Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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ongus, Holocentrus Bloch [M. E.] 1790:69, Pl. 234 [Naturgeschichte der ausl√§ndischen Fische v. 4; ref. 469] Japan [erroneous, is Java, Indonesia]. Lectotype: ZMB 5533 (right skin). Paralectotypes: ZMB 5214 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Paepke 1999:137 [ref. 24282]. Genus spelled Holoncentrus in text. On p. 52 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 7 [ref. 21381]. See Randall & Heemstra 1991:199-200 [ref. 19601] but with a holotype and wrong number. Lectotype selected by Paepke 1999:137 [ref. 24282]. •Valid as Epinephelus ongus (Bloch 1790) -- (Heemstra & Randall 1986:529 [ref. 5667], Paxton et al. 1989:496 [ref. 12442], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:490 [ref. 25598], Randall et al. 1990:112 [ref. 15987], Randall & Heemstra 1991:219 [ref. 19601], Heemstra & Randall 1993:208 [ref. 21042], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:239 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:88 [ref. 23977], Machida et al. 1997:52 [ref. 25135], Kuiter 1997:110 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:112 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:115 [ref. 23965], Heemstra & Randall 1999:2514 [ref. 24815], Nakabo 2000:716 [ref. 25086], Randall in Randall & Lim 2000:609 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:186 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:98 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:98 [ref. 26368], Sakai et al. 2001:94 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:262 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:30 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:716 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:31 [ref. 26830], Kimura et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:53 [ref. 27510], Randall et al. 2004:12 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:120 [ref. 27715], Randall 2005:161 [ref. 28239], Hoese et al. 2006:1016 [ref. 28999], Craig 2007:81 [ref. 29774], Satapoomin in Motomura & Satapoomin 2009:89 [ref. 30492], Motomura et al. 2010:98 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:385 [ref. 31242], Craig et al. 2011:202 [ref. 31786], Allen & Erdmann 2012:278 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2013:257 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:101 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:62 [ref. 33932], Motomura et al. 2017:87 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:152 [ref. 35805], Ma & Craig 2018:455 [ref. 36100], Fricke et al. 2019:119 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Epinephelus ongus (Bloch 1790). Serranidae: Epinephelinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Marshall Islands, Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: brackish, marine.