Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 April 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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harak, Sciaena Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:52, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] No locality stated (Red Sea). Lectotype: ZMUC P49348 (dry skin). Paralectotypes: ZMUC P49349 (1, dry skin, head missing). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:66 [ref. 9588]. Types figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 22 [ref. 20847]. Lectotype selected by Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:21 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Lethrinus harak (Forsskål 1775) -- (Sato 1978:15 [ref. 8884], Dor 1984:153 [ref. 29757], Sato in Masuda et al. 1984:179 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:597 [ref. 5712], Carpenter in Carpenter & Allen 1989:64 [ref. 13577], Randall et al. 1990:200 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:42 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:219 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:329 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:134 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:174 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:200 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:155 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:298 [ref. 24106], Nakabo 2000:862 [ref. 25086], Carpenter in Randall & Lim 2000:620 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:269 [ref. 25191], Allen 2000:104 [ref. 25868], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Matsuura & Peristiwady in Matsuura & Peristiwady 2000:248 [ref. 27511], Hutchins 2001:263 [ref. 25841], Hutchins 2001:35 [ref. 25847], Carpenter 2001:3032 [ref. 26105], Nakabo 2002:862 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:40 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S110 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:628 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:17 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:121 [ref. 27715], Choi & Kim 2004:83 [ref. 27749], Heemstra et al. 2004:3321 [ref. 27945], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:245 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:276 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1235 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:66 [ref. 30213], Motomura in Motomura & Shibukawa 2009:162 [ref. 31132], Motomura et al. 2010:126 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:496 [ref. 31980], Kottelat 2013:350 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:93 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:265 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:47 [ref. 35333], Motomura et al. 2017:156 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:214 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:98 [ref. 36273], Arndt & Fricke 2019:20 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:171 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:80 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:476 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Lethrinus harak (Forsskål 1775). Lethrinidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.