Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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flavicauda, Sphyraena Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1838:99, 100, Pl. 25 (fig. 3) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Lectotype: SMF 506. Paralectotypes: SMF 6776 (1, dry), 8141-43 (3). Rüppell specimens: BMNH 1860.11.9.62-63 (2). Lectotype established by Dor 1984:194 [ref. 29757] if not designated earlier. Also designated by Doiuchi & Nakabo 2005:141 [ref. 28229] as SMF 6776 (invalid). •Synonym of Sphyraena obtusata Cuvier 1829 -- (Doiuchi & Nakabo 2005:137 [ref. 28229]). •Valid as Sphyraena flavicauda Rüppell 1838 -- (de Sylva 1975:83 [ref. 6302], Dor 1984:194 [ref. 29757], Yoshino in Masuda et al. 1984:121 [ref. 6441], de Sylva & Williams 1986:724 [ref. 6301], Randall et al. 1990:291 [ref. 15987], Gomon et al. 1994:667 [ref. 22532], Goren & Dor 1994:52 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:367 [ref. 22896], Carpenter et al. 1997:220 [ref. 23922], Golani 1998:97 [ref. 27567], Myers 1999:276 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:743 [ref. 25471], Senou in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1336 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:336 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:123 [ref. 25868], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:297 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:38 [ref. 25847], Senou 2001:3691 [ref. 26303], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:525 [ref. 26145], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:138 [ref. 26753], Nakabo 2002:1336 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:63 [ref. 26830], Kara & Bourehail 2003:59 [ref. 27026], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:208 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:606 [ref. 28239], Bray & Hoese 2006:1749 [ref. 29049], Fricke et al. 2007:109 [ref. 29533], Pastore 2009:1299 [ref. 30405], Motomura et al. 2010:229 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1037 [ref. 31980], Ali et al. 2018:340 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:358 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:120 [ref. 36273], Ballen 2019:402 [ref. 37027] with author as Rüppel, Elbaraasi et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36864], Fricke et al. 2019:307 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Sphyraena flavicauda Rüppell 1838. Sphyraenidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.