Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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bilineatus, Thynnus Rüppell [W. P. E. S.] 1836:39, Pl. 12 (fig. 2) [Neue Wirbelthiere zu der Fauna von Abyssinien gehörig. Fische des Rothen Meeres; ref. 3844] Massawa, Eritrea, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): SMF 2755 (dry). See remarks under Grammatorycnus for current genus spelling. •Synonym of Grammatorcynus bicarinatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825) -- (Dor 1984:262 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Grammatorcynus bilineatus (Rüppell 1836) -- (Collette 1983:715 [ref. 5220], Collette & Nauen 1983:39 [ref. 5375], Nakamura in Masuda et al. 1984:224 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:144 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:443 [ref. 15987], Collette & Gillis 1992 [ref. 19794], Goren & Dor 1994:69 [ref. 25356] as biliniatus, Allen 1997:232 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:443 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:277 [ref. 23965] but genus misspelled Grammatorcynos, Collette in Randall & Lim 2000:643 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1347 [ref. 25182], Allen 2000:123 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:104 [ref. 26368], Collette 2001:3734 [ref. 26305], Collette et al. 2001:2 [ref. 25629], Hutchins 2001:45 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1347 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:63 [ref. 26830], Collette 2003:5 [ref. 27312], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S121 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:648 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:210 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:30 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:610 [ref. 28239], Bray et al. 2006:1772 [ref. 29091], Kimura 2009:311 [ref. 30426], Hata et al. 2011:67 [ref. 32401], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1040 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:217 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:187 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:212 [ref. 35490], Golani & Fricke 2018:170 [ref. 36273], Fricke et al. 2019:310 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Grammatorcynus bilineatus (Rüppell 1836). Scombridae: Scombrinae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Gulf of Aden east to Marshall Islands, Tonga, Fiji and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Scott Reef (Western Australia) and Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.