Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 7 October 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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melatremus, Gymnothorax Schultz [L. P.] in Schultz et al. 1953:120, Figs. 23d, 25 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 202, v. 1; ref. 3975] Ocean reef at Boby Island, Bikini Atoll, Marshall Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): USNM 141610. Type catalog: Smith 1994:18 [ref. 21917], Böhlke & Smith 2002:126 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Gymnothorax melatremus Schultz 1953 -- (Castle & McCosker 1986:171 [ref. 5645], Paxton et al. 1989:130 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:9 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:39 [ref. 15987], Chen et al. 1994:51 [ref. 22258], Allen 1997:54 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:39 [ref. 25919], Hatooka et al. 1998:2 [ref. 24389], Myers 1999:48 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:50 [ref. 24106], Böhlke & Randall 1999:553 [ref. 24552], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Randall 1999:7 [ref. 25829], Böhlke & Randall 2000:242 [ref. 24493], Nakabo 2000:202 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:7 [ref. 25806], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:202 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:126 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:611 [ref. 27495], Hatooka 2003:7 [ref. 27558], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:43 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:120 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:252 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:89 [ref. 30952], Imamura 2009:19 [ref. 30434], Motomura et al. 2010:72 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:258 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:350 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:87 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:19 [ref. 32155], Larson et al. 2013:25 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:19 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Ho et al. 2015:158 [ref. 34130], Fricke et al. 2018:38 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:23 [ref. 36883]). Current status: Valid as Gymnothorax melatremus Schultz 1953. Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.