Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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spinus, Pseudoscarus Kner [R.] 1868:31 [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 58 (nos 1-2); ref. 6074] Kandavu Island, Fiji Islands. Possible type: BMNH 1869.11.12.53 (1). Appeared in more detail in Kner 1868:354 [62 of separate], Pl. 9 (fig. 27) [ref. 2646]. •Valid as Scarus spinus (Kner 1868) -- (Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:219 [ref. 6441], Choat & Randall 1986:222 [ref. 8099], Randall et al. 1990:355 [ref. 15987], Bellwood 1994:68 [ref. 19116], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:497 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:202 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:318 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:355 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:212 [ref. 23965], Parenti & Randall 2000:59 [ref. 24943], Bellwood in Randall & Lim 2000:630 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1021 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:383 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:115 [ref. 25868], Bellwood 2001:3491 [ref. 26278], Hutchins 2001:40 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1021 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:52 [ref. 26830], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:165 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:23 [ref. 27624], Liao et al. 2004:533 [ref. 28045], Randall 2005:461 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1434 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2012:748 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:143 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2019:246 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Scarus spinus (Kner 1868). Scaridae: Scarinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: central Indonesia east to Micronesia, Fiji and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.