Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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crocodila, Belona Péron [F.] & Lesueur [C. A.] in Lesueur 1821:129 [Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 13274] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN (not found). Type catalog: Collette et al. 1997:22 [ref. 22813]. Plate illustrating species not included in original, but later found and published by Phillips 1955:4, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [ref. 21818]. Placed on Official List in Opinion 900. Kottelat (2013) indicates that the name crocodila must be retained -- •Synonym of Belone marisrubri (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Mees 1962:44 [ref. 13277]). •Valid as Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur 1821) -- (Collette & Berry 1965:391 [ref. 13367], Parin 1967:58 [ref. 10272], Collette & Parin 1970:52 [ref. 7415], Kyushin et al. 1977:38 [ref. 19756], Dor 1984:65 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:78 [ref. 6441], Collette 1986:387 [ref. 5647], Robins & Ray 1986:107 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:40 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:343 [ref. 12442], Collette & Parin 1990:597 [ref. 16473], Randall et al. 1990:58 [ref. 15987], Cervigón 1991:225 [ref. 24472], Boschung 1992:84 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:270 [ref. 23827], Paugy in Lévêque et al. 1992:584 [ref. 21590], Bussing & López S. 1994:78 [ref. 23101], Goren & Dor 1994:16 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:87 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:174 [ref. 27969], Murdy et al. 1997:119 [ref. 23144], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:69 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:268 [ref. 24023], Allen 1997:64 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:129 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:24 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:52 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:58 [ref. 25919], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:940 [ref. 23897], Myers 1999:75 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:117 [ref. 24106], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:206 [ref. 24550], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:240 [ref. 24754], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:167 [ref. 25013], Johnson 1999:724 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:159 [ref. 27511], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:154 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:24 [ref. 25847], Youn 2002:219, 546 [ref. 26218] with first author as Petron, Menezes & Figueiredo in Menezes et al. 2003:67 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:99 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:125 [ref. 28072], Fricke et al. 2009:32 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2011:371 [ref. 31242], Page et al. 2013:103 [ref. 32708]). •Valid as Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur 1821), subspecies crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur 1821) -- (Winterbottom et al. 1989:15 [ref. 13251], Collette 1999:2160 [ref. 24785], Afonso et al. 1999:70 [ref. 25466], Randall 1999:8 [ref. 25829], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:50 [ref. 25480], Nakabo 2000:563 [ref. 25086], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:599 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:137 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:9 [ref. 25806], Collette & Banford 2001:51 [ref. 25982], Nakabo 2002:563 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:26 [ref. 26830], Collette et al. 2003:102 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1113 [ref. 26981], Collette 2003:10, 11 [ref. 27306], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:26 [ref. 27510], Smith et al. 2003:15 [ref. 27621], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Heemstra 2004:3337 [ref. 27945], Mundy 2005:282 [ref. 28379], Paxton et al. 2006:719 [ref. 28995], Wirtz et al. 2007:28 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:139 [ref. 30952] with subspecies, Motomura et al. 2010:82 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:166 [ref. 31980], Psomadakis et al. 2012:16 [ref. 33457], Fricke et al. 2013:252 [ref. 32706], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:170 [ref. 32953], Wirtz et al. 2013:121 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:65 [ref. 32988], Palacios-Salgado et al. 2014:236 [ref. 36362], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:32 [ref. 33341], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:177 [ref. 34104], Collette 2016:2127 [ref. 34601], Koeda et al. 2016:14 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:3 [ref. 35354], Ali et al. 2018:314 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:106 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:43 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:22 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:80 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur 1821). Belonidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Red Sea, Persian Gulf), but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: brackish, marine.