. 31961:1, Fig. 1 and not available; also no holotype established. Republished by Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:10 [ref. 32062]. •Valid as Garra namyaensis Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012 -- (Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Wishwanath 2015:312 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749], Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132]). Current status: Valid as Garra namyaensis Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

nanus, Tylognathus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1073 [83] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Damascus, Syria. Syntypes: (3) not found at NMW. Illustrated by Heckel 1843, Pl. 8 (fig. 4) [ref. 2067]. On p. 83 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Valid as Hemigrammocapoeta nana (Heckel 1843) -- (Krupp & Schneider 1989:372 [ref. 13651], Coad 1991:23 [ref. 15702], Fricke et al. 2007:40 [ref. 29533]). •Valid as Garra nana (Heckel 1843) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:235 [ref. 33626], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805]). Current status: Valid as Garra nana (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Eurasia. Habitat: freshwater.

nasuta, Platycara McClelland [J.] 1838:947, Pl. 55 (fig. 2) [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 7 (for Nov. 1838); ref. 2924] Kasyah [Khasi] Hills, Meghalaya, India. No types known. •Valid as Garra nasuta (McClelland 1838) -- (Vishwanath 1993:62 [ref. 22063], Sen 1995:539 [ref. 23778], Doi 1997:6 [ref. 22832], Menon 1999:150 [ref. 24904], Kottelat 2000:42 [ref. 25040], Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000:413 [ref. 25322], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Kullander & Fang 2004:276 [ref. 27857], Zhang 2005:13 [ref. 28349], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2357 [ref. 31816], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:114 [ref. 33006], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:90 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017:407 [ref. 35691], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172]). Current status: Valid as Garra nasuta (McClelland 1838). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, India and Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

nepalensis, Garra Rayamajhi [A.] & Arunachalam [M.] 2017:403, Figs. 1-2 [International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies v. 5 (no. 5); ref. 35691] Mardi River upstream from Kaligandaki River, near hanging foot bridge, Mardi Village, Hemja Village Development Committee, Kaski District, western Nepal, 28°17.847'N, 83°55.826'E, elevation 1040 meters. Holotype: FRDFM-3. Paratypes: FRDFM. •Valid as Garra nepalensis Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017. Current status: Valid as Garra nepalensis Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Kaligandaki River drainage, upper Ganges River basin, central Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

nethravathiensis, Garra Arunachalam [M.] & Nandagopal [S.] 2014:44, Figs. 1-2A [Species v. 10 (no. 24); ref. 33405] Kannikaya Village, where two rivers (Addahole and Kuaradhara), tributaries to Nethravathi River basin, Karnataka, south India, 12°41'35.3"N, 75°38'21.1"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F7542. Paratypes: MSUMNH 65 (5), CMA 23 (4). •Valid as Garra nethravathiensis Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014 -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra nethravathiensis Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Karnataka, Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

nigricauda, Garra Arunachalam [M.], Nandagopal [S.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2013:131, Fig. 8 [Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture. v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 33196] Suang River, near Pagsighat, Arunachal Pradesh, India, 27°55'22"N, 95°05'54"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F8580. Paratypes: MSUMNH 61 (5), CMA (9). •Valid as Garra nigricauda Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:90 [ref. 34491]). Current status: Valid as Garra nigricauda Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Suang River, India. Habitat: freshwater.

nigricollis, Garra Kullander [S. O.] & Fang [F.] 2004:273, Figs. 3g, 12 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 27857] Taunggok market, Taunggok, 18°51'00"N, 94°13'59"E, Rakhine State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 49507. Paratypes: NRM 40962 (2). •Valid as Garra nigricollis Kullander & Fang 2004 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2009:202 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2358 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:305 [ref. 33758] as nigricolis, Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra nigricollis Kullander & Fang 2004. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Rakhine Yoma range, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

notata, Platycara Blyth [E.] 1860:161 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Tenasserim, Myanmar. Syntypes: ZSI (3). •Valid as Garra notata (Blyth 1860) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:431 [ref. 20764], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Kullander & Fang 2004:275 [ref. 27857], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra notata (Blyth 1860). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Salween River basin, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

nudiventris, Discognathus rossicus var. Berg [L. S.] 1905:52 [Izviestii Turkestanskago otdiela Russkago geograficheskago obschchestva v. 4; ref. 15338] Shivar [Seistan / Southern Baluchistan], north-east Kerman, Persia. Syntypes: ZIN 11113 (2). •Valid as Discognathichthys rossicus nudiventris Berg 1905 -- (Berg 1949:218 [ref. 20661]). •Synonym of Garra rossica (Nikolskii 1900) -- (Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:121 [ref. 35030]). •Valid as Garra nudiventris (Berg 1905) -- (Esmaeili et al. 2016:102 [ref. 34620], Esmaeili et al. 2017:47 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Garra nudiventris (Berg 1905). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Lut drainage basin, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

obturostris, Garra Mai [D. Y.] 1978:55, Fig. 22 [Identification of the fresh-water fishes of North Viet Nam v. 1; ref. 13511] Fast-running creeks in northern Vietnam. Holotype (unique): DVZUT. •Tentatively a juvenile of Garra gracilis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936) -- (Kottelat 2001:24 [ref. 25482]). Current status: Synonym of Garra gracilis (Pellegrin & Chevey 1936). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

obtusus, Discognathus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1072 [82] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Aleppo, Syria and Mosul, Iraq. Syntypes: NMW 53257 (10), 53238 (4), 79372 (1, dry); SMF 447 (1) and 5408 (2) [ex NMW in 1843]. Illustrated by Heckel 1843, Pl. 8 (fig. 3) [ref. 2067]. On p. 82 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Synonym of Garra rufa (Heckel 1843) -- (see Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348], Coad 1991:17 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:17 [ref. 23608], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062]). Current status: Synonym of Garra rufa (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

occidentalis, Discognathus Lönnberg [E.] & Rendahl [H.] 1920:169 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 6 (no. 31); ref. 15241] Kingoyi, watershed between French Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1922.6.1.2. •Synonym of Garra ornata (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:303 [ref. 6186]). Current status: Synonym of Garra ornata (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

orientalis, Garra Nichols [J. T.] 1925:4 [American Museum Novitates No. 185; ref. 3180] Near Nanping, Fukien Province, China. Holotype (unique): AMNH 8437. •See Kottelat 2000:42 [ref. 25040]. •See Freyhof et al. 2000:94 [ref. 25184]. •Valid as Garra orientalis Nichols 1925 -- (Wu et al. 1977:379 [ref. 4807], Mai 1978:52 [ref. 13511], Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:136 [ref. 26639], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:275 [ref. 13584], Zheng et al. 1989:215 [ref. 21202], Chen et al. in Pan et al. 1991:181 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:69 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:178 [ref. 23556], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:239 [ref. 25272], Kottelat 2001:24 [ref. 25482], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Zhang 2005:13 [ref. 28349], Zhou et al. 2005:452 [ref. 28432], Zhang 2006:447 [ref. 28912], Li et al. 2008:62 [ref. 29588], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2358 [ref. 31816], Zhang & Zhou 2012:24 [ref. 32322], Ahmed et al. 2013:285 [ref. 32872], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:116 [ref. 33006], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Zhang et al. 2016:111 [ref. 34477], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Yu et al. 2016:295 [ref. 34494], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:67 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra orientalis Nichols 1925. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Yunnan, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan and Fujian, South-east China. Habitat: freshwater.

ornatus, Discognathus Nichols [J. T.] & Griscom [L.] 1917:696, Fig. 11 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 37 (art. 25); ref. 3185] Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo. Holotype (unique): AMNH 6135. •Valid as Garra ornata (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:303 [ref. 6186], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:54 [ref. 29119], De Weirdt et al. 2007:535 [ref. 30024]). Current status: Valid as Garra ornata (Nichols & Griscom 1917). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Guinea to Congo River basin. Habitat: freshwater.

palaniensis, Horalabiosa Rema Devi [K.] & Menon [A. G. K.] 1994:110, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-2) [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 91 (pt 1); ref. 22065] Palani Hills, western Ghats, southern India. Holotype (unique): ZSI Madras F.3909. •Valid as Horalabiosa palaniensis Rema Devi & Menon 1994 -- (Rema Devi & Menon 1994:248 [ref. 24013], Menon 1999:152 [ref. 24904], Johnson & Soranam 2001:392 [ref. 26173]). •Genus should be Garra palaniensis (Rema Devi & Menon 1994). Current status: Valid as Garra palaniensis (Rema Devi & Menon 1994). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: India. Habitat: freshwater.

palaruvica, Garra Arunachalam [M.], Raja [M.], Nandagopal [S.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2013:62, Figs. 1-2 [International Journal of Zoology Research v. 3 (no.1); ref. 33195] Palaruvi, near Thenmala, Kallada River basin, Kollam district, Kerala, India. 8°53'16.8"N, 77°07"38.2"E. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F8661. Paratypes: MSUMNH 67 (5), CMA 25 (2). •Valid as Garra palaruvica Arunachalam, Raja, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405]). Current status: Valid as Garra palaruvica Arunachalam, Raja, Nandagopal & Mayden 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Kallada River Basin, Kerala, India. Habitat: freshwater.

paralissorhynchus, Garra Vishwanath [W.] & Shanta [K.] 2005:86, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 102 (pt 1); ref. 28462] Khuga River, Churachandpur District, Manipur, India. Holotype: MUMF 5054. Paratypes: MUMF 5041 (1), 5053 (1), 5055 (1), 5074 (1), 5081 (1), 5094 (1), 5103-5106 (4). Second author also seen as Shanta Devi. •Valid as Garra paralissorhynchus Vishwanath & Shanta 2005 -- (Vishwanath & Linthoingambi 2008:103 [ref. 30107], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2357 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:2 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989] Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam et al. 2014:64 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749], Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132]). Current status: Valid as Garra paralissorhynchus Vishwanath & Shanta 2005. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

parastenorhynchus, Garra Thoni [R. J.], Gurung [D. B.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2016:125, Figs. 9-10 [Zootaxa 4169 (no. 1); ref. 34747] Dungsamchhu at Samdrup Jongkhar Town, Samdrup Jongkhar Dzongkhag, Bhutan. Holotype: NBC 15580. Paratypes: CNR. Plus non-type material. •Valid as Garra parastenorhynchus Thoni, Gurung & Mayden 2016 -- (Roni et al. 2017:372 [ref. 35205], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625]). Current status: Valid as Garra parastenorhynchus Thoni, Gurung & Mayden 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dungsamchhu and Martangchhu rivers, southeastern Bhutan. Habitat: freshwater.

parvifilum, Garra Fowler [H. W.] 1939:73, Figs. 21-22 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 91; ref. 17188] Waterfall at Trang, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 68507. Paratypes: ANSP 68508-15 (8), 68516 (1, c&s). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:6 [ref. 25088], Böhlke 1984:86 [ref. 13621]. •Included in a category synonyms/misidentifications under Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884) -- (Rainboth 1996:121 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884) -- (Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

periyarensis, Garra Gopi [K. C.] 2001:80, Figs. 1-4 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 98 (pt 1); ref. 25681] Periyar River, Thankkudy, Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala State, India. Holotype: ZSI, CLT V/F 9426. Paratypes: ZSI, CLT V/F 9427 (1). •Valid as Garra periyarensis Gopi 2001 -- (Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:222 [ref. 31583], Arunachalam et al.2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:48 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172]). Current status: Valid as Garra periyarensis Gopi 2001. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Periyar River, Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

persica, Garra Berg [L. S.] 1914:61 [Ezhegodnik. Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Akademii Nauk SSSR. v. 18 (for 1913); ref. 14942] Bampur River, southern Iran; Kiabad in Zirkuh, eastern Khorassan. Syntypes: (7) ZIN 11706-07 (1, 6). Non-types: ?ZSI F11101/1 (3). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:111 [ref. 20743], Bianco & Banarescu 1982 [ref. 8508]. •Synonym of Garra rufa (Heckel 1843), but a valid subspecies -- (Bianco & Bănărescu 1982:76 [ref. 8508]). •Valid as Garra persica Berg 1914 -- (Coad 1982:97 [ref. 20636], Coad 1995:17 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:4 [ref. 23831], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:78, 86 [ref. 34042], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Teimori et al. 2015:90 [ref. 34095], Esmaeili et al. 2015:121 [ref. 35030] dated 1913, Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:45 [ref. 34341], Esmaeili et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34620] dated 1913, Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Esmaeili et al. 2017:47 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Garra persica Berg 1914. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

phillipsi, Garra ceylonensis Deraniyagala [P. E. P.] 1933:228, Fig. [Spolia Zeylanica (The Ceylon Journal of Science, Section B.--Zoology & Geology) v. 17 (pt 3); ref. 16481] Sri Lanka. Holotype: BMNH 1933.1.17.3 (1). Paratypes: BMNH 1933.1.17.4 (1), ZSI (3). Type information: Pethiyagoda 1991:335 [ref. 20075]. •Synonym of Garra ceylonensis Bleeker 1853 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:421 [ref. 20764]). •Valid as Garra phillipsi Deraniyagala 1933 -- (Pethiyagoda 1991:77 [ref. 20075]). Current status: Valid as Garra phillipsi Deraniyagala 1933. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Sri Lanka. Habitat: freshwater.

phryne, Discognathus Annandale [N.] 1919:70, Pls. 10 (fig. 3), 11 (fig. 2) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 18 (pt 1); ref. 15203] Nasratabad, Seistan, eastern Iran, elevation 2000 feet. Holotype: ZSI F9787/1. Paratypes: BMNH 1919.8.16.1 (1), 1919.8.16.2 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:111 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:357 [ref. 27706] dated to 1921. •Synonym of Garra rossica (Nikolskii 1900) -- (Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:431 [ref. 20764] as phyrne, Coad 1995:17 [ref. 23608], Mirza 2003:10 [ref. 27265], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:121 [ref. 35030]). Current status: Synonym of Garra rossica (Nikolskii 1900). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

platycephala, Garra Narayan Rao [C. R.] 1920:56, Pl. 1 (figs. 2, 2a-b) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 6 (no. 31) (art. 2); ref. 15244] Cauvery River at Seringapatam, Karnataka, India. Syntypes: (3) BMNH 1919.11.19.4 (1), ZSI F9816/1 (1), CCB (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:110 [ref. 20743]. •Synonym of Garra mcclellandi (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:428 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:148 [ref. 24904] with original genus as Discognathus). •Valid as Garra platycephala Naayan Rao 1920 -- (Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405]). Current status: Valid as Garra platycephala Narayan Rao 1920. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

poecilura, Garra Kullander [S. O.] & Fang [F.] 2004:271, Figs. 3f, 11 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 27857] Irrawaddy River drainage, Naung Pin Thar Chaung, a small stream at logging road about 1 kilometer from Ngathaingchaung-Gwa road, 17°31'44"N, 94°48'46"E, Ayeyarwaddy Division, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 49506. Paratypes: NRM 40741 (1). •Valid as Garra poecilura Kullander & Fang 2004 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2009:202 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2358 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:4 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:305 [ref. 33758], Rahman et al. 2016:178 [ref. 34903], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra poecilura Kullander & Fang 2004. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Eastern slope of the Rakhine Yoma, Irrawaddy River basin, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

poilanei, Garra Petit [G.] & Tchang [T.-L.] 1933:189 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 16516] Lung-Vân village, north of La Han, Thanh-Hoa Province, northern Vietnam. Syntypes: MNHN 1942-0051 (2, poor condition). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:55 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Garra pingi (Tchang 1929) -- (Wu et al. 1977:370 [ref. 4807], Kottelat 1998:33 [ref. 23436], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:247 [ref. 25272]). •Synonym of Ageneiogarra imberba (Vinciguerra 1890) -- (Mai 1978:51 [ref. 13511]). •Valid as Garra poilanei Petit & Tchang 1933 -- (Kottelat 2001:25 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra poilanei Petit & Tchang 1933. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Red River basin, Vietnam. Habitat: freshwater.

prashadi, Garra Hora [S. L.] 1921:669, Pl. 24 (fig. 3) [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 22 (pt 5, no. 29); ref. 15314] Malwa Tal, Uttar Pradesh, India. Syntypes: ZSI F9971/1 (3). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:110 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:358 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Garra lamta (Hamilton 1822) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:426 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:146 [ref. 24904]). •Valid of Garra prashadi Hora 1921 -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:320 [ref. 33758], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra prashadi Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Ganga River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

propulvinus, Garra Kullander [S. O.] & Fang [F.] 2004:259, Figs. 1-2, 3a [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 27857] Thandwe, Kamyit Chaung near Paukdu village, 18°15'57"N, 94°30'03"E, Rakhine State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 49509. Paratypes: NRM 40756 (4), 40794 (13). •Valid as Garra propulvinus Kullander & Fang 2004 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2009:202 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2358 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:305 [ref. 33758], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra propulvinus Kullander & Fang 2004. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Two small coastal rivers in the Rakhine Yoma range, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

qiaojiensis, Garra Wu [H.-W.] & Yao [?] in Wu, Lin, Chen, Chen & He 1977:381, Fig. 7-96 [The cyprinid fishes of China v. 2; ref. 4807] Qiaojie, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype (unique): IHB 60542. •Valid as Garra qiaojiensis Wu & Yao 1977 -- (Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:274 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:69 [ref. 25213], Chen in Chen 1998:179 [ref. 23556], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:238 [ref. 25272], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Kullander & Fang 2004:276 [ref. 27857], Zhang 2005:13 [ref. 28349], Zhang 2006:447 [ref. 28912], Li et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29588], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2358 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Zhang & Zhou 2012:24 [ref. 32322], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Zhang et al. 2016:111 [ref. 34477], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Yu et al. 2016:295 [ref. 34494], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:57 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra qiaojiensis Wu & Yao 1977. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Irrawaddy River basin, Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

quadratirostris, Garra Nebeshwar [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2013:107, Fig. 6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 33006] Sikkim, Tista River at Rangpo, Ganga basin, 27°10'43"N, 88°32'10"E, India. Holotype: MUMF 4306. Paratypes: MUMF 4307 (5), RGUMF 0200 (5), 0201 (5). •Valid as Garra quadratirostris Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013 -- (Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:49 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra quadratirostris Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Ganga River drainage, Upper Brahmaputra basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

quadrimaculatus, Gobio Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1835:22, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Museum Senckenbergianum: Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der beschreibenden Naturgeschichte, von Mitgliedern der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 3845] Ethiopia. Syntypes: SMF 5396 (1). •See also Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:284 [ref. 21589]. •Valid as Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:304 [ref. 6186], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:65 [ref. 29119], Habteselassie et al. 2010:50 [ref. 30774] dated 1836). Current status: Valid as Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Africa: Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia and Yemen), southeastern Eritrea, southeastern Ethiopia, and possibly Somalia. Habitat: freshwater.

rakhinica, Garra Kullander [S. O.] & Fang [F.] 2004:267, Figs. 3d, 9 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 27857] Taunggok, Thade River drainage, Yan Khaw Chaung, about 4 kilometers on logging road from Gwetauk village, 23 kilometers on road Taunggok-Pyay, 18°47'48"N, 94°21'46"E, Rakhine State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 49510. Paratypes: NRM 49328 (2). •Valid as Garra rakhinica Kullander & Fang 2004 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2009:202 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2358 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:305 [ref. 33758], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:38 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra rakhinica Kullander & Fang 2004. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Thade River drainage, Rakhine Yoma range, Myanmar, to Koladyne River basin, Mizoram, India. Habitat: freshwater.

regressus, Garra Getahun [A.] & Stiassny [M. L. J.] in Stiassny & Getahun 2007:53, Fig. 11 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 150; ref. 29119] Lake Tana, Gerima, about 30 meters offshore, 11°35'N, 37°24'E. Holotype: AMNH 228487. Paratypes: AMNH 228487 (2, 1 c&s). Appeared first as unavailable in an unpublished PhD thesis by Getahun, 2000. •Valid as Garra regressus Getahun & Stiassny 2007 -- (Habteselassie et al. 2010:51 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra regressus Getahun & Stiassny 2007. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

rhynchota, Garra Koller [O.] 1926:121 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 63 (no. 13) (for 10 June); ref. 15797] River at Mt. Wu-tschi, Hainan Island, China. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Garra orientalis Nichols 1925 -- (Wu et al. 1977:379 [ref. 4807], Mai 1978:53 [ref. 13511], Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:136 [ref. 26639], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:240 [ref. 25272]). •Possibly the same as Garra bourreti Pellegrin 1928 -- (Kottelat 2001:24 [ref. 25482]). •Valid as Garra rhynchota Koller 1926 -- (Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra rhynchota Koller 1926. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Hainan Island, China. Habitat: freshwater.

robertsi, Garra Thoni [R. J.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2015:285, Figs. 1, 2a, 3b [Zootaxa 3985 (no. 2); ref. 33873] Sabah, Kota Marudu, Marak Parak, Sungai Bongan River, Malaysia, Borneo. Holotype: FMNH 99403. Paratypes: FMNH 126067 (3), UF 237241 (1). •Valid as Garra robertsi Thoni & Mayden 2015 -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra robertsi Thoni & Mayden 2015. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Sabah, Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

rossicus, Discognathus Nikolskii [A. M.] 1900:239 [Ezhegodnik, Zoologicheskago Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk v. 5; ref. 14732] Tedzhen River, Turkmenistan; rivers in eastern Iran. Syntypes: ZIN 10365 [not 10665] (4, now 3), 11113 (6), 11703-05 (6+, 6, 6), 11708 (6). •Valid as Discognathus rossicus Nikolskii 1900 -- (Berg 1949:674 [ref. 20661]). •Valid as Garra rossica (Nikolskii 1900) -- (Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:431 [ref. 20764], Coad 1995:17 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:5 [ref. 23831], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220], Coad & Abdoli 2000:56 [ref. 25296], Mirza 2003:10 [ref. 27265], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:87 [ref. 34042], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Esmaeili et al. 2015:121 [ref. 35030], Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:45 [ref. 34341], Esmaeili et al. 2016:105 [ref. 34620], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Mousavi-Sabet et al. 2016:141 [ref. 34988], Esmaeili et al. 2017:47 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Garra rossica (Nikolskii 1900). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

rothschildi, Discognathus Pellegrin [J.] 1905:291 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 11 (no. 5); ref. 15373] Gotta River, Awash basin, Ethiopia. Syntypes: MNHN 1905-0246 (1), 1905-0247 (1). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:54 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Garra makiensis (Boulenger 1904) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:303 [ref. 6186], Stiassny & Getahun 2007:79 [ref. 29119]). Current status: Synonym of Garra makiensis (Boulenger 1904). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

rotundinasus, Garra Zhang [E] 2006:448, Figs. 1-2 [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 54 (no. 2); ref. 28912] Daying Jiang in Tengchong (Houqiao), Yiluowadi Jiang, upper Irrawaddy River basin, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: IHASW 78IV1162. Paratypes: IHASW 78IV1163 (1), 78IV1664-5 (2), 90IV0137-8 (2). Plus non-types. •Valid as Garra rotundinasus Zhang 2006 -- (Li et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29588], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2355 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:117 [ref. 33006], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Zhang et al. 2016:111 [ref. 34477], Yu et al. 2016:295 [ref. 34494], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:59 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra rotundinasus Zhang 2006. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Irrawaddy River basin, Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

rufus, Discognathus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1071 [81] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Aleppo, Syria. Lectotype: NMW 53240 (108 mm SL). Paralectotypes: NMW 53240 (7 of 8), SMF 553 [ex NMW] (1). Illustrated by Heckel 1843, Pl. 8 (fig. 2) [ref. 2067]. On p. 81 of separate [ref. 2067]. Lectotype selected by Krupp & Schneider 1989:368 [ref. 13651]. •Valid as Garra rufa (Heckel 1843) -- (Goren 1974:80 [ref. 7502], Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348], Krupp & Schneider 1989:369 [ref. 13651], Coad 1991:17 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:17 [ref. 23608], Coad 1996:71 [ref. 25297], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Fricke et al. 2007:39 [ref. 29533], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Hamidan et al. 2014:234 [ref. 33626], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:78 [ref. 34042], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:45 [ref. 34341], Esmaeili et al. 2016:107 [ref. 34620], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Esmaeili et al. 2017:47 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:28 [ref. 36089], Sun et al. 2018:67 [ref. 35784], Yoğurtçuoğlu et al. 2018:287 [ref. 36205]). Current status: Valid as Garra rufa (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Euphrates and Tigris river basins, Turkey, Syria and Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

rupicolus, Gonorhynchus McClelland [J.] 1839:281, 373, Pl. 43 (figs. 4-5) [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Lareeh River, few miles beyond Bramacuna, in Mishmee [Mishmi] Hills, Arunachal Pradesh, India, 27°45'N, 96°20'E, elevation 1000 feet. Syntypes: SMF 894 (1). Spelled rupiculus on p. 281; rupeculus on p. 373 and on plate caption (p. 314); and rupicolus in index (p. 469); the spelling rupeculus was selected by Eschmeyer 1998:1488 [ref. 23416], apparently incorrectly according to Kottelat (2013). •Valid as Garra rupecula (McClelland 1839) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:432 [ref. 20764], Vishwanath 1993:61 [ref. 22063], Sen 1995:539 [ref. 23778], Menon 1999:151 [ref. 24904], Karmakar 2000:29 [ref. 25662], Kullander & Fang 2004:275 [ref. 27857], Kullander & Fang 2004:276 [ref. 27857], Vishwanath & Joyshree 2005:1833 [ref. 28137], Vishwanath & Shanta Devi 2005:87 [ref. 23462], Shrestha 2008:121 [ref. 29923], Vishwanath & Linthoingambi 2008:101 [ref. 30107], Nebeshwar et al. 2009:201 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2357 [ref. 31816], Lalronunga et al. 2013:4372 [ref. 32715] as rupeculus, Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2013:121 [ref. 33196], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Rayamajhi & Arunachalam 2017:407 [ref. 35691]). •Valid as Garra rupicola (Maclelland 1839) -- (Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989] with grammar correction). Current status: Valid as Garra rupicola (McClelland 1839). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, India and Nepal. Habitat: freshwater.

sahilia, Garra Krupp [F.] 1983:601, Fig. 32, 36 [Fauna of Saudi Arabia v. 5; ref. 8320] Wadi Bana, Yemen, 13°26'N, 43°09'E. Holotype: BMNH 1976.4.7.419. Paratypes: BMNH 1976.4.7.420-425 (6), 1951.5.9.12-65 (47), 1944.4.3.1-10 (10). Plus additional non-type material. •Valid as Garra sahilia Krupp 1983 -- (Lyon et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34670]). Current status: Valid as Garra sahilia Krupp 1983. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Yemen. Habitat: freshwater.

salweenica, Garra Hora [S. L.] & Mukerji [D. D.] 1934:365, Figs. 4-5 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 36 (pt 3); ref. 16428] Salween River at Takaw, Kengtung State, southern Shan States, Myanmar. Holotype: ZSI F11602/1. Paratypes: ZSI F11603/1 (1). Type catalog: Menon & Yazdani 1968:111 [ref. 20743]. See Das 2003:358 [ref. 27706]. •Valid as Garra salweenica Hora & Mukerji 1934 -- (Kottelat 2000:42 [ref. 25040], Zhang & Chen 2002:462 [ref. 26897], Kullander & Fang 2004:275 [ref. 27857], Zhang 2006:447 [ref. 28912], Li et al. 200877 [ref. 29588], Zhang & Zhou 2012:24 [ref. 32322], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2013:117 [ref. 33006], Lothongkham et al. 2014:552 [ref. 33283], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015:272 [ref. 34052], Zhang et al. 2016:111 [ref. 34477], Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Yu et al. 2016:299 [ref. 34494], Kangrang et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34836], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Premananda et al. 2017:197 [ref. 35861], Sun et al. 2018:61 [ref. 35784]). Current status: Valid as Garra salweenica Hora & Mukerji 1934. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Salween River basin: southern Shan States, Myanmar and Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

satyendranathi, Garra Ganguly [D. N.] & Datta [N. C.] 1974:91, Figs. 1-2 [India Biologist v. 5 (no. 1-2) (1973); ref. 18099] Subarnarekha River, about a furlong downstream from the road bridge over Subarnarekha at Namkum, Bihar, India. Holotype: Fish. Lab., Univ. Calcutta. Paratypes: Fish. Lab., Univ. Calcutta (4), USNM 205614 (2). •Synonym of Garra annandalei Hora 1921 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:420 [ref. 20764], Menon 1999:143 [ref. 24904]). Current status: Synonym of Garra annandalei Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

sauvagei, Capoeta Lortet [L.] 1883:154, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Lyon v. 3; ref. 14341] Lake Tiberias [Galilée], Israel. Lectotype: MGHN 3491 (77 mm SL). Paralectotypes: MGHN 3491 (2, with lectotype), ZIN 6739 (2, not found). Lectotype selected by Krupp & Schneider 1989:372 [ref. 13651]. •Synonym of Hemigrammocapoeta nana (Heckel 1843) -- (Krupp & Schneider 1989:372 [ref. 13651]). •Valid as Garra nana (Heckel 1843) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:235 [ref. 33626]). •Valid as Garra sauvagei (Lortet 1883) -- (Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805]). Current status: Synonym of Garra nana (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

schismatorhyncha, Garra Nichols [J. T.] & Pope [C. H.] 1927:358, Fig. 25 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 54 (art. 2); ref. 5747] Nodoa, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: AMNH 8373. Paratypes: AMNH 10683 (1). •Synonym of Garra rhynchota Koller 1926 -- (Kottelat 2001:24 [ref. 25482], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Garra orientalis Nichols 1925 -- (Wu et al. 1977:379 [ref. 4807], Mai 1978:53 [ref. 13511], Jin in Kuang et al. 1986:136 [ref. 26639], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:240 [ref. 25272], Zhang et al. 2016:111 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Garra orientalis Nichols 1925. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

scorteccii, Garra tibanica Balletto [E.] & Spanò [S.] 1977:272, Fig. 4.4 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 81; ref. 7231] Wadi Nakar, Yemen. Holotype: MSNG 46542 [ex 32]. Paratypes: MSNG and Ist. Zool. Univ. Genova (152). •Synonym of Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941 -- (Krupp 1983:608 [ref. 8320]). •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) based on placement of tibanica. •Status uncertain -- (Schliewen 2011:210 [ref. 31738]). Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

shawkahensis, Garra barreimiae Banister [K. E.] & Clarke [M. A.] 1977:136, Fig. 21 [Journal Oman Studies (Special Report); ref. 7232] Wadi Shawkah, Oman. Holotype: BMNH 1973.9.10.53. Paratypes: BMNH 1973.5.21.135-136 (2), 1973.5.21.144-147 (4), 1973.5.21.148-151 (4), 1973.9.10.54-56 (3). •Synonym of Garra barreimiae Fowler & Steinitz 1956, but a valid subspecies as described -- (Krupp 1983:594 [ref. 8320], Krupp 1988:403 [ref. 13859], Pichler et al. 2018:1059 [ref. 35892]). Current status: Synonym of Garra barreimiae Fowler & Steinitz 1956. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

sindhi, Garra Lyon [R. G.], Geiger [M. F.] & Freyhof [J.] 2016:80, Figs. 2-5 [Zootaxa 4154 (no. 1); ref. 34670] Wadi Andhur, Dhofar province, Oman, 17°34'6.956"N, 54°42'17.518"E. Holotype: ONHM 4196. Paratypes: FSJF, ONHM. •Valid as Garra sindhi Lyon, Geiger & Freyhof 2016. Current status: Valid as Garra sindhi Lyon, Geiger & Freyhof 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dhofar Province, Oman. Habitat: freshwater.

smarti, Garra Krupp [F.] & Budd [K.] 2009:117, Figs.1-4 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 15 (no. 2); ref. 30148] Wadi Hasik, 17°26.5'77"'N, 55°13'40.11"E, Dhofar Province, Oman. Holotype: SMF 31301. Paratypes: ONHM uncat. (5); SMF 31302 (4), 31303 (1). Named after Ms. Emma Smart, therefore mandatory correction to smartae. •Valid as Garra smartae Krupp & Budd 2009 -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:235 [ref. 33626] as smarti, Lyon et al. 2016:87 [ref. 34670] as smarti). Current status: Valid as Garra smartae Krupp & Budd 2009. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Dhofar Province, Oman. Habitat: freshwater.

spilota, Garra Kullander [S. O.] & Fang [F.] 2004:266, Figs. 3c, 7-8 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 27857] Irrawaddy River drainage, Naung Pin Thar Chaung, a small stream at logging road about 1 kilometer from Ngathaingchaung-Gwa road, 17°31'44"N, 94°48'46"E, Ayeyarwaddy Division, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 49505. Paratypes: NRM 40740 (5). •Valid as Garra spilota Kullander & Fang 2004 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2009:202 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2358 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:6 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Kangrang et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34836], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra spilota Kullander & Fang 2004. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Irrawaddy River basin, Myanmar. Habitat: freshwater.

spinosa, Garra Fowler [H. W.] 1934:138, Figs. 104-106 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Metang River, 35 miles north of Chieng Mai, northern Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 57306. Paratypes: ANSP 57307-26 (20). Additional material: (111). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:91 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Garra taeniata Smith 1931 -- (Wu et al. 1977:377 [ref. 4807], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:245 [ref. 25272]). •Included in a category synonyms/misidentifications under Garra fasciacauda Fowler 1937 -- (Rainboth 1996:121 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884) -- (Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

steinitziorum, Tylognathus (Tylognathus) Kosswig [C.] 1950:412, Fig. 7 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 145; ref. 5022] Lake Tiberias [Galilée], Israel. Holotype: ZMUI. Paratypes: ZMUI (1). •Valid as Tylognathus steinitziorum Kosswig 1950 -- (Goren 1974:91 [ref. 7502]). •Synonym of Hemigrammocapoeta nana (Heckel 1843) -- (Krupp & Schneider 1989:372 [ref. 13651]). Current status: Synonym of Garra nana (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

stenorhynchus, Gonorhynchus Jerdon [T. C.] 1849:310 [Madras Journal of Literature and Science v. 15 (pt 2); ref. 4902] Bhowany River, at the foot of the Neilgherry hills, southern India. Holotype: ZSI F 9953. •Synonym of Garra gotyla (Gray 1830), but a valid subspecies stenorhynchus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:422 [ref. 20764], Rema Devi 1993:244 [ref. 23727], Singh & Yazdani 1993:199 [ref. 24022], Easa & Shaji 1996:305 [ref. 24977], Zacharias et al. 1996:40 [ref. 25526], Manimekalan 1998:438 [ref. 24989], Aijthkumar et al. 1999:248 [ref. 24211], Rema Devi & Indra 1999:55 [ref. 24756], Menon 1999:144 [ref. 24904], Vishwanath & Kosygin 2000:413 [ref. 25322], Gopi 2001:80 [ref. 25681], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Yadav 2003:15 [ref. 27711], Zhang 2005:13 [ref. 28349], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:222 [ref. 31583], Nebeshwar & Vishwaneth 2013:119 [ref. 33006], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:48 [ref. 33405], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172]). •Valid as Garra stenorhynchus (Jerdon 1849) -- (Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016:92 [ref. 34491], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra stenorhynchus (Jerdon 1849). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Nilgiri Hills, Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

substrictorostris, Garra Roni [N.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2018:264, Figs. 1-2, 5m, 7c [Zootaxa 4374 (no. 2); ref. 35749] Leimatak River, Barak River drainage, Churachandpur District, Manipur, India, 24°34'33''N, 93°40'01''E, elevation 513 meters. Holotype: MUMF 22034. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra substrictorostris Roni & Vishwanath 2018 Current status: Valid as Garra substrictorostris Roni & Vishwanath 2018. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Barak River drainage, Churachandpur District, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

surendranathanii, Garra Shaji [C. P.], Arun [L. K.] & Easa [P. S.] 1996:572, Fig. 1 [Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society v. 93 (pt 3); ref. 23728] Orukomban, tributary to Chalakkudy River, 10°22'N, 76°41'E, Kerala, India, elevation 483 meters. Holotype: WGRS/ZSI/9390 [ex F/124/KFRI]. Paratypes: F/122/KFRI (1), F/145/KFRI (1), F/269/KFRI (1), F/270/KFRI (1); WGRS/ZSI/9390 [ex F/123/KFRI] (1). •Valid as Garra surendranathanii Shaji, Arun & Easa 1996 -- (Aijthkumar et al. 1999:246 [ref. 24211], Rema Devi & Indra 1999:55 [ref. 24756] as suerndranathanii, Gopi 2001:83 [ref. 25681], Raju Thomas et al. 2002:50 [ref. 26359], Kurup & Radhakrishnan 2011:222 [ref. 31583], Arunachalam et al. 2013:62 [ref. 33195], Arunachalam et al. 2014:67 [ref. 33404], Arunachalam & Nandagopal 2014:49 [ref. 33405], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484], Arunkumar & Manimekalan 2018:1739 [ref. 36172]). Current status: Valid as Garra surendranathanii Shaji, Arun & Easa 1996. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Peninsular India. Habitat: freshwater.

surgifrons, Garra Zhou [W.] & Sun [C.] in Sun, Li, Zhou & Li 2018:62, Figs. 4A, 10 [Zootaxa 4378 (no. 1); ref. 35784] Longchuang-jiang, an upper tributary of the Irrawaddy River drainage, Mangbang, Tengchong, Yunnan, China, 24°56'4.56''N, 98°41'49.12''E. Holotype: SWFC 1207020. Paratypes: SWFC. •Valid as Garra surgifrons Zhou & Sun 2018. Current status: Valid as Garra surgifrons Zhou & Sun 2018. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Irrawaddy River basin, Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniata, Garra Smith [H. M.] 1931:19, Pl. 1 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 79 (no. 2873); ref. 4047] Tadi stream in Ban Kiri Wong, Nakhon Si Thammarat [Nakorn-Sritamarat], Peninsular Thailand. Holotype: USNM 90300. Paratypes: BMNH 1934.12.18.21 (1); USNM 90301 (1), ?108254 (1). Type catalog: Monkolprasit 1969:7 [ref. 25088]. •Valid as Garra taeniata Smith 1931 -- (Wu et al. 1977:377 [ref. 4807], Chu & Cui in Chu & Chen 1989:273 [ref. 13584], Zhu 1995:69 [ref. 25213], Vu & Nguyen 1997:26 [ref. 26438], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:245 [ref. 25272], Li et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29588]). •Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884) -- (Kottelat 1986:11, 21 [ref. 11434], Rainboth 1996:121 [ref. 22772], Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:110 [ref. 34477], Kangrang et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34836]). Current status: Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

taeniatops, Garra Fowler [H. W.] 1935:129, Figs. 75-77 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 87; ref. 13881] Khao Nam Poo, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 61692. Paratypes: ANSP 61693-740 (48), 61746 (1, c&s); USNM [ex ANSP 61741-45] (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:92 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Garra taeniata Smith 1931 -- (Wu et al. 1977:377 [ref. 4807], Zhang et al. in Yue 2000:245 [ref. 25272]). •Included in a category synonyms/misidentifications under Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884) -- (Rainboth 1996:121 [ref. 22772]). •Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884) -- (Kottelat 2001:50 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:103 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Garra cambodgiensis (Tirant 1884). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

tamangi, Garra Gurumayum [S. D.] & Kosygin [L.] 2016:85, Figs. 1-2 [Species v. 17 (no. 55); ref. 34491] Dikrong River at Hoj near NHPC Hydel complex, a tributary of the Brahmaputra River basin, Papum Pare district, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: ZSI/APRC/P-1175. Paratypes: ZSI. •Valid as Garra tamangi Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016 -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:197 [ref. 35861]). Current status: Valid as Garra tamangi Gurumayum & Kosygin 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Brahmaputra River basin, India. Habitat: freshwater.

tana, Garra Getahun [A.] & Stiassny [M. L. J.] in Stiassny & Getahun 2007:59, Fig. 14 [Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society v. 150; ref. 29119] Kenbefami, Lake Tana, Ethiopia, 11°40'N, 37°20'E. Holotype: AMNH 223824. Paratypes: AMNH 227687 (8, 2 c&s), 227688 (3), 227689 (1), 227690 (5), 227691 (7), 227693 (3), 227695 [as 22695] (3). Appeared first as unavailable in an unpublished PhD thesis by Getahun, 2000. •Valid as Garra tana Getahun & Stiassny 2007 -- (Habteselassie et al. 2010:52 [ref. 30774]). Current status: Valid as Garra tana Getahun & Stiassny 2007. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Lake Tana, Ethiopia. Habitat: freshwater.

tashanensis, Garra Mousavi-Sabet [H.], Vatandoust [S.], Fatemi [Y.] & Eagderi [S.] 2016:135, Figs. 2-6, 10, 14B [FishTaxa v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 34988] Tashan Cave, Tigris River drainage, Persian Gulf basin, Khuzestan Province, Iran, 30°51'91"N, 50°10'49"E, elevation 490 meters. Holotype: VMFC GT-H. Paratypes: VMFC. •Valid as Garra tashanensis Mousavi-Sabet, Vatandoust, Fatemi & Eagderi 2016 -- (Esmaeili et al. 2017:48 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:28 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Garra tashanensis Mousavi-Sabet, Vatandoust, Fatemi & Eagderi 2016. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Subterranean waters, Tigris River drainage, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

tengchongensis, Garra Zhang [E] & Chen [Y.-Y.] 2002:460, Figs. 1, 2b [Raffles Bulletin of Zoology v. 50 (no. 2); ref. 26897] Daying Jiang, upper Irrawaddy River basin, in Tengchong County, Yunnan Province, China. Holotype: IHASW 92IV0242. Paratypes: IHASW 90IV0189-90 (2), 90IV0237-39 (3), 90IV0240-41 (2), 90IV0243 (1); KIZ 830406 (1), 839420 (1), 839430 (1), 839439 (1), 8310433 (1). •Valid as Garra tengchongensis Zhang & Chen 2002 -- (Kullander & Fang 2004:276 [ref. 27857], Zhang 2005:14 [ref. 28349], Zhang 2006:447 [ref. 28912], Li et al. 2008:67 [ref. 29588], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2358 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:6 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:111 [ref. 34477], Yu et al. 2016:295 [ref. 34494], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Sun et al. 2018:66 [ref. 35784], Deng et al. 2018:106 [ref. 36132]). Current status: Valid as Garra tengchongensis Zhang & Chen 2002. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Upper Irrawaddy River basin, Yunnan, China. Habitat: freshwater.

theunensis, Garra Kottelat [M.] 1998:29, Fig. 37 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 9 (no. 1); ref. 23436] Upper Nam Theun, Laos, 18°04'09"N, 105°29'44"E. Holotype: ZRC 41780. Paratypes: CMK 12249 (16), 12365 (6), 12491 (81), 14368 (14); DFV uncat. (20); NRM 36700 (20); ZRC 41781 (20). •Valid as Garra theunensis Kottelat 1998 -- (Kottelat 2001:53 [ref. 25780], Zhang & Chen 2002:463 [ref. 26897], Chen et al. 2009:442 [ref. 30322], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Vilasri et al. 2014:24 [ref. 33693], Kottelat 2015:41 [ref. 33971], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:25 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Valid as Garra theunensis Kottelat 1998. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mekong River, Red River, Yangtze River basins and Nam Theun. Habitat: freshwater.

tibanica, Garra Trewavas [E.] 1941:8, Fig. A [British Museum (Natural History) expedition to southwest Arabia v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 12735] Pool at Usaifira, 1 mile north of Ta'izz, 13°35'N, 44°02'E, Yemen, elevation 4500 feet. Lectotype: BMNH 1940.2.15.2. Paralectotypes: (11) BMNH 1940.2.15.3-11 (10). Lectotype established as "Lectotype selected by Dr. P. Bănărescu (in press)" in Banister & Clarke 1977:140 [7232]. •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:66 [ref. 29119] dated to Rüppell 1836). •Valid as Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941 -- (Banister & Clarke 1977:140 [ref. 7232], Alkahem & Behnke 1983:560 [ref. 8384], Krupp 1983:607 [ref. 8320], Hamidan et al. 2014:235 [ref. 33626], Lyon et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34670]). Current status: Valid as Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Arabian Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

tirapensis, Garra Datta [A. K.] & Barman [R. P.] 1984:283, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin of the Zoological Survey of India v. 6 (nos 1-3); ref. 8169] Hornbill Camp., 30 kilometers northeast of Miao, Namdapha Wildlife Sanctuary, Tirap District, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Holotype: ZSI FF1700. Paratypes: ZSI FF1701 (10). See Das 2003:358 [ref. 27706]. •Synonym of Garra naganensis Hora 1921 -- (Menon 1999:150 [ref. 24904]). •Synonym of Garra kempi Hora 1921 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:425 [ref. 20764], Kottelat 2013:105 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Garra kempi Hora 1921. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

trewavasai, Garra Monod [T.] 1950:979, Figs. 1, 4, 8 [Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire v. 12 (no. 4); ref. 12902] Bargesh, Bautchi Plateau, Nigeria, elevation about 1200 meters. Holotype: MNHN 1950-0075. Paratypes: BMNH 1950.5.1.265 (1), IFAN (1). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:269 [ref. 20870]. Apparently named for Ethelyn Trewavas in which case name would be trewavasae, but since no derivation was given the name does not need to be corrected. Correction a year later by Monod (1951) indicates a lapsus, and trewavasae has been accepted. •Valid as Garra trewavasai Monod 1950 -- (as trewavasae Lévêque & Daget 1984:305 [ref. 6186], Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:285 [ref. 21589]). Current status: Valid as Garra trewavasae Monod 1950. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

trilobata, Garra Shangningam [B.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2015:267, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 26 (no. 3); ref. 34052] Sanalok River, Chindwin basin, Ukhrul district, Manipur, India, 24°52'N, 94°39'E. Holotype: MUMF 12051. Paratypes: MUMF. Specific name is an adjective. •Valid as Garra trilobata Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015 -- (Roni et al. 2017:374 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2017:134 [ref. 35625], Premananda et al. 2017:197 [ref. 35861], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra trilobata Shangningam & Vishwanath 2015. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

turcica, Garra rufa Karaman [M. S.] 1971:234, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut v. 67; ref. 2560] Ceyhan, Turkey. Holotype (unique): ZMH H1687. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

tyao, Garra Arunachalam [M.], Nandagopal [S.] & Mayden [R. L.] 2014:60, Figs. 5-6 [Species v. 10 (no. 24); ref. 33404] Tyao River, Tyao Village, Champhai District, Mizoram, India, 23°27'25.5"N, 93°04'35.6"N. Holotype: ZSI/SRS F8626. Paratypes: MSUMNH 64 (8), CMA 22 (10). •Valid as Garra tyao Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2014 -- (Deng et al. 2018:104 [ref. 36132]). Current status: Valid as Garra tyao Arunachalam, Nandagopal & Mayden 2014. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Mizoram, India. Habitat: freshwater.

typhlops, Iranocypris Bruun [A. F.] & Kaiser [E. W.] 1944:5, Pl. 1 (figs. 1-4) [Danish Scientific Investigations in Iran (Copenhagen) Part 4; ref. 674] From a flood resurgence at Kaaje-Ru, valley of Ab-i-Serum, Lorestan Province, Zagros mountains, Iran, 33°05'N, 48°36'E (33°04'39"N, 48°35'33"E). Holotype: ZMUC P26475. Paratypes: ZMUC P26476-80 (5). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:49 [ref. 9588]. •Valid as Iranocypris typhlops Bruun & Kaiser 1944 -- (Coad 1991:18 [ref. 15702], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Romero & Paulson 2001:17 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:63 [ref. 28992], Esmaeili et al. 2010:370 [ref. 33391], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:873 [ref. 34062], Teimori et al. 2015:90 [ref. 34095]). •Valid as Garra typhlops (Bruun & Kaiser 1944) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:235 [ref. 33626], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:78 [ref. 34042], Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:53 [ref. 34341] dated to 1948, Esmaeili et al. 2016:112 [ref. 34620], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Mousavi-Sabet et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34988], Esmaeili et al. 2017:48 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:28 [ref. 36089]). Current status: Valid as Garra typhlops (Bruun & Kaiser 1944). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Subterranean waters, Tigris River basin, Iran. Habitat: freshwater.

ukhrulensis, Garra Nebeshwar [K.] & Vishwanath [W.] 2015:310, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 25 (no. 4) (for Mar. 2015); ref. 33758] Ukhrul district, Clallou River at Khamson, Manipur, India, 25°12'18"N, 94°30'56'E. Holotype: MUMF 4311. Paratypes: MUMF. •Valid as Garra ukhrulensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015 -- (Thoni et al. 2016:129 [ref. 34747], Roni et al. 2017:375 [ref. 35205], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:24 [ref. 35484], Roni & Vishwanath 2018:271 [ref. 35749]). Current status: Valid as Garra ukhrulensis Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Chindwin River basin, Manipur, India. Habitat: freshwater.

variabilis, Discognathus Heckel [J. J.] 1843:1069 [79] [Ichthyologie [von Syrien]. In Russegger v. 1 (pt 2); ref. 2066] Aleppo, Syria; Mosul, Iraq. Syntypes: NMW 53238-40 (3, 8, ca. 10), 53260-69 (1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2), 53272 (4); SMF 403 [ex NMW in 1844] (4); ZMB 3301 [ex NMW] (3). Illustrated by Heckel 1843, Pl. 8 (fig. 1) [ref. 2067]. On p. 79 of separate [ref. 2067]. •Valid as Garra variabilis (Heckel 1843) -- (Coad 1991:17 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:17 [ref. 23608], Coad 1998:102 [ref. 23869], Fricke et al. 2007:39 [ref. 29533], Esmaeili et al. 2010:369 [ref. 33391], Hamidan et al. 2014:235 [ref. 33626], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:78 [ref. 34042], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:871 [ref. 34062], Çiçek et al. 2015:144 [ref. 35151], Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:45 [ref. 34341], Lyon et al. 2016:81 [ref. 34670], Freyhof 2016:500 [ref. 34805], Esmaeili et al. 2017:49 [ref. 35254], Esmaeili et al. 2018:28 [ref. 36089], Yoğurtçuoğlu et al. 2018:287 [ref. 36205]). Current status: Valid as Garra variabilis (Heckel 1843). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Tigris River basin, Syria, Iraq and Turkey. Habitat: freshwater.

vinciguerrae, Discognathus Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:160 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1901, v. 2 (pt 3) (art. 2) (for 4 June 1901); ref. 14746] Nile River, about 3 miles north of Kermeh, Sudan. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.2.1175-1179 (5). •Synonym of Garra dembeensis (Rüppell 1835) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:302 [ref. 6186], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). •Synonym of Garra blanfordii (Boulenger 1901) -- (Stiassny & Getahun 2007:73 [ref. 29119]). •Valid as Garra vinciguerrae (Boulenger 1901) -- (Neumann et al. 2016:304 [ref. 35036] as cf. vinciguerrae and no parentheses). Current status: Valid as Garra vinciguerrae (Boulenger 1901). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Nile River. Habitat: freshwater.

vittatula, Garra Kullander [S. O.] & Fang [F.] 2004:263, Figs. 3b, 5-6 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 15 (no. 3); ref. 27857] Taunggok, Thade River drainage, Yan Khaw Chaung, about 4 kilometers on logging road from Gwetauk village, 23 kilometers on road Taunggok-Pyay, 18°47'48"N, 94°21'46"E, Rakhine State, Myanmar. Holotype: NRM 49508. Paratypes: NRM 40827 (2), 40846 (2). •Valid as Garra vittatula Kullander & Fang 2004 -- (Nebeshwar et al. 2009:202 [ref. 30177], Nebeshwar et al. 2012:2358 [ref. 31816], Shangningam & Vishwanath 2012:5 [ref. 31861], Kottelat 2013:106 [ref. 32989], Arunachalam et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33404], Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2015:305 [ref. 33758], Kangrang et al. 2016:343 [ref. 34836]). •Synonym of Garra manipurensis Vishwanath & Sarojnalini 1988 -- (Nebeshwar & Vishwanath 2017:44 [ref. 35484]). Current status: Synonym of Garra manipurensis Vishwanath & Sarojnalini 1988. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.

waensis, Garra Lothongkham [A.], Arbsuwan [S.] & Musikasinthorn [P.] 2014:544, Figs. 1-5 [Zootaxa 3790 (no. 4); ref. 33283] Mang River (a tributary of the Wa River, the Nan River basin, the Chao Phraya River system) at Ban Phuyuen Pathana, Bo Kluea District, Nan Province, Thailand (19°17′43″N, 101°17′42″E), Holotype: THNHM-F 01511. Paratypes: CAS 233491 (8), 233492 (6); NSMT-P 106598 (2); RLIKU 1875 (4), 1876 (3), 1877 (1); RMUTLN-P 001 (4). •Valid as Garra waensis Lothongkham, Arbsuwan & Musikasinthorn 2014. Current status: Valid as Garra waensis Lothongkham, Arbsuwan & Musikasinthorn 2014. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Manr River, Chao Phraya River basin, Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

wanae, Discognathus Regan [C. T.] 1914:263, Fig. A [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 13 (no. 74) (art. 26); ref. 3663] 32°20'N, 69°30'E, Wana Toi, tributary of Gomal River, southwestern Waziristan, Pakistan. Syntypes: BMNH 1913.4.15.65-69 (5). •Synonym of Garra rossica (Nikolskii 1900) -- (Coad 1981:10 [ref. 22348]). •Valid as Garra wanae (Regan 1914) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:433 [ref. 20764], Rafique 2000:324 [ref. 25220]). Current status: Valid as Garra wanae (Regan 1914). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Baluchitan and Pakistan. Habitat: freshwater.

waterloti, Discognathus Pellegrin [J.] 1935:463 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 60; ref. 15668] Banamanan, (cercle de Kissidougou), French Guinea. Syntypes: MNHN 1935-0189 and 0190 (4). Type catalog: Bertin & Estève 1948:55-56 [ref. 19574]. •Synonym of Garra ornata (Nichols & Griscom 1917) -- (Lévêque & Daget 1984:303 [ref. 6186]). •Valid as Garra waterloti (Pellegrin 1935) -- (Lévêque in Lévêque et al. 1990:285 [ref. 21589], Lévèque et al. 1991:141 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Valid as Garra waterloti (Pellegrin 1935). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: West Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

widdowsoni, Typhlogarra Trewavas [E.] 1955:553, Figs. 1-2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 8 (no. 91) (art. 67); ref. 4454] Cavern 25 feet below ground, 6 miles north of Haditha, 34°04'N, 42°24'E, Iraq. Holotype: BMNH 1953.12.31.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1953.12.31.2 (1). •Valid as Typhlogarra widdowsoni Trewavas 1955 -- (Coad 1991:18 [ref. 15702], Coad 1995:20 [ref. 23608], Romero & Paulson 2001:19 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:64 [ref. 28992]). •Valid as Garra widdowsoni (Trewavas 1955) -- (Hamidan et al. 2014:235 [ref. 33626], Sayyadzadeh et al. 2015:78 [ref. 34042], Behrens-Chapuis et al. 2015:197 [ref. 34083], Mousavi-Sabet & Eagderi 2016:45 [ref. 34341], Mousavi-Sabet et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34988]). Current status: Valid as Garra widdowsoni (Trewavas 1955). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Euphrates basin, Iraq. Habitat: freshwater.

wurayahi, Garra barreimiae Khalaf [N. A. B. A. T.] 2009:6, 3 figs. (unnumbered) [Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin No. 90 (June); ref. 30325] Wadi Al Wurayah pools, Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates. Name apparently not available from this description, as no types designated (ICZN Art. 16.4) and no differentiating diagnosis or description given (ICZN Art. 13.1.1). Name needs subsequent validation. Current status: Unknown. Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Distribution: Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates. Habitat: freshwater.

yemenica, Garra tibanica Balletto [E.] & Spanò [S.] 1977:267, Fig. 4.2 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 81; ref. 7231] Hamman Ali, Yemen. Holotype: MSNG 46546 [ex 172]. Paratypes: MSNG 46546 (holotype + 4 paratypes), Ist. Zool. Univ. Genova (orig. 1899). •Synonym of Garra tibanica Trewavas 1941 -- (Krupp 1983:608 [ref. 8320]). •Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835) based on placement of tibanica. Current status: Synonym of Garra quadrimaculata (Rüppell 1835). Cyprinidae: Labeoninae. Habitat: freshwater.