Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 6 April 2020

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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torquatus, Xyrichthys Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840:54, Pl. 392 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 14; ref. 4882] Suriname [actually East Indies]. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1903. Type catalog: Bauchot 1963:111 [ref. 19171]. Original genus should have been Xyrichtys. •Valid as Cymolutes torquatus (Valenciennes 1840) -- (Randall et al. 1990:314 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:290 [ref. 23929], Francis 1993:165 [ref. 25479], Allen 1997:196, 198 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:310 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:314 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:194 [ref. 23965], Parenti & Randall 2000:17 [ref. 24943], Westneat in Randall & Lim 2000:628 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1004 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:357 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:17 [ref. 25806], Westneat 2001:3401 [ref. 26277], Nakabo 2002:1004 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:48 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:634 [ref. 27495] dated 1839, Heemstra et al. 2004:3325 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:409 [ref. 28239], Allen et al. 2006:1387 [ref. 29095], Kuiter 2010:388 [ref. 35285], Allen & Erdmann 2012:664 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2018:282 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Cymolutes torquatus (Valenciennes 1840). Labridae. Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Caledonia, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Lord Howe Island. Habitat: marine.