Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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bicoarctatus, Syngnathus Bleeker [P.] 1857:99 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Ne√™rlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7237. •Valid as Yozia bicoarctata (Bleeker 1857) -- (Dawson 1981:94 [ref. 21124], Dor 1984:80 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Trachyrhamphus bicoarctatus (Bleeker 1857) -- (Dawson 1984:181 [ref. 5291], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:88 [ref. 6441], Dawson 1985:191 [ref. 6541], Dawson 1986:457 [ref. 5650], Allen & Swainston 1988:46 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:431 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:76 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:90 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:20 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:103 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:72 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:352 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:133 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:78 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:76 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:22 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:95 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:154 [ref. 24106], Paulus 1999:2276 [ref. 24794], Nakabo 2000:526 [ref. 25086], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:157 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:97 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:526 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:28 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:618 [ref. 27495] as Trachyramphus, Fricke 2004:57 [ref. 28269], Randall 2005:113 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:844 [ref. 29073], Fricke et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30213], Kuiter 2009:210 [ref. 30404], Fricke et al. 2011:376 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:212 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:78 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:48 [ref. 33932], Lourie 2016:148 [ref. 34505], Koeda et al. 2016:19 [ref. 35333], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 3 [ref. 35615], Fricke et al. 2018:127 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:52 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:97 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Trachyrhamphus bicoarctatus (Bleeker 1857). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Madagascar, Comoros and Mascarenes east to Mariana Islands and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.