Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 5 August 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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platypterus, Xiphias Shaw [G.] in Shaw & Nodder 1792:no page number, Pl. 88 [The Naturalist's Miscellany; ref. 4013] Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1964.7.2.1. Nakamura 2003:1863 [ref. 27116] although stating the platypterus and albicans may be the same species, he prefers to follow current usage and keep the Atlantic albicans separate. Type information is provided by Whitehead 1964:444-447, P. 5 [ref. 21264] who treats a holotype (which technically should be the lectotype); the original description also mentions a sword at the BMNH. Species name misspelled platisterus by Cuvier 1831:149 [ref. 30376]. •Valid as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw 1792) [sometimes with authors as Shaw & Nodder] -- (de Sylva 1973:477 [ref. 7210], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:294 [ref. 7348], Nakamura 1983:277 [ref. 5371], Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:276 [ref. 9277], Dor 1984:265 [ref. 29757], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:223 [ref. 6441], Nakamura 1985:23 [ref. 20161], Heemstra 1986:840 [ref. 5660], Robins & Ray 1986:266 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:142 [ref. 25477], Pequeño 1989:67 [ref. 14125], Paulin et al. 1989:232 [ref. 24556], Winterbottom et al. 1989:66 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:441 [ref. 15987], Boschung 1992:170 [ref. 23239], Bianchi & Carpenter in Bianchi et al. 1993:173 [ref. 25472], Allen & Robertson 1994:278 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:70 [ref. 25356], Nakamura in Fischer et al. 1995:1189 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:377 [ref. 22896], Franke & Acero P. 1996:768 [ref. 22923], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:524 [ref. 27969] with authors as Shaw & Nodder, Allen 1997:230 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:227 [ref. 23922], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:593 [ref. 24023], Randall et al. 1997:441 [ref. 25919], Chatterjee et al. 1998:81 [ref. 24008], Aguilera 1998:53 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:106 [ref. 24555], Sokolovskaya et al. 1998:14 [ref. 24670], Fricke 1999:560 [ref. 24106], Francis et al. 1999:577 [ref. 24249], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:335 [ref. 25013], Johnson 1999:751 [ref. 25471], Randall & Lim in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1332 [ref. 25182] with authors as Shaw & Nodder, Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:475 [ref. 25191], Sheiko & Fedorov 2000:40 [ref. 25650], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:169 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:46 [ref. 25847], Nakamura 2001:3764 [ref. 26306], Nakabo 2002:1332 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:423, 676 [ref. 26218], Nakamura 2003:1863 [ref. 27116], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Parin 2003:S27 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576] with authors as Shaw & Nodder, Randall et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27624] with authors as Shaw & Nodder, Nelson et al. 2004:177 [ref. 27807], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:425 [ref. 28072], Mundy 2005:508 [ref. 28379], Collette et al. 2006:465 [ref. 28911], Bray et al. 2006:1780 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2009:113 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:195 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:230 [ref. 31256], Page et al. 2013:182 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:220 [ref. 32988], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:84 [ref. 33341], Wirtz et al. 2014:11 [ref. 33516], Parin et al. 2014:517 [ref. 33547], Psomadakis et al. 2015:319 [ref. 34104], Roberts 2015:1642 [ref. 34193], Nakamura & Collette in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2941 [ref. 34618], Fourriére et al. 2016:459 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:611 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:107 [ref. 35333], Kells et al. 2016:320 [ref. 35888], Ali et al. 2018:341 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:365 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:171 [ref. 36273], Brown et al. 2019:169 [ref. 36444], Hoschke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36626], Zajonz et al. 2019:100 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw 1792). Istiophoridae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Red Sea,Persian Gulf). Habitat: marine.