Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 March 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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mugil, Sciaena Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:541 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Otahaite [Tahiti, Society Islands, French Polynesia]. No types preserved. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:220 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Authored by 'Schn.' (Schneider) based on Forster's manuscript description (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). •Valid as Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801) (authorship sometimes given as Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Dor 1984:109 [ref. 29757], Mochizuki in Masuda et al. 1984:142 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:508 [ref. 5712], Paulin et al. 1989:178 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:28 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:135 [ref. 15987], Randall & Wheeler 1991:761 [ref. 15994], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:814 [ref. 20764], Kuiter 1993:148 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:160 [ref. 25479], Allen & Robertson 1994:119 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:29 [ref. 25356], Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1194 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:151 [ref. 22896], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:191 [ref. 24545], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:339 [ref. 24023], Randall et al. 1997:135 [ref. 25919], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Myers 1999:174 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:218 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:731 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:612 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:955 [ref. 25182], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:184 [ref. 25480], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:208 [ref. 25191], Thomson et al. 2000:106 [ref. 25640], Randall & Randall 2001:235 [ref. 25399], Shinohara et al. 2000:180 [ref. 25987], Carpenter 2001:3319 [ref. 26127], Keith et al. 2002:116 [ref. 31473], Nakabo 2002:955 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:359, 628 [ref. 26218], Roe et al. 2002:903 [ref. 26504], Allen & Adrim 2003:34 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S105 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:627 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:13 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3318 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:155 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:182 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1142 [ref. 29004], Loiselle & Stiassny 2007:2 [ref. 31576], Béarez & Séret 2009:149 [ref. 36646], Fricke et al. 2009:50 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:143 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:361 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:155 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:257 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:372 [ref. 32989], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:115 [ref. 36167], Trnski 2015:1245 [ref. 34198], Knudsen & Clements 2016:259 [ref. 34458], Fourriére et al. 2016:447 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:62 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:12 [ref. 35354], Kwun et al. 2017:142 [ref. 37287], Fricke et al. 2018:245 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:70 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:18 [ref. 36883], Yoshigou 2019:6 [ref. 36711], Zajonz et al. 2019:73 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Kuhlia mugil (Forster 1801). Kuhliidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Panama, north to southern Korea and southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Islands and Rapa; absent from Easter Island, Pitcairn Group, Marquesas and Hawaiian islands; also eastern Pacific from Baja California (Mexico) south to Colombia, including Clipperton Island. Habitat: brackish, marine.