Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 May 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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limbatus, Carcharias (Prionodon) Valenciennes [A.] in Müller & Henle 1839:49, [Pl. 19 (teeth)] [Systematische Beschreibung der Plagiostomen; ref. 3069] Locality not stated (is Martinique Island, West Indies). Syntypes: (2) MNHN 0000-3468 (mounted skin), plus second specimen lost. Type catalog: Bertin 1939:72-73 [ref. 20739]. Authorship changed to Valenciennes 1839 -- Jones et al. 2015:570 [ref. 34086]. •Valid as Carcharhinus limbatus (Valenciennes or Müller & Henle 1839) -- (Compagno 1973:24 [ref. 7163], Garrick 1982:28 [ref. 5454], Branstetter in Whitehead et al. 1984:106 [ref. 13675], Dor 1984:6 [ref. 29757], Compagno 1984:481 [ref. 6846], Bass et al. 1986:73 [ref. 5638], Robins & Ray 1986:26 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:22 [ref. 25477], Gubanov & Timoxin 1989:223 [ref. 36138], Paxton et al. 1989:78 [ref. 12442], Springer 1990:105 [ref. 19320], Randall et al. 1990:20 [ref. 15987], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:17 [ref. 20764], Boschung 1992:21 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:172 [ref. 23827], Allen & Robertson 1994:22 [ref. 22193], Bussing & López S. 1994:16 [ref. 23101], Last & Stevens 1994:246 [ref. 23873], Goren & Dor 1994:2 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:31 [ref. 22896], Compagno et al. in Fischer et al. 1995:676 [ref. 22829], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:62 [ref. 27969] with author as Valenciennes, Allen 1997:42 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:78 [ref. 24023], De La Cruz Agüero et al. 1997:27 [ref. 24545], Arruda 1997:18 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:20 [ref. 25919], Compagno & Niem 1998:1340 [ref. 23787], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:80 [ref. 23897], Aguilera 1998:45 [ref. 24221], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:57 [ref. 24555], Yano & Morrissey 1999:193 [ref. 23887], Myers 1999:34 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:20 [ref. 24106], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:63 [ref. 24490], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:47 [ref. 24550], Mishra et al. 1999:82 [ref. 25315], Johnson 1999:719 [ref. 25471], Compagno 1999:483 [ref. 25589], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:580 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:91 [ref. 25191], Thomson et al. 2000:282 [ref. 25640], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:184 [ref. 25703], Randall & Earle 2000:5 [ref. 25806], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:146 [ref. 27754], Grace 2001:22 [ref. 25694], Hutchins 2001:14 [ref. 25847], Soto 2001:64, 78 [ref. 26637], Bilecenoğlu et al. 2002:14 [ref. 26753], Camargo & Isaac 2001:139 [ref. 27639] as Valenciennes 1839, Youn 2002:53, 473 [ref. 26218] with author as Valenciennes, Compagno 2003:483 [ref. 26984], Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:23 [ref. 27192], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S92 [ref. 27377] with author as Valenciennes, Smith et al. 2003:5 [ref. 27621], Espinosa Pérez et al. 2004:55 [ref. 27705] with author as Valenciennes, Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:29 [ref. 27735] with author as Valenciennes, Nelson et al. 2004:53 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:58 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:12 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:90 [ref. 28379], Compagno et al. 2005:38 [ref. 29145] with author as Valenciennes, Vaske et al. 2005:77 [ref. 36155], Hoese et al. 2006:101 [ref. 29001] with author as Valenciennes, Fricke et al. 2007:14 [ref. 29533], Randall 2007:33 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:9 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:187 [ref. 30957], Last el al. 2010:98 [ref. 32461]. Fricke et al. 2011:345 [ref. 31242], Voigt & Weber 2011:75 [ref. 31424] with author as Valenciennes, Castro 2011:432 [ref. 31457], Moore et al. 2012:8 [ref. 31771], White 2012:3 [ref. 31843], Naylor et al. 2012:23 [ref. 34345] see remarks, Page et al. 2013:51 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:115 [ref. 32972], Larson et al. 2013:9 [ref. 32988], Ebert et al. 2013:331 [ref. 33045], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:20 [ref. 33341], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:82 [ref. 34104], Pinheiro et al. 2015:3 [ref. 34324] with authorship as Müller & Henle, Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34398] with authorship as Müller & Henle, Weigmann 2016:21 [ref. 34211] with authorship as Müller & Henle, Compagno 2016:1309 [ref. 34544], Fourriére et al. 2016:440 [ref. 34668] with author as Müller & Henle, Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:605 [ref. 34923] with author as Müller & Henle, White et al. 2017:148 [ref. 35860], Ali et al. 2018:301 [ref. 36183], Ehemann et al. 2018:21 [ref. 36194], Fricke et al. 2018:14 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:10 [ref. 36273], Kumar et al. 2018:296 [ref. 36178], Manjaji-Matsumoto in Kimura et al. 2018:10 [ref. 36460], Spier et al. 2018:4 [ref. 36103], White & Ko'ou 2018:35 [ref. 35922], Fernando et al. 2019:222 [ref. 36642] as cf. limbatus, Fricke et al. 2019:40 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Carcharhinus limbatus (Valenciennes 1839). Carcharhinidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas (including Red Sea, Persian Gulf, South China Sea). Habitat: brackish, marine.