Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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far, Esox marginatus Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:xiii, 67 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea, ca. 15°42'25''N 42°41'18''E. No types known. Genus sometimes spelled Hemirhamphus. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:119 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Author Fabricius [ex Forsskål] in Niebuhr; authorship see Fricke 2008:22 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Hemiramphus far (Forsskål 1775) -- (Parin 1973:268 [ref. 7191], Collette 1974:38 [ref. 12930], Parin et al. 1980:133 [ref. 6895], Dor 1984:61 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:79 [ref. 6441], Collette & Parin in Whitehead et al. 1986:621 [ref. 13676], Collette & Su 1986:254 [ref. 5998], Collette 1986:389 [ref. 5647], Wu & Lu in Kuang et al. 1986:194 [ref. 26639], Allen & Swainston 1988:40 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:337 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:57 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:16 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:88 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:176 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:64 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:349 [ref. 23967], Randall et al. 1997:57 [ref. 25919], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Myers 1999:76 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:118 [ref. 24106], Collette 1999:2187 [ref. 24785], Nakabo 2000:549 [ref. 25086], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:599 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:136 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:97 [ref. 26368], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:161 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:61 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:549 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Collette 2004:4 [ref. 27583], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3317 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:127 [ref. 28072], Golani 2005:29 [ref. 37112], Randall 2005:83 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:734 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2007:69 [ref. 29533], Fricke et al. 2009:31 [ref. 30213], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:34 [ref. 36649], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:163 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:252 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:68 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:290 [ref. 32989], Falautano et al. 2014:235 [ref. 34002], Psomadakis et al. 2015:177 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:14 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:64 [ref. 35490], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[20] 258 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:104 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:41 [ref. 36273], Nakae in Kimura et al. 2018:63 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:162 [ref. 36495], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36864], Fricke et al. 2019:78 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Hemiramphus far (Forsskål 1775). Hemiramphidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Seychelles, to Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Philippines, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New South Wales (Australia); Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: brackish, marine.