Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 August 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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orbicularis, Chaetodon Forsskål [P. S.] 1775:59, xii [Descriptiones animalium (Forsskål); ref. 1351] Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Red Sea. Holotype (unique): ZMUC P5168 (dry skin). Type catalog: Nielsen 1974:68 [ref. 9588]. Holotype figured in Klausewitz & Nielsen 1965:Pl. 30 [ref. 20847]. •Valid as Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775) -- (Dor 1984:168 [ref. 29757], Hayashi in Masuda et al. 1984:181 [ref. 6441], Smith 1986:605 [ref. 5712], Kishimoto et al. 1988:26 [ref. 13446], Allen & Swainston 1988:94 [ref. 25477], Winterbottom et al. 1989:42 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:218 [ref. 15987], Goren & Dor 1994:46 [ref. 25356], Randall 1995:382 [ref. 22896], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:393 [ref. 27969], Allen 1997:146 [ref. 23977], Carpenter et al. 1997:217 [ref. 23922], Chen et al. 1997:113 [ref. 26476], Kuiter 1997:236 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:218 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:265 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:528 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:739 [ref. 25471], Allen 2000:93 [ref. 37268], Heemstra in Randall & Lim 2000:641 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1312 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:291 [ref. 25191], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:267 [ref. 25480], Allen 2000:122 [ref. 25868], Heemstra 2001:3617 [ref. 26298], Hutchins 2001:36 [ref. 25847], Kuiter & Debelius 2001:194 [ref. 26232], Nakabo 2002:1312 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:62 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S120 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:646 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:251 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:569 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1719 [ref. 29090], Fricke et al. 2009:105 [ref. 30213], Kimura in Matsuura & Kimura 2009:295 [ref. 31170], Motomura et al. 2010:224 [ref. 31256], Allen & Erdmann 2012:1004 [ref. 31980], Larson et al. 2013:210 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:437 [ref. 32989], Bogorodsky et al. 2014:429 [ref. 33460], Fricke et al. 2014:179 [ref. 33932], Psomadakis et al. 2015:304 [ref. 34104], Koeda et al. 2016:98 [ref. 35333], Ali et al. 2018:338 [ref. 36183], Fricke et al. 2018:346 [ref. 35805], Golani & Fricke 2018:107 [ref. 36273], Kimura in Kimura et al. 2018:202 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:295 [ref. 36495], Eagderi et al. 2019:56 [ref. 37020], Fricke et al. 2019:296 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:97 [ref. 36871], Psomadakis et al. 2020:552 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Platax orbicularis (Forsskål 1775). Ephippidae. Distribution: Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Persian Gulf east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga; introduced into Western Atlantic waters off Florida, U.S.A. Habitat: brackish, marine.