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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the genus Umbrina: [ 38 ] records


analis, Umbrina Günther [A.] 1868:426 [Transactions of the Zoological Society of London v. 6 (pt 7, no. 14); ref. 1994] (Pacific) Panama. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.9.23.18. •Valid as Umbrina analis Günther 1868 -- (Walker & Radford 1992:581 [ref. 20257], Chao in Fischer et al. 1995:1512 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:270 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:317 [ref. 24555], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32708], Parenti 2020:54 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina analis Günther 1868. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico south to northern Ecuador. Habitat: marine.

angustilineata, Umbrina Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1911:38 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 11 (pt 2); ref. 14790] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 10559. •Synonym of Umbrina robinsoni Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 and possible synonym of Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes 1843 -- (Trewavas 1977:281 [ref. 4459]). •Synonym of Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes 1843 -- (Heemstra 1986:619 [ref. 5660], Chao & Trewavas 1990:825 [ref. 18934], Parenti 2020:56 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes 1843. Sciaenidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

boops, Coracinus Pallas [P. S.] 1814:259 [Zoographia Rosso-Asiatica v. 3; ref. 3351] Ponti Euxini, Tauriae, Black Sea [off Feodosia, Crinea]. No types known. •Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Trewavas 1973:399 [ref. 7201], Chao & Trewavas 1990:824 [ref. 18934], Parin 2003:S13 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:373 [ref. 33547], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

broussonnetii, Umbrina Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:187 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Jamaica. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-7471. Type catalog: Bauchot 1969:134 [ref. 20807], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:18 [ref. 6382]. Gilbert & Kelso 1971:36 [ref. 7678] needlessly emended the species spelling to broussoneti. •Valid as Umbrina broussonnetii Cuvier 1830 -- (Gilbert 1966:242 [ref. 21329], Chao 1978:29 [ref. 6983] as broussonetii, Cervigón 1992:413 [ref. 23827], Matamoros et al. 2009:19 [ref. 31241], Parenti 2020:54 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina broussonnetii Cuvier 1830. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic; Costa Rica south to Colombia; Greater Antilles. Habitat: marine.

bussingi, Umbrina López S. [M. I.] 1980:203, Fig. 1 [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 28 (no. 1); ref. 8696] Costa Rica, eastern Pacific, 9°02'N, 84°13'W, depth 183-290 meters. Holotype (unique): LACM 38715-1. •Valid as Umbrina bussingi López S. 1980 -- (Walker & Radford 1992:575 [ref. 20257], Bussing & López S. 1994:130 [ref. 23101], Chao in Fischer et al. 1995:1513 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:270 [ref. 24545], Béarez 2001:64 [ref. 26028], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32708] as López, Robertson et al. 2017:90 [ref. 35676], Parenti 2020:54 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina bussingi López S. 1980. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of southern Baja California (Mexico) south to Ecuador. Habitat: marine.

canariensis, Umbrina Valenciennes [A.] 1843:24 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Canary Islands. Syntypes: MNHN A-5669 (1, dry), 7608 (1, dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:18 [ref. 6382]. •Valid as Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843 -- (Trewavas 1973:401 [ref. 7201], Trewavas 1977:279 [ref. 4459], Chao in Whitehead et al. 1986:872 [ref. 13676], Heemstra 1986:619 [ref. 5660], Chao & Trewavas 1990:823 [ref. 18934], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:165 [ref. 25472], Talwar 1995:12 [ref. 25194], Randall 1995:233 [ref. 22896], Sasaki 1996:83 [ref. 22156], Fricke 1999:304 [ref. 24106], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:273 [ref. 28072], Bañon et al. 2010:18 [ref. 31029], Wirtz et al. 2013:127 [ref. 32972] doubtful record, Psomadakis et al. 2015:280 [ref. 34104], Chao in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2651 [ref. 34618], Fricke et al. 2018:224 [ref. 35805], Carneiro et al. 2019:276 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36864], Parenti 2020:54 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Southern Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to South Africa, including Madeira and Canary Islands; western Indian Ocean: South Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes) to Pakistan. Habitat: marine.

canosai, Umbrina Berg [C.] 1895:56 [Anales del Museo Nacional de Historia Natural de Buenos Aires v. 4; ref. 261] Atlantic near Montevideo, Uruguay, and Mar del Plata. Syntypes: MACN 5081 (1), MHNM. Type catalog: Braga & Piacentino 1994:100 [ref. 23697]. •Valid as Umbrina canosai Berg 1895 -- (Gilbert 1966:250 [ref. 21329], Chao 1978:29 [ref. 6983], Inada in Nakamura et al. 1986:220 [ref. 14235], Cousseau & Perrotta 2000:116 [ref. 25942], López et al. 2002:65 [ref. 26808], Casatti & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:89 [ref. 27192], Nión et al. 2016:49 [ref. 35565], Spier et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:4 [ref. 36717], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina canosai Berg 1895. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Southwestern Atlantic: Montevideo (Uruguay) to Mar del Plata (Argentina). Habitat: brackish, marine.

capensis, Umbrina Pappe [C. W. L.] 1853:16 [Synopsis of the edible fishes at the Cape of Good Hope; ref. 18517] False Bay, South Africa. No types known. •Possible synonym of Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes 1843 -- (Trewavas 1973:401 [ref. 7201], Trewavas 1977:281 [ref. 4459], Chao & Trewavas 1990:825 [ref. 18934]). •Possible synonym of Umbrina robinsoni Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Parenti 2020:56 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Uncertain as Umbrina robinsoni Gilchrist & Thompson 1908. Sciaenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cestreus, Sciaena Gronow [L. T.] in Gray 1854:52 [Catalogue of fish collected and described by Laurence Theodore Gronow; ref. 1911] Mediterranean Sea, ? American seas. Syntypes: BMNH 1853.11.12.74 [Gronovius coll.] (1, skin). Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:221-222 [ref. 13434] but as holotype. •Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Wheeler 1958:221 [ref. 13434], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cirrosa, Sciaena Linnaeus [C.] 1758:289 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea and eastern Atlantic. No types known. Type catalog: Wheeler 1958:222 [ref. 13434]. •Valid as Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Trewavas 1973:399 [ref. 7201], Dor 1984:161 [ref. 29757], Chao in Whitehead et al. 1986:873 [ref. 13676], Chao & Trewavas 1990:824 [ref. 18934], Goren & Dor 1994:44 [ref. 25356], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:751 [ref. 24702], Popova 1998:122 [ref. 23588], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:101 [ref. 26753], Parin 2003:S13 [ref. 28536], Golani 2005:46 [ref. 37112], Fricke et al. 2007:90 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:109 [ref. 30517], Wirtz et al. 2007:13, 35 [ref. 30263], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:171 [ref. 31251], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:50 [ref. 36649], Wirtz et al. 2013:127 [ref. 32972], Parin et al. 2014:373 [ref. 33547], Chao in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2652 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:557 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:276 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:98 [ref. 36864], Bariche & Fricke 2020:81 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:40 [ref. 37519], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Distribution: Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; Black Sea; eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay south to Gulf of Guinea, including Madeira. Habitat: brackish, marine.

coracinus, Sparus Asso y del Rio [I. J. de] 1801:36 [Anales de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid. v. 4 (no. 10); ref. 6523] Spain, western Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Trewavas 1973:399 [ref. 7201], Chao & Trewavas 1990:824 [ref. 18934], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

coroides, Umbrina Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:187, Pl. 117 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Brazil. Holotype (unique): MNHN 0000-5343. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:19 [ref. 6382]. •Valid as Umbrina coroides Cuvier 1830 -- (Gilbert 1966:235 [ref. 21329], Chao 1978:30 [ref. 6983], Robins & Ray 1986:187 [ref. 23100], Cervigón 1992:413 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:313 [ref. 24474], Murdy et al. 1997:195 [ref. 23144], Aguilera 1998:51 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:370 [ref. 24550], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:162 [ref. 27754], Camargo & Isaac 2001:143 [ref. 27639], Chao 2003:1648 [ref. 27097], Casatti & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:89 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:446 [ref. 28815], Page et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32708], Catelani et al. 2014:933 [ref. 37496], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:57 [ref. 33341], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:346 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:14 [ref. 36103], Ribeiro et al. 2019:4 [ref. 36717], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina coroides Cuvier 1830. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Bahamas south to Brazil, including northern and eastern Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cyanopterus, Cheilodipterus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:540, 546, Pl. 16 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Cayenne, French Guiana. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:115 [ref. 12478], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:21 [ref. 6382]. Based on a Plumier drawing. •Questionably a synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Trewavas 1973:399 [ref. 7201], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Uncertain as Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

discolor, Sciaena Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:319 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Suriname or Mediterranean Sea. •Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

dorsalis, Umbrina Gill [T. N.] 1862:257 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 4909] Baja California, Mexico. Lectotype: USNM 3696. Paralectotypes: USNM 316654 [ex USNM 3696] (7). Lectotype selected by Walker & Radford 1992:580 [ref. 20257]. •Valid as Umbrina dorsalis Gill 1862 -- (Walker & Radford 1992:580 [ref. 20257], Chao in Fischer et al. 1995:1514 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:268 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32708], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina dorsalis Gill 1862. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico south to Ecuador. Habitat: marine.

fusca, Umbrina Dardignac [J.] in Furnestin, Dardogmac, Vincent, Coupé & Boutière 1958:441, Fig. 46 [Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 1517] Agadir and Casablanca, Morocco, eastern Atlantic. Syntypes: (4) ISTPM (apparently lost). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:26 [ref. 6382]. •Synonym of Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes 1843 -- (Trewavas 1973:401 [ref. 7201], Trewavas 1977:281 [ref. 4459], Chao in Whitehead et al. 1986:873 [ref. 13676], Chao & Trewavas 1990:825 [ref. 18934], Chao in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2653 [ref. 34618], Parenti 2020:56 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes 1843. Sciaenidae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

galapagorum, Umbrina Steindachner [F.] 1878:396 [20] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 78 (1. Abth.); ref. 4226] James Island, Galápagos Islands. Lectotype: MCZ 8601. Paralectotypes: NMW 78601 (2), 78632 (1), 84792-93 (1, 1), 84796-97 (2, 2), 85690 (1), 86244 (2); USNM 120437 [ex MCZ 8601] (1), 153626 [ex MCZ 8597] (1). On p. 20 of separate. Lectotype selected by Walker & Radford 1992:581 [ref. 20257]. •Valid as Umbrina galapagorum Steindachner 1878 -- (Walker & Radford 1992:581 [ref. 20257], Allen & Robertson 1994:169 [ref. 22193], Chao in Fischer et al. 1995:1515 [ref. 22830], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:422 [ref. 24023], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Parenti 2020:56 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina galapagorum Steindachner 1878. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Galápagos Islands (Ecuador). Habitat: marine.

improvisa, Asperina Ostroumoff [A. A.] 1896:30 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 19 (no. 493); ref. 3320] Temryuk, mouth of Kuban River, Sea of Azov, Russia. No types known. •Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Trewavas 1973:400 [ref. 7201], Chao & Trewavas 1990:825 [ref. 18934], Parin 2003:S13 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:373 [ref. 33547], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

lafonti, Umbrina Moreau [É.] 1874:118, Pl. 14 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 3) v. 2; ref. 17791] Gulf of Gascony, France. Syntypes: MNHN 1898-0568 (1), 7307 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:19-20 [ref. 6382]. •Synonym of Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843 -- (Trewavas 1973:401 [ref. 7201], Trewavas 1977:279 [ref. 4459], Chao & Trewavas 1990:824 [ref. 18934], Sasaki 1996:84 [ref. 22156], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843. Sciaenidae. Habitat: marine.

marina, Umbra Cetti [F.] 1777:118 [Anfibi e pesci di Sardegna; ref. 18872] Not available, name only, no diagnosis, from Sardegna [Sardinia, Italy]. •In the synonymy of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae.

milliae, Umbrina Miller [R. V.] 1971:303, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia 1971 (no. 2); ref. 7695] Off Colombia, South America, 11°08'N, 74°23 48", Oregon station 4856, depth about 100 fathoms. Holotype: USNM 204932. Paratypes: UF 19287 [ex TABL 107368] (1). Type catalog: Gilbert 1974:113 [ref. 21035]. •Valid as Umbrina milliae Miller 1971 -- (Chao 1978:30 [ref. 6983], Chao 2003:1653 [ref. 27097], Parenti 2020:56 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina milliae Miller 1971. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Colombia (Caribbean Sea). Habitat: marine.

nebulosa, Perca Rafinesque [C. S.] 1814:18 [Précis des découvertes et travaux somiologiques de Mr. C. S. Rafinesque-Schmaltz; ref. 3582] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. •Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2019:114 [ref. 37117], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

reedi, Umbrina Günther [A.] 1880:25, Pl. 13 (fig. B) [Report on the shore fishes procured during the voyage of H. M. S. Challenger in the years 1873-1876 v. 1 (pt 6); ref. 2011] Juan Fernández Islands. Syntypes: BMNH 1874.1.10.4 (1), 1879.5.14.283 (1). Spelled reedii on plate. •Valid as Umbrina reedi Günther 1880 -- (Pequeño 1989:62 [ref. 14125], Walker & Radford 1992:579 [ref. 20257], Pequeño & Sáez 2000:32 [ref. 24590], Pequeño & Lamilla 2000:434 [ref. 24906], Dyer & Westneat 2010:606 [ref. 31446], Parenti 2020:56 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina reedi Günther 1880. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Southeastern Pacific: Juan Fernández Islands, Desventuradas Islands (Chile). Habitat: marine.

robinsoni, Umbrina Gilchrist [J. D. F.] & Thompson [W. W.] 1908:182 [Annals of the South African Museum v. 6 (pt 2); ref. 14320] Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 9966. •Valid or a possible synonym of Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes 1843 -- (Trewavas 1977:281 [ref. 4459]). •Synonym of Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes 1843 -- (Heemstra 1986:619 [ref. 5660], Chao & Trewavas 1990:825 [ref. 18934]). •Valid as Umbrina robinsoni Gilchrist & Thompson 1908 -- (Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:272 [ref. 28072], Bogorodsky et al. 2020:530 [ref. 38001], Parenti 2020:56 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina robinsoni Gilchrist & Thompson 1908. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: Socotra; South Africa. Habitat: marine.

roncador, Umbrina Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:277 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 227); ref. 10613] Pequeña Bay, western coast of Baja California, Mexico. Holotype (unique): USNM 29371. Additional material: USNM 26758, 26849, 26864 (unspecified quantity). Apparently described form one specimen; specimens mentioned on p. 278 as distributed by the USNM are regarded as additional material. •Valid as Umbrina roncador Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:222 [ref. 9277], Walker & Radford 1992:576 [ref. 20257], Allen & Robertson 1994:169 [ref. 22193], Chao in Fischer et al. 1995:1516 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:269 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32708], Kells et al. 2016:250 [ref. 35888], Parenti 2020:56 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina roncador Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

ronchus, Umbrina Valenciennes [A.] 1843:24 [Ichthyologie des îles Canaries v. 2 (pt 2); ref. 4502] Holotype (unique): MNHN A-5764 (dry). Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:20 [ref. 6382]. Neotype as BMNH 1964.12.30.1 was designated by Palmer 1966; holotype found after neotype was designated [technically the case should be submitted to the ICZN]. •Valid as Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes 1843 -- (Trewavas 1973:400-401 [ref. 7201], Trewavas 1977:281 [ref. 4459], Chao in Whitehead et al. 1986:873 [ref. 13676], Heemstra 1986:619 [ref. 5660], Chao & Trewavas 1990:825 [ref. 18934], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:165 [ref. 25472], Randall 1995:232 [ref. 22896], Sasaki 1996:84 [ref. 22156], Carpenter et al. 1997:191 [ref. 23922], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:272 [ref. 28072] with range change, Wirtz et al. 2013:127 [ref. 32972], Chao in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2653 [ref. 34618], Carneiro et al. 2019:276 [ref. 37250], Eagderi et al. 2019:103 [ref. 37020], Parenti 2020:56 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina ronchus Valenciennes 1843. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Southwestern Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: southern Portugal south to Angola, including Madeira, Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands; western Indian Ocean: South Africa to Oman and Persian Gulf. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

rubescens, Anthias Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:307 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Suriname rivers. Based on Gronow Zoophyl. N. 212, later described as Sciaena cestreus Gronow in Gray 1854 [ref. 1911]. •Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

sinaloae, Umbrina Scofield [N. B.] in Jordan 1896:220, Pl. 25 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 6; ref. 2395] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Lectotype: CAS-SU 1632. Paralectotypes: CAS-SU 1632 (37, incl. lectotype). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:79 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype established (as figured specimen) in Jordan 1896:244 [ref. 2395] if specimen is identifiable; also caption to Pl. 224, p. 3279 in Jordan & Evermann 1900 [ref. 2446] if figured specimen is identifiable. •Synonym of Umbrina xanti Gill 1862 -- (Walker & Radford 1992:578 [ref. 20257], Chao in Fischer et al. 1995:1518 [ref. 22830], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:370 [ref. 24550] as sinaloe, Parenti 2020:57 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina xanti Gill 1862. Sciaenidae. Habitat: marine.

sinuata, Umbrina Day [F.] 1876:182, Pl. 46 (fig. 1) [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Karachi, Pakistan. Syntypes (2) and/or Day specimen: ZSI 939 (1, fragile). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:160 [ref. 23762]. •Valid or possibly a synonym of Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843 -- (Trewavas 1977:279 [ref. 4459]). •Synonym of Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843 -- (Talwar 1995:12 [ref. 25194], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843. Sciaenidae. Habitat: marine.

steindachneri, Umbrina Cadenat [J.] 1951:221, Fig. 156 [Initiations Africaines. III. Poissons de mer du Sénégal; ref. 12676] Senegal. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:26 [ref. 6382]. Based on Umbrina cirrhosa var. canariensis of Steindachner. •Questionably a synonym of Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843 -- (Chao in Whitehead et al. 1986:872 [ref. 13676]). •Valid as Umbrina steindachneri Cadenat 1951 -- (Chao & Trewavas 1990:826 [ref. 18934], Chao in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2654[ref. 34618], Parenti 2020:56 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina steindachneri Cadenat 1951. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

striata, Umbrina Boulenger [G. A.] 1888:660 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1887 (pt 4); ref. 14479] Muscat, Oman, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1887.11.11.164 (stuffed). •Synonym of Umbrina sinuata Day 1876 and a possible synonym of Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1834 -- (Trewavas 1977:279 [ref. 4459]). •Synonym of Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843 -- (Talwar 1995:12 [ref. 25194], Sasaki 1996:84 [ref. 22156], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843. Sciaenidae. Habitat: marine.

thompsoni, Sciaena Hubbs [C. L.] 1921:1, Pl. 1 [Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology University of Michigan No. 92; ref. 15315] Avalon, Santa Catalina Island, California, U.S.A. Holotype: UMMZ 55053 [ex FMNH 9098]. •Synonym of Umbrina roncador Jordan & Gilbert 1882 -- (Walker & Radford 1992:576 [ref. 20257], Chao in Fischer et al. 1995:1516 [ref. 22830], Parenti 2020:56 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina roncador Jordan & Gilbert 1882. Sciaenidae. Habitat: marine.

tumacoensis, Umbrina Wilson [C.] 1916:67, Pl. 10 [Annals of the Carnegie Museum v. 10 (nos 1/2); ref. 12398] Tumaco, Department of Nariño, Colombia. Holotype: FMNH 56840 [ex CM 5654] (missing). Paratypes: CAS 62852 [IU 13438 b-c] (2), FMNH 56840 [ex CM 5654b-c] (2). Type catalog: Henn 1928:92 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:84 [ref. 12367]. IU catalogue entry for 13438 is a-c (3 specimens), with "a" the "type" (holotype), but that specimen is 183 mm TL and cannot be the type; recataloged as CAS 62853. Original spelling of the species was tumacoënsis. •Synonym of Umbrina analis Günther 1868 -- (Walker & Radford 1992:581 [ref. 20257], Chao in Fischer et al. 1995:1512 [ref. 22830], Parenti 2020:54 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina analis Günther 1868. Sciaenidae. Habitat: marine.

umbra, Perca Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1802:396, 414 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] Mediterranean Sea; Antilles; etc. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:117 [ref. 12478], Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:24 [ref. 6382]. Unnecessary replacement name for Sciaena cirrosa Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Trewavas 1973:399 [ref. 7201], Chao & Trewavas 1990:824 [ref. 18934], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

valida, Umbrina Jordan [D. S.] & Gunn [J. A., Jr.] 1898:342 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 50; ref. 10630] Canary Islands. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 10584. •Synonym of Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843 -- (Trewavas 1973:401 [ref. 7201], Trewavas 1977:279 [ref. 4459], Chao & Trewavas 1990:824 [ref. 18934], Sasaki 1996:84 [ref. 22156], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina canariensis Valenciennes 1843. Sciaenidae. Habitat: marine.

vulgaris, Umbrina Cuvier [G.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830:171 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 5; ref. 999] Provence, France; Italy; Spain; Gulf of Gascony. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-7463 (1) Iviça, 0000-7466 (1) Morée; non-types MNHN 0000-7462 (1) Naples, 0000-1962 (1) Egypt. Type catalog: Bauchot & Desoutter 1987:20 [ref. 6382]. •Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Trewavas 1973:400 [ref. 7201], Parin 2003:S13 [ref. 28536], Parin et al. 2014:373 [ref. 33547], Parenti 2020:55 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Synonym of Umbrina cirrosa (Linnaeus 1758). Sciaenidae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

wintersteeni, Umbrina Walker [H. J., Jr.] & Radford [K. W.] 1992:582, Fig. 10 [Fishery Bulletin v. 90; ref. 20257] Bahia Almejas, Baja California, Mexico. Holotype: SIO 60-366. Paratypes: AMNH 5498 (1), 5299 [ex 5514a] (1); CAS 35536 (4); LACM 38104-26 (4); SIO 15-622 (2) (ex UCLA W50-27), 15-1696 (5) (ex UCLA W52-48), 15-631 (6) (ex UCLA W53-84), 15-636 (8) (ex UCLA W53-95), 15-1136 (1) (ex UCLA W57-34), 15-1697 (4) (ex UCLA 57-36), 15-1698 (4) (ex UCLA W57-42), 60-366 (29), 62-126 (10), 64-84 (49), 65-281 (3), 76-275 (2); CAS-SU 375 (1), 2855 (3), 4827 (1), 47933 (1); UCLA W52-49 (2), W62-50 (1); USNM 316655 (5). •Valid as Umbrina wintersteeni Walker & Radford 1992 -- (Chao in Fischer et al. 1995:1517 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:270 [ref. 24545], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32708], Parenti 2020:57 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina wintersteeni Walker & Radford 1992. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Pacific coast of southern Baja California and Gulf of California (Mexico). Habitat: marine.

xanti, Umbrina Gill [T. N.] 1862:257 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 14; ref. 4909] Baja California, Mexico. Lectotype: USNM 7156. Paralectotypes: MCZ 35976 [ex USNM 3693] (1); USNM 2296 (2), 3693 + 3694 (5), 316653 [ex USNM 7156] (2). Lectotype selected by Walker & Radford 1992:577 [ref. 20257]. •Valid as Umbrina xanti Gill 1862 -- (Pequeño 1989:62 [ref. 14125], Walker & Radford 1992:577 [ref. 20257], Allen & Robertson 1994:169 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:130 [ref. 23101], Chao in Fischer et al. 1995:1518 [ref. 22830], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:270 [ref. 24545], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:304 [ref. 24555], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:369 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:149 [ref. 27807], Page et al. 2013:153 [ref. 32708], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:147 [ref. 34871], González-Murcia et al. 2019:308 [ref. 36544], Parenti 2020:57 [ref. 37439]). Current status: Valid as Umbrina xanti Gill 1862. Sciaenidae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico south to Chile. Habitat: marine.