Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 May 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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pavo, Xyrichthys Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:61, Pl. 394 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean; RĂ©union, western Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes: MNHN A-9088 to 9089 (1, 1). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:110-111 [ref. 19171]. Genus should have been Xyrichtys. Based on specimens from Mauritius and RĂ©union, and a drawing by Delisse (Jacques Delisse, 1773-1856, French explorer and botanist). •Valid as Xyrichtys pavo Valenciennes 1840 -- (Dor 1984:211 [ref. 29757], Yamakawa in Masuda et al. 1984:212 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:706 [ref. 5706], Shen & Yeh 1987:63 [ref. 6419], Allen & Swainston 1988:120 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:57 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:341 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:165 [ref. 25479], Allen & Robertson 1994:208 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:56 [ref. 25356], Gomon in Fischer et al. 1995:1225 [ref. 22830], Allen 1997:194 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:310 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:341 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:195 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:447 [ref. 24106], Randall 1999:23 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:91 [ref. 37268] as Xyrichthys p., Parenti & Randall 2000:49 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:630 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1011 [ref. 25182], Thomson et al. 2000:184 [ref. 25640], Randall & Earle 2000:18 [ref. 25806], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:103 [ref. 26368], Victor et al. 2001:282 [ref. 25613], Hutchins 2001:39 [ref. 25847], Baldwin & McCosker 2001:91 [ref. 25779], Victor et al. 2001:106 [ref. 26031], Westneat 2001:3466 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:1011 [ref. 26193], Kuiter 2010:378 [ref. 35285]). •Valid as Iniistius pavo (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Randall & Earle 2002:396 [ref. 26445], Randall et al. 2002:93 [ref. 26622], Allen & Adrim 2003:50 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S114 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:635 [ref. 27495], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:153 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:22 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:155 [ref. 27807], Randall 2005:419 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:440 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1396 [ref. 29095], Randall 2007:12 [ref. 29193], Randall 2007:351 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:87 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:193 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:168 [ref. 31256], Parenti & Randall 2011:35 [ref. 31299], Allen & Erdmann 2012:692 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:160 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2014:134 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:7 [ref. 33988], Francis & Duffy 2015:483 [ref. 36161], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:148 [ref. 34871], Fourriére et al. 2016:448 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:610 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:77 [ref. 35333], Bogorodsky & Randall 2018:[21] 259 [ref. 36492], Fricke et al. 2018:286 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:126 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:232 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:158 [ref. 36626], Psomadakis et al. 2020:527 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Iniistius pavo (Valenciennes 1840). Labridae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa and KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Mexico (eastern Pacific), north to southern Japan, Ogasawara Islands and Hawaiian Islands, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Montague Island (New South Wales, Australia), Lord Howe Island, northern New Zealand, Kermadec and Society islands; Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant). Habitat: marine.