Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 14 September 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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cuning, Sparus Bloch [M. E.] 1791:31, Pl. 263 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausl√§ndischen Fische v. 5; ref. 4867] East Indies. Syntypes: ZMB 8594 (1, dry, missing), 8742 (1, dry, missing). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:52 [ref. 24282]. On p. 27 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 8 [ref. 21381]. Species name spelled kuning by Maxwell 1921:94, Pl. 36 [ref. 30344]. •Valid as Caesio cuning (Bloch 1791) -- (Carpenter 1987:16 [ref. 6430], Carpenter 1988:37 [ref. 9296], Allen & Swainston 1988:82 [ref. 25477] with Cuvier as author, Randall et al. 1990:186 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:187 [ref. 23929], Reader & Leis 1996:329 [ref. 21284], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:296 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:128 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:359 [ref. 23967], Kuiter 1997:186 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:186 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:147 [ref. 23965], Nakabo 2000:833 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:618 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:256 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:125 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:103 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:34 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:2927 [ref. 26100], Nakabo 2002:833 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:39 [ref. 26830], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:258 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1195 [ref. 29090], Satapoomin in Iwatsuki & Satapoomin 2009:145 [ref. 31128], Allen & Erdmann 2012:461 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:135 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:136 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:88 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:138 [ref. 35490], Naranji et al. 2018:12844 [ref. 36352], Satapoomin in Kimura et al. 2018:156 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36673], Psomadakis et al. 2020:458 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Caesio cuning (Bloch 1791). Caesionidae. Distribution: Eastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: Sri Lanka, eastern India and Myanmar east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.