Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 September 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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lysan, Scomber Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:54, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea, or [Lohajæ] Al-Luhayya, Yemen, Red Sea. Lectotype: ZMUC P46435 (dry skin). Paralectotypes: ZMUC P46436 (1, dry skin, head missing). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:63 [ref. 9588]. Spelled lyzan in Lacepède 1801:317 [ref. 2710] and Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832:387 [ref. 1000]. Lectotype selected and figured by Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:22 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Scomberoides lysan (Forsskål 1775) -- (Smith-Vaniz & Staiger 1973:205 [ref. 7106], Dor 1984:130 [ref. 29757], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:153 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1986:655 [ref. 5718], Daget & Smith-Vaniz 1986:317 [ref. 6207], Allen & Swainston 1988:74 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:582 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:34 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:165 [ref. 15987], Gunn 1990:44 [ref. 20141], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:825 [ref. 20764], Kuiter 1993:178 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:34 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:185 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:444 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:116 [ref. 23977], Larson & Williams 1997:358 [ref. 23967], Carpenter et al. 1997:164 [ref. 23922], Randall et al. 1997:165 [ref. 25919], Kimura et al. 1998:510 [ref. 23341], Lin & Shao 1999:64 [ref. 23921], Myers 1999:142 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:254 [ref. 24106], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2732 [ref. 24833], Johnson 1999:734 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:794 [ref. 25086], Smith-Vaniz in Randall & Lim 2000:616 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:236 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:13 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:33 [ref. 25847], Kimura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:197 [ref. 27511], Nakabo 2002:794 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S107 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:625 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:311 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:234 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:371 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Gates 2006:1164 [ref. 28997], Randall 2007:237 [ref. 30952], Springer & Smith-Vaniz 2008:30 [ref. 31826], Fricke et al. 2009:58 [ref. 30213], Kimura 2009:124 [ref. 30425], Motomura et al. 2010:117 [ref. 31256], Ho & Shao 2011: 45 [ref. 31432], Allen & Erdmann 2012:437 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:259 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:123 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:335 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:83 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:227 [ref. 34104], Miesen et al. 2016:89 [ref. 34492], Koeda et al. 2016:38 [ref. 35333], Ali et al. 2018:324 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:186 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:86 [ref. 36273], Suresh et al. 2018:209 [ref. 36495], Fricke et al. 2019:148 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:75 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Scomberoides lysan (Forsskål 1775). Carangidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, Réunion (western Mascarenes) and Persian Gulf east to Hawaiian Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), Tonga and Rapa. Habitat: brackish, marine.