Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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melanocephalus, Monacanthus Bleeker [P.] 1853:95 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch IndiĆ« v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 16911] Lawajong, Solor Island, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 7304 (1 of 7, 73 mm SL). Bleeker specimens: BMNH 1867.11.28.342 (1), NMV 46365 (1). See Hutchins 1986:26-27 [ref. 19371] for type information. •Valid as Stephanolepis melanocephalus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Dor 1984:281 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Pervagor melanocephalus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Hutchins 1977:56 [ref. 2283], Matsuura in Masuda et al. 1984:360 [ref. 6441], Hutchins 1986:26 [ref. 19371], Hutchins 1986:886 [ref. 5673], Winterbottom et al. 1989:68 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:465 [ref. 15987], Allen 1997:240 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:465 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:286 [ref. 23965], Hutchins in Randall & Lim 2000:648 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1410 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:461 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:124 [ref. 25868], Hutchins 2001:270 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Hutchins 2001:3944 [ref. 26316], Nakabo 2002:1410 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Randall et al. 2004:32 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:637 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1896 [ref. 29098], Motomura et al. 2010:236 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1077 [ref. 31980], Matsuura 2014:12 [ref. 33576], Fricke et al. 2014:196 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Pervagor melanocephalus (Bleeker 1853). Monacanthidae. Distribution: Western Pacific: east Indian region, to Marshall Islands, Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Island, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.