Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 July 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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spinifera, Sciaena Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:49, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P4043 (dry half skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:58 [ref. 9588]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 16 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Adioryx spinifer (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:52 [ref. 19756], Dor 1984:71 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Sargocentron spiniferum (Forsskål 1775) -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:111 [ref. 6441], Randall & Heemstra 1985:19 [ref. 5144], Randall & Heemstra 1986:421 [ref. 5707], Allen & Swainston 1988:42 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:381 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:18 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:67 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:18 [ref. 25356] as spinifer, Randall 1995:96 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:191 [ref. 27969], Kotlyar 1996:85 [ref. 23292], Allen 1997:66 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:31 [ref. 26476] as spinifer, Kuiter 1997:62 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:67 [ref. 25919], Randall 1998:74 [ref. 23300], Kotlyar 1998:203 [ref. 24674], Myers 1999:85 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:140 [ref. 24106], Randall & Greenfield 1999:2252 [ref. 24790], Randall 1999:9 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:487 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:601 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:147 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:10 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:487 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:27 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S101 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:617 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:69 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:10 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:136 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:98 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:313 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:784 [ref. 29066], Randall 2007:153 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:35 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:85 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:374 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:178 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:252 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:73 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:43 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Motomura et al. 2015:17 [ref. 34709], Eguchi & Motomura 2016:99 [ref. 34690], Koeda et al. 2016:18 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:117 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:47 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:87 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Sargocentron spiniferum (Forsskål 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West-Pacific: East and South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Rapa. Habitat: marine.