Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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speciosus, Scomber Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:54, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. No types known. Originally Scomber rim, speciosus on p. 54; Scomber speciosus on p. xii with brief description. Scomber rim is regarded as a name in synonymy. Neotype designation by Fricke 1999:252 [ref. 24106] is invalid; see Fricke 2000:639 [ref. 24537]. •Valid as Caranx speciosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Bussing & López S. 1994:106 [ref. 23101], Smith-Vaniz in Fischer et al. 1995:960 [ref. 22829], Randall 1995:183 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:114 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:162 [ref. 23922], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:81 [ref. 24545], Fricke 1999:251 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:734 [ref. 25471], Nakabo 2000:803 [ref. 25086], Thomson et al. 2000:288 [ref. 25640], Hutchins 2001:33 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:803 [ref. 26001], González-Acosta et al. 2001:143 [ref. 26374], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S107 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:625 [ref. 27495], Parin 2003:S7 [ref. 28536], Lobel & Lobel 2004:71 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:15 [ref. 27624], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:308 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:233 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:369 [ref. 28379], Hoese & Gates 2006:1160 [ref. 28997], Randall 2007:235 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:57 [ref. 30213], Kimura 2009:123 [ref. 30425], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:192 [ref. 30957]). •Valid as Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:207 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:129 [ref. 29757], Gushiken in Masuda et al. 1984:157 [ref. 6441], Smith-Vaniz 1986:652 [ref. 5718], Allen & Swainston 1988:72 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:580 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:34 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:164 [ref. 15987], Gunn 1990:39 [ref. 20141], Kuiter 1993:173 [ref. 23929], Allen & Robertson 1994:127 [ref. 22193], Goren & Dor 1994:34 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:439 [ref. 27969], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:360 [ref. 24023], Kuiter 1997:162 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:164 [ref. 25919], Lin & Shao 1999:58 [ref. 23921], Myers 1999:140 [ref. 23965], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:290 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz 1999:2725 [ref. 24833], Smith-Vaniz in Randall & Lim 2000:616 [ref. 25122], Smith-Vaniz in Randall & Lim 2000:616 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:234 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:13 [ref. 25806], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:99 [ref. 26368], Allen & Adrim 2003:38 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:80 [ref. 27510], Nelson et al. 2004:140 [ref. 27807], Springer & Smith-Vaniz 2008:30 [ref. 31826], Allen & Erdmann 2012:436 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32708], Larson et al. 2013:122 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:119 [ref. 34464], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:421 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:82 [ref. 33932], Parin et al. 2014:361 [ref. 33547], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:6 [ref. 33988], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2015:44 [ref. 34319], Psomadakis et al. 2015:225 [ref. 34104], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:146 [ref. 34871], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:609 [ref. 34923], Motomura et al. 2017:115 [ref. 35490], Ali et al. 2018:323 [ref. 36183] as Gnathodon s., Fricke et al. 2018:185 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:85 [ref. 36273], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:133 [ref. 36460], Eagderi et al. 2019:50 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:147 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:75 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål 1775). Carangidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Panama (eastern Pacific), north to Kuril and Hawaiian islands, south to New South Wales (Australia), Tonga and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.