Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 July 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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scapularis, Julis Bennett [E. T.] 1832:167 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.9.13.86. •Valid as Hemitautoga scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Kuiter 2010:300 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832) -- (Dor 1984:203 [ref. 29757], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:208 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:696 [ref. 5706], Winterbottom et al. 1989:54 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:321 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:54 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:281 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:482 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:190 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:286 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:321 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:199 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:418 [ref. 24106], Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268], Parenti & Randall 2000:24 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:629 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:992 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:113 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:269 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277] dated 1831, Nakabo 2002:992 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:49 [ref. 26830] dated 1831, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S115 [ref. 27377], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:152 [ref. 27510], Adrim et al. 2004:124 [ref. 27715], Heemstra et al. 2004:3326 [ref. 27945], Barber & Bellwood 2005:250 [ref. 35318], Allen et al. 2006:1393 [ref. 29095], Satapoomin 2009:225 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:167 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:683 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:266 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:133 [ref. 33932], Victor 2016:17 [ref. 34530], Fricke et al. 2018:284 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:125 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:19 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:231 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:90 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Halichoeres scapularis (Bennett 1832). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.