Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 January 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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bicoarctatus, Syngnathus Bleeker [P.] 1857:99 [Acta Societatis Regiae Scientiarum Indo-Ne√™rlandicae v. 2 (art. 7); ref. 356] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7237. •Valid as Yozia bicoarctata (Bleeker 1857) -- (Dawson 1981:94 [ref. 21124], Dor 1984:80 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Trachyrhamphus bicoarctatus (Bleeker 1857) -- (Dawson 1984:181 [ref. 5291], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:88 [ref. 6441], Dawson 1985:191 [ref. 6541], Dawson 1986:457 [ref. 5650], Allen & Swainston 1988:46 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:431 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:76 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:90 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:20 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:103 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:72 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:352 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:133 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:78 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:76 [ref. 25919], Anderson et al. 1998:22 [ref. 23611], Myers 1999:95 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:154 [ref. 24106], Paulus 1999:2276 [ref. 24794], Nakabo 2000:526 [ref. 25086], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:157 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:97 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:27 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:526 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:28 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S102 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:618 [ref. 27495] as Trachyramphus, Fricke 2004:57 [ref. 28269], Randall 2005:113 [ref. 28239], Paxton et al. 2006:844 [ref. 29073], Fricke et al. 2009:37 [ref. 30213], Kuiter 2009:210 [ref. 30404], Fricke et al. 2011:376 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:212 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:78 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:48 [ref. 33932], Lourie 2016:148 [ref. 34505], Koeda et al. 2016:19 [ref. 35333], Hamilton et al. 2016:Supplement 3 [ref. 35615], Fricke et al. 2018:127 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:52 [ref. 36273], Eagderi et al. 2019:134 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:97 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Trachyrhamphus bicoarctatus (Bleeker 1857). Syngnathidae: Syngnathinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Persian Gulf, Madagascar, Comoros and Mascarenes east to Mariana Islands and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: marine.