Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 7 October 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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conspicillum, Balistes Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:474 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): MNHN B-3041. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:49 [ref. 24282], Beaunier et al. 2009:288 [ref. 28887]. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:49 [ref. 24282] as ZMB 5907 (stuffed) is in error (see Beaunier et al. 2008:288 [ref. 28887]). •Valid as Balistoides conspicillum (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:291 [ref. 19754], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:357 [ref. 6441], Smith & Heemstra 1986:878 [ref. 5714], Winterbottom et al. 1989:67 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:453 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:393 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:168 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:240 [ref. 23977], Chen et al. 1997:180 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:390 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:453 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:281 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:578 [ref. 24106], Matsuura in Randall & Lim 2000:647 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1398 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:454 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:124 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:47 [ref. 25847], Matsuura 2001:3920 [ref. 26315], Nakabo 2002:1398 [ref. 26193], Youn 2002:446, 691 [ref. 26218], Allen & Adrim 2003:64 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S123 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:649 [ref. 27495], Matsuura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:219 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:31 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3331 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:441 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:621 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1871 [ref. 29098], Fricke et al. 2009:115 [ref. 30213], Matsuura 2009:326 [ref. 31171], Motomura et al. 2010:232 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1061 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:272 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:232 [ref. 32988], Matsuura 2014:7 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2014:192 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2015:30 [ref. 34709], Koeda et al. 2016:109 [ref. 35333], Koeda et al. 2016:18 [ref. 35354], Motomura et al. 2017:230 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:376 [ref. 35805], Zajonz et al. 2019:101 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Balistoides conspicillum (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Balistidae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Samoa, north to Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.