Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 July 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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trimaculatus, Holacanthus Cuvier [G.] (ex Lacep├Ęde) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831:196, Pl. 182 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 7; ref. 4881] Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN 0000-4443 (1) [Bauchot's holotype]; RMNH D550 (1, stuffed), D551 (1, stuffed), D552 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:146-147 [ref. 20718] as holotype and paratypes. •Valid as Holacanthus trimaculatus Cuvier 1831 -- (Chen et al. 1997:128 [ref. 26476] with author as Cuvier & Valenciennes, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S112 [ref. 27377]). •Valid as Apolemichthys trimaculatus (Cuvier 1831) -- (Klausewitz 1972:363 [ref. 30491], Allen 1980:249 [ref. 22764], Araga in Masuda et al. 1984:188 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:624 [ref. 5714], Allen & Swainston 1988:100 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:44 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:237 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:156 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:230 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:237 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:169 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:345 [ref. 24106], Pyle in Randall & Lim 2000:624 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:902 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:306 [ref. 25191], Hutchins 2001:265 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Pyle 2001:3272 [ref. 26118], Nakabo 2002:902 [ref. 26193], Allen & 888888Adrim 2003:43 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:630 [ref. 27495] with author as Lacepède, Randall et al. 2004:19 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3322 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:279 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:330 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1303 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:74 [ref. 30213], Satapoomin 2009:192 [ref. 30463], Motomura et al. 2010:139 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:543 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:262 [ref. 32706], Motomura et al. 2015:24 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:59 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:9 [ref. 35354], Fricke et al. 2018:241 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Apolemichthys trimaculatus (Cuvier 1831). Pomacanthidae. Distribution: East Africa, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.