Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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thazard, Scomber Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1800:599 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Kampung Loleba, Wasile District, Halmahera Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia [Teluk Kaoe/Gulf of Kaoe, Halmahera Sea, western Pacific], 0°58'N, 127°56'E. Neotype: USNM 265418. Also in Lacepède 1801:9 [ref. 2710]. Neotype designated by Collette & Aadland 1996:432 [ref. 22199]. Two subspecies are recognized. Based on manuscript description by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Original type locality Nouvelle-Guinée (New Guinea). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:284, 329 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473] •Valid as Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800), subspecies thazard (Lacepède 1800) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:330 [ref. 25013], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Collette 2001:3730 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:3 [ref. 25629], Collette 2003:1844 [ref. 27087], Collette 2003:3 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495] dated 1831, Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Mundy 2005:504 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:776 [ref. 28815], Wirtz et al. 2007:40 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:448 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:111 [ref. 30213], Gomon 2008:784 [ref. 30616], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:181 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:134 [ref. 32972], Yoshida et al. 2013:203 [ref. 34464], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:511 [ref. 33547], Roberts 2015:1629 [ref. 34193], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:276 [ref. 36460], Zajonz et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36871]). •Valid as Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800) -- (Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:281 [ref. 7348], Collette & Nauen 1983:90 [ref. 5375], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:271 [ref. 9277], Fujii in Uyeno et al. 1983:420 [ref. 14275], Dor 1984:261 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:225 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:261 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:448 [ref. 25518], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:230 [ref. 24556], Randall et al. 1990:443 [ref. 15987], Collette 1990:980 [ref. 19476], Boschung 1992:168 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:415 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1994:242 [ref. 24488], Bussing & López S. 1994:144 [ref. 23101], Gomon et al. 1994:820 [ref. 22532], Allen & Robertson 1994:277 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1530 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:372 [ref. 22896], Collette & Aadland 1996:427 [ref. 22199], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:500 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:223 [ref. 23922], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:272 [ref. 24545], Chen et al. 1997:160 [ref. 26476] dated 1802, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:582 [ref. 24023], Randall et al. 1997:443 [ref. 25919], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:396 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Fricke 1999:563 [ref. 24106], Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221], Afonso et al. 1999:79 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:1347 [ref. 25182], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1347 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:418, 672 [ref. 26218], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:102 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:176 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:415 [ref. 28072], Bray et al. 2006:1770 [ref. 29091], Zemnukhov & Epur 2011:508 [ref. 32457], Larson et al. 2013:217 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:83 [ref. 33341] as cf. thazard, Psomadakis et al. 2015:314 [ref. 34104], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2903 [ref. 34618], Nión et al. 2016:53 [ref. 35565], Kells et al. 2016:314 [ref. 35888], Motomura et al. 2017:211 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:340 [ref. 36183], Golani & Fricke 2018:170 [ref. 36273], Martins & Carneiro 2018:61 [ref. 36550], Artüz & Fricke 2019:560 [ref. 36612], Brown et al. 2019:173 [ref. 36444], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36864], Hoschke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36626]). Current status: Valid as Auxis thazard (Lacepède 1800). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through temperate seas (including Mediterranean Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, South China Sea), but not in eastern Pacific. Habitat: marine.