Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 3 September 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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margaritophorus, Gymnothorax Bleeker [P.] 1864:53 [Nederlandsch Tijdschrift voor de Dierkunde v. 2; ref. 408] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1867.11.28.268. Type catalog: Böhlke & Smith 2002:124 [ref. 26380]. •Valid as Gymnothorax margaritophorus Bleeker 1864 -- (Hatooka in Masuda et al. 1984:23 [ref. 6441], Castle & McCosker 1986:170 [ref. 5645], Allen & Swainston 1988:32 [ref. 25477], Paxton et al. 1989:130 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:9 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:38 [ref. 15987], Chen et al. 1994:51 [ref. 22258], Quéro & Saldanha 1995:67 [ref. 22017], Allen 1997:52 [ref. 23977], Randall et al. 1997:38 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:48 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:49 [ref. 24106], Böhlke et al. 1999:1656 [ref. 24692], Nakabo 2000:208 [ref. 25086], Compagno in Randall & Lim 2000:585 [ref. 25122], Randall & Earle 2000:7 [ref. 25806], Böhlke & McCosker 2001:73 [ref. 25226], Hutchins 2001:17 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:208 [ref. 26001], Böhlke & Smith 2002:124 [ref. 26380], Allen & Adrim 2003:23 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:611 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:7 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3316 [ref. 27945], Randall 2005:43 [ref. 28239], Mundy 2005:120 [ref. 28379], Allen et al. 2006:251 [ref. 29005], Randall 2007:75 [ref. 30952], Fricke et al. 2009:16 [ref. 30213], Prokofiev 2010:585 [ref. 31007], Zhang et al. 2010:282 [ref. 31511], Fricke et al. 2011:350 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:87 [ref. 31980], Smith 2012:19 [ref. 32155], Fricke et al. 2014:19 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Ho et al. 2015:157 [ref. 34130], Fricke et al. 2018:37 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:23 [ref. 36883]). Current status: Valid as Gymnothorax margaritophorus Bleeker 1864. Muraenidae: Muraeninae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Johnston Atoll and Line Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, and southern Queensland (Australia) at 23°30'S. Habitat: marine.