Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 July 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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myops, Salmo Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:421 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Saint Helena [southeastern Atlantic]. No types known. Non-types: ZMB 3774 (1) Carolina. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage); also represented by a painting, folio 232, at BMNH. •Valid as Trachinocephalus myops (Forster 1801) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:35 [ref. 19754], Uyeno & Aizawa in Uyeno et al. 1983:161 [ref. 14275], Dor 1984:48 [ref. 29757], Machida in Masuda et al. 1984:61 [ref. 6441], Yamakawa in Okamura & Kitajima 1984:167, 345 [ref. 8057], Cressey 1986:273 [ref. 6289], Robins & Ray 1986:81 [ref. 23100], Edwards & Glass 1987:630 [ref. 9166], Allen & Swainston 1988:36 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:190 [ref. 25518], Budnichenko 1989:241 [ref. 13371], Paxton et al. 1989:239 [ref. 12442], Paulin et al. 1989:108 [ref. 24556], Sulak 1990:369 [ref. 15106], Randall et al. 1990:51 [ref. 15987], Cervigón 1991:151 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:71 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:447 [ref. 23827], Kuiter 1993:43 [ref. 23929], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:217 [ref. 24016], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:139 [ref. 25472], Francis 1993:158 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:12 [ref. 25356], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:273 [ref. 21953], Randall 1995:80 [ref. 22896], Andreata & Séret 1996:583 [ref. 16204], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:152 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:60 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:124 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:17 [ref. 26476] with authors as Bloch & Schneider, Kuiter 1997:36 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:51 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:22 [ref. 23611], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:614 [ref. 23897], Fricke 1999:95 [ref. 24106], Aguilera 1998:47 [ref. 24221], Russell 1999:1945 [ref. 24747], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:150 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:69 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:723 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:354 [ref. 25086] with author as Schneider, Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:592 [ref. 25122] with author as Bloch & Schneider, Sadovy & Cornish 2000:42 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:8 [ref. 25806], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:97 [ref. 26368], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:151 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1643 [ref. 25634], Shimizu 2001:22 [ref. 25799], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Rocha & Rosa 2001:989 [ref. 25909], Chen 2002:68 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:354 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:200, 535 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:25 [ref. 26830], Figueiredo & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:50 [ref. 27192], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Russell 2003:929 [ref. 27004], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:20 [ref. 27510], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:23 [ref. 27712] as Trachynocephalus, Adrim et al. 2004:118 [ref. 27715] with authors as Bloch & Schneider, Nelson et al. 2004:88 [ref. 27807], Randall 2005:65 [ref. 28239], Shinohara et al. 2005:409 [ref. 28370], Mundy 2005:203 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Gates 2006:471 [ref. 28997], Wirtz et al. 2007:26 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:114 [ref. 30952], Russell 2008:261 [ref. 30632], Fricke et al. 2009:25 [ref. 30213], Carvalho-Filho et al. 2010:33 [ref. 30983], Motomura et al. 2010:76 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:359 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:125 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:89 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:119 [ref. 32972], Kottelat 2013:270 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:48 [ref. 34464], Yoshida et al. 2013:48 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:414 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:28 [ref. 33932], Wirtz et al. 2014:4 [ref. 33516], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:109 [ref. 36167], Pinheiro et al. 2015:8 [ref. 34324], Psomadakis et al. 2015:171 [ref. 34104], Russell 2015:546 [ref. 34253], Polanco Fernandez et al. 2016:[8] [ref. 34512], Russell 2016:1828 [ref. 34572], Marceniuk et al. 2017:38 [ref. 35324], Motomura et al. 2017:51 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:71 [ref. 35805], Brown et al. 2019:159 [ref. 36444]). Current status: Valid as Trachinocephalus myops (Forster 1801). Synodontidae: Synodontinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Massachusetts (U.S.A.) south to Brazil; eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Gabon; southern central Atlantic: Saint Helena and Ascension islands. Previously considered as circumglobal, distribution recently restricted [ref. 34512]. Habitat: marine.