Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 December 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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paradiseus, Pentapus Günther [A.] 1859:383 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Polynesia; Sumatra, Indonesia; Australia. Syntypes: (11) BMNH 1844.6.17.21 (left half skin), 1850.7.20.106-107 (1, stuffed) Moreton Island, 1851.2.20.20-21 (2) Australia, 1855.12.26.451 (1), 1855.9.19.356 (1),1856.9.11.22 (1, stuffed) Lousiade Archipelago, 2006.6.7.1 (1), 2006.6.7.2 (1). Also listed was Plate XXIV. fig. A, but on preface p. vi it is stated, "The Plates referred to, and executed by Mr. Ford, will be published as a separate volume." BMNH 1855.12.26.451 may also be the syntype of Leiopsis rafflesii Anonymous [Bennett] 1830 -- Maclaine email 21 July 2016. •Valid as Pentapodus paradiseus (Günther 1859) -- (Russell 1990:87 [ref. 19228], Randall et al. 1990:205 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:196 [ref. 23929] as paradiceus, Allen 1997:140 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:168 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:205 [ref. 25919], Machida & Hiramatsu 1999:56 [ref. 24161], Johnson 1999:736 [ref. 25471], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:276 [ref. 25191], Iwatsuki et al. 2000:101 [ref. 26368], Russell 2001:3085 [ref. 26106], Russell 2001:55 [ref. 26651], Allen et al. 2006:1246 [ref. 29090], Allen & Erdmann 2009:285 [ref. 30093], Allen & Erdmann 2012:482 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:145 [ref. 32988], Allen et al. 2018:86 [ref. 36276]). Current status: Valid as Pentapodus paradiseus (Günther 1859). Nemipteridae. Distribution: Western Pacific: northeastern Australia, eastern Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands. Habitat: marine.