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|Online Version, Updated 4 September 2018|
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Catalog of Fishes - version of 4 September 2018 (Continuously updated since the early 1980s, around the turn of the month.)
Bill Eschmeyer has been sidelined by some medical issues and has been away from the Catalog for the past couple of months. Richard van der Laan and Ron Fricke have filled in Bill's work in the interim. If you have e-mailed Bill recently and haven't received a reply, he apologizes and hopes to return to the Catalog soon. In the meantime, if you have new papers or fishes you'd like to see in the Catalog please e-mail Richard and Ron. For technical issues or data extracts, please e-mail Jon Fong.
Richard van der Laan,
In this edition, we provide 253 new species in 2018. In 2017 there were 472 new species described.
Bill Eschmeyer, Florida Museum of Natural History, 1659 Museum Road, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA and California Academy of Sciences.
We are making additions to:
Van der Laan, R., W. N. Eschmeyer & R. Fricke (2014) (11 Nov.), Family-group names of Recent fishes. Zootaxa Monograph 3882 (1), 1-230. DOI 10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1
See Family Group Names for future updates by R. van der Laan.
By default, search results will not include item 3 names -- unavailable names that detract from the main list of available names. These are mostly names mentioned in synonymy, names in lists, etc. They are still in the database, so if you want to see them, check the box labeled Include unavailable names before searching.
Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & R. van der Laan (eds) 2018. CATALOG OF FISHES: GENERA, SPECIES, REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018.
Fricke, R. (ed) 2018. REFERENCES. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018. [Ron Fricke devoted much time to improving references and journals, many of which had not been examined in 15 to 25 years. Please remember that the title of a paper often differs in three places: the title on the paper itself, the contents listed by the journal, and in the PDF provided by the journal. Ron tends to follow the title on the pdf for recent papers and the title on the original for earlier publications. Many of our dates of publication are documented for priority purposes. Some current journals have a target date, but actual publication is often delayed. For nomenclatural date problems, we will help if we can.]
van der Laan, R. & Fricke, R. 2018 FAMILY-GROUP NAMES. (http://www.calacademy.org/scientists/catalog-of-fishes-family-group-names/). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018.
van der Laan, R., Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. (eds) 2018. CATALOG OF FISHES: CLASSIFICATION. (http://www.calacademy.org/scientists/catalog-of-fishes-classification/). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018.
Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. 2018 JOURNALS. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/journals.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018. [Includes all journals appearing in the Catalog, including publication information and ISSN numbers.]
Fricke, R. & Eschmeyer, W. N. 2018 GUIDE TO FISH COLLECTIONS. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/collections.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018. [Arranged by museum abbreviation and by country, includes type catalogs and historical publications and www sites where available.]
Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Fong, J. D. 2018 SPECIES BY FAMILY/SUBFAMILY. (http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/SpeciesByFamily.asp). Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2018. [Recalculated with each new version; based on current literature, this provides all available species names, valid species, and species described in the last 10 years by family/subfamily.]
Please remember that if you got to the Catalog of Fishes from Fishbase, you are NOT in Fishbase. Fishbase is a more comprehensive database for a different audience, but they use Catalog of Fishes information in their authority file.
Some other useful sites for fishes are (1) Fishbase [Fishbase team, Manila]; (2) www.stri.org/sftep -- A comprehensive database on Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific (and of the Western Atlantic) [Ross Robertson]; (3) shark-references.com -- A database on elasmobranchs, with over 13,000 references, information on taxa, type specimens, etc. [Jürgen Pollerspöck]; (4) FishWisePro.com -- a comprehensive relational database of more than 99,350 scientific species name combinations and over 34,300 well-identified (mostly marine) fish pictures [Dennis Polack]; (5) Freshwater Fish List, 23rd edition December 2017; (6) ETYFish Project (derivations of Fish Names) by Christopher Scharpf; and (7) BioStor, for Biodiversity Heritage Library references. A very useful site is Worldfish.de [not associated with Fishbase or Worldfish]. Maintained by Michal Mikšik and Erwin Schraml. They post new fish taxa and references as they are published.
A summary paper was published in 2010 from the Catalog of Fishes database that might be of interest to users of the Catalog. "Marine fish diversity: history of knowledge and discovery (Pisces)." By William N. Eschmeyer, Ronald Fricke, Jon D. Fong & Dennis A. Polack. Zootaxa, no. 2525:19-50 (2 July 2010, open access, click title to download).
As always, notifying us of missed original descriptions and errors in the database or providing PDFs of recent papers is most welcome.
Bill Eschmeyer edited type localities and standardized many place names. Our style is to use current place names found on an English map (or from Wikipedia and Google sites). Should you need original localities, they can be found in the original descriptions or from particular museum holdings (often online).
Many scientific names of fish species are based on personal names; some were found to be incorrect. For example, Jordan and co-workers spelled Japanese names ending in "a" with a terminal "e" as in matsubarae; that is acceptable, with the name Latinized first. So those names do not end in "i". Remarks are provided by Eschmeyer in this version for most species based on personal names. For a review of this very technical subject, see Dubois 2007: Zootaxa No. 1550:49-68.
New treatment of synonyms: Often an author revises a genus and treats a species in detail but does not mention the species synonyms (if any). If he/she does not mention the synonyms (rather common in recent treatments) and moves the valid “parent” species to a different genus, do we move the synonyms automatically, although the revising author may not have studied or assessed the synonyms? In the past, we did not move the synonyms. Typically, this often resulted in the synonyms being in a different current genus than the valid parent species. We now move the synonyms to the genus of the valid parent species, but no “status reference” showing the new generic placement is found with the synonym. Some synonyms will be moved incorrectly, but it is considered more desirable to have the potential synonyms in the same current genus as the valid parent species.
Some conventions used in the Catalog
Author plus date and a species code: The code of Zoological Nomenclature does not require a comma between the author and date, only a suggestion. In fact, we consider that confusing as that is traditionally used to show a cited reference in journal publications and not a species authorship and date. Genus+species+author+date (with parentheses as needed) is a (nearly) unique code or formula to define every species [2 known exceptions]. So you will find no comma between the author and date. Some journals are now treating species in this way.
Figures: Under a new species heading, some journals list (a) only the major figure, some list (b) all figures (including maps, habitats and graphs), and (c) some give figures showing the full view and any illustrated parts of the species. We give all figures that show a full view and any anatomical part of the species, so our listing of figures often differs from the treatment by a journal in the original description (as listed in the species heading).
Type localities: We give a current place name that one will find on a Google search or in an ‘English’ atlas. For some species described many years ago, one may find both the original locality and in parentheses a modern name for that locality. Many collections now have their holdings on-line, and it is there one can usually find the actual original locality if needed. Current localities are often augmented by additional information, such as coordinates.
Authors: We have added initials in brackets to distinguish all individual authors of genera and species.
Species of Fishes by Family/Subfamily -- Total valid taxa reflect new taxa added minus taxa moved into synonymy plus taxa newly moved to valid. The classification is as used in the Catalog of Fishes. Prepared by Bill Eschmeyer and Jon Fong, with modifications by Richard van der Laan.
Family-Group Names -- Priority applies to Family-group names. It did not in early years. As classifications are refined with use of more subfamilies and tribes, it is required to use the oldest available family-group name for these new taxa.
Ichthyological Collections -- Presented are those specimen collections mentioned in the main Catalog of Fishes database, especially as repositories of type specimens. Besides museum names and abbreviations, this includes WWW sites, cross-referencing of abbreviations, and selection of museums by country, along with type catalogs, historical articles, name changes, transfers, and other items for individual collections. Prepared by Ron Fricke and Bill Eschmeyer.
Ichthyological Journals -- There are nearly 2600 individual journals or monograph series in the Catalog of Fishes database. We provide full citations, and other information such as changes in titles, published duration, ISSN numbers, WWW sites, etc. Prepared by Ron Fricke and Bill Eschmeyer.
Acknowledgments for Ron Fricke (2018): Sylvain Adnet, Gastón Aguilera, Hugo Aguirre, K. V. Akhilesh, Malek Ali, Gerry Allen, Marcelo Andrade, Arturo Angulo, Débora Antonetti, Dmitry Astakhov, Mercedes Azpelicueta, Andrey Balanov, Arcady Balushkin, Rafael Bañón, Esra Bayςelebi, Ronaldo Borges Barthem, Esra Bayçelebi, Mauro Belleggia, David Bellwood, Manuel Biscoito, Nickolai Bochkarev, Kai Borkenhagen, Philippe Borsa, Ricardo Britzke, Heraldo Britski, David Bruton, Christopher Burridge, Guamuchirai Chakona, Priscila Camelier, John Caruso, Alfredo Carvalho Filho, Fernando Carvalho, Lilian Casatti, Jorge Casciotta, Carine Chamon, Bruno Chanet, Natalia Chernova, Satoru Chiba, Junior Chuctaya, Erdogan Çiçek, Todd Clardy, Bruce Collette, Fenton Cotterill, Matthew Craig, Edgar Cruz, David De Weirdt, Carlos Donascimiento, Laura Donin, Guy Duhamel, Guilherme Dutra, Yury Dyldin, David Ebert, Anthony Echelle, Marco Endruweit, Semih Engin, Deniz Ergüden, Neil Evenhuis, Sergei Evseenko, Luis Fernández, Carl Ferraris Jr., Flávia de Figueiredo Petean, Brit Finucci, Nelson Ferreira Fontoura, Rui Freitas, Jörg Freyhof, Christos Gkenas, Ofer Gon, Mariano González-Castro, Steven Grant, David Greenfield, Erick Guimarães, Renny Hadiaty, Mohammad Eusuf Hasan, Elisabeth Henschel, Eric Hilton, Douglass F. Hoese, Wen-Chien Huang, Hisashi Imamura, Isaäc Isbrücker, Priscila Ito, A. K. Jaiswar, Dušan Jelić, Misel Jelić, Hichem Kara, Subodha Kumar Karna, Yuri Kartavtsev, Axel Katz, Cüneyt Kaya, Philippe Keith, Keita Koeda, Ad Konings, Marcelo Kovačić, Yoshinori Kumazawa, Hyuck Joon Kwun, Boyd Kynard, Kosygin Laishram, Kuldeep Lal, Lalramliana, Anton Lamboj, Vladimir Laptikhovsky, Boni Amin Laskar, Pablo Lehmann, Jeff Leis, Li Chenhong, Thomas Litz, Alejandro Londoño-Burbano, Hernán López-Fernández, Carlos de Lucena, Luiz Malabarba, Mizuki Matsunuma, Béla Nagy, Javier Maldonado Ocampo, Fatih Mangιt, L. G. Manilo, Alexandre Marceniuk, Tiiu Märss, Rene Martin, Wilfredo Matamoros, Mizuki Matsunuma, Bruno Melo, Michael Miller, Michael Mincarone, Meera Mohandas, Anil Mohapatra, Vindhya Mohindra, Timo Moritz, Takahiko Mukai, Thomas Munroe, Nozomu Muto, Béla Nagy, Mikhail Nazarkin, Heok Hee Ng, Jørgen Nielsen, Makoto Okamoto, Francesc Ordines, Adnan Çağlar Oruç, Müfit Özuluğ, Larry Page, Antoine Pariselle, Eric Parmentier, Carla Pavanelli, Paulo Petry, Lubomír Piálek, Alakesh Pradhan, Artem Prokofiev, Francisco Provenzano, Roberto Reis, Claude Renaud, R. K. Renjith, Oldřich Říčan, Baruch Rinkevich, Tyson Roberts, Subal Roul, Sanmitra Roy, Lukas Rüber, Barry Russell, Harumi Sakai, Cláudio Sampaio, Takashi Satoh, Ivan Sazima, Christopher Scharpf, Nalani Schnell, Hiroshi Senou, Bernard Séret, Esmaile Shakman, Boris Sheiko, Takaashi Shimizu, Valentina Sideleva, Raimundo da Silva, Thiago Silva Loboda, Paul Skelton, Tan Heok Hui, Tang Wenqiao, Donald Taphorn, James van Tassell, Mônica de Toledo-Piza, Shinishi Tomiyama, Luke Tornabene, Costas Tsigenopoulos, Sezginer Tuncer, Davut Turan, Pero Tutman, Katerina Vasil'eva, Diego Vaz, Yeğen Vedat, Leo Venerus, Kirill Vinnikov, Waikhom Vishwanath, Olga Voskoboinikova, Emmanuel Vrewen, Kunto Wibowo, Mark Wilson, Kirk Winemiller, Peter Wirtz, Mark Wuenschel, Lei Yang, Angela Zanata, Cláudio Zawadzki, Jiang Zhou, Mikhail Zhukov.
Acknowledgments for Richard van der Laan (2018): Gastón Aguilera, Nicolás Álvarez-Pliego, Carlos Ardila Rodríguez, David Boyd, Patrick Ciccotto, Kendall Clements, Fabio di Dario, David Ebert, André Esguícero, Daniel Fromm, Elaine Heemstra, Hans Ho, Jean Huber, Axel Katz, Steen Knudsen, Stefan Koerber, Paul van der Laan, Thomas Litz, James Maclaine, Will Matamoros, Michal Mikšík, Larry Page, Dennis Polack, Ross Robertson, Mark Sabaj, Chris Scharpf, Erwin Schraml, Bill Smith-Vaniz, John Sullivan, Peter Unmack, Dan Zimberlin and Elsbeth Zwart.
Acknowledgments for Bill Eschmeyer (2018): Nicolas Alvarez-Pliego, Jonathan Armbruster, Nicolas Bailly-coff, José Milton Barbosa, David A. Boyd, Ralf Britz, Dave Catania, Patrick Ciccotto, Kevin Conway, Matthew Craig, Carlos Donascimiento, Ilana Fichberg, Benjamin Frable, Uiblein Franz, Tom Fraser, Martin Gomon, Wouter Holleman, P. Alexander Hulley, Howard Jelks, Sven Kullander, Thomas Litz, Alejandro Londoño-Burbano, Hugo López, Paulo Lucinda, John Lundberg, James Maclaine, Mizuki Matsunuma, Mark McGrouther, Michal Mikšík, Hiroyuki Motomura, Jørgen Nielsen, Michael Norén, Makoto Okamoto, Michael Oliver, Felipe Ottoni, Larry M. Page, Paolo Parenti, Arturo Acero Pizarro, Dennis Polack, Stuart Poss, Roberto E. Reis, Tyson Roberts, Ross Robertson, Rob Robins, Mark Sabaj, Christopher Scharpf, David G. Smith, Maria Laura de Souza Delapieve, John Sullivan, Alfred Thomson, Diego F. B. Vaz, William White, Richard Winterbottom and Dan Zimberlin.
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