Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 7 October 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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birostris, Raja Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:535 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] No locality stated. No types known. Some authors (e.g., Whitley 1936:180 [ref. 6075]) date to Donndorff 1798:876 because they regarded Walbaum's treatment as non-binominal, but the style of this section suggests that the second word "birostris" was not italicized through an oversite (see index) and binominal nomenclature was intended. Earlier authors, such as Jordan & Evermann 1896:92 [ref. 2443] credited the name to Walbaum. See remarks under Cephalopterus giorna Lesueur 1824. •Valid as Manta birostris (Walbaum 1792) [sometimes with author as Donndorff 1790 or 1798] -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:57 [ref. 9277], Nakaya in Masuda et al. 1984:16 [ref. 6441], Robins & Ray 1986:44 [ref. 23100], Allen & Swainston 1988:28 [ref. 25477], Scott & Scott 1988:59 [ref. 25518], Winterbottom et al. 1989:5 [ref. 13251], McEachran & Séret 1990:73 [ref. 19318], Nishida 1990:92 [ref. 19783], Randall et al. 1990:31 [ref. 15987], Boschung 1992:28 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1992:201 [ref. 23827], Allen & Robertson 1994:37 [ref. 22193], Last & Stevens 1994:459 [ref. 23873], Randall 1995:49 [ref. 22896], Acero P. & Franke 1995:17 [ref. 22546], McEachran & Notarbartolo-di-Sciara in Fischer et al. 1995:764 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre & Espinosa Pérez 1996:62 [ref. 22793], Murdy et al. 1997:49 [ref. 23144], Santos et al. 1997:16 [ref. 23531], Allen 1997:48 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:129 [ref. 24023], Arruda 1997:24 [ref. 24952], Randall et al. 1997:31 [ref. 25919], McEachran & Fechhelm 1998:194 [ref. 23897], Chirichigno F. & Vélez D. 1998:73 [ref. 24555], Myers 1999:40 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:33 [ref. 24106], Aguilera 1998:46 [ref. 24221], Cervigón & Alcalá 1999:206 [ref. 24490], Compagno & Last 1999:1527 [ref. 24637], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:124 [ref. 25013], Johnson 1999:718 [ref. 25471], Compagno 1999:498 [ref. 25589], Menni & Stehmann 2000:94 [ref. 24909], Nakabo 2000:186 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:583 [ref. 25122], Thomson et al. 2000:284 [ref. 25640], Randall & Earle 2000:5 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:96 [ref. 26368], Schmitter-Soto et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27754], Hutchins 2001:16 [ref. 25847], McEachran in Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002:80 [ref. 26158], Mecklenburg et al. 2002:108 [ref. 25968], Nakabo 2002:186 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:22 [ref. 26830] with author and date as Donndorf 1798, Gadig & Gomes in Menezes et al. 2003:31 [ref. 27192] with author and date as Donndorff 1798, McEachran & Carvalho 2003:588 [ref. 26985], Milessi & Oddone 2003:126 [ref. 27316] with author and date as Donndorf 1798, Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S94 [ref. 27377], Duffy & Abbott 2003:715 [ref. 27479], Myers & Donaldson 2003:610 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:67 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:5 [ref. 27624], Bonfil & Abdallah 2004:55 [ref. 27735], Nelson et al. 2004:57 [ref. 27807], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:88 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:23 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:107 [ref. 28379], Compagno et al. 2005:80 [ref. 29145], Allen et al. 2006:207 [ref. 29002], Randall 2007:47 [ref. 30952], Béarez & Séret 2009:145 [ref. 36646], Fricke et al. 2009:12 [ref. 30213], Kimura 2009:16 [ref. 30426], Marshall et al. 2009:4 [ref. 30599], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Kitchen-Wheeler 2010:351 [ref. 30962], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:58 [ref. 35264], Allen & Erdmann 2012:67 [ref. 31980], Page et al. 2013:57 [ref. 32708], Wirtz et al. 2013:116 [ref. 32972], Ebert et al. 2013:369 [ref. 33045], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:21 [ref. 33341] with remarks, Wirtz et al. 2014:2 [ref. 33516], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Psomadakis et al. 2015:108 [ref. 34104], Duffy 2015:202 [ref. 34217], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:135 [ref. 34398], Weigmann 2016:145 [ref. 34211], Notarbartolo-di-Sciara & Séret 2016:1437 [ref. 34552], Fourriére et al. 2016:440 [ref. 34668], Del Moral-Flores et al. 2016:606 [ref. 34923], Koeda et al. 2016:5 [ref. 35333], Nión et al. 2016:24 [ref. 35565] with author as Donndorff 1798, Kells et al. 2016:86 [ref. 35888], Ebert et al. 2017:61 [ref. 35618]). •Valid as Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792) -- (White & Last 2016:743 [ref. 35016], White et al. 2017:286 [ref. 35860], Ehemann et al. 2018:27 [ref. 36194], Fricke et al. 2018:27 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:18 [ref. 36273], Kumar et al. 2018:298 [ref. 36178], Spier et al. 2018:5 [ref. 36103], White & Ko'ou 2018:68 [ref. 35922], Cabanillas-Torpoco et al. 2019:397 [ref. 36704], Ehemann et al. 2019:[7] [ref. 36861], Fricke et al. 2019:48 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:61 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Mobula birostris (Walbaum 1792). Mobulidae. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical through warm temperate water (including Caribbean Sea, Red Sea). Habitat: marine.