Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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naucrates, Echeneis Linnaeus [C.] 1758:261 [Systema Naturae, Ed. X v. 1; ref. 2787] Indian Ocean. Syntypes: ?NRM 3688 (1), ZMUU Linn. Coll. 82 (1). Type catalog: Fernholm & Wheeler 1983:241 [ref. 20707], Wheeler 1985:53 [ref. 20705], Lachner in Whitehead et al. 1986:1330 [ref. 13677], Wheeler 1991:171-172 [ref. 20102]. Originally spelled neucrates; regarded as a misprint and placed on Official Index (Opinion 242). •Valid as Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus 1758 -- (Lachner 1973:637 [ref. 7221], Kyushin et al. 1977:374 [ref. 19756], Kyushin et al. 1982:309 [ref. 19754], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:203 [ref. 9277], Matsuura in Uyeno et al. 1983:326 [ref. 14275], Dor 1984:121 [ref. 29757], Okamura in Masuda et al. 1984:222 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:423 [ref. 22186], Heemstra 1986:662 [ref. 5660], Robins & Ray 1986:157 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:76 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:373 [ref. 25518], Paxton et al. 1989:571 [ref. 12442], Pequeño 1989:60 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:182 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:33 [ref. 13251], McAllister 1990:214 [ref. 14674], Lachner & Post 1990:725 [ref. 18541], Randall et al. 1990:155 [ref. 15987], Boschung 1992:129 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:307 [ref. 23827], Cervigón 1993:48 [ref. 24474], Kuiter 1993:168 [ref. 23929], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:223 [ref. 24016], Francis 1993:161 [ref. 25479], Gomon et al. 1994:579 [ref. 22532], Allen & Robertson 1994:125 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:32 [ref. 25356], Schneider in Fischer et al. 1995:1061 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:170 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:603 [ref. 27969], Chen et al. 1997:164 [ref. 26476], Cheng & Zhou 1997:398 [ref. 26385], Murdy et al. 1997:177 [ref. 23144], Allen 1997:118 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:355 [ref. 24023], Santos et al. 1997:83 [ref. 23531], Lindberg et al. 1997:21 [ref. 23547], Larson & Williams 1997:358 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:154 [ref. 23922], Arruda 1997:120 [ref. 24952], Kuiter 1997:154 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:155 [ref. 25919], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:97 [ref. 24555], Myers 1999:135 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:241 [ref. 24106], Aguilera 1998:49 [ref. 24221], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:272 [ref. 24550], Mishra & Srinivasan 1999:244 [ref. 24754], Collette 1999:2654 [ref. 24785], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:231 [ref. 25013], Afonso et al. 1999:84 [ref. 25466], Johnson 1999:733 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:787 [ref. 25086], Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:615 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:223 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:104 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:102 [ref. 25868], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:159 [ref. 27754], Gasparini & Floeter 2001:1644 [ref. 25634], Hutchins 2001:32 [ref. 25847], Rocha & Rosa 2001:990 [ref. 25909], Wang et al. 2001:327 [ref. 26566], Camargo & Isaac 2001:141 [ref. 27639], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:82 [ref. 26753], Collette in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:406 [ref. 26158], Nakabo 2002:787 [ref. 26001], O'Toole 2002:616 [ref. 26411], Youn 2002:325, 601 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:37 [ref. 26830] with genus as Eceneis, Collette et al. 2003:109 [ref. 26784], Collette 2003:1416 [ref. 27087], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S106 [ref. 27377], Moura & Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:79 [ref. 27192], Myers & Donaldson 2003:625 [ref. 27495], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:29 [ref. 27712], Parin 2003:S5 [ref. 28536], Smith et al. 2003:30 [ref. 27621], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Schwartz 2004:2 [ref. 27806], Nelson et al. 2004:139 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:319 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:219 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:360 [ref. 28379], Lee & Joo 2006:61 [ref. 28642], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:255 [ref. 28815], Paxton et al. 2006:1136 [ref. 28994], Fricke et al. 2007:83 [ref. 29533], Vasil'eva 2007:90 [ref. 30517], Wirtz et al. 2007:31 [ref. 30263], Randall 2007:220 [ref. 30952], Gomon 2008:573 [ref. 30616], Springer & Smith-Vaniz 2008:29 [ref. 31826], Fricke et al. 2009:54 [ref. 30213], Motomura 2009:114 [ref. 30446], Gray et al. 2009:190 [ref. 31117], Lipej & Dulčić 2010:43 [ref. 36649], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:114 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:425 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:146 [ref. 32708], Fricke et al. 2013:258 [ref. 32706], Wirtz et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:117 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:113 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:81 [ref. 33932], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:50 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:7 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:359 [ref. 33547], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Duffy & Ahyong 2015:113 [ref. 36167], Motomura in Kimura et al. 2015:42 [ref. 34319], Pinheiro et al. 2015:17 [ref. 34324], Psomadakis et al. 2015:213 [ref. 34104], Trnski 2015:1238 [ref. 34198], Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2444 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:445 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Nión et al. 2016:47 [ref. 35565], Kells et al. 2016:232 [ref. 35888], Motomura et al. 2017:102 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:321 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:178 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:81 [ref. 36273], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Spier et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36103], Suresh et al. 2018:197 [ref. 36495], Artüz & Fricke 2019:556 [ref. 36612], Brown et al. 2019:166 [ref. 36444], Elbaraasi et al. 2019:97 [ref. 36864], Eagderi et al. 2019:55 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:143 [ref. 36673], Hoschke et al. 2019:156 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:75 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus 1758. Echeneidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas (including Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Gulf of California). Habitat: brackish, marine.