Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 June 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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catenatus, Gymnothorax Bloch [M. E.] 1795:84, Pl. 415 [Naturgeschichte der ausl√§ndischen Fische v. 9; ref. 464] Suriname. Holotype (unique): ZMB 4012. Non-types?: ZMB 4013-14 (1, 2). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:103 [ref. 24282] with ZMB 4012 as holotype. On p. 69 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 12 [ref. 21381]. •Synonym of Echidna polyzona (Richardson 1845) -- (Fricke & Kulbicki 2006:37 [ref. 28867]). •Valid as Echidna catenata (Bloch 1795) -- (Robins & Ray 1986:54 [ref. 23100], Böhlke et al. 1989:131 [ref. 13286], Smith & Böhlke 1990:138 [ref. 19379], Cervigón 1991:46 [ref. 24472], Cervigón 1992:366 [ref. 23827], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:231 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:132 [ref. 25013], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:148 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1643 [ref. 25634], Böhlke & Smith 2003:706 [ref. 26990], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:33 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:8 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:60 [ref. 27807], Smith 2012:5 [ref. 32155], Page et al. 2013:60 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:23 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:3 [ref. 33516], Pinheiro et al. 2015:5 [ref. 34324], Smith & Brito 2016:1638 [ref. 34557]). Current status: Valid as Echidna catenata (Bloch 1795). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Ascension Island and ? eastern Atlantic. Habitat: marine.