Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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velifer, Acanthurus Bloch [M. E.] 1795:106, Pl. 427 (fig. 1) [Naturgeschichte der ausl√§ndischen Fische v. 9; ref. 464] No locality [India, Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 1753. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:41 [ref. 24282]. On p. 106 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 12 [ref. 21381]. Tranquebar given as locality in Bloch & Schneider 1801:214 [ref. 471]. Most authors currently use veliferum, but the correct spelling should be Zebrasoma velifer -- see Art. 31.2.2 of the Code. Kottelat (2013) lists the species, but he spells it veliferum but correctly cites it as a noun in apposition (which would be velifer). Spelled velifex by Bringham 1902 (not researched). Kottelat (2013) cites an inland record from the Philippines. •Valid as Zebrasoma veliferum (Bloch 1795) -- (Dor 1984:256 [ref. 29757], Kishimoto in Masuda et al. 1984:230 [ref. 6441], Randall 1986:818 [ref. 5706], Allen & Swainston 1988:140 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:429 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:374 [ref. 23929], Goren & Dor 1994:68 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:561 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:224 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:152 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:368 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:429 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:273 [ref. 23965], Johnson 1999:750 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:28 [ref. 25829], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:642 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1323 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:430 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:260 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:123 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:270 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:84 [ref. 26232], Randall 2001:3683 [ref. 26301] dated 1797, Nakabo 2002:1323 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:63 [ref. 26830] dated 1797, Myers & Donaldson 2003:647 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:207 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:77 [ref. 27576] dated 1797, Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624] dated 1797, Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:405 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:589 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:497 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:1744 [ref. 29094], Randall 2007:432 [ref. 30952], Motomura et al. 2010:229 [ref. 31256], Kottelat 2013:444 [ref. 32989], Koeda et al. 2016:105 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:18 [ref. 35354], Bernardi et al. 2018:3 [ref. 36114], Hoschke et al. 2019:160 [ref. 36626]). •Valid as Zebrasoma velifer (Bloch 1795) -- (Fricke 1999:553 [ref. 24106], Fricke et al. 2009:110 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1036 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:271 [ref. 32706], Fricke et al. 2014:186 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:8 [ref. 33988], Fricke et al. 2018:357 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:306 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Zebrasoma velifer (Bloch 1795). Acanthuridae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Rottnest Island (Western Australia), Sydney (New South Wales, Australia), New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Rapa. Habitat: marine.