Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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meleagris, Muraena Shaw [G.] in Shaw & Nodder 1795:no page number, Pl. 220 [The Naturalist's Miscellany; ref. 4013] "Southern Ocean." Holotype (unique): BMNH 1977.4.22.2. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:126 [ref. 26380]. Sometimes seen with authorship as Shaw & Nodder. See Smith 2012:20 [ref. 32155] for remarks on status. •Valid as Lycodontis meleagris (Shaw 1795) -- (Dor 1984:28 [ref. 29757]). •Valid as Gymnothorax meleagris (Shaw 1795) -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:23 [ref. 6441], Castle & McCosker 1986:171 [ref. 5645], Paxton et al. 1989:130 [ref. 12442], Randall et al. 1990:39 [ref. 15987], Francis 1993:157 [ref. 25479], Chen et al. 1994:51 [ref. 22258], Goren & Dor 1994:7 [ref. 25356], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:67 [ref. 22017], Allen 1997:54 [ref. 23977], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:154 [ref. 24023], Kuiter 1997:28 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:39 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:48 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:50 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Johnson 1999:721 [ref. 25471], Randall 1999:7 [ref. 25829], Böhlke & Randall 2000:244 [ref. 24493], Nakabo 2000:203 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:111 [ref. 25191], Randall & Earle 2000:7 [ref. 25806], Allen 2000:95 [ref. 25868], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Nakabo 2002:203 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:126 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S95 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:611 [ref. 27495], Lobel & Lobel 2004:68 [ref. 27576], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:44 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:121 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:252 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:90 [ref. 30952], Smith et al. 2008:66 [ref. 29432], Imamura 2009:19 [ref. 30434], Fricke et al. 2009:16 [ref. 30213], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:188 [ref. 30957], Motomura et al. 2010:72 [ref. 31256], Zhang et al. 2010:263 [ref. 31511], Golani & Bogorodsky 2010:58 [ref. 35264] with author as Shaw & Nodder, Fricke et al. 2011:350 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:88 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:19 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2013:251 [ref. 32706], Kottelat 2013:42 [ref. 32989], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Ho et al. 2015:158 [ref. 34130], Fricke et al. 2018:37 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:23 [ref. 36883], Zajonz et al. 2019:62 [ref. 36871], Sumod et al. 2019:364 [ref. 36895]). Current status: Valid as Gymnothorax meleagris (Shaw 1795). Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Pitcairn Group, Galápagos Islands and Cocos Island, north to southern Japan, Ogasawara Islands and Minami Tori Shima, south to New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Austral Islands. Habitat: marine.