Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 June 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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orbicularis, Diodon Bloch [M. E.] 1785:73, Pl. 127 [Naturgeschichte der ausl√§ndischen Fische v. 1; ref. 4866] Sea of Jamaica; Cape of Good Hope; Molucca Islands, Indonesia.; Europe. Syntypes: ZMB 22249 (1, dry skin). Non-types: ZMB 6813 (1, stuffed) Cape of Good Hope. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:76 [ref. 24282]. On p. 81 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 4 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Chilomycterus orbicularis (Bloch 1785) -- (Kyushin et al. 1982:308 [ref. 19754], Dor 1984:287 [ref. 29757], Goren & Dor 1994:75 [ref. 25356], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:628 [ref. 27969], Chen et al. 1997:187 [ref. 26476] dated 1887). •Valid as Cyclichthys orbicularis (Bloch 1785) -- (Leis 1986:904 [ref. 5686], Allen & Swainston 1988:156 [ref. 25477], Randall et al. 1990:478 [ref. 15987], Matsuura & Sakai 1993:372 [ref. 21906], Francis 1993:168 [ref. 25479], Randall 1995:407 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:248 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:241 [ref. 23922], Kuiter 1997:422 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:478 [ref. 25919], Fricke 1999:613 [ref. 24106], Leis in Randall & Lim 2000:649 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1434 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:48 [ref. 25847], Leis 2001:3962 [ref. 26318], Nakabo 2002:1434 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:65 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S124 [ref. 27377], Mishra & Krishnan 2003:51 [ref. 27712], Adrim et al. 2004:127 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:455 [ref. 28072], Leis 2006:82 [ref. 28932], Bray et al. 2006:1932 [ref. 29091], Fricke et al. 2009:123 [ref. 30213], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1098 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:239 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:233 [ref. 34464], Lee et al. 2014:493 [ref. 36304], Psomadakis et al. 2015:339 [ref. 34104], Motomura et al. 2017:239 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:390 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:183 [ref. 36273]). Current status: Valid as Cyclichthys orbicularis (Bloch 1785). Diodontidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to southern Korea and Japan, south to New Caledonia and Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.