Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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variegatus, Salmo Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1803:157, 224, Pl. 3 (fig. 3) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 5; ref. 4930] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-2165 (dry). Named varius on p. 224, variegatus on p. 157. First reviser not researched. Neotype (BPBM 21092) designated by Cressey 1981:9 [ref. 5574]; holotype MNHN B-2165 found after neotype designation, but neotype designation not accepted (Art. 75.8 of the Code) -- see Waples & Randall 1988:203 [ref. 9187]. Based on description and illustration in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). •Valid as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède 1803) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:34 [ref. 19756], Cressey 1981:6 [ref. 5574], Kyushin et al. 1982:34 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:48 [ref. 29757], Machida in Masuda et al. 1984:60 [ref. 6441], Cressey 1986:273 [ref. 6289], Allen & Swainston 1988:36 [ref. 25477], Budnichenko 1989:241 [ref. 13371], Waples & Randall 1989:202 [ref. 9187], Paxton et al. 1989:239 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:13 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:51 [ref. 15987], Francis & Randall 1993:128 [ref. 20996], Kuiter 1993:41 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:12 [ref. 25356], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:273 [ref. 21953], Randall 1995:79 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:152 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:60 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:124 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:36 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:51 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:65 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:94 [ref. 24106], Russell 1999:1945 [ref. 24747], Randall 1999:7 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:355 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:592 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:127 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:40 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:8 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:62 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:355 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:200, 534 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:25 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:613 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:20 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:8 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:116 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:64 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:202 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Gates 2006:470 [ref. 28997], Chen et al. 2007:149 [ref. 29121], Randall 2007:114 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30213], Kimura 2009:37 [ref. 30426], Motomura et al. 2010:76 [ref. 31256], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:61 [ref. 35264], Fricke et al. 2011:359 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:125 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:28 [ref. 33932], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:109 [ref. 36167], Russell 2015:545 [ref. 34253], Koeda et al. 2016:11 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:71 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:35 [ref. 36273], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:57 [ref. 36460], Arndt & Fricke 2019:30 [ref. 36883], Eagderi et al. 2019:20 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:64 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:64 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:316 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Synodus variegatus (Lacepède 1803). Synodontidae: Synodontinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Persian Gulf, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, Kermadec Islands and Rapa, straying to New Zealand. Habitat: marine.