Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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ciliaris, Zeus Bloch [M. E.] 1787:36, Pl. 191 [Naturgeschichte der ausl√§ndischen Fische v. 3; ref. 468] Surate, India [Indian Ocean]. Lectotype: ZMB 1593. Paralectotypes: ZMB (1, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:56 [ref. 24282]. On p. 27 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 6 [ref. 21381]. Lectotype established by use of holotype in Smith-Vaniz et al. 1986; also selected by Paepke 1999:56 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Alectis ciliaris (Bloch 1787) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:211 [ref. 19754], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:334 [ref. 14275], Dor 1984:122 [ref. 29757], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:157 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:159 [ref. 23100], Smith-Vaniz 1986:640 [ref. 5718], Allen & Swainston 1988:70 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:573 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Randall et al. 1990:157 [ref. 15987], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1990:730 [ref. 18644], Gunn 1990:9 [ref. 20141], Boschung 1992:130 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:284 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:57 [ref. 24474], Kuiter 1993:177 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Goren & Dor 1994:33 [ref. 25356], Allen & Robertson 1994:125 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:100 [ref. 23101], Smith-Vaniz in Fischer et al. 1995:952 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:173 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:420 [ref. 27969], Murdy et al. 1997:160 [ref. 23144], Allen 1997:112 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:155 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:60 [ref. 26476] dated 1788, Cheng & Zhou 1997:261 [ref. 26385] dating to 1788, De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:76 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:360 [ref. 24023], Randall et al. 1997:157 [ref. 25919], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:279 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:11 [ref. 24670], Lin & Shao 1999:48 [ref. 23921], Myers 1999:137 [ref. 23965], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2684 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:236 [ref. 25013], Johnson 1999:733 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:802 [ref. 25086], Smith-Vaniz in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:227 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:13 [ref. 25806], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:99 [ref. 26368], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:33 [ref. 25847], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Camargo & Isaac 2001:141 [ref. 27639], Klein-MacPhee in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:412 [ref. 26158], Nakabo 2002:802 [ref. 26001], Youn 2002:326, 602 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830], Smith-Vaniz 2003:1437 [ref. 27083], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S107 [ref. 27377], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:80 [ref. 27192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:625 [ref. 27495] dated 1788, Parin 2003:S6 [ref. 28536], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:140 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:301 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:222 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:362 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:274 [ref. 28815], Hoese & Gates 2006:1149 [ref. 28997], Randall 2007:225 [ref. 30952], Springer & Smith-Vaniz 2008:29 [ref. 31826], Kimura 2009:115 [ref. 30425], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:115 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:427 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:118 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:114 [ref. 34464], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:47 [ref. 33341], Parin et al. 2014:360 [ref. 33547], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:214 [ref. 34104], Pinheiro et al. 2015:17 [ref. 34324], Smith-Vaniz in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2472 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:36 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:6 [ref. 35354], Motomura et al. 2017:104 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:321 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:179 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:82 [ref. 36273], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:125 [ref. 36460], Spier et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36103], Eagderi et al. 2019:45 [ref. 37020]). Current status: Valid as Alectis ciliaris (Bloch 1787). Carangidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical seas (including Red Sea, Persian Gulf). Habitat: marine.