Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 2 March 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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diadema, Holocentrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1802:335, 372 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 4; ref. 4929] No locality [probably South Seas]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot 1970:35 [ref. 20740]. Based on Commerson manuscript and drawing. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:137 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Figured on Pl. 32 (fig. 3) of Lacepède 1801 [ref. 2710], but with vernacular name. •Valid as Adioryx diadema (Lacepède 1802) -- (Kyushin et al. 1977:54 [ref. 19756], Dor 1984:70 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Sargocentron diadema (Lacepède 1802) -- (Shimizu in Masuda et al. 1984:112 [ref. 6441], Randall & Heemstra 1985:7 [ref. 5144], Randall & Heemstra 1986:418 [ref. 5707], Allen & Swainston 1988:42 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:380 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:17 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:65 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:75 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:18 [ref. 25356], Kotlyar 1996:84 [ref. 23292], Allen 1997:66 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:30 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:60 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:65 [ref. 25919], Randall 1998:21 [ref. 23300], Kotlyar 1998:201 [ref. 24674], Myers 1999:84 [ref. 23965], Randall & Greenfield 1999:2235 [ref. 24790], Johnson 1999:725 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:9 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:85 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:490 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:601 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:145 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:9 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:96 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:25 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:490 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:27 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S101 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:617 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:32 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:9 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:136 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:94 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:310 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:782 [ref. 29066], Randall 2007:152 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:35 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:83 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:373 [ref. 31242], Hubert et al. 2012:5 [ref. 31846], Allen & Erdmann 2012:174 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:252 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:42 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:5 [ref. 33988], Eguchi & Motomura 2016:87 [ref. 34690], Koeda et al. 2016:17 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:115 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:46 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:18 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:85 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:67 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:353 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Sargocentron diadema (Lacepède 1802). Holocentridae: Holocentrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara islands, south to Western Australia, Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs, New Caledonia and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.