Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

SEARCH RESULTS FROM

Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Select the database to search:
GENERA   SPECIES   REFERENCES
Include unavailable names

         Comments: ,

    Please look in Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes for authorships of sections, Families of Fishes (all), and related information.

Species in the genus Sardinella: [ 70 ] records


albella, Kowala Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:362, Pl. 602 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Puducherry, India. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-0665. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-3231 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:287 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:16 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1967:53 [ref. 6464]. •Valid as Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:91 [ref. 5141], Whitehead & Wongratana 1986:203 [ref. 6284], Paxton et al. 1989:156 [ref. 12442], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:212 [ref. 24016], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:274 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:10 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:65 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:106 [ref. 27969], Larson & Williams 1997:347 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:111 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:495 [ref. 25919], Munroe et al. 1999:1808 [ref. 24728], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:235 [ref. 24754], Mishra et al. 1999:82 [ref. 25315], Munroe & Nizinski in Randall & Lim 2000:587 [ref. 25122], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Zhang 2001:88 [ref. 26586], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:20 [ref. 27712], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945], Paxton et al. 2006:332 [ref. 28995], Yoshino in Kimura & Yoshino 2009:30 [ref. 30440], Larson et al. 2013:36 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:38 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:412 [ref. 33460], Yoshino in Kimura et al. 2015:19 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:153 [ref. 34104], Stern et al. 2016:6 [ref. 34733], Ali et al. 2018:307 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:55 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:30 [ref. 36273], Yoshino in Kimura et al. 2018:37 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:27 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to New Guinea, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: marine.

allecia, Clupea Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:57 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:33 [ref. 3595]. •In the synonymy of the younger named Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Poll et al. 1984:52 [ref. 6172], Whitehead 1985:93 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:215 [ref. 14039], Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

anchovia, Sardinella Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:269 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3746. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-3380 (1), 0000-3747 (1), 0000-5484 (2). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:285 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:25-26 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype regarded as established by Longley & Hildebrand 1941:7 [ref. 18452] with the statement, "The first fish in table 1, first mentioned by Valenciennes' description of S. anchovia, may be regarded as the type of that species. The other four are S. brasiliensis (Steindachner)." •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Whitehead 1985:93 [ref. 5141], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:146 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:150 [ref. 27754], Munroe & Nizinski 2003:825 [ref. 26997]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

atricauda, Clupea Günther [A.] 1868:426 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 7; ref. 1990] Ceram, Indonesia. Holotype: BMNH 1867.11.28.31. Paratypes: (3) ?BMNH 1867.11.28.40 (1). Perhaps can be considered a replacement name for Harengula melanurus Bleeker 1853, secondarily preoccupied by Clupea melanura Cuvier 1829 (and Alausa melanura Valenciennes 1847), but Günther includes three nominal species with question in synonymy and provides a description; specimens above were ones seen by Günther (if regarded as an original description). •Valid as Sardinella atricauda (Günther 1868) -- (Whitehead 1985:92 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1809 [ref. 24728], Stern et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34733]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella atricauda (Günther 1868). Clupeidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

aurita, Sardinella Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:263, Pl. 594 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Messina, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. Lectotype: MNHN A-9824. Paralectotypes: MNHN 0000-0663 (2), B-3085 [ex MNHN A-9824] (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:284 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:26 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1967:37 [ref. 6464]. •Valid as Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Svetovidov 1973:103 [ref. 7169], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:278 [ref. 13675], Poll et al. 1984:52 [ref. 6172], Whitehead 1985:93 [ref. 5141], Robins & Ray 1986:71 [ref. 23100], Whitehead & Wongratana 1986:203 [ref. 6284], Whitehead 1990:215 [ref. 14039], Gourene & Teugels in Lévêque et al. 1990:101 [ref. 21589], Cervigón 1991:81 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:42 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:301 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:137 [ref. 25472], Chen et al. 1997:12 [ref. 26476], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:346 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:146 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:69 [ref. 25466], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:150 [ref. 27754], Kim et al. 2001:193 [ref. 25730], Zhang 2001:74 [ref. 26586], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:37 [ref. 26753], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:41 [ref. 27192], Munroe & Nizinski 2003:825 [ref. 26997], Nelson et al. 2004:67 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:19 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:27 [ref. 29533], Teugels 2007:189 [ref. 30016], Wirtz et al. 2007:26 [ref. 30263], Vasil'eva 2007:50 [ref. 30517], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:20 [ref. 36649], Bogorodsky et al. 2011:50 [ref. 31559], Page et al. 2013:68 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:27 [ref. 33341], Parin et al. 2014:60 [ref. 33547], Munroe 2016:1735 [ref. 34560], Petry et al. 2016:300 [ref. 34966] as cf. aurita, Nión et al. 2016:26 [ref. 35565], Stern et al. 2017:[9] 499 [ref. 36753], Martins & Carneiro 2018:26 [ref. 36550], Almeida & Alves 2019:269 [ref. 37097], Artüz & Fricke 2019:553 [ref. 36612], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36864]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Cape Cod (Massachusetts, U.S.A.) south to Uruguay, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, eastern Atlantic: Portugal south to Namibia, including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: brackish, marine.

aurovittata, Clupea Swainson [W.] 1838:265, Fig. 56 [The natural history and classification of fishes, amphibians, & reptiles, or monocardian animals. v. 1; ref. 4302] Palermo, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. No description, based on figure. Also in Swainson 1839:293, 385 [ref. 4303]. •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Poll et al. 1984:52 [ref. 6172], Whitehead 1985:93 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:215 [ref. 14039]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

brachysoma, Sardinella Bleeker [P.] 1852:19 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 24 (8); ref. 16826] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: BMNH 1867.11.28.38. Paralectotypes or Bleeker specimens: (15) AMS I.129 (1), RMNH 7089 (14). Lectotype selected by Whitehead et al. 1966:50 [ref. 6860]. •Valid as Sardinella brachysoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Whitehead 1985:95 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:156 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:347 [ref. 23967], Munroe et al. 1999:1810 [ref. 24728], Munroe & Nizinski in Randall & Lim 2000:587 [ref. 25122], Zhang 2001:85 [ref. 26586], Paxton et al. 2006:332 [ref. 28995], Stern et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34733], Fricke et al. 2018:56 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella brachysoma Bleeker 1852. Clupeidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar; India to Indonesia, south to Northern Territory (Australia). Habitat: marine.

brasiliensis, Clupea Steindachner [F.] 1879:182 [64] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 4229] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Lectotype: NMW 1156. Paralectotypes: ?NMW 1155 (1), 1157-62 (3, 2, 2, 4, 1, 4). On p. 64 of separate. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1970:8 [ref. 11605]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Clupea brasiliensis Bloch & Schneider 1801, replaced by Clupea janeiro Eigenmann 1894. See Munroe & Nizinski 2003:825 [ref. 26997]. See Figueiredo et al. 2010:282 [ref. 30889] who treat as a nomen protectum. •Treated as valid as Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner 1879) -- (Shimizu in Uyeno et al. 1983:93 [ref. 14275], Whitehead 1985:96 [ref. 5141], Robins & Ray 1986:72 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:43 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:301 [ref. 23827], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:41 [ref. 27192], Munroe & Nizinski 2003:826 [ref. 26997] as tentatively valid). •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Stern et al. 2017:[9] 499 [ref. 36753]). •Valid as Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner 1879) -- (Figueiredo et al. 2010:282 [ref. 30889] as a nomen protectum, Angulo et al. 2013:990 [ref. 33194], Spier et al. 2018:6 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:5 [ref. 36717]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner 1879). Clupeidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida (U.S.A.) south to Uruguay, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: brackish, marine.

bulan, Clupalosa Bleeker [P.] 1849:12 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [8]; ref. 320] Madura Straits near Bangcallang, Kammal and Surabaya, and Jakarta, Semarang, etc., Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1867.11.28.37. •Synonym of Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:91 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1808 [ref. 24728], Stern et al. 2016:6 [ref. 34733]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

caeruleovittata, Clupea Richardson [J.] 1846:305 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Canton, China; Chinese seas. No types known. Originally as caeruleo-vittata. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:209 [ref. 11606]). Not available, on Official Index (Opinion 901). •In the synonymy of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Poll et al. 1984:52 [ref. 6172]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae.

cameronensis, Sardinella Regan [C. T.] 1917:380 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 19 (no. 113); ref. 15126] Cameroon, western Africa. Syntypes: BMNH 1866.6.26.2-3 (2). •Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838) -- (Svetovidov 1973:103 [ref. 7169], Poll et al. 1984:53 [ref. 6172], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:279 [ref. 13675], Whitehead 1985:106 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:221 [ref. 14039], Munroe 2016:1736 [ref. 34560]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

commersoni, Clupeonia Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:350 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Mumbai, India. Lectotype: MNHN A-2206. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-3078 [ex MNHN 0000-2206] (1), 0000-2958 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:286-287 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:12 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1967:64 [ref. 6464]. •Synonym of Sardinella melanura (Cuvier 1829) -- (Whitehead 1985:108 [ref. 5141], Fricke 1999:75 [ref. 24106]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella melanura (Cuvier 1829). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dactylolepis, Fimbriclupea Whitley [G. P.] 1940:399, Fig. 5 [Australian Zoologist v. 9 (pt 4); ref. 4699] Port Sampson, Western Australia. Holotype: AMS I.13254. Paratypes: AMS 13255-57 (3). •Synonym of Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849) -- (Whitehead 1985:100 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:157 [ref. 12442], Munroe et al. 1999:1813 [ref. 24728], Paxton et al. 2006:332 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

dayi, Sardinella Regan [C. T.] 1917:381 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 19 (no. 113); ref. 15126] Karwar, India. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1912.5.2.2. •Synonym of Sardinella jussieui (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:102 [ref. 5141]). •Valid as Sardinella dayi Regan 1917 -- (Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:184 [ref. 25703], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:20 [ref. 27712]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella dayi Regan 1917. Clupeidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

desmaresti, Clupea Risso [A.] 1827:479 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] •See account of Engraulis desmaresti Risso 1827. Current status: Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838). Clupeidae.

desmaresti, Engraulis Risso [A.] 1827:455 (479), Pl. 9 (fig. 22) [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Nice, France, northwestern Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Appeared as Clupea desmaresti on p. 479; see Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:47-48 [ref. 9739]. •Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838) -- (Whitehead 1990:219 [ref. 14039]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dollfusi, Harengula Chabanaud [P.] 1933:1, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco) No. 627; ref. 16475] Gulf of Suez, Egypt, Red Sea. Syntypes: (7) MNHN 1966-0343 (1), 1966-0344 (1); MOM (not present in 1995). •Synonym of Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849) -- (Dor 1984:41 [ref. 29757], Stern et al. 2014:48 [ref. 36018]). •Synonym of Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:14 [ref. 9739], Whitehead 1985:91 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1808 [ref. 24728], Golani & Fricke 2018:30 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

eba, Alausa Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:417 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Gorée, Senegal. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-0003. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-3086 [ex MNHN 0000-0003] (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:287 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:7 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1967:49 [ref. 6464]. •Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838) -- (Svetovidov 1973:103 [ref. 7169], Poll et al. 1984:53 [ref. 6172], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:279 [ref. 13675], Whitehead 1985:106 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:219 [ref. 14039], Gourene & Teugels in Lévêque et al. 1990:101 [ref. 21589], Munroe 2016:1736 [ref. 34560]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

electra, Sardinella Hata [H.] & Motomura [H.] 2019:274, Figs. 1-2 [Zootaxa 4565 (no. 2); ref. 36571] Ishigaki Fishing Port, Ishigaki Island, Yaeyama Islands, Japan. Holotype: URM-P 32904. Paratypes: KAUM, URM. •Valid as Sardinella electra Hata & Motomura 2019. Current status: Valid as Sardinella electra Hata & Motomura 2019. Clupeidae. Distribution: Ishigaki Island, Yaeyama Islands, southern Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Habitat: marine.

euxina, Sardinella Antipa [G.] 1906:46, Pl. 3 (figs. 12-18) [Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. v. 78; ref. 6859] Coast of Constanza. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Svetovidov 1973:103 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:93 [ref. 5141] as cuxina, Whitehead 1990:215 [ref. 14039]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fijiense, Harengula Fowler [H. W.] & Bean [B. A.] 1923:3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 63 (no. 2488); ref. 1474] Fiji Islands. Holotype: USNM 82799. Paratypes: USNM 179013 (1). Later treated as Harengula fijiensis by Fowler & Bean. Harengula and Sardinella are feminine, therefore mandatory change to fijiensis when placed in either genus. •Valid as Sardinella fijiensis (Fowler & Bean 1923) (often as fijiense) -- (Whitehead 1985:97 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1811 [ref. 24728], Randall 2005:55 [ref. 28239], Fricke et al. 2011:355 [ref. 31242]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella fijiensis (Fowler & Bean 1923). Clupeidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.

fimbriata, Spratella Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:359, Pl. 601 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Malabar coast, India. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3227. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-3084 [ex MNHN 0000-3227] (4). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:287 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:29 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1967:50 [ref. 6464]. On Official List of Specific Names in Zoology (Opinion 901). •Valid as Sardinella fimbriata (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Dor 1984:41 [ref. 29757], Whitehead 1985:98 [ref. 5141], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:213 [ref. 24016], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:108 [ref. 27969], Munroe et al. 1999:1812 [ref. 24728], Mishra et al. 1999:82 [ref. 25315], Munroe & Nizinski in Randall & Lim 2000:587 [ref. 25122], Zhang 2001:86 [ref. 26586], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:20 [ref. 27712], Adrim et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27715], Kottelat 2013:63 [ref. 32989], Stern et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34733], Ali et al. 2018:307 [ref. 36183], Hata & Motomura 2019:81 [ref. 36574]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella fimbriata (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean. Habitat: brackish, marine.

gibbosa, Clupea Bleeker [P.] 1849:72 [Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (Singapore) v. 3 (no. 1); ref. 316] Makassar, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Neotype: BMNH 1867.11.28.46. Possible syntypes: AMS I.86 (1), RMNH 7100 (some of 26). Bleeker specimens: MNHN 0000-2040 (1), NMV 46041-41 (2). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:287 [ref. 293]. Neotype (as putative neotype) selected by Whitehead et al. 1966:57 [ref. 6860]. •Synonym of Sardinella jussieu (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Youn & Kim 1998:53 [ref. 25737]). •Valid as Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849) -- (Dor 1984:41 [ref. 29757], Whitehead 1985:100 [ref. 5141], Whitehead & Wongratana 1986:203 [ref. 6284], Allen & Swainston 1988:30 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:157 [ref. 12442], Krishnan & Mishra 1994:275 [ref. 24014], Goren & Dor 1994:10 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:65 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:111 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:50 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:347 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:111 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:495 [ref. 25919], Munroe et al. 1999:1813 [ref. 24728], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:235 [ref. 24754], Mishra et al. 1999:82 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:722 [ref. 25471], Munroe & Nizinski in Randall & Lim 2000:587 [ref. 25122], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:137 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Zhang 2001:82 [ref. 26586], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:21 [ref. 27712], Paxton et al. 2006:332 [ref. 28995], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:60 [ref. 35264], Ho & Shao 2011: 24 [ref. 31432], Larson et al. 2013:37 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:38 [ref. 34464], Stern et al. 2014:48 [ref. 36018], Psomadakis et al. 2015:154 [ref. 34104], Stern et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34733], Motomura et al. 2017:41 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:307 [ref. 36183], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:56 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:30 [ref. 36273], Matsunuma in Kimura et al. 2018:37 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:27 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849). Clupeidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to Taiwan, south to northern Western Australia; eastern Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.

goni, Sardinella Stern [N.], Rinkevich [B.] & Goren [M.] 2016:16, Figs. 2D, 4D [Journal of Fish Biology v. 89 (no. 5); ref. 34733] Boracay Island, Philippines. Holotype: PNM 15191. Paratypes: SMNHTAU. •Valid as Sardinella goni Stern, Rinkevich & Goren 2016. Current status: Valid as Sardinella goni Stern, Rinkevich & Goren 2016. Clupeidae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

granigera, Sardinella Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:267 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Egypt, eastern Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3225. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:286 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:27 [ref. 9739]. •Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838) -- (Svetovidov 1973:103 [ref. 7169], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:279 [ref. 13675], Whitehead 1985:106 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:219 [ref. 14039], Munroe 2016:1736 [ref. 34560]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

hualiensis, Harengula Chu [K.-Y.] & Tsai [C.-F.] 1958:116, Pl. 3 (figs. 2-4) [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 11 (nos 1/2); ref. 12059] Hualien, Taiwan. Neotype: NTUM 97567. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:24 [ref. 31432]. Originally a holotype NTUM 12567 and 19 paratypes, apparently lost. Neotype designated by Shen & Wang 1991:59 [ref. 19308]. •Valid as Sardinella hualiensis (Chu & Tsai 1958) -- (Whitehead 1985:101 [ref. 5141], Shen & Wang 1991:60 [ref. 19308], Munroe & Nizinski in Randall & Lim 2000:587 [ref. 25122], Zhang 2001:76 [ref. 26586], Ho & Shao 2011:24 [ref. 31432], Stern et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34733], Hata & Motomura 2019:279 [ref. 36571]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella hualiensis (Chu & Tsai 1958). Clupeidae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: marine.

hypselosoma, Harengula Bleeker [P.] 1855:427 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 8 (no. 3); ref. 350] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 18667.11.29.29 (1), RMNH 7114 (1). •Synonym of Sardinella brachysoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Whitehead 1985:95 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1810 [ref. 24728]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella brachysoma Bleeker 1852. Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

immaculata, Clupea Kishinouye [K.] 1908:96, Pls. 19 (fig. 1), 21 (fig. 4) [Journal of the Imperial Fisheries Bureau v. 14 (no. 3); ref. 14325] Northern Saga Prefecture and Kiusiu, Japan; Amoy, Swatow, China. Syntypes: apparently destroyed. •Synonym of Sardinella jussieu (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Youn & Kim 1998:53 [ref. 25737]). •Synonym of Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849) -- (Whitehead 1985:100 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1813 [ref. 24728], Stern et al. 2014:48 [ref. 36018]). •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Zhang 2001:74 [ref. 26586] dated 1907). •Synonym of Sardinops melanostictus (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) -- (Zhang 2001:90 [ref. 26586]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

isingleena, Clupea Richardson [J.] 1846:304 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Chinese Seas. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1963.6.17.1 (dry). Type information: Whitehead 1970:209 [ref. 11606]. Not available, on Official Index (Opinion 901). •In the synonymy of Sardinella richardsoni Wongratana 1983 -- (Whitehead 1985:110 [ref. 5141]). •In the synonymy of Sardinella nymphaea (Richardson 1846) -- (Zhang 2001:80 [ref. 26586]). •In the synonymy of Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853. Current status: Synonym of Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853. Clupeidae.

janeiro, Clupea Eigenmann [C. H.] 1894:627 [Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences v. 7 (art. 5); ref. 1214] Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Replacement name for Clupea brasiliensis Steindachner 1879, preoccupied by Clupea brasiliensis Bloch & Schneider 1801. •Treated in the synonymy of Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner 1879) -- (Whitehead 1985:96 [ref. 5141]). •Valid as Sardinella janeiro (Eigenmann 1894) -- (Dennis et al. 2004:71 [ref. 31601], Nión et al. 2016:26 [ref. 35565]). •Synonym of Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner 1879) -- (Figueiredo et al. 2010:281 [ref. 30889] with bresiliensis as a nomen protectum). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella brasiliensis (Steindachner 1879). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

jonesi, Sardinella Lazarus [S.] 1983:78, Fig. 1 D [Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India v. 20 (nos 1-2) (for 1978); ref. 8317] Vizhinjam, 8°22'N, 76°59'E, near Trivandrum, Kerala State, India. Holotype: CMFRI/T/118/1. Paratypes: CMFRI-VZM 90/F/30.10 (35). Clupeidae. Habitat: freshwater.

jussieu, Clupanodon Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1803:469, 471, Pl. 11 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. No types at MNHN. Type catalog: Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:37 [ref. 9739]. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:75 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Based on a Commerson drawing. •Synonym of Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849) -- (Dor 1984:42 [ref. 29757], Whitehead 1985:102 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1813 [ref. 24728]). •Nomen dubium -- (Whitehead & Bauchot 1985:37 [ref. 9739]). •Valid as Sardinella jussieu (Lacepède 1803) -- (Chen et al. 1997:12 [ref. 26476], Youn & Kim 1998:53 [ref. 25737] as jussieui, Fricke 1999:74 [ref. 24106] after neotype designation as jussieui, Zhang 2001:82 [ref. 26586], Youn 2002:151, 498 [ref. 26218], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377] as jessieui and author as Valenciennes, Fricke et al. 2009:22 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:56 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella jussieu (Lacepède 1803). Clupeidae. Distribution: Indian Ocean: Madagascar and Mascarenes, India and Sri Lanka; possibly also Western Pacific: Vietnam, China, Taiwan. Habitat: marine.

jussieui, Clupeonia Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:346, Pl. 599 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-2208. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:286 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:13 [ref. 9739]. •Probably the same as Sardinella jussieu (Lacepède 1803) -- (see Fricke 1999:75 [ref. 24106], Stern et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34733]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella jussieu (Lacepède 1803). Clupeidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean. Habitat: marine.

kowala, Spratella Bleeker [P.] 1851:492 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 16898] Rio and Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 7091. Paralectotypes: (25) BMNH 1867.11.28.43 (1), RMNH 23479 [ex RMNH 7091] (some of 17). Also appeared in Bleeker 1852:28 [ref. 16826]. •Synonym of Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:91 [ref. 5141], Stern et al. 2016:6 [ref. 34733]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

lacia, Sardinia Gruvel [A.] & Bouyat [A.] 1906:157, 160 [Les pêcheries de la côte occidentale d'Afrique; ref. 30367] Rio de Oro, western Sahara. No types known. Name only, not available. Genus name should have been Sardina. Current status: Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838). Clupeidae.

lauta, Kowala Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1279 [297] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Sea of Penang, Malaysia; Japan. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.3.19.442-443 (2, left half skins). On p. 297 of separate. Based on Clupea kowal of Temminck & Schlegel and 2 specimens. •Synonym of Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:91 [ref. 5141], Stern et al. 2016:6 [ref. 34733]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

lemuru, Sardinella Bleeker [P.] 1853:500 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 336] Jakarta, Java, Indonesia. Lectotype: BMNH 1867.11.28.41. Paralectotypes: (11) RMNH 7103 (some of 9), 28926 [ex RMNH 76326] (1); ?MNHN 0000-3226 (1). Bleeker specimens: NMV A2051 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:286 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:51 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype selected by Whitehead et al. 1966:48 [ref. 6860]. •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Stern et al. 2017:[9] 499 [ref. 36753]). •Valid as Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853 -- (Whitehead 1985:103 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:157 [ref. 12442], Munroe et al. 1999:1814 [ref. 24728], Kim et al. 2001:190 [ref. 25730], Nakabo 2000:245 [ref. 25086], Munroe & Nizinski in Randall & Lim 2000:587 [ref. 25122], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:138 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:18 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:245 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:151, 499 [ref. 26218], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:16 [ref. 27510], Paxton et al. 2006:333 [ref. 28995], Hata in Kimura et al. 2018:38 [ref. 36460], Hoschke et al. 2019:153 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853. Clupeidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Andaman Sea east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia). Habitat: marine.

longiceps, Sardinella Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:273 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Puducherry, India. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3743. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-3089 [ex MNHN 0000-3743] (5). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:285 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:27-28 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1967:44 [ref. 6464]. •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847, but a valid subspecies -- (Stern et al. 2017:[9] 499 [ref. 36753]). •Valid as Sardinella longiceps Valenciennes 1847 -- (Dor 1984:42 [ref. 29757], Whitehead 1985:104 [ref. 5141], Goren & Dor 1994:10 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:65 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:112 [ref. 23922], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:236 [ref. 24754], Mishra et al. 1999:82 [ref. 25315], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:184 [ref. 25703], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:21 [ref. 27712], Bogorodsky et al. 2011:50 [ref. 31559], Psomadakis et al. 2015:154 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:42 [ref. 35490] as cf. longiceps, Ali et al. 2018:307 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:30 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:27 [ref. 37020], Zajonz et al. 2019:63 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella longiceps Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Distribution: Red Sea, western Indian Ocean: Somalia, Gulf of Aden, Socotra and Persian Gulf east to India. Habitat: marine.

maderensis, Clupea Lowe [R. T.] 1838:189 [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 2 (pt 3, art. 14); ref. 2831] Off Madeira, eastern Atlantic. Syntypes: BMNH 1855.12.26.496-500. •Valid as Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838) -- (Svetovidov 1973:103 [ref. 7169], Poll et al. 1984:52 [ref. 6172], Whitehead in Whitehead et al. 1984:279 [ref. 13675], Whitehead 1985:106 [ref. 5141], Whitehead & Wongratana 1986:203 [ref. 6284], Whitehead 1990:219 [ref. 14039], Gourène & Teugels in Lévêque et al. 1990:101 [ref. 21589], Santos et al. 1997:122 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:30 [ref. 24952], Afonso et al. 1999:83 [ref. 25466], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:38 [ref. 26753], Golani 2005:19 [ref. 37112], Teugels 2007:191 [ref. 30016], Wirtz et al. 2007:26 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32972], Munroe 2016:1736 [ref. 34560], Almeida & Alves 2019:269 [ref. 37097], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:92 [ref. 36864], Kassar in Stern et al. 2019:439 [ref. 36863]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838). Clupeidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Gibraltar south to Angola, including Madeira, Canary Islands and São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: brackish, marine.

marquesensis, Sardinella Berry [F. H.] & Whitehead [P. J. P.] 1968:209, Figs. 1-6 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 81; ref. 7868] Taiohae Bay, Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Islands, 8°55'S, 140°06'W. Holotype: USNM 201946. Paratypes: ANSP 52615 (1), 109212-13 (2); BMNH 1967.11.4.1-2 (2), 1967.11.4.3 (4); BPBM 5592-93 (1, 2); CAS 24045-46 (2, 1); FMNH 74075-76 (1, 1); MCZ 29507 (7), 45898-99 (1, 1); MNHN 1967-0590 (2), 1967-0591 (1); RMNH 25824-25 (2, 1); CAS-SU 66228-29 (1, 1); UF 19281-85 [ex TABL] (3, 7, 2, 39, 26); UMMZ 186866-67 (2); USNM 65861 (25), 179874 (19), 201947-48 (2, 3). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:113 [ref. 21035], Böhlke 1984:63 [ref. 13621], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:28 [ref. 9739], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:77 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Sardinella marquesensis Berry & Whitehead 1968 -- (Whitehead 1985:107 [ref. 5141], Randall & Earle 2000:8 [ref. 25806], Randall 2005:56 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:149 [ref. 28379], Randall 2007:101 [ref. 30952], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella marquesensis Berry & Whitehead 1968. Clupeidae. Distribution: South Pacific: Marquesas Islands endemic; introduced in Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: marine.

mediterranea, Meletta Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:369 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Toulon, France, western Mediterranean Sea. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3745. Paralectotypes: B-3092 [ex MNHN 0000-3745] (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:285 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:17 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1967:41 [ref. 6464]. •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Svetovidov 1973:103 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:93 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:215 [ref. 14039]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

melanura, Clupea Cuvier [G.] 1829:318 [Le Règne Animal (Edition 2) v. 2; ref. 995] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Neotype: MNHN 0000-3233. Non-types: MNHN B-3090 [ex MNHN 0000-3233] (2). Type catalog: Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:11 [ref. 9739]. Available from footnote as, "Cl. melanura, N., Lacéd., V, xi, 3, sous le nom de Clupanodon Jussieu, mais la description se rapporte à la fig. xi, 3, nommée variété du clupanodon chinois." Neotype designated by Whitehead 1967:62 [ref. 6464]. •Valid as Sardinella melanura (Cuvier 1829) -- (Dor 1984:42 [ref. 29757], Whitehead 1985:108 [ref. 5141], Randall 1995:65 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:113 [ref. 27969], Carpenter et al. 1997:112 [ref. 23922], Fricke 1999:75 [ref. 24106], Munroe et al. 1999:1815 [ref. 24728], Nakabo 2000:245 [ref. 25086], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:139 [ref. 27511], Motomura et al. 2001:83 [ref. 25595], Sakai et al. 2001:86 [ref. 25693], Zhang 2001:77 [ref. 26586], Nakabo 2002:245 [ref. 26001], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:56 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:333 [ref. 28995], Fricke et al. 2009:22 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:355 [ref. 31242], Psomadakis et al. 2015:154 [ref. 34104], Stern et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34733], Fricke et al. 2018:56 [ref. 35805], Eagderi et al. 2019:27 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:57 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella melanura (Cuvier 1829). Clupeidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to northern Gilbert Islands (Kiribati), Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Dampier Archipelago (Western Australia), Queensland (Australia) south to 23°03'S and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

melanurus, Harengula Bleeker [P.] 1854:245 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 16901] Ceram, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) BMNH 1867.11.28.31 (1), RMNH 7095 (1 or more of 6). Non-type Bleeker specimens: MNHN 0000-3737 to 3738 (4, 2), A-7660 (1); NMV A937 (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:287-288 [ref. 293]. Subjectively invalid; secondarily preoccupied by Clupea melanura Cuvier 1829 when both were in Clupea, replaced by Clupea atricauda Günther 1868 and by Harengula valenciennesi Bleeker 1868. •Synonym of Sardinella atricauda (Günther 1868) -- (Whitehead 1985:92 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1809 [ref. 24728]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella atricauda (Günther 1868). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

modesta, Pellonula Fischer [J. G.] 1885:75 [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 2; ref. 18083] Elobey, Equatorial Guinea. Lectotype: ZMH H186 [10168]. Paralectotypes: ZMH H187 [ex 10168] (1), ZMH H188 [ex 10167] (1). Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:156 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:401 [ref. 21161]. Lectotype selected by Ladiges et al. 1958:156 [ref. 19181]. •Synonym of Pellonula vorax Günther 1868 -- (Poll et al. 1984:50 [ref. 6172], Gourene & Teugels in Lévêque et al. 1990:105 [ref. 21589]). •Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838) -- (Whitehead 1985:106 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:219 [ref. 14039], Gourène & Teugels 1991:224 [ref. 20013], Munroe 2016:1736 [ref. 34560]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella maderensis (Lowe 1838). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

neglecta, Sardinella (Sardinella) Wongratana [T.] 1983:390, Fig. 4 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 8265] Formosa Bay, Kenya, 2°59'S, 40°19'E. Holotype: BMNH 1966.11.16.106. Paratypes: BMNH 1966.11.16.80-81 (2), 1966.11.16.92-93 (2), 1966.11.16.94-105 (11). Other specimens: BMNH 1913.4.7.2 (1), 1966.11.16.82-91 (10), 1966.11.17.1 (1). •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847, subspecies longiceps Valenciennes 1847 -- (Stern et al. 2017:[9] 499 [ref. 36753]). •Valid as Sardinella neglecta Wongratana 1983 -- (Whitehead 1985:109 [ref. 5141], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella neglecta Wongratana 1983. Clupeidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Africa. Habitat: marine.

neohowii, Sardinella Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:274 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Cananoror Mahé, coast of Malabar, India. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3744. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-3080 [ex MNHN 0000-3744] (1). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:285 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:28 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1967:47 [ref. 6464]. •Synonym of Sardinella longiceps Valenciennes 1847 -- (Whitehead 1985:104 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella longiceps Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

nigricaudata, Sardinella Chan [W. L.] 1965:7, Fig. 19 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 13 (no. 1/3); ref. 20948] Bushman Bay, Malekula Island, Vanuatu. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 63325 [ex CAS-SU 25031]. •Synonym of Sardinella melanura (Cuvier 1829) -- (Whitehead 1985:108 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1815 [ref. 24728]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella melanura (Cuvier 1829). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

nymphaea, Clupea Richardson [J.] 1846:304 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Chinese seas. Holotype (unique): BMNH (apparently lost). Type information: Whitehead 1970:209 [ref. 11606]. Not available, on Official Index (Opinion 901). •In the synonymy of Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853 -- (Whitehead 1985:103 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1814 [ref. 24728]). •Valid as Sardinella nymphaea (Richardson 1846) - (Zhang 2001:80 [ref. 26586]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853. Clupeidae.

pacifica, Sardinella Hata [H.] & Motomura [H.] 2019:76, Figs. 1-2 [ZooKeys Nr. 829; ref. 36574] Manila Harbor, Manila Bay, Luzon Island, the Philippines. Holotype: BMNH 1985.4.12.1. Paratypes: BMNH, CAS, KAUM, USNM. •Valid as Sardinella pacifica Hata & Motomura 2019. Current status: Valid as Sardinella pacifica Hata & Motomura 2019. Clupeidae. Distribution: West Pacific: the Philippines. Habitat: marine.

perforata, Clupeonia Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1276 [294] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Sea of Penang; Malay Peninsula; Singapore; Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.3.19.845. On p. 294 of separate. •Synonym of Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:91 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1808 [ref. 24728], Stern et al. 2016:6 [ref. 34733], Fricke et al. 2018:55 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

pinnula, Sardinella Bean [T. H.] 1912:122 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 25; ref. 232] Bermuda. Syntypes: USNM 74086 (5). •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Whitehead 1985:93 [ref. 5141], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:147 [ref. 25013]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

posterus, Amblygaster Whitley [G. P.] 1931:144 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 18 (no. 4); ref. 16345] Fremantle District, Western Australia. Holotype: AMS I.12826 [ex WAM 10710]. Paratypes: AMS I.11224-25 (1, 1), I.13186-88 (1, 1, 1). •Synonym of Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853 -- (Whitehead 1985:103 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:157 [ref. 12442], Munroe et al. 1999:1814 [ref. 24728], Paxton et al. 2006:333 [ref. 28995]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853. Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

pseudohispanica, Sardinia Poey [F.] 1860:311 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 17768 (5), 17771 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:171 [ref. 22926]. Originally pseudo-hispanica. •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Whitehead 1985:93 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

richardsoni, Sardinella (Clupeonia) Wongratana [T.] 1983:390, Fig. 5 [Japanese Journal of Ichthyology v. 29 (no. 4); ref. 8265] China. Holotype: BMNH 1963.6.17.1. Paratypes: BMNH 1935.4.18.9 (1), BMNH 1965.7.5.1-10 (10). •Valid as Sardinella richardsoni Wongratana 1983 -- (Whitehead 1985:110 [ref. 5141], Munroe & Nizinski in Randall & Lim 2000:587 [ref. 25122], Stern et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34733]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella richardsoni Wongratana 1983. Clupeidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.

rouxi, Harengula Poll [M.] 1953:46, Fig. 16 [Résultats Scientifiques. Expédition Océanographique Belge dans les Eaux Côtières Africaines de l'Atlantique Sud (1948-1949). Bruxelles. v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12713] Cape Lopez Bay, South Atlantic, 0°42'S, 8°49'E, surface. Holotype: IRSNB 132. Paratypes: IRSNB 133 (9), MRAC 94996-99 (4). Type catalog: Walschaerts 1987:7 [ref. 20755], Derijst 1991:46 [ref. 21528]. •Valid as Sardinella rouxi (Poll 1953) -- (Whitehead 1985:111 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:222 [ref. 14039], Gourene & Teugels in Lévêque et al. 1990:102 [ref. 21589], Wirtz et al. 2007:6, 26 [ref. 30263], Wirtz et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32972] needs confirmation, Munroe 2016:1737 [ref. 34560], Almeida & Alves 2019:269 [ref. 37097]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella rouxi (Poll 1953). Clupeidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Congo, including São Tomé and Principe. Habitat: brackish, marine.

samarensis, Sardinella Roxas [H. A.] 1935:275, Pl. 2 (fig. 11) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 55 (no. 3) (for Nov. 1934); ref. 15736] Barrio Cinco, Catbalogan, Samar Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 41217 (destroyed in WWII). Paratypes: BSMP 41218-19 (2, destroyed in WWII). •Synonym of Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853 -- (Whitehead 1985:103 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1814 [ref. 24728]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853. Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

schlegelii, Meletta Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:93 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-3716. Type catalog: Bertin 1940:291 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:18 [ref. 9739]. •Synonym of Sardinella brachysoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Whitehead 1985:95 [ref. 5141], Paxton et al. 1989:156 [ref. 12442], Larson & Williams 1997:347 [ref. 23967], Munroe et al. 1999:1810 [ref. 24728], Paxton et al. 2006:332 [ref. 28995], Larson et al. 2013:37 [ref. 32988] as schelgeli). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella brachysoma Bleeker 1852. Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

scombrina, Alausa Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:442 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Cananor, India. Lectotype: MNHN 0000-3748. Paralectotypes: MNHN B-3091 [ex MNHN 0000-3748] (6). Type catalog: Bertin 1940:285-286 [ref. 293], Whitehead & Bauchot 1985:8 [ref. 9739]. Lectotype selected by Whitehead 1967:46 [ref. 6464]. •Synonym of Sardinella longiceps Valenciennes 1847 -- (Whitehead 1985:104 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella longiceps Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

senegalensis, Alosa Bennett [E. T.] 1831:147 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 5778] Senegal, Atlantic coast of North Africa. No types known. •Synonym of Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum 1792) -- (Svetovidov 1973:102 [ref. 7169]). •In the synonymy of the later named Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Poll et al. 1984:52 [ref. 6172], Whitehead 1985:93 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:215 [ref. 14039], Gourene & Teugels in Lévêque et al. 1990:101 [ref. 21589], Munroe 2016:1735 [ref. 34560]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sindensis, Clupea Day [F.] 1878:638, Pl. 163 (fig. 2) [The fishes of India Part 4; ref. 4887] Karachi, Pakistan. Lectotype: ZSI 2630. Possible types and/or Day specimen: AMS B.7642 (1, paralectotype) Mumbai; BMNH 1889.2.1.1919-24 (6); RMNH 2519 (1); ZSI 2614 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:154 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:302 [ref. 25110]. Lectotype selected by Talwar & Whitehead 1971. •Valid as Sardinella sindensis (Day 1878) -- (Whitehead 1985:112 [ref. 5141], Randall 1995:66 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:112 [ref. 23922], Zhang 2001:84 [ref. 26586], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S96 [ref. 27377], Jouladeh-Roudbar et al. 2015:860 [ref. 34062], Psomadakis et al. 2015:155 [ref. 34104], Ali et al. 2018:307 [ref. 36183], Eagderi et al. 2019:28 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella sindensis (Day 1878). Clupeidae. Distribution: Northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman east to western India. Habitat: marine.

sundaica, Clupea (Harengula) Bleeker [P.] 1870:[105], Pl. 271 (fig. 5) [Atlas ichthyologique des Indes Orientales Néêrlandaises; ref. 428] Java, Indonesia; Sulawesi, Indonesia. Lectotype: RMNH 7099 (now 1). Paralectotypes: RMNH 23362 [ex RMNH 7099] (some of 25). Plate published in 1870, text published in 1872. •Synonym of Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847) -- (Whitehead 1985:91 [ref. 5141], Stern et al. 2016:6 [ref. 34733]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella albella (Valenciennes 1847). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

taiwanensis, Sardinella Raja [B. T. A.] & Hiyama [Y.] 1969:90, Pl. 2 [Records of Oceanographic Works in Japan v. 10 (no. 1); ref. 21771] Taiwan. Syntypes: FUMT P3459 (12). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:24 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849) -- (Whitehead 1985:100 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1813 [ref. 24728], Zhang 2001:83 [ref. 26586], Ho & Shao 2011:24 [ref. 31432]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

tawilis, Harengula Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:273, Pl. 1 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 34 (no. 3); ref. 2103] Lake Taal, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 13198 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: (77) BSMP (presumed destroyed). •Valid as Sardinella tawilis (Herre 1927) -- (Whitehead 1985:113 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1784 [ref. 24728], Munroe & Nizinski in Randall & Lim 2000:587 [ref. 25122], Kottelat 2013:63 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella tawilis (Herre 1927). Clupeidae. Distribution: Philippines (Lake Taal). Habitat: freshwater.

tembang, Spratella Bleeker [P.] 1851:214 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 330] Unneeded substitute name for Clupea gibbosa Bleeker 1849:72 [ref. 316]; for types and localities see Clupea gibbosa. •Synonym of Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849) -- (Whitehead 1985:100 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1813 [ref. 24728]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella gibbosa (Bleeker 1849). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

terrasae, Sardinella aurita var. Lozano Rey [L.] 1950:14, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Rapports et procès-verbaux des réunions / Conseil permanent international pour l'exploration de la mer No. 126; ref. 18457] Coasts of western Sahara; Canary Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Svetovidov 1973:103 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:93 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:218 [ref. 14039]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

valenciennesi, Harengula (Paralosa) Bleeker [P.] 1868:300 [Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen. Afdeeling Natuurkunde (Ser. 2) v. 2; ref. 423] Waigeo, Indonesia. Available as "Harengula (Paralosa) valenciennesi Blkr = Har. melanurus Blkr." Essentially a replacement name for Harengula melanurus Bleeker 1853, preoccupied by Clupea melanura Cuvier 1829 when both are in Clupea. •Synonym of Sardinella atricauda (Günther 1868) -- (Whitehead 1985:92 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella atricauda (Günther 1868). Clupeidae. Habitat: marine.

vanicoris, Harengula Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1906:187 [Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries v. 25 (for 1905); ref. 2497] Based on Alausa melanura of Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:441, not Clupea Melanura Cuvier. •Synonym of Sardinella melanura (Cuvier 1829) -- (Whitehead 1985:108 [ref. 5141]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella melanura (Cuvier 1829). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

venulosa, Clupea Steinitz [W.] 1927:91 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 74 (nos 1/4) (art. 11); ref. 15823] Bay at Haifa, Israel, Mediterranean Sea. Holotype (unique): Zool. Mus. der Univ. Breslau [now UWZM]. Also appeared in Steinitz 1927:323, Figs. 1-3 [ref. 16060]. •Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847 -- (Svetovidov 1973:103 [ref. 7169], Whitehead 1985:93 [ref. 5141], Whitehead 1990:218 [ref. 14039], Golani 2005:19 [ref. 37112]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella aurita Valenciennes 1847. Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vittata, Clupeonia Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847:352 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 20; ref. 1012] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Neotype: MNHN 0000-3233. Type catalog: Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:13 [ref. 9739]. "Lectotype" designated by Whitehead 1967:66 [ref. 6464], but recognized as a neotype by Whitehead & Bauchot 1986:13 [ref. 9739]. •Objective synonym of Sardinella melanura (Cuvier 1829) -- (Dor 1984:42 [ref. 29757], Whitehead 1985:108 [ref. 5141], Munroe et al. 1999:1815 [ref. 24728], Fricke et al. 2018:56 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Synonym of Sardinella melanura (Cuvier 1829). Clupeidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

zunasi, Harengula Bleeker [P.] 1854:417 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 2); ref. 13964] Nagasaki, Japan. Holotype (?): BMNH 1867.11.28.182. •Valid as Harengula zunasi Bleeker 1854 -- (Cheng & Zhou 1997:68 [ref. 26385], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:7 [ref. 24670], Wang et al. 2001:50 [ref. 26566]). •Valid as Sardinella zunasi (Bleeker 1854) -- (Uyeno & Sato in Masuda et al. 1984:19 [ref. 6441], Whitehead 1985:113 [ref. 5141], Kim 1997:152 [ref. 24032], Sato et al. 1998:30 [ref. 24972], Youn & Kim 1998:53 [ref. 25737], Kim et al. 2001:190 [ref. 25730], Nakabo 2000:245 [ref. 25086], Munroe & Nizinski in Randall & Lim 2000:587 [ref. 25122], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:97 [ref. 26368], Shimizu 2001:20 [ref. 25799], Zhang 2001:78 [ref. 26586], Kim & Park 2002:49 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:245 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:151, 499 [ref. 26218], Parin et al. 2014:60 [ref. 33547], Stern et al. 2016:18 [ref. 34733]). Current status: Valid as Sardinella zunasi (Bleeker 1854). Clupeidae. Distribution: Western North Pacific. Habitat: marine.