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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species related to Xyrichtys novacula: [ 18 ] records


psittacus, Coryphaena Linnaeus [C.] (ex Garden) 1766:448 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina [South Carolina, U.S.A.]. Holotype (unique): Linn. Soc. Lond. 142 (right half-skin). Type catalog: Goode & Bean 1885:195 [ref. 1841], Wheeler 1985:65 [ref. 20705]. Based on 'Parrotfish' in manuscript description and specimen sent by A. Garden [South Carolina]. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:442 [ref. 7204], Randall 1986:706 [ref. 5706], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:880 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). •Valid as Xyrichtys psittacus (Linnaeus 1766) -- (Kuiter 2010:370 [ref. 35285]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

lineata, Coryphaena Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1195 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. No types known. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:443 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

lineolata, Coryphaena Rafinesque [C. S.] 1810:33 [Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia; ref. 3594] Palermo, Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Also appeared in Rafinesque 1810:30 [ref. 3595]. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:443 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943], Parenti 2019:102 [ref. 37117]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

coryphena, Novacula Risso [A.] 1827:334 [Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale v. 3; ref. 3757] Mediterranean Sea. Substitute name for Coryphaena novacula Linnaeus 1758. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:443 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

cultratus, Xyrichthys Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:37, Pl. 391 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Martigues; Montpellier, France; [Ivica] Ibiza, Balearic Islands, Mediterranean Sea; Seide. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-664 (2) Messina, 0000-6503 (1) Madeira, A-9090 (2) Naples, A-9091 (1) Athens. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:112-113 [ref. 19171]. Based on Coryphaena novacula Linnaeus 1758 and specimens. Original genus should have been Xyrichtys. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:443 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

vitta, Xyrichthys Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:51 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] No locality. Holotype: MNHN A-7610. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:111 [ref. 19171], Bauchot & Daget 1996:244 [ref. 22899]. Original genus should have been Xyrichtys. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:443 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

argentimaculata, Xyrichthys Steindachner [F.] 1861:134 [Verhandlungen der K.-K. zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien v. 11; ref. 18747] Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. Syntypes: NMW 28509-10 (2). Original genus should have been Xyrichtys. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Randall 1986:706 [ref. 5706], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

rosipes, Xyrichthys Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1884:27 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 7 (no. 402); ref. 12325] Key West, Florida, U.S.A. Syntypes: USNM 34968 (2, "typical specimens"). Original genus should have been Xyrichtys. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

uniocellatus, Xyrichthys Agassiz [L.] in Spix & Agassiz 1831:97, Pl. 55 [Selecta genera et species piscium quos in itinere per Brasiliam; ref. 13] Brazil. Lectotype: MNHN A-7611. Paralectotypes: MNHN A-7611 (smaller spec.) Type information: Bauchot 1963:112 [ref. 19171] as 2 syntypes. Lectotype designated in Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219]. Also appeared as Spix in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:48 [ref. 4882]. Original genus should have been Xyrichtys. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

binghami, Xyrichthys Mowbray [L. L.] 1925:1, Fig. [Marine Life, Occasional Paper v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 15803] Double-headed Shot Cat, Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas, depth 3 fathoms. Holotype: YPM 13. Paratypes: YPM 265 (5), 266 (2), 392 (1, mounted), 394 (1). Type catalog: Moore & Boardman 1991:14 [ref. 16741]. Description also published in Breder 1925:64-65, Fig. 28 [ref. 635]. Original genus should have been Xyrichtys. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

vermiculatus, Xyrichthys Poey [F.] 1860:215 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. Holotype: USNM 4758. Original genus should have been Xyrichtys. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

copei, Hemipteronotus Fowler [H. W.] 1900:508, Pl. 20 (fig. 1) [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 52; ref. 14727] Oahu Island, Hawaiian Islands [locality questionable, likely from tropical Atlantic]. Holotype: ANSP 521. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:117 [ref. 13621], with comments on type locality. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943], Mundy 2005:450 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

novacula, Coryphaena Linnaeus [C.] 1758:262 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Opinion 1799 suppresses Hemipteronotus so the correct combination is Xyrichtys novacula. •Valid as Hemipteronotus novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:206 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:156 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:347 [ref. 23827], Westneat 2003:1719 [ref. 27105], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:525 [ref. 28815], Fricke et al. 2007:95 [ref. 29533], Wirtz et al. 2007:15, 37 [ref. 30263], Parenti & Randall 2011:37 [ref. 31299], Page et al. 2013:161 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) [sometimes with genus as Xyrichthys] -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:442 [ref. 7204], Quignard & Pras in Whitehead et al. 1986:941 [ref. 13676], Randall 1986:706 [ref. 5706], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:880 [ref. 19219], Cervigón 1993:423 [ref. 24474], Andreata & Séret 1996:587 [ref. 16204], Porteiro et al. 1996:33 [ref. 23330], Santos et al. 1997:97 [ref. 23531], Arruda 1997:96 [ref. 24952], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:296 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:77 [ref. 25466], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:164 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1646 [ref. 25634], Rocha & Rosa 2001:991 [ref. 25909] in Xirichthys, Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:116 [ref. 26753] in Xyrichthys, Moura et al. in Menezes et al. 2003:93 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:44 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:156 [ref. 27807], Golani 2005:51 [ref. 37112] as Xyrichthys n., Kuiter 2010:369 [ref. 35285], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:56 [ref. 36649] as Xyrichthys n., Wirtz et al. 2013:130 [ref. 32972], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:65 [ref. 33341], Pinheiro et al. 2015:27 [ref. 34324], Shen & Clark 2016:33 [ref. 34165], Westneat in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2758 [ref. 34618], Artüz & Fricke 2019:558 [ref. 36612], Carneiro et al. 2019:287 [ref. 37250], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:99 [ref. 36864], Nirchio et al. 2019:[4] [ref. 36497], Bariche & Fricke 2020:76 [ref. 37515], Kovačić et al. 2020:39 [ref. 37519]). Current status: Valid as Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southern Florida (U.S.A.) south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; Mediterranean Sea; Sea of Marmara; eastern Atlantic: Spain south to Gabon, including Azores, Madeira and Canary Islands. Habitat: marine.

granulatus, Amorphocephalus Bowdich [S. L.] 1825:238, Fig. 36 [Fishes of Madeira; ref. 590] Boa Vista, Cape Verde Islands. No types known. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Bauchot & Quignard 1973:443 [ref. 7204], Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943], Parenti 2019:7 [ref. 36934]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

jessiae, Xyrichthys Jordan [D. S.] 1888:698 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 10 (no. 675); ref. 10477] Off Tampa Bay, Florida, U.S.A. (stomach content). Holotype (unique): USNM 39420 (poor condition). Original genus should have been Xyrichtys. •Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Gomon & Forsyth 1990:881 [ref. 19219], Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.

pentadactylus, Blennius Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:xix [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Name only, not available (from Malta); not an independent species description, but a misidentification of the species Coryphaena pentadactylus (non Linnaeus, 1758), erroneously or deliberately placed in the genus Blennius -- (Fricke 2008:49 [ref. 30182]). •In the synonymy of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Fricke 2008:49 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae.

linea, Coryphaena Linnaeus [C.] 1766:448 [Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 1); ref. 2786] Carolina, U.S.A. No types known. Part of description of Coryphaena psittacus, not a genus and species; not available -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:64 [ref. 24943]). May date to Müller 1776 as Coryphaena lineata. •In the synonymy of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae.

coryphaenoides, Novacula Schinz [H. R.] 1822:430 [Das Thierreich v. 2; ref. 3926] Middle Sea. Unneeded replacement name for and objective synonym of Coryphaena novacula Linnaeus 1758 (see Daget 1968:1058 [ref. 26392]). •Objective synonym of Hemipteronotus novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Daget 1968:1058 [ref. 26392]). •Objective synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758) -- (Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943]). Current status: Synonym of Xyrichtys novacula (Linnaeus 1758). Labridae. Habitat: marine.