Institute for Biodiversity Science and Sustainability
Online Version, Updated 4 November 2019

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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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jaculum, Synodus Russell [B. C.] & Cressey [R. F.] 1979:169, Fig. 2 [Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington v. 92 (no. 1); ref. 8790] Granite Bluff, Lizard Island (14°40'S, 145°27'E), Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia, depth 16 meters. Holotype: AMS I.19470-005. Paratypes: AMS I.17503-014 (2), I.17262-053 (1), I.18303-001 (1), I.18340-001 (1), I.18340-002 (2), I.19222-001 (4), I.19473-054 (2), I.19696-004 (1); USNM 217621 (2), 217640 (1), 217673 (1), 217748 (1), 217782 (1), 217794 (1). •Valid as Synodus jaculum Russell & Cressey 1979 -- (Cressey 1981:23 [ref. 5574], Cressey 1986:272 [ref. 6289], Paxton et al. 1989:238 [ref. 12442], Winterbottom et al. 1989:13 [ref. 13251], Randall et al. 1990:50 [ref. 15987], Kuiter 1993:42 [ref. 23929], Heemstra in Smith & Heemstra 1995:272 [ref. 21953], Allen 1997:60 [ref. 23977], Kuiter 1997:36 [ref. 25488], Randall et al. 1997:50 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:64 [ref. 23965], Fricke 1999:93 [ref. 24106], Russell 1999:1942 [ref. 24747], Nakabo 2000:355 [ref. 25086], Russell in Randall & Lim 2000:592 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:40 [ref. 25480], Randall & Earle 2000:8 [ref. 25806], Hutchins 2001:20 [ref. 25847], Chen 2002:64 [ref. 26587], Nakabo 2002:355 [ref. 26001], Allen & Adrim 2003:25 [ref. 26830], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S98 [ref. 27377], Myers & Donaldson 2003:613 [ref. 27495], Heemstra & Heemstra 2004:116 [ref. 28072], Randall 2005:64 [ref. 28239], Hoese & Gates 2006:469 [ref. 28997], Chen et al. 2007:149 [ref. 29121], Motomura et al. 2010:76 [ref. 31256], Fricke et al. 2011:358 [ref. 31242], Allen & Erdmann 2012:124 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:28 [ref. 33932], Delrieu-Trottin et al. 2015:4 [ref. 33988], Fricke et al. 2018:70 [ref. 35805], Fricke et al. 2019:64 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:64 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Synodus jaculum Russell & Cressey 1979. Synodontidae: Synodontinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Socotra, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Marquesas and Line islands, north to Izu Islands (Japan) and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia, Chesterfield Islands, New Caledonia and Loyalty Islands. Habitat: marine.