Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 7 October 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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hortulanus, Labrus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:449, 518, Pl. 29 (fig. 2) [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] Grand Océan équatorial [Indo-West Pacific]. Syntypes: (all dry) Mauritius: MNHN B-2138 to 2141 (2, 2, 2, 1); No locality: MNHN B-2142 (2), B-2143 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:85 [ref. 19171]. Based on description and illustration in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). •Objective synonym of Halichoeres centiquadrus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Dor 1984:202 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Hemitautoga hortulana (Lacepède 1801) -- (Kuiter 2010:302 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801) -- (Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:208 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:695 [ref. 5706], Allen & Swainston 1988:116 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:53 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:317 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:281 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:54 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:278 [ref. 22896], Randall et al. 1997:317 [ref. 25919], Allen 1997:188 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:288 [ref. 25488], Myers 1999:198 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:413 [ref. 24106] as hortulans, Parenti & Randall 2000:21 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:991 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:359 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:268 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3434 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:991 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:635 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:150 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3325 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:412 [ref. 28239], Barber & Bellwood 2005:249 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1391 [ref. 29095], Fricke et al. 2009:85 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:223 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:165 [ref. 31256], Hubert et al. 2012:3 [ref. 31846], Allen & Erdmann 2012:674 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:266 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:131 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:75 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:13 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:283 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:19 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:228 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:89 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres hortulanus (Lacepède 1801). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Tonga. Habitat: marine.