Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 January 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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summana, Perca Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:xi, 42 [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] [No locality stated] Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P43569 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:61 [ref. 9588]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 10 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Epinephelus summana (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:100 [ref. 29757], Katayama in Masuda et al. 1984:131 [ref. 6441], Randall et al. 1990:112 [ref. 15987], Randall & Heemstra 1991:267 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:239 [ref. 21042], Goren & Dor 1994:26 [ref. 25356], Chen et al. 1997:51 [ref. 26476], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S104 [ref. 27377], Randall 2005:161 [ref. 28239], DiBattista et al. 2015:21 [ref. 35706], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[16] 254 [ref. 36492], Golani & Fricke 2018:64 [ref. 36273], Ma & Craig 2018:455 [ref. 36100], Zajonz et al. 2019:71 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Epinephelus summana (Forsskål 1775). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Red Sea, northwestern Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aden, Socotra. Habitat: brackish, marine.