Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 30 June 2017

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Catalog of Fishes
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gladius, Xiphias Linnaeus [C.] 1758:248 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] European ocean. No types known. Neotype designated by Fricke 1999:50 [ref. 24101], but withdrawn in Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. Misspelled glaudius by Cabrera et al. 1817 [ref. 17319], see Graells 1887:176 [ref. 30438]. •Valid as Xiphias gladius Linnaeus 1758 -- (Tortonese 1973:482 [ref. 7192], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:304 [ref. 7348], Nakamura 1983:263 [ref. 5371], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:275 [ref. 9277], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:224 [ref. 6441], Nakamura 1985:48 [ref. 20161], Nakamura in Whitehead et al. 1986:1006 [ref. 13676], Heemstra 1986:839 [ref. 5660], Robins & Ray 1986:266 [ref. 23100], Peden & Jamieson 1988:493 [ref. 12864], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:463 [ref. 25518], Winterbottom et al. 1989:66 [ref. 13251], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:231 [ref. 24556], McAllister 1990:180 [ref. 14674], Randall et al. 1990:442 [ref. 15987], Nakamura 1990:997 [ref. 19483], Boschung 1992:170 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:455 [ref. 23827], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:173 [ref. 25472], Cervigón 1994:230 [ref. 24488], Gomon et al. 1994:829 [ref. 22532], Allen & Robertson 1994:278 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Collette in Fischer et al. 1995:1651 [ref. 22830], Randall 1995:379 [ref. 22896], Fierstine & Voigt 1996:148 [ref. 22401], Santos et al. 1997:110 [ref. 23531], Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:591 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:103 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:442 [ref. 25919], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:106 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Fricke 1999:560 [ref. 24106], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:334 [ref. 25013], Fricke 1999:49 [ref. 24101], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1333 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:478 [ref. 25191], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Nakamura 2001:3757 [ref. 26306], Pakhorukov 2001:380 [ref. 25409], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Bilecenoglu et al. 2002:140 [ref. 26753], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:509 [ref. 26158], Nakabo 2002:1333 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:423, 677 [ref. 26218], Nohara et al. 2003:1 [ref. 26814], Moore et al. 2003:230 [ref. 27076], Nakamura 2003:1858 [ref. 27116], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Parin 2003:S27 [ref. 28536], Myers & Donaldson 2003:649 [ref. 27495], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:103 [ref. 27192], Randall et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27624], Nelson et al. 2004:177 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:423 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:510 [ref. 28379], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:795 [ref. 28815], Bray & Hoese 2006:1783 [ref. 29049], Fricke 2007:27 [ref. 30577], Fricke et al. 2007:111 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:183 [ref. 30517], Gomon 2008:788 [ref. 30616], Ninua & Japoshvili 2008:173 [ref. 31251], Fricke et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:220 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:84 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:516 [ref. 33547], Psomadakis et al. 2015:318 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1647 [ref. 34193], Pinheiro et al. 2015:33 [ref. 34324], Bañón et al. 2016:324 [ref. 34397], Nakamura in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2936 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923]). Current status: Valid as Xiphias gladius Linnaeus 1758. Xiphiidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical to temperate seas. Habitat: marine.