Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 February 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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spathula, Squalus Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:522 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Louisiana, the Mississippi River, U.S.A. No types known. Based on Spathule Maudit, J. Chim. H. Nat. Paris, 4, l774: 384, Pl. 2. •Valid as Polyodon spathula (Walbaum 1792) -- (Lee et al. 1980:45 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:50 [ref. 22186], Robison & Buchanan 1988:84 [ref. 23393], McAllister 1990:42 [ref. 14674], Tomelleri & Eberle 1990:17 [ref. 24089], Burkhead & Jenkins 1991:342 [ref. 21804], Grande & Bemis 1991:112 [ref. 19936], Page & Burr 1991:29 [ref. 18983], Bemis & Grande 1992 [ref. 21506], Boschung 1992:29 [ref. 23239], Etnier & Starnes 1993:104 [ref. 22809], Jenkins & Burkhead 1994:192 [ref. 21581], Warren et al. 1994:132 [ref. 25557], Knight & Hastings 1994:149 [ref. 25560], Stauffer et al. 1995:33 [ref. 23376], Cross & Collins 1995:27 [ref. 23394], Mettee et al. 1996:81 [ref. 25836], Reshetnikov et al. 1997:726 [ref. 24702], Bogutskaya & Sokolov 1998:23 [ref. 23572], Fuller et al. 1999:24 [ref. 25838], Lyons et al. 2000:21 [ref. 26594], Ross et al. 2001:80 [ref. 25978], Zhang 2001:42 [ref. 26586], Hanel 2003:47 [ref. 27894], Nelson et al. 2004:58 [ref. 27807], Bailey et al. 2004:62 [ref. 27882], Miller & Robison 2004:50 [ref. 27931], Boschung & Mayden 2004:111 [ref. 27995], Bogutskaya & Naseka 2004:27 [ref. 28183], Scharpf 2005:7 [ref. 28940], Kottelat & Freyhof 2007:60 [ref. 29996], Page & Burr 2011:140 [ref. 31215], Page et al. 2013:58 [ref. 32708], Parin et al. 2014:45 [ref. 33547], Zhang et al. 2016:210 [ref. 34477], Ćaleta et al. 2019:145 [ref. 37026]). Current status: Valid as Polyodon spathula (Walbaum 1792). Polyodontidae. Distribution: North America; introduced elsewhere. Habitat: freshwater.