Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 July 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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polyacanthus, Pseudochromis Bleeker [P.] 1856:375 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch IndiĆ« v. 10; ref. 16853] Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH (not found). •Valid as Pseudogramma polyacantha [sometimes as polyacanthum or polyacanthus, and sometimes as a valid subspecies] (Bleeker 1856) -- (Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:140 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:542 [ref. 5712], Allen & Swainston 1988:60 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:523 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:27 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:123 [ref. 15987], Randall & Baldwin 1997:39 [ref. 22812], Allen 1997:94 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:123 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:118 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:214 [ref. 24106], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2473 [ref. 24815], Randall 1999:12 [ref. 25829], Allen 2000:87 [ref. 37268], Nakabo 2000:731 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:611 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:12 [ref. 25806], Rojas M. & Pequeño 2001:161 [ref. 25813], Hutchins 2001:31 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:731 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:32 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:622 [ref. 27495], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:55 [ref. 27510], Lobel & Lobel 2004:70 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3319 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:170 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1028 [ref. 28999], Randall 2007:198 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:49 [ref. 30213], Motomura in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:94 [ref. 30492] as polyacanthum, Fricke et al. 2011:387 [ref. 31242], Hubert et al. 2012:4 [ref. 31846], Allen & Erdmann 2012:310 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:103 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:65 [ref. 33932], Williams & Viviani 2016:247 [ref. 34442], Koeda et al. 2016:29 [ref. 35333], Fricke et al. 2018:158 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:29 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:126 [ref. 36673], Prokofiev 2019:425 [ref. 36810], Parenti & Randall 2020:99 [ref. 37354]). Current status: Valid as Pseudogramma polyacantha (Bleeker 1856). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, northern Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands (Japan), south to Western Australia, New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Tonga. Habitat: marine.