Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 March 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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sammara, Sciaena Fabricius [J. C.] (ex Forsskål) in Niebuhr 1775:48, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P4042 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:58 [ref. 9588]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pls. 15-16 [ref. 20847]. Spelled samara in Rüppell 1829:85 [ref. 3843]. Authorship according to Fricke 2008:23 [ref. 30182]. •Valid as Flammeo sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:71 [ref. 29757], Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:112 [ref. 6441]). •Valid as Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål 1775) -- (Randall & Heemstra 1985:4 [ref. 5144], Randall & Heemstra 1986:416 [ref. 5707], Allen & Swainston 1988:42 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:379 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:17 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:64 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:159 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:17 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:95 [ref. 22896], Kotlyar 1996:83 [ref. 23292], Allen 1997:66 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:64 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:64 [ref. 25919], Kotlyar 1998:204 [ref. 24674], Myers 1999:83 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:132 [ref. 24106], Randall & Greenfield 1999:2245 [ref. 24790], Randall 1999:9 [ref. 25829], Nakabo 2000:492 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:601 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:144 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:9 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:492 [ref. 26001], Choi et al. 2003:226, 550 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:27 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S100 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:617 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:31 [ref. 27510] dated 1831, Lobel & Lobel 2004:69 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:119 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:135 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:93 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:309 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:780 [ref. 29066], Randall 2007:151 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:34 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:52 [ref. 30463], Fricke et al. 2011:373 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:173 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:252 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:73 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:42 [ref. 33932], Copus et al. 2015:2 [ref. 33666], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Eguchi & Motomura 2016:85 [ref. 34690], Koeda et al. 2016:17 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:2 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:114 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:45 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:18 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:84 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:67 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:351 [ref. 37272]). •Valid as Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775) -- (Fricke 2008:23 [ref. 30182]). Current status: Valid as Neoniphon sammara (Fabricius 1775). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, Ogasawara Islands and Hawaiian Islands, south to Western Australia at 20°33'S, Lord Howe Island, Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: marine.