Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 1 March 2021

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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nudivomer, Muraena Günther [A.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:127, Pl. 18 [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Lectotype: BMNH 1867.3.9.418 (stuffed). Paralectotypes: BMNH 1867.3.9.408 (1, stuffed). Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:132 [ref. 26380]. Authors have called the type at the BMNH the holotype, but 2 specimens are mentioned in the original description and use of "typical" specimen is insufficient to establish a holotype. Lectotype established by Günther 1870:104 [ref. 1995] -- see Böhlke & Smith 2002:132 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Lycodontis nudivomer (Günther 1867) -- (Dor 1984:28 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Gymnothorax nudivomer (Günther 1867) -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:24 [ref. 6441], Castle & McCosker 1986:171 [ref. 5645], Paxton et al. 1989:130 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:39 [ref. 15987], Chen et al. 1994:52 [ref. 22258], Goren & Dor 1994:7 [ref. 25356], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:67 [ref. 22017], Randall & Golani 1995:864 [ref. 21744], Randall 1995:57 [ref. 22896], Allen 1997:54 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:39 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:48 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:51 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Böhlke & Randall 2000:245 [ref. 24493], Nakabo 2000:207 [ref. 25086], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:112 [ref. 25191], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Nakabo 2002:207 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:132 [ref. 26380], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:611 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:45 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:121 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:253 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:90 [ref. 30952], Smith et al. 2008:66 [ref. 29432], Fricke et al. 2009:17 [ref. 30213], Motomura et al. 2010:72 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:267 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:350 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:89 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:22 [ref. 32155], Ho et al. 2015:159 [ref. 34130], Golani & Fricke 2018:22 [ref. 36273], Zajonz et al. 2019:62 [ref. 36871], Smith et al. 2019:40 [ref. 37159], Ramos-Castro et al. 2020:83 [ref. 37651]). Current status: Valid as Gymnothorax nudivomer (Günther 1867). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Red Sea; Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Seychelles and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.