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Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
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Species in the family or subfamily Eleotridae: [ 357 ] records


abacurus, Eleotris Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] in Jordan 1896:228 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 6; ref. 2395] Harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 2009. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:105 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Eleotris abacurus Jordan & Gilbert 1896 -- (Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:72 [ref. 22290], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:416 [ref. 24550]). •Synonym of Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:39 [ref. 25941]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

acangaquara, Microphilypnus Caires [R. A.] & Figueiredo [J. L. de] 2011:53, Figs. 10-12 [Zootaxa No. 3036; ref. 31523] Rio Tapajós basin, São Luis, Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 108204. Paratypes: MCP 15317 (3); MZUSP 27015 (?), 43732 (40), 92677 (25). Name is used as a noun in apposition. •Valid as Microphilypnus acangaquara Caires & Figueiredo 2011 -- (Caires 2013:155 [ref. 33010], Caires & Toledo-Piza 2018:54 [ref. 35793]). Current status: Valid as Microphilypnus acangaquara Caires & Figueiredo 2011. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Middle Tapajós River basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

acanthopomus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:275 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 25934. Spelling should be acanthopoma when in Eleotris. •Valid as Eleotris acanthopoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:239 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:555 [ref. 25598], Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448] as acanthopomus, Kottelat & Lim 1995:246 [ref. 23210] as acanthopomus, Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Nakabo 2000:1150 [ref. 25182], Matsuura et al. 2000:216 [ref. 26000], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:106 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1150 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Hoese 2006:1599 [ref. 28998], Motomura et al. 2010:202 [ref. 31256], Maeda et al. 2011:257 [ref. 32003], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:198 [ref. 34477], Mennesson et al. 2016:498, 503 [ref. 34867], Koeda et al. 2016:87 [ref. 35333], Mennesson & Keith 2017:215 [ref. 35460], Motomura et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35490], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:252 [ref. 36460], Fricke et al. 2019:268 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris acanthopoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Southeastern Indian Ocean, western Pacific: western Sumatra (Indonesia) east to Philippines and French Polynesia, north to Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

adspersa, Eleotris Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:142 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 763] Fitzroy River, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:49 [ref. 19958] as none at MNHN. •Valid as Mogurnda adspersa (Castelnau 1878) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:140 [ref. 25473], Larson & Hoese in McDowall 1996:209 [ref. 22909], Allen & Jenkins 1999:144 [ref. 24290], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:305 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:89 [ref. 28129], Hoese 2006:1605 [ref. 28998], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389], Pusey et al. 2017:79 [ref. 35250], Kuiter 2018:71 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda adspersa (Castelnau 1878). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Southern Australia: Murray-Darling River system of South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales; coastal areas of southern Queensland and northern New South Wales. Habitat: freshwater.

aequidens, Culius Jordan [D. S.] & Gilbert [C. H.] 1882:461 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 4 (no. 254) (for 4 Aug. 1882); ref. 10610] Mazatlán, Sinaloa, western Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 28268 (1, apparently lost), 29240 (2, apparently lost). •Synonym of Eleotris picta Kner 1863 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:416 [ref. 24550], Pezold & Cage 2002:44 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris picta Kner 1863. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

africana, Eleotris Steindachner [F.] 1879:153 [35], Pl. 3 (figs. 1-1a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 4229] Sierra Leone. Holotype (unique): SMNS 336. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:12 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:35 [ref. 29864]. On p. 35 of separate. See Eleotris kraussii Steindachner 1880. •Valid as Bostrychus africanus (Steindachner 1879) -- (Maugé 1986:390 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:953 [ref. 19381], Lévèque et al. 1991:146 [ref. 31367], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:831 [ref. 21590], Afonso et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25466], Larson 2008:147 [ref. 30001], Pezold et al. 2007:481 [ref. 30082], Wirtz et al. 2007:39 [ref. 30263], Schliewen 2011:210 [ref. 31738], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346], Miller in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2829 [ref. 34618], Skelton 2019:228 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Bostrychus africanus (Steindachner 1879). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Angola, including islands of the Gulf of Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

agilis, Hypseleotris Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:38, Pl. 2 (fig. 3) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Creek flowing into Lake Mainit, Surigao Province, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 10143 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (13) presumed destroyed. •Synonym of Ophieleotris aporos Bleeker 1854 -- (Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186]). •Synonym of Giuris margaritacea (Valenciennes 1837) based on placement of aporos. •Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

aiwasoensis, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Renyaan [S. J.] 1996:52, Fig. 11 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 23 (no. 1/2); ref. 22224] Lake Aiwaso, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 6189. Paratypes: WAM P.31042-005 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda aiwasoensis Allen & Renyaan 1996 -- (Allen & Hadiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda aiwasoensis Allen & Renyaan 1996. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Triton Lakes, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

albooculata, Boroda Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:58 [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Small stream at Taytay, Palawan, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 10577 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (12) presumed destroyed. Originally as albo-oculata. •Valid as Oxyeleotris albooculata (Herre 1927) -- (Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Uncertain as Oxyeleotris albooculata (Herre 1927). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

alexis, Ophiocara aporos Whitley [G. P.] 1959:23 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1957-58; ref. 4730] Freshwater lake at Alexishafen, near Madang, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMS IB.4171. Paratypes: AMS IB.4172-76 (6). •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

alpinus, Gobiomorphus Stokell [G.] 1962:33, Pl. 1 [Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Zoology v. 2 (no. 3); ref. 6520] Bowscale Tarn, Tarndale lakes, Marlborough, South Island, New Zealand, elevation 3400 feet. Holotype: NMNZ P.3109. Paratypes: (several). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:14 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Gobiomorphus alpinus Stokell 1962 -- (McDowall & Stevens 2009:15 [ref. 30477], McDowall & Stewart 2015:1564 [ref. 34303]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorphus alpinus Stokell 1962. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Tarndale lakes, South Island, New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

altipinna, Oxyeleotris Allen [G. R.] & Renyaan [S. J.] 1996:53, Fig. 13 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 23 (no. 1/2); ref. 22224] Lake Aiwaso, Irian Jaya. Holotype: MZB 6190. Paratypes: MZB 6191-93 (5, 1, 3); WAM P.31042-002 (5). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Oxyeleotris altipinna Allen & Renyaan 1996. Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris altipinna Allen & Renyaan 1996. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

amazonicus, Microphilypnus Myers [G. S.] 1927:134 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 68 (no. 3); ref. 3096] Rio Negro, Igarapé do Mai Joana, Manaus, Brazil. Holotype (unique): CAS 76819 [ex IU 17703]. See Caires & Figueiredo 2011:49 [ref. 31523] for remarks on the type locality. •Valid as Microphilypnus amazonicus Myers 1927 -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:662 [ref. 27061], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Thacker et al. 2006:495 [ref. 28798], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], DoNascimiento 2016:541 [ref. 34727]). •Synonym of Microphilypnus ternetzi Myers 1927 -- (Caires & Figueiredo 2011:45 [ref. 31523], see DoNascimiento et al. 2017:[24] [ref. 35679]). Current status: Synonym of Microphilypnus ternetzi Myers 1927. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

amblyopsis, Culius Cope [E. D.] 1871:473 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] Suriname. Syntypes: ANSP 10577-79 (3). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:104 [ref. 13621]. See also Boschung 1992:162 [ref. 23239]. •Valid as Culius amblyopsis Cope 1871 -- (Bussing 1987:244 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937]). •Valid as Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871) -- (Cervigón 1994:143 [ref. 24488], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:227 [ref. 22947], Bussing 1998:413 [ref. 24179], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:417 [ref. 24550], Pezold & Cage 2002:39 [ref. 25941], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Smith et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27621], Ross & Rhode 2004:302 [ref. 27789], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:657 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:391 [ref. 28615], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Phillip et al. 2013:23 [ref. 32896], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], Schmidt & McMullin 2015:4 [ref. 36603], Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016:515 [ref. 34497], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:404 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

amboinensis, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:343 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5117] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): ?RMNH 4801. Bleeker specimens: AMS B.7972 (1). Kottelat dates to 1854. •Valid as Butis amboinensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:239 [ref. 6441], Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:552 [ref. 25598], Allen & Coates 1990:93 [ref. 25561], Allen & Coates 1990:132 [ref. 15715], Allen 1991:153 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:302 [ref. 21400], Kottelat et al. 1993:133 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:246 [ref. 23210], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1149 [ref. 25182], Allen et al. 2000:138 [ref. 27467], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:106 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1149 [ref. 26193], Larson et al. 2008:136 [ref. 29532], Allen et al. 2008:149 [ref. 30265], Motomura et al. 2010:201 [ref. 31256], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492], Fricke et al. 2019:268 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Butis amboinensis (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Philippines and New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

amethystinus, Culius Rochebrune [A. T. de] 1885:94 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 9; ref. 3791] Congo River, western Africa. Museo Bouvieri. Eleotridae.

amorea, Gobius Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:205 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] Western Atlantic. No types known. •Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:45 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

andamensis, Eleotris Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1939:344 [Records of the Indian Museum (Calcutta) v. 41 (pt 4); ref. 2127] Stream near Machligaon, Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Holotype: CAS-SU 37152. Paratypes: (9) CAS-SU 16968 (3), 69717 (1); ZSI F13632/1 (1); F13633/1-13634/1 (6). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291], Menon & Yazdani 1968:151 [ref. 20743] with ZSI 13632/1 as holotype. •Valid as Eleotris andamensis Herre 1939 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

angustifrons, Ophiorrhinus Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:793 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 22 (pt 4); ref. 3278] Towree [Towra] Point, Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: (3) AMS I.6842 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:165 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Philypnodon grandiceps (Krefft 1864) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:215 [ref. 25473], Gomon et al. 1994:812 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1609 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:72 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Philypnodon grandiceps (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

annobonensis, Eleotris Blanc [M.], Cadenat [J.] & Stauch [A.] 1968:248, Fig. 4 [Bulletin de l'Institut Fondamental d'Afrique Noire (Serie A) Sciences Naturelles v. 30 (no. 1); ref. 7871] San Juan River, Annobón Island, Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea. Holotype: MNHN 1967-0446. Paratypes: MNHN 1965-0611 (5), 1965-0612 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:10 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861 -- (Maugé 1986:394 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:956 [ref. 19381]). •Valid as Eleotris annobonensis Blanc, Cadenat & Stauch 1968 -- (Miller 1998:288 [ref. 24950], Pezold & Cage 2002:32 [ref. 25941], Pezold et al. 2007:477 [ref. 30082], Wirtz et al. 2007:21, 39 [ref. 30263], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Félix et al. 2016:D [4] [ref. 34346]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris annobonensis Blanc, Cadenat & Stauch 1968. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: islands of the Gulf of Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aporocephalus, Eleotris Macleay [W.] 1884:33 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 1); ref. 4932] Lillesmere Lagoon, Burdekin River, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS A.17825 (1), A.17833 (1), A.17836 (1). Replacement name for Eleotris planiceps Macleay 1883, preoccupied by Eleotris planiceps Castelnau 1878. •Synonym of Giuris margaritacea (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese 2006:1600 [ref. 28998]). •Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

aporos, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1854:59 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 1); ref. 16923] Sindangole; Ternate, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) RMNH 5178 (2 of 6). •Valid as Ophieleotris aporos (Bleeker 1854) -- (Allen & Coates 1990:99 [ref. 25561], Allen & Coates 1990:132 [ref. 15715], Allen 1991:166 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:979 [ref. 20764], Allen et al. 1992:302 [ref. 21400], Kottelat et al. 1993:135 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:246 [ref. 23210], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Zhang et al. 2016:199 [ref. 34477]). •Synonym of Giuris margaritacea (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Allen et al. 2002:289 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1600 [ref. 28998]). •Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aquadulcis, Eleotris Allen [G. R.] & Coates [D.] 1990:133, Figs. 1-2 [Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement Suppl. No. 34; ref. 15715] Mile Island Roundwater, about 5 kilometers north of Bunapas Village, Ramu River system, Papua New Guinea, about 4°13'S, 144°40'E. Holotype: WAM P.29608-006. Paratypes: AMS I.24301-002 (5); CAS 63552 (6); WAM P.28206-007 (9), P.29608-002 (5). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Eleotris aquadulcis Allen & Coates 1990 -- (Allen & Coates 1990:94 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:155 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:302 [ref. 21400]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris aquadulcis Allen & Coates 1990. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

arguni, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Hadiaty [R. K.] 2014:99, Figs. 2-3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 20 (no. 2); ref. 33276] Wahisewar stream, 3°03.920’S, 133°58.309’E, tributary of Togarni River, West Papua, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 22091. Paratypes: MZB 19615 (74), WAM P.33336-001 (5). •Valid as Mogurnda arguni Allen & Hadiaty 2014. Current status: Valid as Mogurnda arguni Allen & Hadiaty 2014. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Arguni Bay drainages, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

armiger, Alexurus Jordan [D. S.] & Richardson [R. E.] in Jordan 1895:511, Pl. 48 [Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) v. 5; ref. 2394] Harbor of La Paz, Baja California, Mexico, Gulf of California. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 3455. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:105 [ref. 12291]. The second author is R. E. Richardson. Jordan as sole author on p. 511, listed as co-authors Jordan & Richardson on p. 381. •Valid as Erotelis armiger (Jordan & Richardson 1895) -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1064 [ref. 22829], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:420 [ref. 24550], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:92 [ref. 35859]). •Valid as Eleotris armiger (Jordan & Richardson 1895) -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Erotelis armiger (Jordan & Richardson 1895). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

aruensis, Bostrychus Weber [M.] 1911:44, Pl. 2 (fig. 4) [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Frankfurt-a.-M. v. 34 (no. 1); ref. 14827] Terangan and Central Kobroor, Aru Island, Aru Islands, Maluku, Indonesia. Syntypes: (26) NMBA 2756 (1); SMF 6667 (1), 6668-69 (2) 6670-76 (7), 6677-88 (12); ZMA 110942 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:96 [ref. 19236], Kottelat & Sutter 1988:56 [ref. 13796]. •Valid as Bostrichthys aruensis (Weber 1911) -- (Allen 1991:152 [ref. 21090]). •Valid as Bostrychus aruensis Weber 1911 -- (Hoese & Kottelat 2005:185 [ref. 28262]). Current status: Valid as Bostrychus aruensis Weber 1911. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

aruensis, Eleotris (Oxyeleotris) Weber [M.] 1911:33, Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Frankfurt-a.-M. v. 34 (no. 1); ref. 14827] Terangan and Central Kobroor, Aru Island, Aru Islands, Maluku, Indonesia. Syntypes: (22) NMB 2748 (1); SMF 6745 (1), 6746-52 (7), 6753-54 (2), 6755-58 (4), 7400-06 (7), 7407 (1); ZMA 110973 (2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:96 [ref. 19236], Kottelat & Sutter 1988:56 [ref. 13796]. •Valid as Oxyeleotris aruensis (Weber 1911) -- (Allen 1991:168 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:144 [ref. 27467], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:311 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1607 [ref. 28998], Allen et al. 2008:155 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:187 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris aruensis (Weber 1911). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Northern Australia and New Guinea and Aru Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

aurea, Eleotris Shipway [B.] 1950:75, Figs. 1-2 [Western Australian Naturalist v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 12974] Wilgia Mia Pool, 30 miles upstream from the mouth of Murchison River, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.3283-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117] •Valid as Hypseleotris aurea (Shipway 1950) -- (Hoese & Allen 1983:249 [ref. 8331], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:292 [ref. 25930], Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186], Morgan et al. 2014:26 [ref. 36567]). Current status: Valid as Hypseleotris aurea (Shipway 1950). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Australia: Pilbara endemic (Murchison and Gascoyne rivers). Habitat: freshwater.

aurifodinae, Mogurnda Whitley [G. P.] 1938:233 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 4693] Bulolo, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMS IA.7322. Paratypes: AMS IA.7323 (1). •Valid as Mogurnda aurifodinae Whitley 1938 -- (Allen & Hoese 1991:35 [ref. 19370] as aurofodinae, Allen 1991:159 [ref. 21090] as aurofodinae, Allen et al. 1999:64 [ref. 24272] as aurofodinae, Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda aurifodinae Whitley 1938. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

australis, Eleotris Krefft [J. L. G.] 1864:183 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 2); ref. 14179] Creeks near Sydney, Hawkesbury River and tributaries, Hunter River and Clarence River, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.10.27.15 (1), MNHN 1971 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:10 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Gobiomorphus australis (Krefft 1864) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:135 [ref. 25473], Larson & Hoese in McDowall 1996:206 [ref. 22909], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:290 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1601 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:76 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorphus australis (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Australia: Queensland south to eastern Victoria. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

balia, Eleotris Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:526, Fig. 6 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 29 (no. 1433); ref. 10646] Hong Kong, China. Holotype (unique): USNM 52082. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:126 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Eleotris balia Jordan & Seale 1905 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Okada 1961:647 [ref. 6363], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:340 [ref. 7348], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:429 [ref. 23876], Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

barrawayi, Hypseleotris Larson [H. K.] 2007:111, Figs. 1-4 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 23; ref. 29458] Gimbat Creek, Katherine River, 13°33'S, 133°03.3'E, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype: NTM S.15616-002. Paratypes: (many) at AMS, NTM, QM, WAM. Plus non-type specimens. •Valid as Hypseleotris barrawayi Larson 2007 -- (Larson et al. 2013:185 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Hypseleotris barrawayi Larson 2007. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Northern Territory, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

basalis, Eleotris Gray [J. E.] 1842:73 [Zoological Miscellany [No. 1]; ref. 18157] "River Thames" = Waihou River, Coromandel, New Zealand. Syntypes: BMNH 1842.3.7.6-7 (2). •Valid as Gobiomorphus basalis (Gray 1842) -- (McDowall 1975:23 [ref. 7113], Paulin et al. 1989:224 [ref. 24556], McDowall & Stevens 2009:15 [ref. 30477], McDowall & Stewart 2015:1565 [ref. 34303]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorphus basalis (Gray 1842). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

belizianus, Eleotris (Culius) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:55 [16] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Belize; Cayenne, French Guiana. Syntypes: MNHN 0027 (1), 2528 (2), A-2216 (3), A-2217 (5). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:10 [ref. 19958]. On p. 16 of separate. •May be valid -- (Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937]). •Valid as Eleotris beliziana Sauvage 1880 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950] as belizianus, Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111] as belizianus). •In part a synonym of Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871) and Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:39, 46 [ref. 25941]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris beliziana Sauvage 1880. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: marine.

belobrancha, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:243 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Manado Island, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1569 (5). •Valid as Belobranchus belobranchus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Allen 1991:151 [ref. 21090], Roberts 1993:42 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:133 [ref. 23448], Suzuki et al. 1995:4 [ref. 24350], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1151 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:106 [ref. 25693], Nakabo 2002:1151 [ref. 26193], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Keith et al. 2012:483 [ref. 32563], Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Belobranchus belobranchus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

bhutibue, Checlodipterus Hamilton [F.] in McClelland 1839:222 [Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2); ref. 2923] Not available, name only. A manuscript name from Hamilton. •In the synonymy of Butis Butis (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Butis butis (Hamilton 1822). Eleotridae: Butinae.

biocellata, Calumia Smith [J. L. B.] 1958:148, Pl. 2 (fig. K), Fig. 8 [Ichthyological Bulletin, Department of Ichthyology, Rhodes University No. 11; ref. 4118] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 217. Paratypes: (11) ?SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 10967-71 (7, 2, 1, 5), ?10972 (1). •Synonym of Calumia godeffroyi (Günther 1877) -- (Larson & Hoese 1980:18 [ref. 8699], Hoese 1986:808 [ref. 5670], Randall 2005:560 [ref. 28239], Hoese 2006:1599 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Calumia godeffroyi (Günther 1877). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

bipartita, Hypseleotris Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:39, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Creek at barrio Puru, Lagaspi, Albay Province, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (35) presumed destroyed. •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186]). •Questionably a synonym of Hypseletris leuciscus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris leuciscus (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bloodi, Mogurnda Whitley [G. P.] 1957:28 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 24 (no. 3); ref. 12124] Camp, east-northeast of Mt. Hagen airstrip, Jimmi River, Papua New Guinea. Holotype (unique): AMS IB.3345. Non-types: AMS IB.3361-63 (3). •Valid as Mogurnda bloodi Whitley 1957 -- (Allen & Coates 1990:97 [ref. 25561], Allen & Coates 1990:132 [ref. 15715]). •Synonym of Mogurnda aurifodinae Whitley 1938 -- (Allen & Hoese 1991:35 [ref. 19370] as aurofodinae, Allen 1991:159 [ref. 21090] as aurofodinae). Current status: Synonym of Mogurnda aurifodinae Whitley 1938. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

bosetoi, Eleotris Mennesson [M. I.], Keith [P.], Ebner [B. C.] & Gerbeaux [P.] 2016:500, Figs. 3-4 [Pacific Science v. 70 (no. 4); ref. 34867] Zamba River, Kolombangara Island, Solomon Islands. Holotype: MNHN 2015-0382. Paratypes: MNHN. •Valid as Eleotris bosetoi Mennesson, Keith, Ebner & Gerbeaux 2016 -- (Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460], Mennesson et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36105]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris bosetoi Mennesson, Keith, Ebner & Gerbeaux 2016. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Solomon Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

brachyurus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1849:20 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Patjitan, southern Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 5182 (some of 50). •Valid as Eleotris brachyurus Bleeker 1849 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]), Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Java (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

brasiliensis, Eleotris (Eleotris) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:53 [14] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Bahia, Brazil. Syntypes: MNHN A-1695 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:11 [ref. 19958]. On p. 14 of separate. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

breviceps, Philypnodon Stokell [G.] 1939:131, Pl. 15 [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 69 (pt 1); ref. 17224] Kowai River, tributary of the Waimakariri River, Canterbury, New Zealand, elevation 1800 feet. Holotype: CMC F77. Paratypes: (6) AMS IA.7592 (2), ? not IA.7604-05 (2), ? not IB.433-434 (2); BMNH 1940.2.12.1-2 (2); CMC F78 (2). Type catalog: Freeman & Tunnicliffe 1997:9 [ref. 22860]. •Valid as Gobiomorphus breviceps (Stokell 1939) -- (McDowall 1975:21 [ref. 7113], Paulin et al. 1989:224 [ref. 24556], McDowall & Stevens 2009:21 [ref. 30477], McDowall & Stewart 2015:1566 [ref. 34303]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorphus breviceps (Stokell 1939). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater.

brevirostris, Eleotris Steindachner [F.] 1867:314 [8] [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 56 (1. Abth.); ref. 14188] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: (several) NMW 14652 (2), 22511 (8), 22520 (2), 58165 (2), 76703 (2), 89497 (2). On p. 8 of separate. •Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864) -- (Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:80 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

brooksi, Milyeringa Chakrabarty [P.] 2010:22, Figs. 2-4 [Zootaxa No. 2557; ref. 30921] Pilgonaman Well, 22°11'S, 113°52'E, Cape Range National Park, North West Cape (Cape Range Peninsula), Australia. Holotype: WAM P28330-001. Paratypes: LSUMZ 13637 (1), WAM P29242 (2). •Synonym of Milyeringa veritas Whitley 1945 -- (Larson et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32466]). Current status: Synonym of Milyeringa veritas Whitley 1945. Eleotridae: Milyeringinae. Distribution: North West Cape, Australia (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

bryanti, Agonostomus Bean [B. A.] & Weed [A. C.] 1912:596, Fig. 3 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 42 (no. 1919); ref. 14828] Pelaboean Ratoe, Wynkoop's Bay, Java, Indonesia. Holotype: USNM 72582. Paratypes: MCZ 30880 (1). •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

buccata, Eleotris Blyth [E.] 1860:145 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Fish markets at Calcutta, India. No types known. •Synonym of Butis amboinensis (Bleeker 1853). Current status: Synonym of Butis amboinensis (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

buettikoferi, Eleotris (Culius) Steindachner [F.] 1894:27, Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 16 (nos 1-2, art. 1); ref. 4237] Branch of Du Queah River, Hill Town, Liberia. Lectotype: RMNH 5254. Paralectotypes: (14) ?BMNH 1895.6.8.8-9 (2); RMNH 24402 [ex 5254] (1); NMW 14646 (2), 85266 (3). Species originally spelled as büttikoferi in text. Lectotype selected by and figured in Boeseman 1963:48, Pl. 4 (fig. 4) [ref. 21734]. Species listed as Eleotris büttikoferi on pl. 2 (fig. 2), and as Eleotris pisonis on plate caption page (p. 95) for pl. 2 (fig. 2). •Synonym of Eleotris daganensis Steindachner 1870 -- (Miller & Wongrat 1990:954 [ref. 19381], Miller 1998:287 [ref. 24950] in part). •Synonym of Eleotris senegalensis Steindachner 1870 -- (Maugé 1986:393 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950] in part). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris senegalensis Steindachner 1870. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

butis, Cheilodipterus Hamilton [F.] 1822:57, 367 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ganges River, below Calcutta, India. No types known. •Valid as Butis butis (Hamilton 1822) -- (Roberts 1978:65 [ref. 8886], Maugé 1986:390 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:808 [ref. 5670], Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:269 [ref. 26639], Ataur Rahman 1989:289 [ref. 24860], Zheng 1989:338 [ref. 21202], Pethiyagoda 1991:238 [ref. 20075], Allen 1991:154 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:973 [ref. 20764], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:439 [ref. 23876], Kottelat et al. 1993:133 [ref. 23448], Larson & Hoese in McDowall 1996:207 [ref. 22909], Rainboth 1996:194 [ref. 22772], Larson & Williams 1997:370 [ref. 23967], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Fricke 1999:494 [ref. 24106], Johnson 1999:750 [ref. 25471], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:253 [ref. 25480], Allen et al. 2000:139 [ref. 27467], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Allen et al. 2002:318 [ref. 25930], Shibukawa et al. in Kimura & Matsuura 2003:174 [ref. 27510], Ataur Rahman 2003:315 [ref. 31338], Hoese 2006:1598 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2008:136 [ref. 29532], Allen et al. 2008:150 [ref. 30265], Fricke et al. 2009:98 [ref. 30213], Shibukawa 2009:256 [ref. 30449], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:187 [ref. 34464], Huang et al. 2014:107 [ref. 33161], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492], Prokofiev 2016:636 [ref. 35020], Pusey et al. 2017:85 [ref. 35250], Fricke et al. 2018:317 [ref. 35805], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:252 [ref. 36460], Suresh et al. 2018:278 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Butis butis (Hamilton 1822). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East and South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to New Guinea, north to northern Vietnam and southern China, south to northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caeca, Oxyeleotris Allen [G. R.] 1996:44, Figs. 1-5 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 23 (no. 1/2); ref. 22222] Creek near Kafa, tributary of the Mubi River, upper Kikori River system, Papua New Guinea, about 6°34.5'S, 143°29.5'E, elevation 650 meters. Holotype (unique): WAM P.31011-001. Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Oxyeleotris caeca Allen 1996 -- (Romero & Paulson 2001:34 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:200 [ref. 28992]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris caeca Allen 1996. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

camerunensis, Eleotris Lönnberg [E.] 1895:195 [Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-akademiens Forhandlingar v. 52 (no. 3); ref. 14584] Cameroon. Syntypes: NRM. •Synonym of Bostrychus africanus (Steindachner 1879) -- (Maugé 1986:390 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:953 [ref. 19381], Lévèque et al. 1991:146 [ref. 31367]). Current status: Synonym of Bostrychus africanus (Steindachner 1879). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

canarensis, Eleotris Day [F.] 1876:313, Pl. 69 (fig. 2) [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Mangalore, India. Syntypes: AMS B.8271 (1); ZSI 2094 (lost), 2507 (1, figured specimen). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762], Ferraris et al. 2000:296 [ref. 25110]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

canina, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1849:20 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Madura Straits near Surabaya and Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Possible types: RMNH 4755. Appeared without distinguishing features in list in Bleeker 1849:5 [ref. 320]. •Valid as Odonteleotris canina (Bleeker 1849) -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532]). Current status: Valid as Odonteleotris canina (Bleeker 1849). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Java and Singapore. Habitat: marine.

cantherius, Eleotris Richardson [J.] 1846:209 [Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 15th meeting [1845]; ref. 3742] Macao, China. No types known. Based solely on illustration by Reeves (see Whitehead 1970:217, Pl. 26b [ref. 11606]). •Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Okada 1961:647 [ref. 6363] as contherinus, Wu in Pan et al. 1991:429 [ref. 23876], Kottelat 2013:393 [ef. 32989]). •Not treated in Zhang et al. 2016:199 [ref. 34477]. Current status: Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cantoris, Eleotris Günther [A.] 1861:109 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Penang, Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.3.19.577 and 1860.3.19.581 (2 half skins), ?NMW 22552 (1). Other localities were listed, but only 2 types specifically mentioned. •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

caperatus, Eleotris Cantor [T. E.] 1849:1179 [197] [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 18 (pt 2); ref. 715] Penang, Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1860.3.19.575 (1, skin), 1860.3.19.583 (1, skin) On p. 197 of separate. •Synonym of Prionobutis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849) -- (Maugé 1986:397 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849) -- (Miller & Wongrat 1990:954 [ref. 19381], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989], Huang et al. 2014:107 [ref. 33161]). Current status: Synonym of Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carmenensis, Hemieleotris Nichols [J. T.] 1952:4 [American Museum Novitates No. 1594; ref. 12793] Carmen Island, Gulf of California, Mexico. Holotype: AMNH 18724. Paratypes: AMNH 20937 (1). •Synonym of Dormitator latifrons (Richardson 1844) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator latifrons (Richardson 1844). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

carvalhonis, Eleotris Starks [E. C.] 1913:65, Pl. 9 [Leland Stanford Jr. University Publications, University Series; ref. 4197] Lake Papary, Brazil. Holotype: CAS-SU 22215. Paratypes: AMNH 3764 (1), CAS-SU 22208 (5). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291]. Holotype specimen designated in plate. •Possibly valid -- (Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937]). •Valid as Eleotris carvalhonis Starks 1913 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:45 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

cassandrae, Fagasa Nichols [J. T.] 1952:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 1594; ref. 12793] Freshwater stream at Rendova Island, New Georgia Group, Solomon Islands. Holotype (unique): AMNH 18573. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Solomon Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

cavifrons, Eleotris Blyth [E.] 1860:145 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Port Blair, Andaman Islands. No types known. Types possibly at ZSI? •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Mennesson & Keith 2017:217 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

cavifrons, Eleotris De Vis [C. W.] 1884:693 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Northeastern coast of Australia. No types known. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Eleotris cavifrons Blyth 1860. Replaced by Eleotris devisi Ogilby 1910. •Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864) -- (Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:80 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

chevalieri, Eleotris Pellegrin [J.] 1923:135 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 1) v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 15421] Fouta Djallon, Guinea, western Africa. Syntypes: MNHN 1906-0344 (5) Ditinn, 1907-0174 (1) Coyon R., 1913-0241 (1) and 0242 (2) Cercle de Pita. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:11 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Kribia nana (Boulenger 1901) -- (Maugé 1986:396 [ref. 6218], Lévèque et al. 1991:146 [ref. 31367], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:627 [ref. 21590], Pezold et al. 2007:489 [ref. 30082]). Current status: Synonym of Kribia nana (Boulenger 1901). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

chinensis, Sparus Osbeck [P.] 1765:340 [Reise nach Ostindien und China; ref. 3311] Pearl River/Chu Chiang, at Huampo or Wampo/Huang Pu Harbour, Canton, Guandong Province, China. No types known. The name has not been used as a valid name after 1899 and is therefore a nomen oblitum; precedence over Cheilodipterus butis Hamilton 1822 is therefore reversed according to ICZN Art. 23.9.1.1. •Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989] dies not feel this is a gobioid; he suggests it is a Siniperca (Percichthyidae). Current status: Synonym of Butis butis (Hamilton 1822). Eleotridae: Butinae.

cingulata, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1991:36, Fig. 3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 19370] Tributary of Ok Tedi River, Upper Fly River, about 15 kilometers south of Tabubil airstrip on Kunga Road, about 5°23'S, 141°18'E, New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.27806-003. Paratypes: AMS IA.7255-57 [not 53-55] (23); KFRS FO4002 (12, missing 2/03); RMNH 28501 (242); WAM P.27388-002 (35), P.27793-004 (2), P.27794-003 (1), P.27799-008 (2), P.27807-003 (1), P.27808-005 (5), P.27812-007 (1); ZMA 113125-26 (27, 8). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda cingulata Allen & Hoese 1991 -- (Allen 1991:160 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:143 [ref. 27467], Allen et al. 2008:153 [ref. 30265], Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda cingulata Allen & Hoese 1991. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Central-southern New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

civitatum, Erotelis smaragdus Ginsburg [I.] 1953:21 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 1806] St. Vincent Island, Florida, U.S.A. Holotype: USNM 123229. Paratypes or additional material: USNM 165549-50 (1, 1). •Synonym of Erotelis smaragdus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:312 [ref. 25013]). •Synonym of Eleotris smaragdus (Valenciennes 1837), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Miller 1998:277 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Erotelis smaragdus (Valenciennes 1837), but a valid subspecies as described -- (Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016:515 [ref. 34497]). Current status: Synonym of Erotelis smaragdus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: brackish, marine.

clarki, Euleptoeleotris Hildebrand [S. F.] 1938:352, Fig. 12 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 12363] Miraflores Locks, Canal Zone, Panama. Holotype: USNM 106508. Paratypes: FMNH 36673-74 (2), USNM 109146-48 (2, 1, 4), 123230 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:35 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Eleotris clarki (Hildebrand 1938) -- (Miller 1998:274, 289 [ref. 24950]). •Valid as Erotelis clarki (Hildebrand 1938) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Valid as Erotelis clarki (Hildebrand 1938). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Panama. Habitat: brackish.

clivicola, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Jenkins [A. P.] 1999:146, Fig. 5 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 24290] Nepouie Spring, about 10 kilometers northeast of Balcanoona homestead, Flinders Ranges, South Australia, Australia. Holotype: SAMA F.4909 (68.6 mm SL). Paratypes: SAMA F.4253 (32), F.4909 (28, with holotype). •Valid as Mogurnda clivicola Allen & Jenkins 1999 -- (Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:306 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:89 [ref. 28129], Hoese 2006:1605 [ref. 28998], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda clivicola Allen & Jenkins 1999. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Australia: spring near Yaraka, and Burdekin River system (Queensland); Flinders Range (South Australia). Habitat: freshwater.

colasi, Oxyeleotris Pouyaud [L.], Kadarusman [no initials] & Hadiaty [R. K.] in Pouyaud, Kadarusman, Hadiaty, Slembrouck, Lemauk, et al. 2013:524, Figs. 1-4 [Cybium v. 36 (no. 4) [2012]; ref. 32533] 3°19.414"S, 113°44.798"E, Jabuenggara Cave on the border of Selewiki Lake, 14 km south of Urisa village, west of Lengguru, Kaimana, West Papur Province, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 20031. Paratypes: MNHN 2012-0034 (4), MZB 20032 (4), •Valid as Oxyeleotris colasi Pouyaud, Kadarusman & Hadiaty 2013. Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris colasi Pouyaud, Kadarusman & Hadiaty 2013. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Lengguru, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

compressus, Eleotris Macleay [W.] 1878:358, Pl. 9 (fig. 7) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 4); ref. 17573] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16382-001 [ex MAMU F998]. Type catalog: Stanbury 1969:208 [ref. 19518]. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Eleotris compressus Krefft 1864, replaced by Eleotris elevata Macleay 1881. •Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864) -- (Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32988], Kuiter 2018:80 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

compressus, Eleotris Krefft [J. L. G.] 1864:184 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 2); ref. 14179] Clarence River and creeks near Port Denison, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.419-420 (3), I.2667 (1); BMNH 1864.7.6.24-25 (2), BMNH (3), BMNH (2), ?ZMB 5919 (1). •Valid as Hypseleotris compressus (Krefft 1864) -- (Hoese & Allen 1983:247 [ref. 8331]). •Valid as Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864) -- (Allen 1991:156 [ref. 21090], Larson & Martin 1990:67 [ref. 16606], Larson & Hoese in McDowall 1996:212 [ref. 22909], Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Allen et al. 2000:142 [ref. 27467], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:293 [ref. 25930], Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186], Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Larson 2007:115 [ref. 29458], Morgan et al. 2011:18 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32988], Morgan et al. 2014:27 [ref. 36567], Pusey et al. 2017:77 [ref. 35250], Kuiter 2018:80 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Southern New Guinea, northern Australia south to Bunbury (Western Australia) and southern New South Wales (Australia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

concolor, Eleotris De Vis [C. W.] 1884:692 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Queensland coast, Australia. Holotype: QM I.219 (poor condition). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:176 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Mogurnda adspersa (Castelnau 1878) -- (Allen & Jenkins 1999:144 [ref. 24290], Hoese 2006:1605 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:71 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Mogurnda adspersa (Castelnau 1878). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cotidianus, Gobiomorphus McDowall [R. M.] 1975:17, Figs. 10-11 [National Museum of New Zealand Records v. 1 (no. 1); ref. 7113] Waiomio Stream, at a quarry about 5 kilometers south of Kawakawa, Northland, New Zealand. Holotype: NMNZ P.5951. Paratypes: NMNZ P.5952 (6). Type catalog: Hardy 1990:14 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Gobiomorphus cotidianus McDowall 1975 -- (Paulin et al. 1989:224 [ref. 24556], McDowall & Stevens 2009:15 [ref. 30477], Larson 2011:239 [ref. 31740], McDowall & Stewart 2015:1567 [ref. 34303]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorphus cotidianus McDowall 1975. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

coxii, Eleotris Krefft [J. L. G.] 1864:183 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 2); ref. 14179] Lagoon near Bronte, Upper Hawkesbury River, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.7.22.29 (1), 1864.7.22.31-32 (2); MNHN 1970 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:11 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Gobiomorphus coxii (Krefft 1864) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:137 [ref. 25473], Larson & Hoese in McDowall 1996:204 [ref. 22909], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:291 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1601 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:78 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorphus coxii (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Australia: northern New South Wales suth to eastern Victoria. Habitat: freshwater.

crescens, Eleotris De Vis [C. W.] 1886:33 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 2 (pt 1); ref. 17388] Gracemere and other lagoons, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: (3) AMS I.390 (1); QM I.948 (1, dry mount), I.3037 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:164-165 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Oxyeleotris lineolata (Steindachner 1867) -- (Hoese 2006:1608 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Oxyeleotris lineolata (Steindachner 1867). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

cubanus, Dormitator Ginsburg [I.] 1953:19 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 1806] San Cristóbal, Pinar del Rio, Cuba. Holotype: USNM 55668. Paratypes: USNM 55688 (1), 123234 (1). •Valid as Dormitator cubanus Ginsburg 1953 -- (Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732]). Current status: Valid as Dormitator cubanus Ginsburg 1953. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Cuba. Habitat: freshwater.

culius, Cheilodipterus Hamilton [F.] 1822:55, 367, Pl. 5 (fig. 16) [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Ponds and ditches of Bengal, India. No types known. Spelled Cheilodepterus culius on plate. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Forster 1801) -- (Ataur Rahman 2003:313 [ref. 31338]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Mennesson & Keith 2017:217 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

cyprinoides, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:248 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Saint-Maurice River, Réunion, western Mascarenes. Syntypes: MNHN A-1568 (1), 2099 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:11 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:241 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:560 [ref. 25598], Allen & Coates 1990:96 [ref. 25561], Fricke 1999:496 [ref. 24106], Keith et al. 1999:108 [ref. 24548], Nakabo 2000:1151 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Skelton 2001:362 [ref. 27406], Nakabo 2002:1151 [ref. 26193], Thacker & Unmack 2005:2, 10 [ref. 28186], Fricke et al. 2009:98 [ref. 30213], Zhang et al. 2016:199 [ref. 34477], Labatos 2017:4 [ref. 36239], Fricke et al. 2018:319 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:15 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:268 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indo_West Pacific: Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to New Ireland (Papua New Guinea), north to Philippines, south to Queensland (Australia). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

daganensis, Eleotris (Culius) Steindachner [F.] 1870:951 [7], Pl. 2 (figs. 3-5) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 60 (1. Abth.); ref. 18767] Near Dagana, Senegal, western Africa. Syntypes: (several) NMW 22488 (1), 75986 (2). On p. 7 of separate. •Valid as Eleotris daganensis Steindachner 1870 -- (Maugé 1986:391 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:954 [ref. 19381], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:835 [ref. 21590], Miller 1998:287 [ref. 24950], Dankwa et al. 1999:50 [ref. 28023], Pezold & Cage 2002:32 [ref. 25941], Pezold et al. 2007:477 [ref. 30082], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Miller in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2829 [ref. 34618], Skelton 2019:228 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris daganensis Steindachner 1870. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Namibia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

dalyensis, Eleotris Rendahl [H.] 1922:192 [Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne v. 60; ref. 3701] Daly River, Arnhem Land, northwestern Australia. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: (10) NRM 10446 (1). Specimen ZMUO J1101 is labeled holotype and J5234 as paratype but they are not types according to Pethon 1969:1, 9 [ref. 19268]. •Synonym of Oxyeleotris lineolata (Steindachner 1867) -- (Hoese 2006:1608 [ref. 28998]). •Synonym of Oxyeleotris selheimi (Maclaey 1884) -- (Larson et al. 2013:188 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Synonym of Oxyeleotris selheimi (Macleay 1884). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

danius, Atherina Hamilton [F.] 1822:222, 381 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; ref. 2031] Mahananda River, India. No types known. A goby according to D. Hoese, pers. comm •Species inquirenda in Eleotris -- (Kottelat 2013:391 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris danius (Hamilton 1822). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: India (if valid).

darwiniense, Agonostoma Macleay [W.] 1878:360, Pl. 9 (fig. 8) [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 2 (pt 4); ref. 17573] Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.14855 (1), I.16385-001 [ex MAMU F970] (14). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:166 [ref. 2676], Stanbury 1969:208 [ref. 19518]. •Synonym of Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Hoese 2006:1607 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2013:187 [ref. 32988]). •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dasyrhynchus, Eleotris Günther [A.] 1868:265 [2], Pl. 12 (fig. B) [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 1 (no. 4) (art. 34); ref. 14074] Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Syntypes: BMNH 1868.1.28.20-22 (3), MSNG 12692 (5), ZMB 6791 (1). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:341 [ref. 10350]. On p. 2 of separate. Spelled dasyrhyncus in plate caption; first reviser not researched (possibly Eschmeyer et al. 1998:457 selecting dasyrhynchus accordinhg to Kottelat (2013)). •Valid as Prionobutis dasyrhynchus (Günther 1868) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:135 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:247 [ref. 23210], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Prionobutis dasyrhynchus (Günther 1868). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Borneo. Habitat: freshwater.

dayi, Hypseleotris Smith [J. L. B.] 1950:707, Fig. 2 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 12) v. 3 (no. 32) (art. 61); ref. 12976] Estuary of a tributary to St. Lucia Lake, Zululand, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Syntypes: SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 229 (2). •Valid as Hypseleotris dayi Smith 1950 -- (Maugé 1986:395 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:810 [ref. 5670], Skelton 1993:362 [ref. 24071]). •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: South Africa. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

delagoensis, Eleotris Barnard [K. H.] 1927:70 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 9) v. 20 (no. 115) (art. 8); ref. 193] Delagoa Bay, Mozambique, western Indian Ocean. Holotype (unique): SAM 15548. Also appeared as new in Barnard 1927:811 [ref. 194]. •Synonym of Prionobutis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849) -- (Maugé 1986:397 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:810 [ref. 5670]). •Synonym of Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849) -- (Miller & Wongrat 1990:954 [ref. 19381], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

devisi, Eleotris Ogilby [J. D.] 1897:753 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 21 (pt 4); ref. 3274] Northeastern coast of Australia. No types known. Replacement name for Eleotris cavifrons De Vis 1884, preoccupied by Eleotris cavifrons Blyth 1860. •Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864) -- (Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:80 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

diaphana, Fagasa Harry [R. R.] 1949:143 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 39 (no. 4); ref. 13014] Mouth of small brackish stream near Lengo, north coast of Guadalcanal Island, Solomon Islands, western Pacific. Holotype: CAS-SU 14894. Paratypes: CAS-SU 14895-96 (now 67, 3), 68832 [ex 14895] (1 c&s); USNM 144486 (2). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291]. Eleotridae.

diepiptera, Scorpaena Bianconi [G. G.] 1862:390 [=290], Pl. 11 (fig. 1) [Specimina zoologica mosambicana; ref. 295] Mozambique. No types known. Name also appeared in Bianconi 1862:474 [ref. 26456] with figure. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

dormitator, Platycephalus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Plumier) 1801:60, Pl. 12 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Martinica [Martinique Island, West Indies]. No types known. Apparently independent of Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède 1800, but based on the same source. Based on Cephalus palustris in a manuscript description and drawing by Plumier (Charles Plumier, 1646-1704, French explorer and botanist). •Synonym of Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède 1800 -- (Lee et al. 1980:784 [ref. 22416], Miller & Wongrat 1990:957 [ref. 19381], Lim et al. 2002:94 [ref. 28310], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:660 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède 1800. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dormitatrix, Eleotris Cuvier [G.] 1816:246 [Le Règne Animal v. 2; ref. 993] New name or combination for Platycephalus dormitator of Bloch & Schndeider 1801. •In the synonymy of Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède 1800 -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:410 [ref. 24550]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède 1800. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

dormitor, Gobiomorus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Plumier) 1800:583, 589 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] Amérique méridionale [Martinique, West Indies]. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:51 [ref. 19958]. Based on Cephalus palustris in a manuscript description and drawing by Plumier (Charles Plumier, 1646-1704, French explorer and botanist). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:263, 271 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède 1800 -- (Pezold & Edwards 1983:104 [ref. 37431], Robins & Ray 1986:240 [ref. 23100], Bussing 1987:249 [ref. 22927], Miller & Wongrat 1990:956 [ref. 19381], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:73 [ref. 22290], Cervigón 1994:146 [ref. 24488], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:230 [ref. 22947], Bussing 1998:420 [ref. 24179], Musick 2000:18 [ref. 24959], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:660 [ref. 27061], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:659 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:392 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:12 [ref. 30400], Matamoros et al. 2009:24 [ref. 31241], Page & Burr 2011:616 [ref. 31215], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Phillip et al. 2013:24 [ref. 32896], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:74 [ref. 33341], Schmidt & McMullin 2015:4 [ref. 36603], Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016:515 [ref. 34497], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:406 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède 1800. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: Florida to Texas (U.S.A.) south to Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

draco, Eleotris Dabry de Thiersant [P.] 1872:179, Pl. 37 (fig. 4) [La pisciculture et la pêche en Chine; ref. 12507] Mountain streams, China. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:49 [ref. 19958]. Eleotridae. Habitat: freshwater.

dumerilii, Eleotris Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:52 [13] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Gabon. Holotype: MNHN A-1665. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:11 [ref. 19958]. On p. 13 of separate. Replacement name for Eleotris maculata Duméril 1861, secondary homonym of Sciaena maculata Bloch 1792. •Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861 -- (Maugé 1986:394 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eigenmanni, Eleotris Popta [C. M. L.] 1921:206 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 6 (art. 15); ref. 15325] Raha in Muna, Sunda Islands, Indonesia. Syntypes: (7) SMF 6594 (1), 6595-99 (5). •Questionably a synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1852 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

eilperinae, Calumia Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2010:73, Figs. 2-3 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 16 (no. 2); ref. 30800] Pulau Nurage, 3°01.807'S, 134°50.058'E, Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, Indonesia, depth 5-12 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6325. Paratypes: WAM P.33046-005 (1). •Valid as Calumia eilperinae Allen & Erdmann 2010 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:856 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Calumia eilperinae Allen & Erdmann 2010. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

ejuncida, Hypseleotris Hoese [D. F.] & Allen [G. R.] in Allen 1982:56, Fig. 6 [Inland fishes of Western Australia; ref. 21819] Gundarara Creek, about 2 kilometers above junction with Prince Regent River, West Kimberley, Western Australia, about 15°49'S, 125°37'E. Holotype: WAM P.25032-009. Paratypes: AMS I.22745-001 (4); WAM P.25032-008 [not P.25032-002] (8). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117]. Also appeared in Hoese & Allen 1983:255, fig. 6 [ref. 8331]. •Valid as Hypseleotris ejuncida Hoese & Allen 1982 -- (Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:294 [ref. 25930], Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186] dated to 1983, Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Larson 2007:115 [ref. 29458], Morgan et al. 2011:18 [ref. 31262]). Current status: Valid as Hypseleotris ejuncida Hoese & Allen 1982. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Australia: Prince Regent River system, Kimberley (Western Australia) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

eleotris, Eleotris Walbaum [J. J.] 1792:652 [Petri Artedi sueci genera piscium Part 3; ref. 4572] China. Eleotridae.

elevata, Eleotris Macleay [W.] 1881:622 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS I.16382-001 [ex MAMU F998]. Type information: Koumans 1940:159 [ref. 2676]. Replacement name for Eleotris compressus Macleay 1878, preoccupied by Eleotris compressus Krefft 1864. •Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864) -- (Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32988], Kuiter 2018:80 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

elongata, Kribia nana Blache [J.] & Miton [F.] 1961:399 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 32 (no. 5) (1960); ref. 7449] Mayo Koubao [Koubas], tributary of Logone supérieur, entre Moundou and Domane, Chad basin. Syntypes: MNHN 1959-0413 (now 3); 1959-0240 (1). Type catalog: Blanc 1961:274 [ref. 20870], Bauchot et al. 1991:16 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Kribia nana (Boulenger 1901) -- (Maugé 1986:396 [ref. 6218], Lévèque et al. 1991:146 [ref. 31367], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:827 [ref. 21590]). Current status: Synonym of Kribia nana (Boulenger 1901). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

everetti, Asterropteryx Boulenger [G. A.] 1895:186 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 6) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 20); ref. 14549] Palawan Island, Philippines. Syntypes: BMNH 1894.6.30.172-177 (6). •Species inquendae in Hypseleotris -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

expatria, Boroda Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:59, Pl. 5 (fig. 1) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Philippines (exact locality unknown, probably Lake Manguao). Holotype: BSMP 11468 (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (5) presumed destroyed. Additional material: BSMP (16) presumed destroyed. Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

fasciatus, Eleotris Chen [T.-R.] 1964:45, Fig. 4 [Quarterly Journal of the Taiwan Museum (Taipei) v. 17 (nos 1-2); ref. 1615] Lan-yu (Botel Tobago), Taiwan. Holotype: whereabouts unknown. Paratypes: (1) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432]. Should be spelled Eleotris fasciata. •Valid as Eleotris fasciata Chen 1964 -- (Wu in Pan et al. 1991:436 [ref. 23876] as fasciatus, Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Zhu 1995:175 [ref. 25213] as fasciatus, Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432] as fasciatus). Current status: Valid as Eleotris fasciata Chen 1964. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Taiwan. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

feai, Eleotris Thys van den Audenaerde [D. F. E.] & Tortonese [E.] 1974:157, Fig. 1 [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale `Giacomo Doria' v. 80; ref. 6829] Annobón Island, Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea. Holotype: MSNG 44577. Paratypes: BMNH 1974.5.13.1 (1); MRAC 74-45-P-1 (1); MSNG 44578 (9). •Valid as Eleotris feai Thys van den Audenaerde & Tortonese 1974 -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218], Miller 1998:287 [ref. 24950], Pezold & Cage 2002:33 [ref. 25941]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris feai Thys van den Audenaerde & Tortonese 1974. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater.

fimbriatus, Eleotris Weber [M.] 1907:254 [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Etna Bai, southwestern New Guinea. Holotype (unique): ZMA 111814. Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:96 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Oxyeleotris fimbriata (Weber 1907) -- (Roberts 1978:65 [ref. 8886], Allen & Hoese 1986:97 [ref. 6252], Allen & Coates 1990:102 [ref. 25561], Allen & Coates 1990:133 [ref. 15715], Allen 1991:168 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:302 [ref. 21400], Allen & Jebb 1993:239 [ref. 21102], Allen & Renyaan 1996:55 [ref. 22224], Allen et al. 2000:145 [ref. 27467] dated 1908, Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:312 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1607 [ref. 28998] dated 1908, Allen et al. 2008:156 [ref. 30265], Pusey et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris fimbriata (Weber 1907). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Northern Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

fittkaui, Leptophilypnion Roberts [T. R.] 2013:94, Figs. 9-12 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 19 (issue 2); ref. 32684] Rio Negro watershed, Rio Cuieiras, Igarapé Cachoeira at Cachoeira Pedras dos Indios, approximately 60 km NW of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. Holotype: ZSM 42292. Paratypes: ZSM 28288 (1), 28290 (1), 28291 (6), 28293 (1) •Valid as Leptophilypnion fittkaui Roberts 2013. Current status: Valid as Leptophilypnion fittkaui Roberts 2013. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Near Manaus, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

flammans, Eleotris Cantor [T. E.] 1842:484 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (New Series) v. 9 (nos 58, 59, 60); ref. 17344] Chusan Island, China. No types known. Eleotridae.

flavimarginata, Allomogurnda Allen [G. R.] 2003:981, Fig. 5 [v. 17 (no. 3-4) (for Sept-Dec. 2003); ref. 28504] Bulolo, 7°20'S, 146°42'E, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.32377-001. Paratypes: USNM 374075 (4); WAM P.27407-001 (2), P.32377-002 (4). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Allomogurnda flavimarginata Allen 2003. Current status: Valid as Allomogurnda flavimarginata Allen 2003. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

fluviatilis, Leptophilypnus Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1916:361 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 15); ref. 2962] Creek at Mindi, Canal Zone, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 8952. Paratypes: FMNH 8569-88 (20), 55284 (1); UMMZ 162474 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:52 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Leptophilypnus fluviatilis Meek & Hildebrand 1916 -- (Miller 1998:277 [ref. 24950], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:661 [ref. 27061], Thacker et al. 2006:491 [ref. 28798], Matamoros et al. 2009:24 [ref. 31241], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1007 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Leptophilypnus fluviatilis Meek & Hildebrand 1916. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope of Costa Rica, Panama and Honduras. Habitat: freshwater.

foizonae, Eleotris Sauvage [H.-E.] 1891:521 [footnote 6], Pl. 44A (fig. 2) [Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar; ref. 14503] An unjustified emendation of Eleotris tohizonae Steindachner 1880. •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fornasini, Eleotris Bianconi [G. G.] 1857:267, Pl. 8 [Specimina zoologica mosambicana; ref. 295] Mozambique. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1852.9.13.179. Name also appeared in Bianconi 1858:441 [ref. 26454] with figure. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Forster 1801) -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

fortis, Eleotris Tanaka [S.] 1912:106, Pl. 27 (figs. 108-109), 28 (fig. 113) [Figures and descriptions of the fishes of Japan v. 6; ref. 6033] Tansui River near Taihoku, northern Taiwan. Holotype (unique): ZUMT uncat. (apparently lost). Type catalog: Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432]. •Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Okada 1961:647 [ref. 6363], Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432]). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

francoi, Boroda Roxas [H. A.] & Ablan [G. L.] 1940:303, Pl. 2 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 73 (no. 3); ref. 13218] Dagupan River, Pangasinan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype: BSM 31947 (destroyed in WWII). Paratypes: (1, destroyed in WWII). •Synonym of Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

furva, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1986:83, Figs. 3-4 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 1); ref. 6252] Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.28158-009. Paratypes: WAM P.28158-011 (2). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda furva Allen & Hoese 1986 -- (Allen & Hoese 1991:38 [ref. 19370], Allen 1991:160 [ref. 21090], Jenkins et al. 2000:50 [ref. 24444], Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda furva Allen & Hoese 1986. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

fusca, Poecilia Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] (ex Forster) 1801:453 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Pacific islands [is Oriadea = Raiatea, Society Islands, French Polynesia, South Pacific]. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Forster manuscript reproduced as Cobitis pacifica in Lichtenstein 1844:235-236 [ref. 17531]. •Valid as Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) [sometimes authorship given as Forster] -- (Roberts 1978:65 [ref. 8886], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:240 [ref. 6441], Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:809 [ref. 5670], Ataur Rahman 1989:287 [ref. 24860], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:554 [ref. 25598], Zheng 1989:334 [ref. 21202], Pethiyagoda 1991:240 [ref. 20075], Allen 1991:155 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:975 [ref. 20764], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:434 [ref. 23876], Allen et al. 1992:302 [ref. 21400], Skelton 1993:360 [ref. 24071], Roberts 1993:42 [ref. 21799], Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Zhu 1995:175 [ref. 25213], Rainboth 1996:195 [ref. 22772], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Marquet et al. 1999:43 [ref. 23934], Fricke 1999:494 [ref. 24106] with note on locality, Keith et al. 1999:104 [ref. 24548], Mishra et al. 1999:88 [ref. 25315], Allen 2000:92 [ref. 37268], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1150 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:60 [ref. 25191], Freyhof et al. 2000:97 [ref. 25184], Stiassny & Harrison 2000:150 [ref. 25252], Bijukumar & Sushama 2000:187 [ref. 25703], Kottelat 2001:60 [ref. 25482], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:107 [ref. 25693], Skelton 2001:360 [ref. 27406] with author as Schneider, Allen et al. 2002:319 [ref. 25930], Keith et al. 2002:120 [ref. 31473], Nakabo 2002:1150 [ref. 26193], Manilo & Bogorodsky 2003:S117 [ref. 27377], Ataur Rahman 2003:312 [ref. 31338], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Heemstra et al. 2004:3330, 3338 [ref. 27945], Seegers et al. 2003:46 [ref. 28087], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Hoese 2006:1599 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Allen et al. 2008:151 [ref. 30265], Fricke et al. 2009:98 [ref. 30213], Yonezawa et al. 2010:253 [ref. 30902], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Maeda et al. 2011:257 [ref. 32003], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492], Zhang et al. 2016:198 [ref. 34477], Mennesson et al. 2016:498, 503 [ref. 34867], Koeda et al. 2016:87 [ref. 35333], Pusey et al. 2017:85 [ref. 35250], Mennesson & Keith 2017:217 [ref. 35460], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Mennesson et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36105], Suresh et al. 2018:279 [ref. 36495], Arndt & Fricke 2019:15 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:268 [ref. 36673], Zajonz et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific: East Africa, Socotra and Mascarenes east to Gambier Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa. Western Indian Ocean populations may be based on cryptic species [ref. 36105]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

galii, Carassiops (Austrogobio) Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:788 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 22 (pt 4); ref. 3278] Botanical Gardens, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (perhaps originally caught in Turon River). No types known. •Valid as Hypseleotris galii (Ogilby 1898) -- (Larson & Hoese in McDowall 1996:214 [ref. 22909], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466] as gallii, Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:295 [ref. 25930], Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186], Hoese 2006:1603 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Valid as Hypseleotris galii (Ogilby 1898). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

gobioides, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:247 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Bay of Islands, New Zealand. Lectotype: MNHN A-1671. Paralectotypes: MNHN 1988-0813 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:12 [ref. 19958]. Lectotype selected by McDowall 1973 [ref. 19959]. •Valid as Gobiomorphus gobioides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (McDowall 1975:11 [ref. 7113], Larson 2011:239 [ref. 31740], McDowall & Stewart 2015:1568 [ref. 34303]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorphus gobioides (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

godeffroyi, Eleotris Günther [A.] 1877:188, Pl. 122 (fig. B) [Journal des Museum Godeffroy v. 4 (no. 13); ref. 14243] Raiatea and Tahiti, Society Islands. Syntypes: (2) BMNH 1877.4.26.8 (1) Tahiti. •Valid as Calumia godeffroyi (Günther 1877) -- (Larson & Hoese 1980:18 [ref. 8699] with a holotype, Hoese 1986:808 [ref. 5670], Randall et al. 1990:390 [ref. 15987], Chen et al. 1997:148 [ref. 24620], Randall et al. 1997:390 [ref. 25919], Myers 1999:234 [ref. 23965], Allen 2000:92 [ref. 37268], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1151 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1151 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Randall 2005:559 [ref. 28239], Hoese 2006:1599 [ref. 28998], Allen & Erdmann 2010:72 [ref. 30800], Allen & Erdmann 2012:855 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932], Fricke et al. 2018:317 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Calumia godeffroyi (Günther 1877). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indo.West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and Loyalty Islands. Habitat: marine.

gracilis, Ophiocara Tanaka [S.] 1909:19 [Journal of the College of Science. Imperial University, Tokyo v. 27 (art. 8); ref. 4322] Yaeyama, Ishigaki Island, southern Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Holotype: ZUMT 1737. Paratypes: ZUMT (several, whereabouts unknown). •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

grandiceps, Eleotris Krefft [J. L. G.] 1864:183 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 2); ref. 14179] Upper Hawkesbury River, freshwater lagoons near Bronte and Richmond, eastern Creek, other tributaries, New South Wales,Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.2671-72 (2), BMNH 1864.7.22.40-44 (5), MNHN 1972 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:12 [ref. 19958]. Type information: Koumans 1940:165 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Philypnodon grandiceps (Krefft 1864) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:138 [ref. 25473], Kuiter 1993:368 [ref. 23929], Gomon et al. 1994:811 [ref. 22532], Larson & Hoese in McDowall 1996:202 [ref. 22909], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:316 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:89 [ref. 28129], Hoese & Reader 2006:18 [ref. 28904], Hoese 2006:1609 [ref. 28998], Hoese 2008:747 [ref. 30659], Larson 2011:237 [ref. 31740], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389], Kuiter 2018:72 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Philypnodon grandiceps (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland to South Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

grandisquama, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:229 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] America. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1564. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:12 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

guatemalensis, Leptophilypnus Thacker [C. E.] & Pezold [F. L.] in Thacker, Pezold & Suttkus 2006:494, Figs. 1B, 3 [Copeia 2006 (no. 3); ref. 28798] Huehuetenango, Rio San Ramon, about 300 meters below outfall from underground, Guatemala, elevation 240 meters. Holotype: UMMZ 245081 [ex UMMZ 197087]. Paratypes: FMNH 116467 (2); LACM 56288-1 (2); NLU 78593 (2); UMMZ 197087 (32). •Valid as Leptophilypnus guatemalensis Thacker & Pezold 2006 -- (Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], Roberts 2013:85 [ref. 32684]). Current status: Valid as Leptophilypnus guatemalensis Thacker & Pezold 2006. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Usumacinta watershed draining into the Gulf of Mexico west of Yucatan Peninsula. Habitat: freshwater.

guavina, Batrachus Bloch [M. E.] & Schneider [J. G.] 1801:44 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Havana, Cuba. No types known. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

guavina, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:223 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Martinique Island, West Indies; Suriname; Cuba. Syntypes: ?MNHN A-1565 (1) Suriname, A-1566 (1) Martinique, A-2532 (1) Senegel; RMNH 2041 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:12 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Guavina guavina (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Miller & Wongrat 1990:956 [ref. 19381], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:73 [ref. 22290], Cervigón 1994:147 [ref. 24488], Taylor 1996:120 [ref. 24969], Torelli et al. 1997:70 [ref. 24612], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:418 [ref. 24550], Taylor 2001:153 [ref. 25200], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Lim et al. 2002:96 [ref. 28310], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:660 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:394 [ref. 28615], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Phillip et al. 2013:24 [ref. 32896], Angulo et al. 2013:1007 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:75 [ref. 33341], DoNascimiento 2016:536 [ref. 34727], Marceniuk et al. 2017:41 [ref. 35324], Costa et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35684], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781]). Current status: Valid as Guavina guavina (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

guentheri, Asterropteryx Bleeker [P.] 1875:112 [12] [Archives néerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles v. 10; ref. 440] Oualan [Kosrae], Caroline Islands, western Pacific. Holotype (unique): BMNH 2003.8.7.1. On p. 12 of separate. Based on Eleotris cyprinoides of Günther (not of Valenciennes). •Questionably a synonym of Hypseleotris leuciscus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Hypseleotris guentheri (Bleeker 1875) -- (Allen 1991:156 [ref. 21090], Zhu 1995:175 [ref. 25213], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:60 [ref. 25191], Fricke et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33932]). •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Thacker & Unmack 2005:2, 10 [ref. 28186]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Indonesia east to Caroline Islands and Samoa, south to New Caledonia [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

guentheri, Ophiocara aporos var. Koumans [F. P.] 1937:19 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 20; ref. 2675] Palau Islands [Pelew Islands], western Pacific. Holotype (unique): RMNH 11422. Originally as güntheri. •Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

gundlachi, Eleotris Poey [F.] 1860:272 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Santiago, Cuba (fresh water). Syntypes: ?MCZ 13374 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:213 [ref. 22926]. •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

guttatissimus, Eleotris Bliss [R.] in Gudger 1929:518 [Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History v. 58 (art. 9); ref. 11187] Name on a drawing by Pike from Mauritius, not available, no description -- (Fricke 1999:264 [ref. 24106]). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

gymnocephalus, Dormitator Eigenmann [C. H.] 1912:523 [Memoirs of the Carnegie Museum v. 5 (no. 1); ref. 1227] Konawaruk, Guyana. Holotype (unique): FMNH 53922 [ex CM 2438]. Type catalog: Henn 1928:96 [ref. 12305], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:33 [ref. 12367]. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

gymnocephalus, Eleotris Steindachner [F.] 1866:51 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3 (no. 7); ref. 20460] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: (orig. 4) NMW 22519 (3), ?22534 (2), ?76704 (2). Appeared first in the abstract as above, then in Steindachner 1866:453 [on p. 30 of separate] Pl. 2 (figs. 3-3a) [ref. 4210]. •Synonym of Philypnodon grandiceps (Krefft 1864) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:812 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1609 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:72 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Philypnodon grandiceps (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gymnopomus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:274 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Valid as Butis gymnopomus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Mohsin & Ambak 1996:562 [ref. 27969], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293] dated 1854, Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Larson et al. 2008:137 [ref. 29532], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989], Batuwita et al. 2016:252 [ref. 34819]). Current status: Valid as Butis gymnopomus (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Asia and Sri Lanka [ref. 34819]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

gyrinoides, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:272 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Benculen [Bengkulu], Priaman, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4751 (3). Original as gyrinoïdes. •Valid as Oxyeleotris gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen 1991:169 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:302 [ref. 21400], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797]). •Valid as Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853) -- (Allen & Coates 1990:133 [ref. 15715], Kottelat et al. 1993:133 [ref. 23448], Krishnan & Mishra 1993:232 [ref. 24016], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Allen et al. 2000:137 [ref. 27467], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Allen et al. 2002:288 [ref. 25930], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Hoese 2006:1598 [ref. 28998], Huang & Chen 2008:184 [ref. 30067], Allen et al. 2008:148 [ref. 30265], Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492], Labatos 2017:4 [ref. 36239], Pusey et al. 2017:83 [ref. 35250], Fricke et al. 2019:268 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Sri Lanka east to Caroline Islands, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

gyrinus, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:220, Pl. 356 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Saint Dominique; Martinique Island, West Indies; Artibonite River, Suriname; Mexico. Syntypes: MNHN A-1597 (1) Martinique, MNHN A-1672 (1) Suriname, MNHN A-1673 (3) Suriname, MNHN A-1693 (1) Surname, MNHN A-1698 (3) Saint Domingo. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:12 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Eleotris gyrinus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:417 [ref. 24550], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Caribbean. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

hainanensis, Eleotris Chen [J. T. F.] 1933:370, Figs. 1-2 [Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Série 2) v. 5 (no. 5); ref. 16476] Hoihow, northern Hainan Island, China. No types known. •Synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:265 [ref. 26639], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:429 [ref. 23876]). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Wu in Pan et al. 1991:431 [ref. 23876], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:199 [ref. 34477] (also treated as synonym of Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845)). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hainanensis, Eleotris acanthopoma Wu [H.-L.] 1991:432 [English p. 434], Fig. 258 [Freshwater fishes of Guangdong Province, China; ref. 21332] Wanquan River, Chaoyang, Qionghai, Hainan Island, China. Holotype: SFC 603. Paratypes: SFC 607 (1), 609 (1), 613 (1), 623 (1); SH 10341 (1), 65-0900 (1). Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Eleotris hainanensis Chen 1933. •Incorrectly treated as valid -- (Zhu 1995:174 [ref. 25213]). •Synonym of Eleotris acanthopoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:198 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris acanthopoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

herwerdenii, Eleotris Weber [M.] 1910:238 [Notes from the Leyden Museum v. 32 (pt. 4) (art. 28); ref. 14597] Lorentz River, western New Guinea. Syntypes: BMNH 1913.12.15.35; FMNH 52462 [CM 720] (1) Lorentz R.; RMNH 15430 [ex ZMA] (1); ZMA 112931-34 (1, 1, 2, 2), 112936-38 (1, 1, 5). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:97 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:33 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Bunaka herwerdenii (Weber 1910) -- (Roberts 1978:65 [ref. 8886]). •Valid as Oxyeleotris herwerdenii (Weber 1910) -- (Allen 1991:169 [ref. 21090]). •Mention as Oxyeleotris herwerdinii [sic] -- (Allen et al. 2000:148 [ref. 27467], Allen et al. 2008:157 [ref. 30265], Morgan et al. 2011:20 [ref. 31262]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris herwerdenii (Weber 1910). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Central-southern New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

heterodon, Eleotris (Oxyeleotris) Weber [M.] 1907:255, Pl. 13 (fig. 7) [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Lake Sentani and Moso River, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Syntypes: (14) BMNH 1913.12.15.34 (1); FMNH 52460 [ex CM 720] (1) Lake Sentani; NMW 57206 (1); ZMA 112072-74 (1, 1, 7). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:97 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:33 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Oxyeleotris heterodon (Weber 1907) -- (Allen & Coates 1990:103 [ref. 25561], Allen & Coates 1990:133 [ref. 15715], Allen 1991:170 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:302 [ref. 21400]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris heterodon (Weber 1907). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea and Irian Jaya. Habitat: freshwater.

heterolepis, Eleotris Günther [A.] 1869:445 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 3 (no. 18) (art. 55); ref. 18191] Lower Sarawak River basin, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1868.6.9.16. Not a type: MSNG 6805 (1, not found in 1995). Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:342 [ref. 10350], Tan & Grinang 2018:209 [ref. 36074]. Comments on type locality see Tan & Grinang 2018:7 [ref. 36074]. •Valid as Pogoneleotris heterolepis (Günther 1869) -- (Kottelat & Lim 1995:247 [ref. 23210], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Parenti & Lim 2005:194 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989], Tan & Grinang 2018:203 [ref. 36074], Larson & Tan 2019:385 [ref. 36912]). Current status: Valid as Pogoneleotris heterolepis (Günther 1869). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Southeast Asia: southern Sarawak (Malaysia), Borneo. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

heterura, Eleotris Steindachner [F.] 1879:154 [36], Pl. 2 (figs. 1-1a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 4229] No locality. Holotype (unique): SMNS 12823 [ex 224a]. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:12 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:36 [ref. 29864]. On p. 36 of separate. •Probably a synonym of Eleotris daganensis Steindachner 1870 -- (P. Miller pers. comm. in Fricke 1995:12 [ref. 28100]). Current status: Uncertain as Eleotris daganensis Steindachner 1870. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

hilgendorfi, Eleotris Pietschmann [V.] 1913:182 [footnote] [Jahrbücher des Nassauischen Vereins für Naturkunde. Wiesbaden v. 66; ref. 14972] Haiti, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ZMB 12760. Replacement name for Eleotris maltzani Hilgendorf 1889, preoccupied by Eleotris maltzani Steindachner 1881. •Wrongly as an objective synonym of Wheelerigobius maltzani (Steindachner 1881) -- (Maugé 1986:386 [ref. 6218], Miller 1990:949 [ref. 19376] who apparently regarded Steindachner's name as the one being replaced). •Synonym of Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:42 [ref. 25941]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

hoedtii, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1854:496 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 344] Ambon Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5180 (largest of 17). •Valid as Giuris hoedti (Bleeker 1854) as Giurus -- (Allen et al. 2000:140 [ref. 27467]). •Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

hoesei, Allomogurnda Allen [G. R.] 2003:982, Fig. 6 [v. 17 (no. 3-4) (for Sept-Dec. 2003); ref. 28504] Southern Highlands Province, 6°16'S, 144°00'E, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMNH 48605. Paratypes: AMNH 48604 (12). •Valid as Allomogurnda hoesei Allen 2003. Current status: Valid as Allomogurnda hoesei Allen 2003. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

hopletupus, Lairdina Fowler [H. W.] 1953:386, Fig. 1 [Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 81 (pt 3); ref. 1464] Hoofprint pools at edge of ponded creek, Singatoka, South Viti Levu, Fiji Islands. Holotype: ANSP 71968 (poor condition). Paratypes: ANSP 71969 (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:107 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

hubbsi, Philypnodon Stokell [G.] 1959:267, Pl. 22 (figs. 1, 3) [Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand v. 87 (pt 3-4); ref. 12030] Ashley River, Canterbury, New Zealand, about 16 kilometers from sea. Holotype: NMNZ P.2778. Paratypes: (several) whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Hardy 1990:14 [ref. 18942]. •Valid as Gobiomorphus hubbsi (Stokell 1959) -- (McDowall 1975:15 [ref. 7113], Paulin et al. 1989:224 [ref. 24556], McDowall & Stevens 2009:23 [ref. 30477], Larson 2011:239 [ref. 31740], McDowall & Stewart 2015:1569 [ref. 34303]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorphus hubbsi (Stokell 1959). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

humeralis, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:246 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Bengal, India. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1563. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:13 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Butis humeralis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Sadovy & Cornish 2000:253 [ref. 25480], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Larson et al. 2008:137 [ref. 29532], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:188 [ref. 34464], Motomura et al. 2017:195 [ref. 35490]). Current status: Valid as Butis humeralis (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indochina and Indonesia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

humilis, Eleotris De Vis [C. W.] 1884:690 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: QM I.91 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:166, 176 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864) -- (Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:80 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

hutchinsi, Kimberleyeleotris Hoese [D. F.] & Allen [G. R.] 1987:36, Figs. 1-2 [Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 6604] Tributary of Mitchell River, 14°49'S, 125°42'E, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25684-009. Paratypes: AMS I.26322-001 (2, c&s), I.26255-001 (8); WAM P.25683-008 (2), P.25684-007 (14). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117].. Misspelled Kimberleotris in species heading on p. 37, otherwise Kimbereleotris. •Valid as Kimberleyeleotris hutchinsi Hoese & Allen 1987 -- (Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:302 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1604 [ref. 28998], Morgan et al. 2011:19 [ref. 31262]). Current status: Valid as Kimberleyeleotris hutchinsi Hoese & Allen 1987. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

huttoni, Eleotris Ogilby [J. D.] 1894:369 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales (Series 2) v. 9 (pt 2); ref. 3267] Waikato River, New Zealand. Holotype (unique): AMS I.3162. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:167 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby 1894) -- (McDowall 1975:8 [ref. 7113], Paulin et al. 1989:224 [ref. 24556], Larson 2011:239 [ref. 31740], McDowall & Stewart 2015:1570 [ref. 34303]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby 1894). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: New Zealand. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

hypolyrasimeion, Microphilypnus Caires [R. A.] & Toledo-Piza [M.] 2018:49, Figs. 1-4 [Copeia v. 106 (no. 1); ref. 35793] Igarapé do Maiuxi, right margin of Rio Negro, downstream mouth of Rio Aiuanã, Amazonas, Brazil, 0°32'42.4"S, 64°52' 54.7"W. Holotype: MZUSP 121679. Paratypes: MZUSP. •Valid as Microphilypnus hypolyrasimeion Caires & Toledo-Piza 2018. Current status: Valid as Microphilypnus hypolyrasimeion Caires & Toledo-Piza 2018. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Upper Rio Negro basin, Amazonas, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

immaculatis, Eleotris Macleay [W.] 1883:268 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 17587] Keremma River, Gulf of Papua, Papua New Guinea. Holotype (unique): AMS I.9069. •Synonym of Oxyeleotris lineolata (Steindachner 1867) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Oxyeleotris lineolata (Steindachner 1867). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

incerta, Eleotris Blyth [E.] 1860:146 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Fish markets at Calcutta, India. No types known. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Mennesson & Keith 2017:217 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

insularis, Allomogurnda Allen [G. R.] 2003:984, Figs. 7-9 [v. 17 (no. 3-4) (for Sept-Dec. 2003); ref. 28504] Matalamoia River, 9°21'54.3"S, 150°20'02.6"E, 3.4 kilometers northwaest of Bolubolu on road to Vivigani airport, Goodenough Island, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea., elevation about 76 meters. Holotype: WAM P.32356-001. Paratypes: USNM 374071 (4). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Allomogurnda insularis Allen 2003. Current status: Valid as Allomogurnda insularis Allen 2003. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Goodenough Island, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

insulindicus, Culius Bleeker [P.] 1875:107 [7] [Archives néerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles v. 10; ref. 440] Padang, Sumatra; Singapore; Buru (Kajali); Ambon; Kupang,Timor. Syntypes: RMNH 4804 (12). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

iota, Lindemanella Whitley [G. P.] 1935:242 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 19 (no. 4); ref. 4683] Freshwater creek on Lindeman Island, northern Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): AMS IA.6411. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:170 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese 2006:1607 [ref. 28998]). •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

isthmensis, Eleotris Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1916:359 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 15); ref. 2962] Mindi Cut, Canal Zone, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 8951. Paratypes: FMNH 27240-61 (21), 27262-63 (1, 1), 27264-65 (2), 27266-67 (1, 1), 55287 (1); ?USNM 79067 (21). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:140 [ref. 2676], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:33 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Eleotris isthmensis Meek & Hildebrand 1916 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871) -- (Bussing 1987:244 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937], Bussing 1998:414 [ref. 24179], Pezold & Cage 2002:39 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris amblyopsis (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Panama. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

itimbiriensis, Eleotris nana David [L.] & Poll [M.] 1937:244 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 3 (fasc. 5); ref. 1043] Koteli, Congo. Syntypes: (12) MRAC 23115-18 (4), 25537-39 (3), 25540-42 (3). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:39 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Kribia nana (Boulenger 1901) -- (Maugé 1986:396 [ref. 6218]). Current status: Synonym of Kribia nana (Boulenger 1901). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

jordani, Gigantogobius Fowler [H. W.] 1905:511, Fig. 13 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 57; ref. 1370] Baram River, Sarawak state, Borneo, East Malaysia. Holotype: ANSP 25746 [ex WIAP 2387] (missing). Paratypes: ANSP 25748 [ex WIAP 2763] (1, missing). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:134 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1984:107 [ref. 13621]. •Questionably a synonym of Oxyeleotris marmorata (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:166 [ref. 6439]). •Synonym of Oxyeleotris marmorata (Bleeker 1852) -- (Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Oxyeleotris marmorata (Bleeker 1852). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

justitia, Milyeringa Larson [H. K.] & Foster [R.] in Larson, Foster, Humphreys & Stevens 2013:140, Figs. 4-7 [Zootaxa 3616 (no. 2); ref. 32466] Well, Barrow Island, Western Australia, 20°49'2.31"S, 115°23'41.98"E. Holotype: WAM P.33166-001. Paratypes: WAM P.33135-001 (1), 33137-001 (1), 33167-001 (1), 33169-001 (1). Plus non-type material. •Valid as Milyeringa justitia Larson & Foster 2013 -- (Morgan et al. 2014:30 [ref. 36567]). Current status: Valid as Milyeringa justitia Larson & Foster 2013. Eleotridae: Milyeringinae. Distribution: Western Australia: Barrow Island (Pilbara) endemic. Restricted to subterranean aquifers. Habitat: freshwater.

kaifayama, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Jenkins [A. P.] 1999:244, Figs. 8-11 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 24226] Lake Kaifayama, 3°53'18"S, 134°46'18"E, about 3 kilometers north of Etna Bay, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, depth to 2 meters, elevation about 50 meters. Holotype: MZB 9354. Paratypes: MZB 9355 (15), WAM P.31301-003 (16). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117], •Valid as Mogurnda kaifayama Allen & Jenkins 1999. Current status: Valid as Mogurnda kaifayama Allen & Jenkins 1999. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Lake Kaifayama, Papua New Guinea, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

kaimana, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Hadiaty [R. K.] 2014:105, Figs. 7-9 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 20 (no. 2); ref. 33276] Lake Furnusu, 03°33.492’S, 133° 52.747’E, Bitsyara Bay district, about 15 km northeast of Kaimana, West Papua, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 19774. Paratypes: MZB 19658 (24), 19755 (8); WAM P.33338-001 (5). •Valid as Mogurnda kaimana Allen & Hadiaty 2014. Current status: Valid as Mogurnda kaimana Allen & Hadiaty 2014. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Bitsyaya Lake, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

katangae, Eleotris nana David [L.] & Poll [M.] 1937:244 [Annales du Musée du Congo Belge Sér. C (Zoologie) (Sér. 1) v. 3 (fasc. 5); ref. 1043] Mulongo, Lualaba River, Zaire. Syntypes: (4) MRAC 23217-20 (4). Type catalog: Derijst 1991:39 [ref. 21528]. •Synonym of Kribia nana (Boulenger 1901) -- (Maugé 1986:396 [ref. 6218]). Current status: Synonym of Kribia nana (Boulenger 1901). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

kimberleyensis, Hypseleotris Hoese [D. F.] & Allen [G. R.] in Allen 1982:57, Pl. 13 [Inland fishes of Western Australia; ref. 21819] Barnett River near Barnett Gorge, Central Kimberley, Western Australia, about 16°32'S, 126°08'E. Holotype: WAM P.25454-009. Paratypes: AMS I.22742-001 (3); WAM P.25454-007 (6), P.25872-006 (4). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117]. Also appeared in Hoese & Allen 1983:252, fig. 5 [ref. 8331]. •Valid as Hypseleotris kimberleyensis Hoese & Allen 1982 -- (Allen & Leggett 1990:540 [ref. 20887], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:296 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718] dated 1983, Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186] dated 1983, Hoese 2006:1603 [ref. 28998], Larson 2007:115 [ref. 29458], Morgan et al. 2011:18 [ref. 31262]). Current status: Valid as Hypseleotris kimberleyensis Hoese & Allen 1982. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Australia: Barnett River system, Kimberley (Western Australia) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

klunzingeri, Carassiops Ogilby [J. D.] 1898:787 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 22 (pt 4); ref. 3278] Murray River, South Australia. Syntypes: AMS [ex SMNS 14972] (?), SMNS 14972 (?). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:12 [ref. 28100]Fricke 2005:35 [ref. 29864]. Based on Eleotris cyprinoides of Klunzinger 1880. •Valid as Hypseleotris klunzingeri (Ogilby 1898) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:142 [ref. 25473], Larson & Hoese in McDowall 1996:215 [ref. 22909], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:297 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:89 [ref. 28129], Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186], Hoese 2006:1603 [ref. 28998], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389], Kuiter 2018:82 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Hypseleotris klunzingeri (Ogilby 1898). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Southern Australia: Murray-Darling River system of South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales. Habitat: freshwater.

klunzingerii, Eleotris Pfeffer [G. J.] 1893:142 [14], Pl. 3 (fig. 8) [Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten v. 10; ref. 3461] Zanzibar, Tanzania, western Indian Ocean. Holotype: ZMH H412 [ex ZMH 6818]. Type catalog: Ladiges et al. 1958:166 [ref. 19181], Wilkens & Dohse 1993:408 [ref. 21161]. On p. 14 of separate. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Forster 1801) -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218] as klunzingeri). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Eleotris klunzingerii Pfeffer 1893 -- (Mennesson & Keith 2017:217 [ref. 35460], Fricke et al. 2018:318 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris klunzingerii Pfeffer 1893. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Transkei (South Africa), East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

koilomatodon, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1849:21 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Madura Straits near Surabaya and Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4818 (some of 11). Appeared without distinguishing features in list in Bleeker 1849:5 [ref. 320]. Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989] says a holotype. •Valid as Prionobutis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849) -- (Maugé 1986:397 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:810 [ref. 5670], Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:267 [ref. 26639], Rainboth 1996:196 [ref. 22772]). •Valid as Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849) -- (Miller & Wongrat 1990:954 [ref. 19381], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:824 [ref. 21590], Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Johnson 1999:750 [ref. 25471], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2005:211 [ref. 28375], Hoese 2006:1598 [ref. 28998], Pezold et al. 2007:475 [ref. 30082], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Shibukawa 2009:257 [ref. 30449], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:575 [ref. 31520], Larson et al. 2013:185 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989], Yoshida et al. 2013:188 [ref. 34464], Huang et al. 2014:107 [ref. 33161], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2015:77 [ref. 34319], Miller in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2829 [ref. 34618], Guimarães et al. 2017:299 [ref. 36428], Motomura et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35490], Fricke et al. 2018:317 [ref. 35805], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:252 [ref. 36460], Hossin et al. 2019:85 [ref. 37000], Psomadakis et al. 2020:546 [ref. 37272]). Current status: Valid as Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to New Guinea, north to northern Vietnam and southern China, south to northern Australia; invasive in northeastern Brazil. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kraussii, Eleotris Steindachner [F.] 1880:no page number, Pl. 1 (figs 1-1a) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 80 (nos 1-2); ref. 4229] Lagos, 6°27'N, 3°24'E, Nigeria. Holotype (unique): SMNS 1490. Type catalog: Fricke 1995:12-13 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:36 [ref. 29864]. The description evidently was omitted, but the name dates to the legend to Pl. 1 on p. 191. Fricke 1995:13 [ref. 28100] selected africana over kraussii (described in the same work). •Synonym of Bostrychus africanus (Steindachner 1879) -- (P. Miller, pers. comm. in Fricke 1995:12 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:36 [ref. 29864]). Current status: Synonym of Bostrychus africanus (Steindachner 1879). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kribensis, Eleotris Boulenger [G. A.] 1907:52 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 20 (no. 115) (art. 9); ref. 15135] Kribi River, southern Cameroon. Syntypes: (many) BMNH 1907.5.22.235-243 (9?), ?NMW 78428 (2). •Valid as Kribia kribensis (Boulenger 1907) -- (Maugé 1986:395 [ref. 6218], Lévêque et al. 1989:123 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:826 [ref. 21590], Dankwa et al. 1999:49 [ref. 28023], Pezold et al. 2007:487 [ref. 30082], Pezold et al. 2016:107 [ref. 34870]). Current status: Valid as Kribia kribensis (Boulenger 1907). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: West-central Africa: Guinea to Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

kuak, Eleotris Montrouzier [X.] 1857:465 [187] [Annales de la Société d'Agriculture, Histoire Naturelle et Arts Utiles de Lyon (sér. 2) v. 8 (1856); ref. 17789] Woodlark Island, South Pacific. MGHNL (lost). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:49 [ref. 19958]. On p. 187 of reprint. •Synonym of Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Bauchot et al. 1991:49 [ref. 19958]). •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

kutubuensis, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1986:86, Figs. 6-7 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 1); ref. 6252] Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.28159-011. Paratypes: AMS I.25781-001 (12); KFRS F.5366.01 (9); WAM P.28158-008 (30), P.28159-008 (113, not 112). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda kutubuensis Allen & Hoese 1986 -- (Allen & Hoese 1991:38 [ref. 19370], Allen 1991:160 [ref. 21090], Allen & Jebb 1993:238 [ref. 21102], Allen & Renyaan 1996:50 [ref. 22224]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda kutubuensis Allen & Hoese 1986. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

laglaizei, Eleotris (Giuris) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:54 [15] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Manila, Philippines. Holotype: MNHN A-1690. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:13 [ref. 19958]. On p. 15 of separate. •Synonym of Giuris margaritacea (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Bauchot et al. 1991:13 [ref. 19958]). •Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

landfordi, Allomogurnda Allen [G. R.] 2003:986, Fig. 11 [v. 17 (no. 3-4) (for Sept-Dec. 2003); ref. 28504] Small spring next to Lubu River, Kikori River system, 6°51'S, 144°07'E, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.30969-001. Paratypes: USNM 374073 (3), WAM P.30969-001 (1), 30969-002 (10). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117]. Named after Alan and Julia Landford; therefore mandatory correction to landfordorum. •Valid as Allomogurnda landfordorum Allen 2003. Current status: Valid as Allomogurnda landfordorum Allen 2003. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

larapintae, Eleotris Zietz [A. H. C.] 1896:179, Pl. 16 (fig. 4) [Report on the work of the Horn Expedition to Central Australia. Part 2; ref. 14621] Palm Creek and Red Bank Creek, McDonnell Ranges, central Australia. Syntypes: (several) BMNH 1897.1.20.45 (1); SAMA F.513 (3) Red Bank Creek, ?SAMA F.514 (2) Finke R. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:173 [ref. 2676] who regards SAMA specimens as non-types. Type catalog: Glover 1976:174 [ref. 19449]. •Valid as Mogurnda larapintae (Zietz 1896) -- (Allen & Jenkins 1999:147 [ref. 24290], Allen et al. 2002:309 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1605 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda larapintae (Zietz 1896). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Northern Territory, Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

lateralis, Alvarius Girard [C. F.] 1859:101 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 11; ref. 27409] Mouth of Rio Grande del Norte (Rio Bravo), Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. •Synonym of Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède 1800 -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:660 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède 1800. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lateralis, Philypnus Gill [T. N.] 1860:123 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 12; ref. 17623] Cabo San Lucas, Baja California, Mexico. Syntypes: USNM 2435-42 (7 or 8). •Valid as Gobiomorus lateralis (Gill 1860) -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1064 [ref. 22829]). •Also as a synonym of Gobiomorus maculatus (Günther 1859) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:660 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

latifasciatus, Eleotris Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1912:68 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 6); ref. 10934] Río Cárdenas at Corozal, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 7575. Paratypes: FMNH 32318-19 (2), 32320 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:34 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Hemieleotris latifasciata (Meek & Hildebrand 1912) -- (Bussing 1987:252 [ref. 22927], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1064 [ref. 22829], Bussing 1998:425 [ref. 24179], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:661 [ref. 27061], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1007 [ref. 33194], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:352 [ref. 34894], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:4 [ref. 35781], Angulo et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Hemieleotris latifasciata (Meek & Hildebrand 1912). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Southern North America, central America, northwestern South America: Mexico, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Ecuador. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

latifrons, Eleotris Richardson [J.] 1844:57, Pl. 35 (figs. 4-5) [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] Pacific [eastern Pacific]. Syntypes: (2) BMNH. •Valid as Dormitator latifrons (Richardson 1844) -- (Eschmeyer & Herald 1983:260 [ref. 9277], Ortega & Vari 1986:21 [ref. 9708], Bussing 1987:241 [ref. 22927], Allen & Robertson 1994:256 [ref. 22193], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1064 [ref. 22829], Long 1996:192 [ref. 22731], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:548 [ref. 24023], Bussing 1998:410 [ref. 24179], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:414 [ref. 24550], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061], Miller 2006:390 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:12 [ref. 30400], Minckley & Marsh 2009:276 [ref. 31114], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], McMahan et al. 2013:452 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:346 [ref. 34894], Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016:515 [ref. 34497], Kells et al. 2016:302 [ref. 35888], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:92 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:292 [ref. 36544], Angulo et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Dormitator latifrons (Richardson 1844). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including Galápagos Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lebretonis, Eleotris Steindachner [F.] 1870:947 [3], Pl. 1 (figs. 3-4) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 60 (1. Abth.); ref. 18767] Near Dagana, Senegal, western Africa. Syntypes: (several) MNHN 0000-6182 (2 or 5); NMW 76244-45 (8, 2), 58729 (6). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:13 [ref. 19958]. On p. 3 of separate. Appeared first as name only in Steindachner 1869:224. •Valid as Batanga lebretonis (Steindachner 1870) -- (Maugé 1986:389 [ref. 6218], Lévêque et al. 1989:123 [ref. 26480], Miller & Wongrat 1990:952 [ref. 19381]). •Valid as Dormitator lebretonis (Steindachner 1870) -- (Lévèque et al. 1991:146 [ref. 31367], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:830 [ref. 21590], Dankwa et al. 1999:50 [ref. 28023], Pezold & Cage 2002:34 [ref. 25941], Pezold et al. 2007:483 [ref. 30082], Schliewen 2011:208 [ref. 31738], Miller in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2829 [ref. 34618], Skelton 2019:228, 237 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Dormitator lebretonis (Steindachner 1870). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Namibia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

legendrei, Eleotris Pellegrin [J.] 1919:270 [Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France v. 44; ref. 15225] Madagascar. Syntypes: BMNH 1931.8.15.1-5, 1931.8.15.7; MNHN 1891-0725 (1), 1891-0726 (1), 1919-0016 to 0018 (1, 1, 1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:13 [ref. 19958]. Also appeared as new in Pellegrin 1919:101 [ref. 35118]. •Valid as Ratsirakia legendrei (Pellegrin 1919) -- (Maugé 1986:398 [ref. 6218], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780], Fricke et al. 2018:321 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Ratsirakia legendrei (Pellegrin 1919). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater.

lembus, Eleotris Günther [A.] 1861:121 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Western Ecuador. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.6.16.131. Non-types: ?BMNH (3, 1 Skeleton), SMNS 761 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:13 [ref. 28100] with SMNS 761 as a syntype, but he correctly treated the name as a replacement for Lembus maculatus, Fricke 2005:36 [ref. 29864]. "The specific name must be altered, if Lembus maculatus and Sciaena maculata, Bl., are referred to the same genus." Described from 4 specimens, but should be regarded as a replacement name for Lembus maculatus Günther 1859 with apparently a unique holotype BMNH 1860.6.16.131. •Synonym of Gobiomorus lateralis (Gill 1860) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:660 [ref. 27061]). •Objective Synonym of Gobiomorus maculatus (Günther 1859) because Eleotris lembus is a replacement name for Lembus maculatus Günther 1859. Current status: Synonym of Gobiomorus maculatus (Günther 1859). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

leonensis, Eleotris Boulenger [G. A.] 1916:15 [Catalogue of the fresh-water fishes of Africa v. 4; ref. 585] Maka, Sierra Leone. Syntypes: BMNH 1914.12.9.12-13 (2). Additional material: (7). •Valid as Kribia leonensis (Boulenger 1916) -- (Maugé 1986:395 [ref. 6218], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:825 [ref. 21590]). Current status: Valid as Kribia leonensis (Boulenger 1916). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Sierra Leone. Habitat: freshwater.

leuciscus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:278 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4669. •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186]). •Valid as Hypseleotris leuciscus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Hypseleotris leuciscus (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: brackish, marine.

leucurus, Butis Jordan [D. S.] & Seale [A.] 1905:794, Fig. 13 [Proceedings of the United States National Museum v. 28 (no. 1407); ref. 2495] Negros, Philippines. Holotype: USNM 51953. Additional material: (several). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:123 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Butis amboinensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Butis amboinensis (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

levis, Hemieleotris Eigenmann [C. H.] 1918:684 [Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society v. 56 (no. 7); ref. 12304] Pools in Buenaventura, Colombia. Holotype: CAS 78976 [ex IU 13865]. Paratypes: (23) FMNH 58482 (5), CAS 78977 [ex IU 13866, CM 7484] (orig. 23, now 17). Additional material: CAS [ex IU 13867] (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:44 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Hemieleotris levis Eigenmann 1918 -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:661 [ref. 27061], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732] but as Dormitator levis in p. 147). Current status: Valid as Hemieleotris levis Eigenmann 1918. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Pacific coast of Colombia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

limosus, Eleotris Smith [J. L. B.] 1936:52, Pls. 4, 5 (fig. B) [Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa v. 24 (pt 1); ref. 13749] Isipingo lagoon, South Africa. Holotype (unique): SAIAB [formerly RUSI] 95 [ex AMG]. •Synonym of Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Maugé 1986:397 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lineata, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1991:39, Fig. 4 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 19370] Kaili Creek, about 12 kilometers east of Kokoda, Papua New Guinea, about 8°55'S, 147°47'E. Holotype: WAM P.27790-008. Paratypes: USNM 262645 (6), WAM P.27790-005 (21). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:42 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda lineata Allen & Hoese 1991 -- (Allen 1991:161 [ref. 21090], Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda lineata Allen & Hoese 1991. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Kaili Creek, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

lineatus, Dormitator Gill [T. N.] 1863:271 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1690] Savannah, Georgia, U.S.A. Holotype (unique): USNM (apparently lost). •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lineolatus, Eleotris Steindachner [F.] 1867:13 [5] [Sitzungsberichte der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften v. 55 (1. Abth.); ref. 4214] Fitzroy River, Rockhampton, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): NMW 77249. On p. 5 of separate. Species should be spelled lineolata in genus Oxyeleotris. •Valid as Oxyeleotris lineolatus (Steindachner 1867) -- (Larson & Martin 1990:71 [ref. 16606] as lineolata, Allen 1991:170 [ref. 21090], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:313 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1608 [ref. 28998], Morgan et al. 2011:20 [ref. 31262], Hammer et al. 2012:67 [ref. 32389], Pouyard et al. 2013:527 [ref. 32533], Larson et al. 2013:187 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932], Pusey et al. 2017:83 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris lineolata (Steindachner 1867). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

litoralis, Eleotris Day [F.] 1876:314 [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Andaman Islands, east of Bay of Bengal. Holotype (unique): ZSI 111 (lost). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. Reasons for loss of ZSI type specimens during WWII see Chopra 1947:349-350 [ref. 33077]. •Synonym of Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:980 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

longi, Carassiops Ogilby [J. D.] 1897:733 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 21 (pt 4); ref. 3274] Chippiong Norton, Metropolitan District of New South Wales, Australia. Syntypes: (9) ?BMNH 1897.3.9.11 (1), ?1897.10.27.11-14 (5); QM I.9943 (4, plus parts). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:176-177 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864) -- (Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:80 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

longicauda, Eleotris De Vis [C. W.] 1884:691 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Brisbane River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype: QM I.98. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:175 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Butis butis (Hamilton 1822) -- (Hoese 2006:1598 [ref. 28998], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Butis butis (Hamilton 1822). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

longiceps, Eleotris Günther [A.] 1864:151 [Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864 (pt 1) (art. 3) (for 22 Mar. 1864); ref. 13930] Lake Nicaragua, Nicaragua. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.1.26.207. •Synonym of Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède 1800 -- (Miller & Wongrat 1990:957 [ref. 19381], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:660 [ref. 27061]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiomorus dormitor Lacepède 1800. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

lophocephalus, Dormitator Hoedeman [J. J.] 1951:4, Fig. [Beaufortia v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 12894] Ditch, some miles south of Paramaribo, Suriname. Holotype: ZMA 100061a. Paratypes: ZMA 100061b (1). •Valid as Dormitator lophocephalus Hoedeman 1951 -- (Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111]). •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Suriname [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater.

lucani, Eleotris Rochebrune [A. T. de] 1885:93 [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 9; ref. 3791] Lândana, Angola. Museo Bouvieri. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

lutea, Eleotris Day [F.] 1876:314 [The fishes of India Part 2; ref. 1081] Andaman Islands, east of Bay of Bengal. Syntypes (or possibly holotype): ZSI 2095 (1). Type catalog: Whitehead & Talwar 1976:161 [ref. 23762]. •Valid as Eleotris lutea Day 1876 -- (Ataur Rahman 1989:287 [ref. 24860], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:976 [ref. 20764], Ataur Rahman 2003:312 [ref. 31338], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris lutea Day 1876. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Andaman Islands. Habitat: brackish, marine.

maccuneae, Mogurnda Jenkins [A. P.], Buston [P. M.] & Allen [G. R.] 2000:48, Figs. 2-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 11 (no. 1); ref. 24444] Lake Kutubu, 6°22'09"S, 143°16'09"E, mouth of Soro River, Papua New Guinea, depth to 5 meters. Holotype: WAM P.31430-001. Paratypes: WAM P.31430-002 (7). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda maccuneae Jenkins, Buston & Allen 2000 -- (Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda maccuneae Jenkins, Buston & Allen 2000. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

macrocephalus, Culius Bleeker [P.] 1857:70 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 13 (no. 1); ref. 16866] Kajeli, Buru Island, Molucca Islands, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 4757. •Valid as Eleotris macrocephala (Bleeker 1857) -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrodon, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:104, Pl. 2 (fig. 1) [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 25 (art. 8); ref. 341] Hooghly River at Calcutta, India. Holotype (unique): ?RMNH 4472. •Valid as Odonteleotris macrodon (Bleeker 1853) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:978 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:135 [ref. 23448], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Hoese 2006:1606 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Odonteleotris macrodon (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

macrolepidota, Sciaena Bloch [M. E.] 1792:40, Pl. 298 [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 6; ref. 470] Valparaiso [? actual is Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 2155 [Valparaiso]. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:50 [ref. 19958], Paepke 1999:77 [ref. 24282]. Spelled macrollpidotus on plate; first reviser not researched, but macrollpidotus probably a typesetting error. On p. 35 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 9 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Ophiocara macrolepidota (Bloch 1792) -- (Maugé 1986:397 [ref. 6218], Fricke et al. 2018:320 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Ophiocara macrolepidota (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater.

macrolepis, Culius Bleeker [P.] 1875:109 [9] [Archives néerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles v. 10; ref. 440] Ambon Island, Molucca, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4759 (2). On p. 9 of separate. •Valid as Eleotris macrolepis (Bleeker 1875) -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950] but as macrolepsis on p. 278). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1862 -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrolepis, Eleotris Meek [S. E.] 1914:130 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 10); ref. 2961] Jesús María, Costa Rica. Holotype (unique): FMNH 7775. Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:34 [ref. 12367]. Eleotris macrolepis Meek 1914 is secondarily preoccupied by Culius macrolepis Bleeker 1875 when both are in the genus Eleotris (see Weber 1907 [ref. 4599]). Next available name is Microeleotris panamensis Meek & Hildebrand 1916. •Synonym of Leptophilypnus fluviatilis Meek & Hildebrand 1916 -- (Miller 1998:277, 278 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Leptophilypnus panamensis (Meek & Hildebrand 1916) -- (Grey 1947:142 [ref. 12302], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:661 [ref. 27061], Thacker et al. 2006:492 [ref. 28798]). Current status: Synonym of Leptophilypnus panamensis (Meek & Hildebrand 1916). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

macrophthalmus, Dormitator Puyo [J.] 1944:231 [1], Fig. 2 [Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Toulouse v. 79 (no. 3); ref. 13073] Tonate, French Guiana. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. On p. 1 of separate. •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

macrostoma, Microphilypnus Myers [G. S.] 1927:135 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 68 (no. 3); ref. 3096] Rio Negro, Igarapé da Mai Joana, Manaus, Brazil. Holotype (unique): CAS 76820 [ex IU 17704]. See Caires & Figueiredo 2011:49 [ref. 31523] for remarks on the type locality. •Valid as Microphilypnus macrostoma Myers 1927 -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:662 [ref. 27061], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Thacker et al. 2006:491 [ref. 28798] but species status doubtful, Caires & Figueiredo 2011:41 [ref. 31523], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], Caires 2013:155 [ref. 33010], DoNascimiento 2016:536 [ref. 34727], Caires & Toledo-Piza 2018:54 [ref. 35793]). Current status: Valid as Microphilypnus macrostoma Myers 1927. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Orinoco, Negro and lower Amazon basin, Brazil and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

macrostomus, Philypnodon Hoese [D. F.] & Reader [S.] 2006:16, Figs. 1-3 [Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria v. 63 (no. 1); ref. 28904] Creek 8 kilometers from Glenreagh, north of Coffs Harbour, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype: AMS I.20111-002. Paratypes: AMS I.20111-003 (3, c&s), I.20111-004 (4, c&s), I.120111-016 (31), I.29683-008 (1), I.33875-001 (1); NMV A.29399-001 (4); NTM S.16213-001 (3); QM I.37768 (3). •Valid as Philypnodon macrostomus Hoese & Reader 2006 -- (Hoese 2008:748 [ref. 30659], Larson 2011:237 [ref. 31740], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389], Kuiter 2018:74 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Valid as Philypnodon macrostomus Hoese & Reader 2006. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Australia: Queensland to South Australia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

maculata, Eleotris Duméril [A. H. A.] 1861:248, Pl. 21 (fig. 3-3a) [Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10 [for 1858]; ref. 1149] Gabon. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1665. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:13 [ref. 19958]. Secondary homonym of Sciaena maculata Bloch 1792, replaced by Eleotris dumerilii Sauvage 1880. •Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861 -- (Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

maculata, Sciaena Bloch [M. E.] 1792:44, Pl. 299 (fig. 2) [Naturgeschichte der ausländischen Fische v. 6; ref. 470] No locality. Holotype (unique): ZMB 2149. Type catalog: Paepke 1999:77 [ref. 24282]. On p. 39 of Bloch's Ichthyologie, v. 9 [ref. 21381]. •Valid as Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Lee et al. 1980:781 [ref. 22416], Smith 1986:442 [ref. 22186], Robins & Ray 1986:240 [ref. 23100], Bussing 1987:242 [ref. 22927], Boschung 1992:161 [ref. 23239], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:72 [ref. 22290], Cervigón 1994:140 [ref. 24488], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:226 [ref. 22947], Torelli et al. 1997:70 [ref. 24612], Bussing 1998:411 [ref. 24179], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:412 [ref. 24550], Schwartz 1999:282 [ref. 25307], Keith et al. 2000:234 [ref. 24547], Marín 2000:77 [ref. 26252], Taylor 2001:153 [ref. 25200], Pezold & Cage 2002:33 [ref. 25941], Lim et al. 2002:90 [ref. 28310], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27621], Ross & Rhode 2004:300 [ref. 27789], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Boschung & Mayden 2004:623 [ref. 27995], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:656 [ref. 28815], Miller 2006:390 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:12 [ref. 30400], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Phillip et al. 2013:23 [ref. 32896], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:74 [ref. 33341], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622], Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016:515 [ref. 34497], Melo et al. 2016:134 [ref. 34701], Costa et al. 2017:45 [ref. 35684], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407], Robins et al. 2018:403 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: eastern U.S.A. south to southeastern Brazil, including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

maculatus, Lembus Günther [A.] 1859:505 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 1; ref. 1961] Andes of Ecuador [Esmeraldas, Ecuador]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1860.6.16.131. Syntypes: ?SMNS 761 (1). Type catalog: Fricke 1995:13 [ref. 28100], Fricke 2005:36 [ref. 29864]. Needs research; if the original description was based on one specimen, then the holotype is BMNH 1860.6.16.131. See the account of Eleotris lembus Günther 1861. Fricke regards SMNS 761 as a syntype, but that may be incorrect. •Valid as Phylipnus maculatus (Günther 1859) -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:21 [ref. 9708]). •Valid as Gobiomorus maculatus (Günther 1859) -- (Bussing 1987:250 [ref. 22927], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:73 [ref. 22290], Grove & Lavenberg 1997:550 [ref. 24023], Bussing 1998:422 [ref. 24179], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:411 [ref. 24550], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:660 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:393 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:12 [ref. 30400], Minckley & Marsh 2009:278 [ref. 31114], Matamoros et al. 2009:24 [ref. 31241], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1007 [ref. 33194], McMahan et al. 2013:453 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:350 [ref. 34894], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34871], Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016:515 [ref. 34497], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:4 [ref. 35781], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:92 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:293 [ref. 36544], Angulo et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorus maculatus (Günther 1859). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Mexico south to Peru, including Galápagos Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

madagascariensis, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:240 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN A-1683 (1), A-2709 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:13 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Maugé 1986:397 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

madagascariensis, Typhleotris Petit [G.] 1933:347 [Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences v. 197 (no. 4); ref. 3457] Mitoho caves, underground waters in Mahafaly, Onilahy River, about 1 kilometer north of the natural reserve of Lake Manampetsa [Tsimanampetsotsa], about 24°08'S, 43°48'E, Toliara Province, southwestern Madagascar. Lectotype: MNHN 1933-0060. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:17 [ref. 19958]. Lectotype selected by Bauchot et al. 1991:17 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Typhleotris madagascariensis Petit 1933 -- (Arnoult 1959:134 [ref. 7441], Maugé 1986:398 [ref. 6218], Romero & Paulson 2001:34 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:191 [ref. 28992], Sparks & Chakrabarty 2012:4 [ref. 32351], Rasoloariniaina et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34460], Vences et al. 2018:372 [ref. 35788], Fricke et al. 2018:321 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Typhleotris madagascariensis Petit 1933. Eleotridae: Milyeringinae. Distribution: Endemic to Toliara Province, southwestern Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater.

magna, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Renyaan [S. J.] 1996:49, Figs. 5-6 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 23 (no. 1/2); ref. 22224] Lake Laamora, Irian Jaya. Holotype: MZB 6184. Paratypes: MZB (21), 6815 (15); WAM P.31042-001 (14), P.31043-002 (10). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda magna Allen & Renyaan 1996 -- (Allen & Jenkins 1999:241 [ref. 24226], Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda magna Allen & Renyaan 1996. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Triton Lakes, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

malsmithi, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Jebb [M.] 1993:238, Fig. 5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 4 (no. 3); ref. 21102] Side tributary of Pio River, 6°43'S, 144°56'E, upper Purari River system, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.30381-005. Paratypes: WAM P.30348-003 (2). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda malsmithi Allen & Jebb 1993 -- (Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda malsmithi Allen & Jebb 1993. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Purari River system, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

maltzani, Eleotris Hilgendorf [F. M.] 1889:53 [Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1889; ref. 2164] Haiti, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ZMB 12760. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Eleotris maltzani Steindachner 1881, replaced by Eleotris hilgendorfi Pietschmann 1913. •Synonym of Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871) -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:42 [ref. 25941]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

malua, Boroda Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1935:414 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 18 (no. 12); ref. 2109] Sepik River at Malu, New Guinea. Holotype: FMNH 17349. Paratypes: (6) FMNH 17350-51 (1, 1); CAS-SU 24446 (2). Additional material: (4, young). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:138 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:105 [ref. 12291], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:16 [ref. 12367]. •Synonym of Oxyeleotris heterodon (Weber 1907) -- (Allen & Coates 1990:103 [ref. 25561]). Current status: Synonym of Oxyeleotris heterodon (Weber 1907). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mararybe, Typhleotris Sparks [J. S.] & Chakrabarty [P.] 2012:16, Figs. 7C, 9-10 [American Museum Novitates No. 3764; ref. 32351] Grotte de Vitane (Vitany), sinkhole near Itampolo, coastal plain below and to west of Mahafaly Plateau, 24°42′07.1″S, 043°57′51.3″E, southwestern Madagascar. Holotype: AMNH 245601. Paratypes: AMNH 245602 (1). •Valid as Typhleotris mararybe Sparks & Chakrabarty 2012 -- (Rasoloariniaina et al. 2016:9 [ref. 34460], Vences et al. 2018:372 [ref. 35788], Fricke et al. 2018:321 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Typhleotris mararybe Sparks & Chakrabarty 2012. Eleotridae: Milyeringinae. Distribution: Endemic to Mahafaly Plateau, Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater.

margaritacea, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:240 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Holotype: MNHN A-1575. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:14 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Ophieleotris margaritacea (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293]). •Valid as Giuris margaritacea (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Allen et al. 2000:141 [ref. 27467] as Giurus, Allen et al. 2002:289 [ref. 25930] as Giurus, Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Hoese 2006:1600 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Pusey et al. 2017:80 [ref. 35250] as Giurus). •Valid as Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492], Fricke et al. 2019:268 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: Madagascar east to Marshall Islands, New Ireland (Papua New Guinea) and Vanuatu, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Habitat: marine.

marmorata, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1852:424 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 3); ref. 16827] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, and Palembang, southeastern Sumatra, Indonesia. Possible syntypes: RMNH 4925 (1), 6203 (1 of 9). •Valid as Oxyeleotris marmorata (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:166 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:135 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:246 [ref. 23210], Rainboth 1996:196 [ref. 22772], Ng & Tan 1999:364 [ref. 24159], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Freyhof et al. 2000:97 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2001:155 [ref. 25780], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Grinang & Lim 2004:292 [ref. 28551], Kottelat & Widjanarti 2005:165 [ref. 28284], Parenti & Lim 2005:194 [ref. 28285], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Pouyard et al. 2013:527 [ref. 32533], Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989], Kottelat 2015:48 [ref. 33971], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492], Prokofiev 2016:636 [ref. 35020], Motomura et al. 2017:196 [ref. 35490], Ng et al. 2019:532 [ref. 36606]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris marmorata (Bleeker 1852). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indo-Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mastersii, Eleotris Macleay [W.] 1881:622 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 5 (pt 4); ref. 2869] Ropes' Creek, near Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): MAMU (lost). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:159 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Gobiomorphus coxii (Krefft 1864) -- (Hoese 2006:1601 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiomorphus coxii (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mauritianus, Eleotris Bennett [E. T.] 1832:166 [Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London 1830-31 (pt 1); ref. 4944] Mauritius, Mascarenes, southwestern Indian Ocean. Syntypes?: BMNH 1852.9.13.179 (1), 1855.12.26.562 (1), 2016.6.6.2 (1). Correct name is mauritiana when in Eleotris (feminine gender). The syntype BMNH 1852.9.13.179 is also the holotype of Eleotris fornasini Bianconi 1857. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Schneider & Forster 1801) -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Eleotris mauritianus Bennett 1832 -- (Hoese 1986:809 [ref. 5670], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Fricke 1999:495 [ref. 24106], Keith et al. 1999:106 [ref. 24548], Heemstra 2004:3338 [ref. 27945]). •Valid as Eleotris mauritiana Bennett 1832 -- (Fricke et al. 2009:98 [ref. 30213], Fricke et al. 2018:318 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:15 [ref. 36883], Zajonz et al. 2019:95 [ref. 36871]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris mauritiana Bennett 1832. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Indian Ocean: East Agrica and South Africa to Socotra, Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

mbuta, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Jenkins [A. P.] 1999:239, Figs. 4-5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 10 (no. 3); ref. 24226] Lake Mbuta Basin, 3°58'06"S, 134°57'24"E, about 8 kilometers northwest of Etna Bay, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, depth to 1.5 meters. Holotype: MZB 9352. Paratypes: MZB 9353 (11), WAM P.31300-005 (20). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda mbuta Allen & Jenkins 1999 -- (Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda mbuta Allen & Jenkins 1999. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Mbuta basin, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

melanopterus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:706 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16833] Wahai, Ceram; Bulucomba and Kema, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) RMNH. •Valid as Eleotris melanopterus Bleeker 1853 -- (Randall & Goren 1993:26 [ref. 21131], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780]). •Synonym of Butis butis (Hamiltin 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]); Current status: Synonym of Butis butis (Hamilton 1822). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

melanosoma, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:705 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 3 (no. 5); ref. 16833] Wahai, western Sumatra, Indonesia, in sea. Syntypes: (4) RMNH 4815 (some of 16). •Valid as Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:240 [ref. 6441], Maugé 1986:393 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:809 [ref. 5670], Roberts 1989:166 [ref. 6439], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:553 [ref. 25598], Zheng 1989:337 [ref. 21202], Allen & Coates 1990:96 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:156 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:977 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448], Skelton 1993:361 [ref. 24071], Zhu 1995:174 [ref. 25213], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Johnson 1999:750 [ref. 25471], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:637 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1150 [ref. 25182], Laboute & Grandperrin 2000:60 [ref. 25191], Kottelat 2001:60 [ref. 25482], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Sakai et al. 2001:107 [ref. 25693], Skelton 2001:361 [ref. 27406], Nakabo 2002:1150 [ref. 26193], Myers & Donaldson 2003:641 [ref. 27495], Randall et al. 2004:29 [ref. 27624], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Parenti & Lim 2005:194 [ref. 28285], Hoese 2006:1600 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Allen et al. 2008:152 [ref. 30265], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33932], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492], Zhang et al. 2016:198 [ref. 34477], Mennesson et al. 2016:498, 503 [reg. 34867], Prokofiev 2016:636 [ref. 35020], Pusey et al. 2017:85 [ref. 35250], Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460], Fricke et al. 2018:319 [ref. 35805], Mennesson et al. 2018:11 [ref. 36105], Suresh et al. 2018:280 [ref. 36495]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

melanostigma, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1849:23 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Madura Straits near Surabaya and Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Possible types: RMNH 6202. •Valid as Butis melanostigma (Bleeker 1849) -- (Hoese 1986:808 [ref. 5670], Ataur Rahman 1989:288 [ref. 24860], Allen 1991:154 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:974 [ref. 20764], Ataur Rahman 2003:314 [ref. 31338]). •Synonym of Butis humeralis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Sadovy & Cornish 2000:253 [ref. 25480], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Butis humeralis (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

melanurus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1849:21 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Pasuruan, southern Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5182 (1 of 50). •Valid as Eleotris melanura Bleeker 1849 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Indonesia (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

melbournensis, Eleotris (Eleotriodes) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:57 [18] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1887 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:14 [ref. 19958]. On p. 18 of separate. •Synonym of Philypnodon grandiceps (Krefft 1864) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:812 [ref. 22532], Hoese 2006:1609 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:72 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Philypnodon grandiceps (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mertoni, Eleotris (Oxyeleotris) Weber [M.] 1911:33, Pl. 1 (fig. 5) [Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft Frankfurt-a.-M. v. 34 (no. 1); ref. 14827] Terangan, Aru Island, Aru Islands, Maluku, Indonesia. Syntypes: (4) SMF 7408-10 (1, 1, 1); ZMA 112659 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:97 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Oxyeleotris mertoni (Weber 1911) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris mertoni (Weber 1911). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Western Pacific. Habitat: freshwater.

mexicanus, Dormitator latifrons Ginsburg [I.] 1953:20 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 1806] Cape San Lucas, Baja California, Mexcio. Holotype: USNM 7350. Paratypes: (49) USNM 8241 (7), 123236 (5). •Synonym of Dormitator latifrons (Richardson 1844) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:414 [ref. 24550], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:658 [ref. 27061]) Current status: Synonym of Dormitator latifrons (Richardson 1844). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

microphthalmus, Batanga lebretonis Meinken [H.] 1966:220, Fig. [Aquarien Terrarien v. 13 (no. 7); ref. 19859] Lagoons of Lagos, Nigeria. Holotype (unique): ZMB 21581. •Synonym of Batanga lebretonis (Steindachner 1870) -- (Maugé 1986:389 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Dormitator lebretonis (Steindachner 1870) -- (on placement of lebretonis). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator lebretonis (Steindachner 1870). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

microphthalmus, Bostrychus Hoese [D. F.] & Kottelat [M.] 2005:185, Figs. 1-3 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 16 (no. 2); ref. 28262] Gua Tanette, Kapang, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 5942. Paratypes: AMS I.43460-001 (2), CMK 7241 (2), MNHN 2004-3089, MZB 5943. •Valid as Bostrychus microphthalmus Hoese & Kottelat 2005 -- (Larson 2008:147 [ref. 30001], Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Bostrychus microphthalmus Hoese & Kottelat 2005. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Sulawesi Selatan. Habitat: freshwater.

microphthalmus, Dormitator Gill [T. N.] 1863:170 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 15; ref. 1681] (Pacific) Panama. Holotype (unique): USNM 4953. Type catalog: Smith 2018:80 [ref. 36061]. •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

microps, Pogoneleotris Weber [M.] 1907:258, Pl. 13 (figs. 4a-b) [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Tawarin River and Merauke River, New Guinea. Syntypes: (24) ?BMNH 1913.12.15.33 (1); FMNH 52459 [not 53459, ex CM 717] (1) Merauke R.; SMF 17485 (1); ZMA 112084 (16), 112086 (1). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:103 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:68 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Prionobutis microps (Weber 1907) -- (Roberts 1978:68 [ref. 8886], Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977], Johnson 1999:750 [ref. 25471], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293] dated 1908, Allen et al. 2002:320 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1609 [ref. 28998] dated 1908, Allen et al. 2008:161 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:188 [ref. 32988], Yoshida et al. 2013:188 [ref. 34464], Fricke et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33932], Pusey et al. 2017:86 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Prionobutis microps (Weber 1907). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Northern Australia and New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

micropus, Guavina Ginsburg [I.] 1953:20 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 1806] East Chamber, Miraflores Locks, Panama Canal. Holotype (unique): USNM 123230. •Valid as Guavina micropus Ginsburg 1953 -- (Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1064 [ref. 22829], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1007 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Guavina micropus Ginsburg 1953. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

mimus, Eleotris De Vis [C. W.] 1884:690 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Creek near Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS I.363 (5), QM I.93 (1). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:166, 176 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Mogurnda adspersa (Castelnau 1878) -- (Allen & Jenkins 1999:144 [ref. 24290], Hoese 2006:1605 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:71 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Mogurnda adspersa (Castelnau 1878). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

mindii, Microeleotris Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1916:364 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 15); ref. 2962] Mindi, Canal Zone, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 8954. Paratypes: FMNH 8954 (1), 27218-37 (20), 27268-71 (now 0), 27238-39 (now 0), 32171-75 (5); USNM 105106-08 [ex FMNH] (4, 17, 1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:56 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Leptophilypnus mindii (Meek & Hildebrand 1916) -- (Miller 1998:278 [ref. 24950], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:661 [ref. 27061]). •Synonym of Leptophilypnus fluciatilis Meek & Hildebrand 1916 -- (Thacker et al. 2006:491 [ref. 28798]). Current status: Synonym of Leptophilypnus fluviatilis Meek & Hildebrand 1916. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Atlantic slope of Panama. Habitat: brackish.

minimus, Cestreus McClelland [J.] 1842:151, Pl. 4 (fig. 2) [Calcutta Journal of Natural History v. 2; ref. 2925] Vicinity of Calcutta, India. No types known. •Synonym of Eleotris danius (Hamilton 1822) -- (Kottelat 2013:391 [ref. 32989] with danius as a species inquirenda). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris danius (Hamilton 1822). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

modesta, Eleotris Castelnau [F. L.] 1873:85 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 2; ref. 758] Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. No types known. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:50 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864) -- (Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32988], Kuiter 2018:80 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

modestus, Asterropteryx Bleeker [P.] 1875:111 [11] [Archives néerlandaises des sciences exactes et naturelles v. 10; ref. 440] Singapore; Sumatra, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4805 (3). On p. 11 of separate. •Synonym of Hypseleotris leuciscus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448]). •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186] with author as Herre). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris leuciscus (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

mogurnda, Eleotris Richardson [J.] 1844:4, Pl. 2 (figs. 1-2) [Ichthyology of the voyage of H. M. S. Erebus & Terror v. 2 (2); ref. 3740] Port Essington, Northern Territory, Australia. Syntypes: (many) BMNH 1843.8.10.12 (1), 1855.9.19.696 (2). •Valid as Mogurnda mogurnda (Richardson 1844) -- (Roberts 1978:65 [ref. 8886], Allen & Hoese 1991:40 [ref. 19370], Allen & Leggett 1990:540 [ref. 20887], Larson & Martin 1990:70 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:161 [ref. 21090], Larson & Hoese in McDowall 1996:210 [ref. 22909], Allen et al. 1999:64 [ref. 24272], Allen & Jenkins 1999:149 [ref. 24290], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:308 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1606 [ref. 28998], Allen et al. 2008:154 [ref. 30265], Morgan et al. 2011:19 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32988], Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276], Pusey et al. 2017:79 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda mogurnda (Richardson 1844). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Northern Australia and New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea) and Aru Islands. Habitat: freshwater.

moncktoni, Eleotris (Caulichthys) Regan [C. T.] 1908:156 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 1 (no. 2); ref. 14340] Agajambo, Papua New Guinea. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1905.8.15.1. •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). •Status uncertain -- (Allen 1991:156 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

montana, Allomogurnda Allen [G. R.] 2003:988, Fig. 13 [v. 17 (no. 3-4) (for Sept-Dec. 2003); ref. 28504] Awaetowa River, 9°30'34.3"S, 150°48'17.3"E, Fergusson Island, Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea, elevation about 580 meters. Holotype: WAM P.32370-001. Paratypes: WAM P.32370-002 (6). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Allomogurnda montana Allen 2003. Current status: Valid as Allomogurnda montana Allen 2003. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Fergusson Island, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

montanus, Carassiops compressus Ogilby [J. D.] 1907:28 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 20; ref. 3281] Headwaters of Condamine River, Killarney, southeastern Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: whereabouts unknown. According to Hoese 1006:1611 [ref. 28988] the description is inadequate and no type material found. •Incertae sedis in Eleotridae -- (Hoese 2006:1611 [ref. 28998]). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

monteiri, Eleotris O'Shaughnessy [A. W. E.] 1875:147 [4] [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 4) v. 15 (no. 86) (art. 19); ref. 18481] San Nicolas River, Little Fish Bay, Angola. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1864.7.11.8. On p. 4 of separate. •Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861 -- (Maugé 1986:394 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

morrisi, Caecieleotris Walsh [S. J.] & Chakrabarty [P.] 2016:508, Figs. 1-3 [Copeia v. 104 (no. 2); ref. 34497] Oaxaca State, submerged cave at the bottom of Presa Miguel Alemán reservoir, Mexico, 18°11'22.58"N, 96°36'56.02"W. Holotype: CNPE-IBUNAM 19073 (ex. UF 101173). Paratypes: LSUMZ, UF, UMMZ. •Vaild as Caecieleotris morrisi Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016. Current status: Valid as Caecieleotris morrisi Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Oaxaca, Mexico. Habitat: freshwater.

mosa, Mogurnda Jenkins [A. P.], Buston [P. M.] & Allen [G. R.] 2000:52, Figs. 7-8 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 11 (no. 1); ref. 24444] Lake Kutubu, 6°23'59"S, 143°20'16"E, southern end of Lake near Gesege Village, Papua New Guinea, depth to 1.5 meters. Holotype: WAM P.31431-001. Paratypes: WAM P.31431-002 (3). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda mosa Jenkins, Buston & Allen 2000 -- (Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda mosa Jenkins, Buston & Allen 2000. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

mugiloides, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:226 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Martinique Island, West Indies; Suriname; Mexico. Syntypes: MNHN A-1596 (1) Martinique, A-1678 (1) Suriname, 2631 (1) Suriname; ZMB 2150 (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:14 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

multicincta, Allomogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Hoese [D. F.] 2017:172, Figs. 1-3, 5A [Cybium v. 41 (no. 2); ref. 35461] Malas Creek, about 17 km east of Maprik Village on Wewak-Lumi Road, East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea, 03°36.950'S, 142°57.021'E, depth 0.1-0.5 meters. Holotype: WAM P.29831-002. Paratypes: AMS, AUM, USNM, WAM. •Valid as Allomogurnda multicincta Allen & Hoese 2017. Current status: Valid as Allomogurnda multicincta Allen & Hoese 2017. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Malas Creek, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

multisquamatus, Incara Rao [V. V.] 1971:329, Figs. 1-2 [Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India v. 11 (nos 1-2) [1969]; ref. 12496] Godavari estuary, eastern India. Holotype (unique): ZMAU. The genus Incara is based on an artificial combination of letters and was treated by the author as masculine; so the correct spelling is Incara multisquamata. See Das 2003:372 [ref. 27706] but spelled multisguamatus. •Valid as Incara multisquamatus Rao 1971 -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:977 [ref. 20764], Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293] as multisquamata, Hoese 2006:1604 [ref. 28998]. Larson et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32988] as multisquamata). Current status: Valid as Incara multisquamatus Rao 1971. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: brackish.

nanus, Eleotris Boulenger [G. A.] 1901:446, Fig. 39 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7) v. 8 (no. 47) (art. 55); ref. 557] Pond 3 miles north of Kermeh, Fashoda and mouth of Lake No, White Nile River, Sudan. Syntypes: BMNH 1907.12.2.3660 (1) Kermeh. •Valid as Kribia nana (Boulenger 1901) -- (Maugé 1986:395-396 [ref. 6218], Lévêque et al. 1989:123 [ref. 26480], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477], Lévèque et al. 1991:146 [ref. 31367], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:827 [ref. 21590], Dankwa et al. 1999:50 [ref. 28023], Pezold et al. 2007:487 [ref. 30082], Kullander & Roberts 2012:367 [ref. 31751], Pezold et al. 2016:107 [ref. 34870], Neumann et al. 2016:307 [ref. 35036]). Current status: Valid as Kribia nana (Boulenger 1901). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Africa. Habitat: freshwater.

nesolepis, Eleotris (Odontoeleotris) Weber [M.] 1907:256 [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Tawarin River and Timena Creek, northern New Guinea. Syntypes: NMW 22517 (1), ZMA 110970-71 (3, 11). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:97 [ref. 19236]. •Valid as Mogurnda nesolepis (Weber 1907) -- (Allen & Coates 1990:99 [ref. 25561], Allen & Coates 1990:132 [ref. 15715], Allen 1991:162 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 1992:302 [ref. 21400]). •Valid as Allomogurnda nesolepis (Weber 1907) -- (Allen 2003:978 [ref. 28504], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932], Allen & Hoese 2017:176 [ref. 35461]). Current status: Valid as Allomogurnda nesolepis (Weber 1907). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: New Guinea, Papua Province, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

niger, Cottus Lacepède [B. G. E.] (ex Commerson) 1801:231, 250 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] No locality stated. No types known. Based on description in manuscript by Commerson (Philibert Commerson, 1727-1773, French explorer and naturalist). Not used as valid after 1899; therefore reversal of priority (according to ICZN Art. 23.9) in favor of Eleotris fusca (Forster 1801). Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:280, 306 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. See note by Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

niger, Eleotris Quoy [J. R. C.] & Gaimard [J. P.] 1824:259, Pl. 60 (fig. 2) [Voyage autour du monde; ref. 3574] Waigeo [Waigiou], Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1578 (1), A-1581 (1), 1989-1846 [ex A-1578] (1). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:14 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218] as nigra, Fricke 1999:495 [ref. 24106], Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989], Mennesson et al. 2016:503 [reg. 34867], Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

notata, Kimberleyeleotris Hoese [D. F.] & Allen [G. R.] 1987:40, Figs. 3-4 [Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria v. 48 (no. 1); ref. 6604] Drysdale River, at rapids about 4 kilometers above junction with Forest Creek, 14°38'S, 126°58'E, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25427-010. Paratypes: AMS I.26254-001 [ex WAM P.25427-010] (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Kimberleyeleotris notata Hoese & Allen 1987 -- (Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:303 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1604 [ref. 28998], Morgan et al. 2011:19 [ref. 31262]). Current status: Valid as Kimberleyeleotris notata Hoese & Allen 1987. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Australia: Western Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

novaeguineae, Oxyeleotris urophthalmus var. Koumans [F. P.] 1936:130 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 19; ref. 13711] Lorentz River, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Syntypes: (8) ZMA 104113 (7). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:101 [ref. 19236]. Originally as novae-guineae. •Synonym of Oxyeleotris urophthalmus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Uncertain as Oxyeleotris urophthalmus (Bleeker 1851). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

nudiceps, Eleotris Castelnau [F. L.] 1872:126 [Proceedings of the Zoological and Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, Melbourne v. 1; ref. 757] Lower Yarra River, Victoria, Australia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1509 (3). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:14 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Philypnodon nudiceps (Castelnau 1872) -- (Gomon et al. 1994:811 [ref. 22532]). •Synonym of Philypnodon grandiceps (Krefft 1864) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:215 [ref. 25473], Hoese 2006:1609 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:72 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Philypnodon grandiceps (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

nullipora, Oxyeleotris Roberts [T. R.] 1978:67, Fig. 38c [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 281; ref. 8886] Middle Fly River, Papua New Guinea, 6°24.4'S, 140°56.5'E. Holotype: USNM 217298. Paratypes: AMS 27088-001 [ex USNM 217298] (1); KFRS F.4509.01 [ex USNM 217299] (1); USNM 217299-300 (5, 1). •Valid as Oxyeleotris nullipora Roberts 1978 -- (Larson & Martin 1990:74 [ref. 16606], Allen 1991:170 [ref. 21090], Allen & Renyaan 1996:55 [ref. 22224], Pusey et al. 2000:72 [ref. 24466], Allen et al. 2000:146 [ref. 27467], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:314 [ref. 25930], Hoese 2006:1608 [ref. 28998], Allen et al. 2008:158 [ref. 30265], Larson et al. 2013:187 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:81 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris nullipora Roberts 1978. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Northern Australia and central-southern New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

ocellicauda, Philypnus Richardson [J.] 1844:59 [Ichthyology.--Part 1. The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Sulphur; ref. 3739] Bocca Tigris, China Seas. No types known. Illustrated in Richardson 1845, Pl. 56 (figs. 15-16) [ref. 20574]. •Synonym of Philypnus sinensis (Lacepède 1801) -- (Richardson 1845:149 [ref. 20575]). •Synonym of Bostrichthys sinensis (Lacepède 1801) -- (Zheng 1989:339 [ref. 21202]). •Synonym of Bostrychus sinensis Lacepède 1801 -- (Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bostrychus sinensis Lacepède 1801. Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ocellicauda, Tateurndina Nichols [J. T.] 1955:5, Fig. 2 [American Museum Novitates No. 1735; ref. 3184] Peria Creek, Kwagira River, eastern Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMNH 20222. Paratypes: AMNH 20180 (7). •Valid as Tateurndina ocellicauda Nichols 1955 -- (Allen 1991:172 [ref. 21090]). Current status: Valid as Tateurndina ocellicauda Nichols 1955. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

oligolepis, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Jenkins [A. P.] 1999:151, Fig. 9 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 24290] Mogurnda Creek, about 15°03'S, 126°52'E, tributary of Drysdale River, Drysdale River National Park, Kimberley District, Western Australia. Holotype: WAM P.25405-012. Paratypes: WAM P.25024-004 (10), P.25028-008 (1), P.25031-003 (2), P.25034-002 (4), P.25041-002 (2), P.25405-009 (12), P.25406-007 (3), P.25408-004 (4), P.25422-003 (6), P.25426-002 (4), P.25428-005 (10), P.25455-003 (5), P.25458-006 (4), P.25463-003 (9). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda oligolepis Allen & Jenkins 1999 -- (Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Allen et al. 2002:309 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Hoese 2006:1606 [ref. 28998], Morgan et al. 2011:19 [ref. 31262]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda oligolepis Allen & Jenkins 1999. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Australia: Kimberley (Western Australia) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

omocyaneus, Eleotris Poey [F.] 1860:269 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Havana, Cuba. Syntypes: MCZ 13371-72 (1, 1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:213 [ref. 22926] with MCZ 13372 as holotype. •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

omosema, Eleotris Ahl [E.] 1935:251 [Zoologischer Anzeiger v. 110 (nos 9/10); ref. 13865] West Africa. Holotype (unique): ZMB (not found). Types mentioned: Paepke 1995:96 [ref. 21847]. •Synonym of Batanga lebretonis (Steindachner 1870) -- (Maugé 1986:389 [ref. 6218]). •Questionably a synonym of Batanga lebretonis (Steindachner 1870) -- (Miller & Wongrat 1990:952 [ref. 19381]). •Synonym of Dormitator lebretonis (Steindachner 1870) -- (on placement of lebretonis). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator lebretonis (Steindachner 1870). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ophicephalus, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] (ex Kuhl & van Hasselt) in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:239 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1569. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:14 [ref. 19958]. Type information: Roberts 1993:43 [ref. 21799]. Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989] indicates that the genus is indeclinable. •Valid as Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). •Synonym of Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Maugé 1986:396 [ref. 6218], Roberts 1993:43 [ref. 21799], Fricke 1999:496 [ref. 24106], Hoese 2006:1607 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

ophicephalus, Philypnus Bleeker [P.] 1849:20 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Madura Straits and Surabaya, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4502 (largest plus one more of 6) Appeared without distinguishing features in list in Bleeker 1849:5 [ref. 320]. •Synonym of Bostrychus sinensis Lacepède 1801 -- (Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bostrychus sinensis Lacepède 1801. Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

orientalis, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1991:41, Fig. 5 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 2 (no. 1); ref. 19370] Safia Creek, tributary of Musa River, Papua New Guinea, about 9°34'S, 148°40'E. Holotype: WAM P.27785-004. Paratypes: WAM P.27784-003 (3). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:42 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda orientalis Allen & Hoese 1991 -- (Allen 1991:162 [ref. 21090], Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda orientalis Allen & Hoese 1991. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Musa River system, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

oxycephala, Eleotris Temminck [C. J.] & Schlegel [H.] 1845:150, Pl. 77 (figs. 4-5) [Fauna Japonica Parts 7-9; ref. 4373] Japan. Syntypes: (2), whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Boeseman 1947:130 [ref. 12876]. •Valid as Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845 -- (Okada 1961:646 [ref. 6363], Lindberg & Krasyukova 1975:340 [ref. 7348], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:240 [ref. 6441], Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:265 [ref. 26639], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:553 [ref. 25598], Zheng 1989:335 [ref. 21202], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:429 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:174 [ref. 25213], Kim 1997:422 [ref. 24032], Takahashi et al. 1997:47 [ref. 24971], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Sato et al. 1998:41 [ref. 24972], Mizuno et al. 1999:11 [ref. 25311] as Elenotris, Nakabo 2000:1150 [ref. 25182], Matsuura et al. 2000:217 [ref. 26000], Kottelat 2001:60 [ref. 25482], Sakai et al. 2001:107 [ref. 25693], Kim & Park 2002:348 [ref. 25913], Nakabo 2002:1150 [ref. 26193], Choi et al. 2003:397, 655 [ref. 26218], Ho & Shao 2011:55 [ref. 31432], Kottelat 2013:393 [ef. 32989], Zhang et al. 2016:199 [ref. 34477]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris oxycephala Temminck & Schlegel 1845. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Japan and China. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pacifica, Cobitis Forster [J. R.] in Bloch & Schneider 1801:453 [M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae; ref. 471] Not available, manuscript name mentioned under account of Poecilia fusca; from southern seas. Based on description and drawing in manuscript by Forster (Johann Reinhold Forster, 1729-1798, German explorer and naturalist of Cook's second voyage). Not the same as Cobitis pacifica Kim, Park & Nalbant 1999. •In the synonymy of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). •In the synonymy of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989] with authorship as Schneider). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

pallida, Eleotris Castelnau [F. L.] 1875:24 [Official Record, containing Introduction, Catalogues, Official Awards of the Commissioners, Report and Recommendations of the Experts, and Essays and Statistics on the Social and Economic Resources of the Colony of Victoria.; ref. 768] Cape York, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:50 [ref. 19958]. Eleotridae.

panamensis, Microeleotris Meek [S. E.] & Hildebrand [S. F.] 1916:363 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 10 (no. 15); ref. 2962] Río Juan Díaz, Panama. Holotype: FMNH 8953. Paratypes: CAS 78978 [ex IU 14071] (1); FMNH 27089-98 (10), 27099-106 (8). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:56 [ref. 12367]. Eleotris macrolepis Meek 1914 is secondarily preoccupied by Culius macrolepis Bleeker 1875 when both are in the genus Eleotris (see Weber 1907 [ref. 4599]). Next available name is Microeleotris panamensis Meek & Hildebrand 1916. •Valid as Microeleotris panamensis Meek & Hildebrand 1916 -- (Miller 1998:278 [ref. 24950]). •Valid as Leptophilypnus panamensis (Meek & Hildebrand 1916) -- (Grey 1947:142 [ref. 12302], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:661 [ref. 27061], Thacker et al. 2006:492 [ref. 28798], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1007 [ref. 33194], Angulo et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Leptophilypnus panamensis (Meek & Hildebrand 1916). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Central America: Pacific slope of Costa Rica and Panama. Habitat: freshwater.

pangel, Hypseleotris Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:42, Pl. 3 (fig. 2) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Philippines (believed to be from Cavite Province). Syntypes: BSMP 207 (20) presumed destroyed. •Possible synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186]). •Species inquendae in Hypseleotris -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

papa, Eleotris De Vis [C. W.] in Ogilby 1910:24 [Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland v. 23; ref. 3288] Type catalog: Koumans 1940:175 [ref. 2676]. Not available, museum name mentioned in passing under Butis longicauda; from Brisbane River, Queensland (on QM I.6091). Hoese 2006:1598 [ref. 28988] wrongly treats as an available name with a holotype and credited to Ogilby in De Vis. •In the synonymy of Butis butis (Hamilton 1822) -- (Hoese 2006:1598 [ref. 28998], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]) Current status: Synonym of Butis butis (Hamilton 1822). Eleotridae: Butinae.

papua, Allomogurnda Allen [G. R.] 2003:992, Figs. 19-20 [v. 17 (no. 3-4) (for Sept-Dec. 2003); ref. 28504] Tributary of Kemp Welsh River, about 3 kilometers east of Matairuka Village, 9°53'S, 147°50'E, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.27397-002. Paratypes: RMNH 35206 (7); USNM 374074 (7); WAM P.26414-001 (10), P.27783-002 (18), P.27784-005 (14), P.27787-001 (2), P.27791-004 (3). Plus non-type material. Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Allomogurnda papua Allen 2003. Current status: Valid as Allomogurnda papua Allen 2003. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

papuensis, Calumia Allen [G. R.] & Erdmann [M. V.] 2010:76, Figs. 4-5 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 16 (no. 2); ref. 30800] Pulau Nurage, 3°01.807'S, 134°50.058'E, Cenderawasih Bay, West Papua, Indonesia, depth 5-12 meters. Holotype: NCIP 6357. Paratypes: BPBM 41005 (3), NCIP 6358 (3), USNM 396018 (3), WAM P.33046-004 (3). •Valid as Calumia papuensis Allen & Erdmann 2010 -- (Allen & Erdmann 2012:856 [ref. 31980]). Current status: Valid as Calumia papuensis Allen & Erdmann 2010. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia ( West Papua and Banda). Habitat: marine.

pardalis, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Renyaan [S. J.] 1996:51, Figs. 8-9 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 23 (no. 1/2); ref. 22224] Lake Kamakawaiar, Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 6187. Paratypes: MZB 6188 (2), WAM P.30519-003 (3). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda pardalis Allen & Renyaan 1996 -- (Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda pardalis Allen & Renyaan 1996. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Triton Lakes, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

paucipora, Oxyeleotris Roberts [T. R.] 1978:67, Fig. 38b [Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 281; ref. 8886] Upper Fly River, Papua New Guinea, 6°07.5'S, 141°17.0'E. Holotype: USNM 217293. Paratypes: AMS 27086-001 [ex USNM 217295] (3); BMNH 1980.4.30.1-3 [ex USNM 217295] (3); KFRS 517.01 [ex USNM 217295] (5, missing 2/03); USNM 217294 (7), 217295 (orig. 31, now 20), 217296 (orig. 9, now 6), 217297 (4). •Valid as Oxyeleotris paucipora Roberts 1978 -- (Allen 1991:171 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:147 [ref. 27467], Allen et al. 2008:159 [ref. 30265]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris paucipora Roberts 1978. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Central-southern New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

pauliani, Typhleotris Arnoult [J.] 1959:134, Figs. 2, 3A, 4A [Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar. Série A, Biologie Animale v. 13; ref. 7441] Andalambezo region near Morombe, north of Onilahy River, about 23°00'S, 44°30'E, southwestern Madagascar. Holotype: MNHN 1960-0258. Paratypes: MNHN 1960-0259 (6). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:17 [ref. 19958]. Also appeared as new in Arnoult 1959:91, Pl. 19 (fig. 3) [ref. 34874]. •Valid as Typhleotris pauliani Arnoult 1959 -- (Maugé 1986:398 [ref. 6218], Romero & Paulson 2001:35 [ref. 26040], Proudlove 2006:193 [ref. 28992], Sparks & Chakrabarty 2012:7 [ref. 32351] in Milyeringidae, Rasoloariniaina et al. 2016:2 [ref. 34460], Vences et al. 2018:372 [ref. 35788], Fricke et al. 2018:321 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Typhleotris pauliani Arnoult 1959. Eleotridae: Milyeringinae. Distribution: Endemic to southwestern Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater.

pectoralis, Eleotris Regan [C. T.] 1903:415, Pl. 13 (fig. 2) [Revue Suisse de Zoologie v. 11 (no. 2); ref. 3620] Madagascar. Holotype (unique): MHNG 665.06. Type catalog: Mahnert 1976:473 [ref. 21535], Weber 1998:13 [ref. 23532]. •Synonym of Hypseleotris tohizonae (Steindachner 1880) -- (Maugé 1986:395 [ref. 6218]). •Synonym of Eleotris tohizonae Steidachner 1880. •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (based on placement of tohizonae). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pelewensis, Lizettea Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1936:276, Pl. 1 (fig. 1) [Philippine Journal of Science v. 59 (no. 2); ref. 2125] Freshwater brook on a small islet in Palau Islands [= Pelew Islands], western Pacific. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 29074. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:150 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:107 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]) Current status: Synonym of Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pellegrini, Eleotris Maugé [A. L.] 1984:98 [Cybium v. 8 (no. 4); ref. 5945] Near Fort Dauphin, Madagascar. Syntypes: MNHN 1932-0108 (6 or 5). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:15 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Eleotris pellegrini Maugé 1984 -- (Maugé 1986:393 [ref. 6218], Fricke et al. 2018:319 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris pellegrini Maugé 1984. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

perniger, Culius Cope [E. D.] 1871:473 [Transactions of the American Philosophical Society (New Series) v. 14 (pt 3) (art. 5); ref. 920] St. Martin Island, West Indies. Holotype (unique): ANSP 10575. Type catalog: Böhlke 1984:108 [ref. 13621]. •Valid as Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871) -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Pezold & Cage 2002:42 [ref. 25941], Lim et al. 2002:92 [ref. 28310], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111], Smith et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27621], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:391 [ref. 28615], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Collette 2013:180 [ref. 32953], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:74 [ref. 33341], Walsh & Chakrabarty 2016:515 [ref. 34497], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Robins et al. 2018:436 [ref. 35886]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris perniger (Cope 1871). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

picta, Eleotris Kner [R.] 1863:223, "Fig. 6" (unpublished) [Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu München 1863, v. 2; ref. 5002] Río Bayano, Panama. Syntypes: NMW 76866 [ex ZSM] (1), ZSM [old collection] (orig. 3) destroyed in WWII. Type catalog: Neumann 2006:274 [ref. 28925]. Also appeared as new in Kner & Steindachner 1864:18, Pl. 3 (fig. 1) [ref. 2649] as Eleotris pictus. •Valid as Eleotris picta Kner 1863 -- (Ortega & Vari 1986:21 [ref. 9708], Lee et al. 1980:782 [ref. 22416], Bussing 1987:245 [ref. 22927], Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:73 [ref. 22290], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1064 [ref. 22829] as pictus, Grove & Lavenberg 1997:549 [ref. 24023], Bussing 1998:416 [ref. 24179], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:415 [ref. 24550], Pezold & Cage 2002:43 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:392 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:12 [ref. 30400], Minckley & Marsh 2009:277 [ref. 31114], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], McCosker & Rosenblatt 2010:194 [ref. 30957], Lasso-Alcalá et al. 2011:575 [ref. 31520], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], McMahan et al. 2013:452 [ref. 32422], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Barriga S. 2014:119 [ref. 35745], Jiménez-Prado et al. 2015:348 [ref. 34894], Galván-Villa et al. 2016:149 [ref. 34871], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Romero-Berny et al. 2018:92 [ref. 35859], González-Murcia et al. 2019:293 [ref. 36544], Angulo et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris picta Kner 1863. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: southern California (U.S.A.) south to Peru, including the Galápagos Islands, and adjacent freshwater habitats. Introduced in western Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pinguis, Bunaka Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:61, Pl. 27 (fig. 2) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Dumaguete River, Oriental Negros, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP 10594 (destroyed, seen by Koumans). Paratypes: BSMP (3) presumed destroyed. Additional material or paratypes: BSMP (9) presumed destroyed. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:182 [ref. 2676]. •Synonym of Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853) -- (Hoese 2006:1598 [ref. 28998], Huang & Chen 2008:184 [ref. 30067], Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

piso, Gobiomoroides Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1800:592, 593 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 2; ref. 2709] South America. No types known. Unnecessary replacement name for Gobius pisonis Gmelin 1789. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:275, 276 (vol. 7) [ref. 30473]. Lectotype selected by Kottelat 2013 as model of Mentzel's figure. •Not a gobiid -- (Pezold & Cage 2002:37 [ref. 25941]). •Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

pisonis, Gobius Gmelin [J. F.] 1789:1206 [Caroli a Linné ... Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae v. 1 (pt 3); ref. 18139] South America. No types known. •Valid as Eleotropis pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Aguilera 1998:52 [ref. 24221]). •Valid as Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789) -- (Lee et al. 1980:783 [ref. 22416], Robins & Ray 1986:240 [ref. 23100], Bussing 1987:246 [ref. 22927], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:73 [ref. 22290], Cervigón 1994:144 [ref. 24488], Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:228 [ref. 22947], Torelli et al. 1997:70 [ref. 24612], Bussing 1998:417 [ref. 24179], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:417 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:312 [ref. 25013], Schwartz 1999:282 [ref. 25307], Keith et al. 2000:232 [ref. 24547], Marín 2000:77 [ref. 26252], Taylor 2001:153 [ref. 25200], Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639], Pezold & Cage 2002:45 [ref. 25941], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Phillip et al. 2013:23 [ref. 32896], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], Kottelat 2013:391 [ref. 32989], Costa et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35684], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:3 [ref. 35781], Raz-Guzmán et al. 2018:345 [ref. 36407]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris pisonis (Gmelin 1789). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: southeastern U.S.A. south to Brazil. [Actual may be Orinoco River delta in Venezuela to Brazil, on ref. 25941.] Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

planiceps, Eleotris Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:49 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 762] Norman River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:50 [ref. 19958]. •Incertae sedis in Eleotridae -- (Hoese 2006:1610 [ref. 28998] but possibly a senior synonym of Prionobutis microps). Current status: Uncertain as Prionobutis planiceps (Castelnau 1878). Eleotridae: Butinae.

planiceps, Eleotris Macleay [W.] 1882:69 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 7 (pt 1); ref. 14344] Palmer River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): MAMU (not found). Macleay described another species with this name in 1883. Objectively invalid; preoccupied by Eleotris planiceps Castelnau 1878, replaced by Eleotris selheimi Macleay 1884. •Synonym of Oxyeleotris selheimi (Macleay 1884) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Synonym of Oxyeleotris selheimi (Macleay 1884). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

planiceps, Eleotris Macleay [W.] 1883:206 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 8 (pt 2); ref. 14342] Lillesmere Lagoon, Burdekin River, Queensland, Australia. Syntypes: AMS A.17825-26 (1, 1), A.17832-33 (1, 1), A.17836-37 (1, 1). Macleay described another Eleotris planiceps in 1882; both names are preoccupied (and objectively invalid) by Eleotris planiceps Castelnau 1878; planiceps 1883 replaced by Eleotris aporocephalus Macleay 1884. •Synonym of Giuris margaritacea (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese 2006:1600 [ref. 28998]). •Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

platycephalus, Callieleotris Fowler [H. W.] 1934:156, Figs. 123-124 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 86; ref. 1417] Bangkok, Thailand. Holotype: ANSP 60009. Paratypes: ANSP 60010 (1). Additonal material or paratypes: ANSP 60008 (1), 60011-12 (2). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:135 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1984:109 [ref. 13621]. •Synonym of Oxyeleotris marmorata (Bleeker 1852) -- (Roberts 1989:166 [ref. 6439], Kottelat 2001:155 [ref. 25780], Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Oxyeleotris marmorata (Bleeker 1852). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

pleurops, Eleotris Boulenger [G. A.] 1909:42 [Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8) v. 3 (no. 13); ref. 14365] Lower Niger [probably in error for western Atlantic]. Holotype (unique): BMNH 1908.12.5.8. See Pezold et al. 2007:483 [ref. 30082] for remarks on type locality. •Valid as Dormitator pleurops (Boulenger 1909) -- (Maugé 1986:390 [ref. 6218], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:829 [ref. 21590]). •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Boch 1792) -- (Pezold et al. 2007:483 [ref. 30082], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

polylepis, Gobiomorus Ginsburg [I.] 1953:20 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 43 (no. 1); ref. 1806] Colima, Mexico. Holotype: USNM 130917. Paratypes: USNM 123233 (1). •Valid as Gobiomorus polylepis Ginsburg 1953 -- (Bussing 1987:251 [ref. 22927], Espinosa Pérez et al. 1993:73 [ref. 22290], Hoese in Fischer et al. 1995:1064 [ref. 22829], Bussing 1998:424 [ref. 24179], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:409 [ref. 24550], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:660 [ref. 27061], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], Miller 2006:394 [ref. 28615], Scharpf 2009:12 [ref. 30400], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Angulo et al. 2013:1007 [ref. 33194], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:4 [ref. 35781]). Current status: Valid as Gobiomorus polylepis Ginsburg 1953. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Pacific Slope of Costa Rica and Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

polylepis, Paloa Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:56, Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Market in Iloilo, Panay, Philippines. Holotype: BSMP (presumed destroyed). Paratypes: BSMP (1) presumed destroyed. •Synonym of Odonteleotris macrodon (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Odonteleotris macrodon (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Western Pacific (if valid). Habitat: freshwater.

porocephala, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:237 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Seychelles; New Ireland Island, Bismarck Archipelago. Syntypes: MNHN A-1573 (5) Seychelles, MNHN A-1574 (2) New Ireland. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:15 [ref. 19958]. Simultaneous synonym of Eleotris ophiocephalus, but Günther (1861:107) apparently gave precedence to ophicephalus. Overwhelming use of porocephala in 2014. •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). •Valid as Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Roberts 1978:65 [ref. 8886], Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:239 [ref. 6441], Maugé 1986:396 [ref. 6218], Hoese 1986:810 [ref. 5670], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:550 [ref. 25598], Allen & Coates 1990:101 [ref. 25561], Allen 1991:166 [ref. 21090], Talwar & Jhingran 1991:980 [ref. 20764], Kottelat et al. 1993:135 [ref. 23448], Rainboth 1996:195 [ref. 22772], Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Fricke 1999:496 [ref. 24106], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:638 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1149 [ref. 25182], Sakai et al. 2001:107 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Allen et al. 2002:320 [ref. 25930], Mukai et al. 2002:2 [ref. 26177], Nakabo 2002:1149 [ref. 26193], Tan & Lim 2004:110 [ref. 27716], Adrim et al. 2004:126 [ref. 27715], Larson & Pidgeon 2004:197 [ref. 28107], Hoese 2006:1607 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Allen et al. 2008:160 [ref. 30265], Fricke et al. 2009:98 [ref. 30213], Shibukawa 2009:257 [ref. 30449], Fricke et al. 2013:269 [ref. 32706], Larson et al. 2013:187 [ref. 32988], Fricke et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33932], Koeda et al. 2016:87 [ref. 35333], Pusey et al. 2017:86 [ref. 35250], Fricke et al. 2018:320 [ref. 35805], Arndt & Fricke 2019:15 [ref. 36883], Fricke et al. 2019:268 [ref. 36673]). Current status: Valid as Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

porocephaloides, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1854:511 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 5 (no. 3); ref. 5965] Priaman, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 6198. Original as porocephaloïdes. •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:4394 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

prismatica, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1849:23 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Madura Straits near Surabaya and Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Possible syntypes: in RMNH 4470. Appeared without distinguishing features in list in Bleeker 1849:5 [ref. 320]. •Valid as Butis prismatica (Bleeker 1849) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Valid as Butis prismatica (Bleeker 1849). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: marine.

profunda, Calumia Larson [H. K.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1980:19, Figs. 2-4 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 104 (pt. 1) (for 1979); ref. 8699] Alite Reef, near Malaita, Solomon Islands, depth 38 meters. Holotype: BPBM 21158. Paratypes: AMS I.17477-026 (1), 20156-001 (1). •Valid as Calumia profunda Larson & Hoese 1980 -- (Nakabo 2000:1151 [ref. 25182], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Nakabo 2002:1151 [ref. 26193], Allen & Adrim 2003:56 [ref. 26830], Randall 2005:560 [ref. 28239], Hoese 2006:1599 [ref. 28998], Allen & Erdmann 2010:72 [ref. 30800], Allen & Erdmann 2012:856 [ref. 31980], Fricke et al. 2014:156 [ref. 33932]). Current status: Valid as Calumia profunda Larson & Hoese 1980. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Pacific: Indonesia, east to Philippines and Fiji. Habitat: marine.

pseudacanthopomus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:276 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Western Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): SMNS 10595. Bleeker specimens: RMNH 5182 (all but 1 possibly). Type catalog: Fricke 1991:14 [ref. 13474] with species spelled pseudoacanthopomus and SMNS 10595 as holotype, Fricke 2005:36 [ref. 29864]. •Valid as Eleotris pseudacanthopomus Bleeker 1853 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950] as pseudacantha on some pages). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Kottelat 2013:392 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Sumatra (if valid). Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

pulchra, Mogurnda Horsthemke [H.] & Staeck [W.] 1990:160, Fig. [Die Aquarien- und Terrarienzeitschrift (DATZ) v. 43 (no. 3); ref. 20046] River at entrance to Brown River at Hiritano highway, 24 kilometers north of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, about 9°16'S, 147°14'E. Holotype: ZFMK 16247. Paratypes: ZFMK 16248-16251 (4). Type catalog: Herder et al. 2010:131 [ref. 31087]. •Valid as Mogurnda pulchra Horsthemke & Staeck 1990 -- (Allen 1991:162 [ref. 21090], Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda pulchra Horsthemke & Staeck 1990. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

pusillus, Leptophilypnion Roberts [T. R.] 2013:90, Figs. 1-7 [aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology v. 19 (issue 2); ref. 32684] Lower part of igarapé tributary to Rio Tapajós bordering city of Santarém, Brazil. Holotype: MZUSP 40297. Paratypes: NRM 23245 (1), 60133 (1). •Valid as Leptophilypnion pusillus Roberts 2013. Current status: Valid as Leptophilypnion pusillus Roberts 2013. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Near Santarém, central Amazon basin, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

quisumbingi, Hypseleotris Roxas [H. A.] & Ablan [G. L.] 1940:301, Pl. 1 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 73 (no. 3); ref. 13218] Lingayen Gulf (via San Fernando Market), La Union Province, Philippines. Holotype: BSM 31952 (destroyed in WWII). Paratypes: BSM (4, destroyed in WWII). •Species inquendae in Hypseleotris -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

quoyi, Belobranchus Bleeker [P.] 1856:300 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 355] Manado Island, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Syntypes: MNHN A-1569 (5). Unneeded replacement name for Eleotris belobrancha Valenciennes 1837. •Synonym of Belobranchus belobranchus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Belobranchus belobranchus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

raji, Hypseleotris Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1945:401 [Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 35 (no. 12); ref. 2141] Adyar River, Madras, southern India. Holotype (unique): SU 39863. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:107 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849) -- (Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

regalis, Hypseleotris Hoese [D. F.] & Allen [G. R.] in Allen 1982:57, Pl. 13, fig. 5 [Inland fishes of Western Australia; ref. 21819] Wyulda Creek, about 2 kilometers above junction with Roe River, West Kimberley, Western Australia, about 15°26'S, 125°37'E. Holotype: WAM P.25028-009. Paratypes: AMS I.22744-001 (5); WAM P.25028-007 (11, not 12), P.25040-004 (14). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117]. Also appeared in Hoese & Allen 1983:250, fig. 4 [ref. 8331]. •Valid as Hypseleotris regalis Hoese & Allen 1982 -- (Unmack 2001:1063 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:298 [ref. 25930], Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186] dated to 1983, Hoese 2006:1603 [ref. 28998], Larson 2007:115 [ref. 29458], Morgan et al. 2011:19 [ref. 31262]). Current status: Valid as Hypseleotris regalis Hoese & Allen 1982. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Australia: Prince Regent River and Roe River endemic (Kimberley, Western Australia). Habitat: freshwater.

reticulatus, Eleotris Klunzinger [C. B.] 1879:257 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 16 (no. 22); ref. 18913] Port Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia. Syntypes: SMNS 2515 (7) discarded in 1958. Type catalog: Fricke 1992:9 [ref. 20296], Fricke 2005:36 [ref. 29864]. Also appeared in Klunzinger 1880:385 [61 of separate], Pl. 4 (fig. 3) [ref. 2624]. •Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864) -- (Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2013:186 [ref. 32988], Kuiter 2018:80 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

richardsonii, Eleotris Steindachner [F.] 1866:51 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3 (no. 7); ref. 20460] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): NMW 78548. Steindachner specimens: MNHN 0000-6183 (1). Appeared first in the abstract as above, then in Steindachner 1866:455 [ref. 4210]; also on p. 32 of separate. •Synonym of Gobiomorphus coxii (Krefft 1864) -- (Hoese 2006:1601 [ref. 28998]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiomorphus coxii (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

rigonis, Ophiocara aporos Whitley [G. P.] 1938:230 [Records of the Australian Museum v. 20 (no. 3); ref. 4693] Freshwater creek near Rigo, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMS IA.5785. Paratypes: (18) AMS IA.5786-93 (18), IA.5794 (6). •Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater.

robustus, Eleotris De Vis [C. W.] 1884:692 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 3); ref. 17383] Queensland coast, Australia. No types known. •Incertae sedis in Eleotridae -- (Hoese 2006:1610 [ref. 28998]). Eleotridae: Butinae.

rubricauda, Eleotris Koumans [F. P.] 1940:166 [Zoologische Mededelingen (Leiden) v. 22; ref. 2676] Holotype (unique): AMS I.360. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:166 [ref. 2676]. Still researching. Appeared as "Crassiops, Austrogobio, galii Ogilby, type of Eleotris rubricauda" in Koumans, with a brief description; perhaps name in synonymy and not available. Eleotridae.

sampricei, Allomogurnda Allen [G. R.] 2003:995, Figs. 22-23 [v. 17 (no. 3-4) (for Sept-Dec. 2003); ref. 28504] Randumi Creek, 1°48'S, 136°34'E, Reidafeif River system, Yapen Island, Papua Province, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 12092. Paratypes: MZB 12093 (4); WAM P.32375-001 (3), P.32376-001 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:47 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Allomogurnda sampricei Allen 2003. Current status: Valid as Allomogurnda sampricei Allen 2003. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Yapen Island, Papua Province, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

sandwicensis, Eleotris Vaillant [L. L.] & Sauvage [H.-E.] 1875:280 [Revue et Magasin de Zoologie (Sér. 3) v. 3; ref. 17853] Hawaiian Islands. Syntypes: BMNH 1883.7.4.73 [ex MNHN] (1); MNHN A-2624 (2), 8045 (1), 8915 (4), 9011 (2); ?NMW 78678 (1). Type information: Bauchot et al. 1991:15 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Eleotris sandwicensis Vaillant & Sauvage 1875 -- (Zink et al. 1996:332 [ref. 22396], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950] as sandvicensis, Nishimoto & Fitzsimons 1999:815 [ref. 23947], McDowall 2003:705 [ref. 26832], Benbow et al. 2004:129 [ref. 28266], Mundy 2005:470 [ref. 28379]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris sandwicensis Vaillant & Sauvage 1875. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Oceania, Hawaiian Islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

scalaris, Bostrychus Larson [H. K.] 2008:148, Figs. 1-6 [The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory v. 24; ref. 30001] Mangrove pool at Sementa River, 3°04.84'N, 101°21.35'E, near Klang, Selengor State, Malaysia. Holotype: NTM S.15552-003. Paratypes: Technically the specimen depicted in a Castelnau water color painting (reproduced as Fig. 6 by Larson) from Singapore. •Valid as Bostrychus scalaris Larson 2008 -- (Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989], Hoang et al. 2014:107 [ref. 33161]). Current status: Valid as Bostrychus scalaris Larson 2008. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Malaysia and Singapore. Habitat: brackish.

scintillans, Eleotris Blyth [E.] 1860:146 [Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal v. 29 (no. 2); ref. 477] Port Blair, Andaman Islands. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. •Mention under Ophiocara porocephala (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Talwar & Jhingran 1991:980 [ref. 20764]). •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

segura, Belobranchus Keith [P.], Hadiaty [R. K.] & Lord [C.] 2012:480, Figs. 1-3 [Cybium v. 36 (no. 3); ref. 32563] Ake Jira, Leililef Waibulen, Halmahera, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 20786. Paratypes: MZB 18658 (2), 18684 (3), 18742 (1), 18751 (2), 18820 (1); MNHN 2011-0044 (1), 2011-0045 (2). •Valid as Belobranchus segura Keith, Hadiaty & Lord 2012 -- (Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989], Miesen et al. 2016:92 [ref. 34492]). Current status: Valid as Belobranchus segura Keith, Hadiaty & Lord 2012. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Halmahera, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

selheimi, Eleotris Macleay [W.] 1884:33 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 9 (pt 1); ref. 4932] Palmer River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): MAMU (not found). Replacement name for Eleotris planiceps Macleay 1882. •Valid as Oxyeleotris selheimi (Macleay 1884) -- (Allen et al. 2000:148 [ref. 27467], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:315 [ref. 25930], Morgan et al. 2004:150 [ref. 27718], Hoese 2006:1608 [ref. 28998], Allen et al. 2008:157 [ref. 30265], Morgan et al. 2011:20 [ref. 31262], Larson et al. 2013:188 [ref. 32988], Pusey et al. 2017:83 [ref. 35250]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris selheimi (Macleay 1884). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Northern Australia. Habitat: freshwater.

senegalensis, Eleotris (Culius) Steindachner [F.] 1870:949 [5], Pl. 2 (figs. 1-2) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 60 (1. Abth.); ref. 18767] Near Dagana, Senegal, western Africa. Syntypes: (several) NMW 36898-900 (3), 78553 (1). On p. 5 of separate. •Valid as Eleotris senegalensis Steindachner 1870 -- (Maugé 1986:393 [ref. 6218], Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477], Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:835 [ref. 21590], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950], Pezold & Cage 2002:33 [ref. 25941], Pezold et al. 2007:479 [ref. 30082], Schliewen 2011:209 [ref. 31738], Miller in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2829 [ref. 34618], Skelton 2019:228 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris senegalensis Steindachner 1870. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Africa: Senegal south to Namibia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

serrifrons, Prionobutis Rutter [C. L.] 1897:84 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 49; ref. 12329] Swatow, Shantou, coast of southeastern China. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 4995. Type catalog: Koumans 1940:146 [ref. 2676], Böhlke 1953:107 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849) -- (Miller & Wongrat 1990:954 [ref. 19381], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

shropshirei, Euleptoeleotris Hildebrand [S. F.] 1938:353, Fig. 13 [Field Museum of Natural History, Publications, Zoölogical Series v. 22 (no. 4); ref. 12363] Drydock at Mt. Hope, Canal Zone, Panama. Holotype: USNM 106507. Paratypes: FMNH 36675 (1). Type catalog: Ibarra & Stewart 1987:35 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Eleotris shropshirei (Hildebrand 1938) -- (Miller 1998:277, 289 [ref. 24950]). •Valid as Erotelis shropshirei (Hildebrand 1938) -- (D. Hoese/H.K. Larson data). Current status: Valid as Erotelis shropshirei (Hildebrand 1938). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Panama. Habitat: brackish.

siamensis, Eleotris Günther [A.] 1861:129 [Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum v. 3; ref. 1964] Thailand. Syntypes: BMNH 1859.7.1.64-66 (3). •Valid as Oxyeleotris siamensis (Günther 1861) -- (Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Freyhof et al. 2000:97 [ref. 25184], Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris siamensis (Günther 1861). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Thailand. Habitat: freshwater.

siculus, Eleotris Swainson [W.] 1839:394 [The natural history and classification v. 2; ref. 4303] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. No types known. Eleotridae.

sima, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:232 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Veracruz, Mexico. Syntypes: MNHN A-1666 (2). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:15 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:413 [ref. 24550], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

simplex, Eleotris Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:49 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 1); ref. 762] Norman River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:50 [ref. 19958]. •Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864) -- (Hoese 2006:1602 [ref. 28998], Kuiter 2018:80 [ref. 36369]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris compressa (Krefft 1864). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

sinensis, Bostrychus Lacepède [B. G. E.] 1801:140, 141 [Histoire naturelle des poissons (Lacepède) v. 3; ref. 2710] China. No types preserved. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:49 [ref. 19958]. Based on a Chinese drawing received via The Netherlands. Figured on Pl. 14 (fig. 2) of Lacepède 1800 [ref. 2709] but with vernacular name. Also appeared in Sonnini 1803:159,160 (vol. 8) [ref. 30473]. •Valid as Bostrichthys sinensis (Lacepède 1801) -- (Wu & Ni in Kuang et al. 1986:260 [ref. 26639], Allen & Swainston 1988:138 [ref. 25477], Zheng 1989:339 [ref. 21202], Wu in Pan et al. 1991:423 [ref. 23876], Zhu 1995:176 [ref. 25213], Allen 1997:222 [ref. 23977]). •Valid as Bostrychus sinensis Lacepède 1801 -- (Akihito in Masuda et al. 1984:239 [ref. 6441], Kawanabe & Mizuno 1989:549 [ref. 25598], Kottelat et al. 1993:133 [ref. 23448], Larson & Williams 1997:370 [ref. 23967], Rainboth 1996:194 [ref. 22772], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:636 [ref. 25122], Nakabo 2000:1149 [ref. 25182], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Kottelat 2001:60 [ref. 25482], Sakai et al. 2001:106 [ref. 25693], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Nakabo 2002:1149 [ref. 26193], Hoese & Kottelat 2005:185 [ref. 28262], Hoese 2006:1597 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2008:136 [ref. 29532], Larson 2008:149 [ref. 30001], Larson et al. 2013:185 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989], Fricke et al. 2014:155 [ref. 33932], Zhang et al. 2016:198 [ref. 34477], Shibukawa in Kimura et al. 2018:251 [ref. 36460]). Current status: Valid as Bostrychus sinensis Lacepède 1801. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific: India east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia; also adjacent estuaries and freshwater. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

smaragdus, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:231 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Havana, Cuba. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1571. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:15 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Eleotris smaragdus Valenciennes 1837 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950]). •Valid as Ginonellus smaragdus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Camargo & Isaac 2001:142 [ref. 27639]). •Valid as Erotelis smaragdus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Pezold & Edwards 1983:104 [ref. 37431], Robins & Ray 1986:240 [ref. 23100], Boschung 1992:162 [ref. 23239], Cervigón 1994:144 [ref. 24488], Greenfield & Thomerson 1997:229 [ref. 22947], Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:419 [ref. 24550], Smith-Vaniz et al. 1999:312 [ref. 25013], Murdy & Hoese 2003:1780 [ref. 27111], Menezes in Menezes et al. 2003:97 [ref. 27192], Smith et al. 2003:58 [ref. 27621], Ross & Rhode 2004:302 [ref. 27789], Nelson et al. 2004:169 [ref. 27807], McEachran & Fechhelm 2005:658 [ref. 28815], Matamoros et al. 2009:23 [ref. 31241], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Page et al. 2013:174 [ref. 32708], Smith-Vaniz & Jelks 2014:74 [ref. 33341], Costa et al. 2017:46 [ref. 35684]). Current status: Valid as Erotelis smaragdus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Western Atlantic: including Gulf of Mexico. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

soaresi, Eleotris Playfair [R. L.] in Playfair & Günther 1867:74, Pl. 9 (fig. 4) [The fishes of Zanzibar; ref. 3490] Mozambique. Syntypes: BMNH 1864.11.15.127 (1), 1865.3.18.26-27 (2), 1867.3.9.521 (1). •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Schneider & Forster 1802) -- (Maugé 1986:392 [ref. 6218]). •Valid as Eleotris soaresi Playfair 1867 -- (Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950] as soaresii). •Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853 -- (Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris melanosoma Bleeker 1853. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

somnulentus, Eleotris Girard [C. F.] 1858:169 [Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia v. 10; ref. 1813] Mouth of Rio Grande del Norte (Rio Bravo), Texas, U.S.A. Syntypes: MCZ 35971 [ex USNM 641] (5), USNM 641 (33). See also Girard 1859:28, Pl. 12 (figs. 1-3) [ref. 13405]. •Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792) -- (Castro-Aguirre et al. 1999:413 [ref. 24550], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Litz & Koerber 2014:35 [ref. 33622]). Current status: Synonym of Dormitator maculatus (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

spilota, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1986:90, Figs. 8-9 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 1); ref. 6252] Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.28159-010. Paratypes: CSIRO C 2249 (1), C 3175-76 (1, 1), C 3188-90 (1, 1, 1); WAM P.28158-010 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:42 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda spilota Allen & Hoese 1986 -- (Allen & Hoese 1991:44 [ref. 19370], Allen 1991:163 [ref. 21090], Jenkins et al. 2000:50 [ref. 24444], Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda spilota Allen & Hoese 1986. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

squamifrons, Eleotris Perugia [A.] 1893:254 [4] [Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2) v. 13; ref. 14534] Engano Lake, Kifa-juc, Sumatra, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): MSNG 12691. Type catalog: Tortonese 1963:342 [ref. 10350]. On p. 4 of separate. •Synonym of Butis amboinensis (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Butis amboinensis (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

stagnicola, Oxyeleotris Allen [G. R.], Hortle [K. G.] & Renyaan [S. J.] 2000:149, 171, 2 figs on p. 149 [Freshwater fishes of the Timika region, New Guinea; ref. 27467] North side of Cross Levee Road (4°40.69'S, 136°56.80'E), Timika area, Papua, Indonesia. Holotype: MZB 10587. Paratypes: WAM P.31258-011 (1). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30117]. Original not yet seen. •Valid as Oxyeleotris stagnicola Allen, Hortle & Renyaan 2000. Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris stagnicola Allen, Hortle & Renyaan 2000. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Vicinity of Timika, Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

sticta, Bunaka Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1942:119 [Stanford Ichthyological Bulletin v. 2 (no. 4); ref. 13207] Tagaloan River at Tagaloan, Oriental Misamis Province, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 36534. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:105 [ref. 12291]. •Synonym of Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Bunaka gyrinoides (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

stokelli, Gobiomorphus Whitley [G. P.] 1956:36 [Proceedings of the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales v. for 1954-55; ref. 4726] New Zealand. Syntypes: (numerous) whereabouts unknown. Based on Gobiomorphus radiata of Stokell 1941 [ref. 19911] and 1955 [ref. 19912]. •Synonym of Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby 1894) -- (McDowall 1975:8 [ref. 7113]). Current status: Synonym of Gobiomorphus huttoni (Ogilby 1894). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

straminea, Parviparma Herre [A. W. C. T.] 1927:82, Pl. 6 (fig. 2) [Monographs, Bureau of Science Manila Monogr. 23; ref. 2104] Saug River, southern coast of Cotabato Province, Mindanao, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSMP (presumed destroyed). •Valid as Parviparma straminea Herre 1927 -- (Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Parviparma straminea Herre 1927. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Philippines. Habitat: marine.

striata, Eleotris Steindachner [F.] 1866:51 [Anzeiger der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Classe v. 3 (no. 7); ref. 20460] Port Jackson, New South Wales, Australia. Holotype (unique): NMW (not found). Appeared first in the abstract as above, then in Steindachner 1866:452 [ref. 4210]; also on p. 29 of separate. •Synonym of Mogurnda adspersus (Castelnau 1878) -- (Cadwallader & Backhouse 1983:215 [ref. 25473]). •Incertae sedis in Eleotridae -- (Hoese 2006:1610 [ref. 28988]). Eleotridae.

strigogenys, Bostrychus Nichols [J. T.] 1937:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 922; ref. 17985] Upper Fly River, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMNH 13652. Paratypes: (5) AMNH 13686 (4). Type catalog: Koumans 1940:123 [ref. 2676]. •Valid as Bostrichthys strigogenys (Nichols 1937) -- (Roberts 1978:65 [ref. 8886], Allen 1991:152 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:135 [ref. 27467]). •Valid as Bostrychus strigogenys Nichols 1937 -- (Hoese & Kottelat 2005:185 [ref. 28262], Larson 2008:149 [ref. 30001], Allen et al. 2008:147 [ref. 30265]). Current status: Valid as Bostrychus strigogenys Nichols 1937. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Central-southern New Guinea (Papua Province, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea). Habitat: freshwater.

sulcaticollis, Eleotris Castelnau [F. L.] 1878:142 [Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales v. 3 (pt 2); ref. 763] Brisbane River, Queensland, Australia. Holotype (unique): whereabouts unknown. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:50 [ref. 19958]. •Incertae sedis in Eleotridae -- (Hoese 2006:1611 [ref. 28988]). Eleotridae. Habitat: freshwater.

taenionotopterus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1856:298 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 355] Boleling, Bali, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 4752 (2). •Synonym of Hypseleotris leuciscus (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat et al. 1993:134 [ref. 23448]). •Species inquendae in Hypseleotris -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

taeniopterus, Belobranchus Bleeker [P.] 1856:301 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 12 (no. 2); ref. 355] Boleling, Bali, Indonesia. Syntypes: ?RMNH (5). •Synonym of Belobranchus belobranchus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:389 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Belobranchus belobranchus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

tanakae, Eleotris pisonis oxycephala form Tomiyama [I.] 1936:42 [Japanese Journal of Zoology v. 7 (no. 1); ref. 4413] Infrasubspecific, not available as above; subsequent publication as a species or subspecies not researched. The spelling tanakae is acceptable; early workers almost certainly Latinized the name first, and then added an 'e' (Art. 31.1.1) [WNE, 12 Mar. 2012] -- we suggest using tanakae if necessary. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae.

tapajosensis, Microphilypnus Caires [R. A.] 2013:155 [Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters v. 24 (no. 2); ref. 33010] Pará Barreirinha, near São Luis, pool in Tapajós river, Expedição Permanente a{' Amazonia, Brazil. Holotype: MZUZP 111286. Paratypes: MZUSP 23734 (13), 111287 (30); NRM 19351 (5). •Valid as Microphilypnus tapajosensis Caires 2013 -- (Caires & Toledo-Piza 2018:54 [ref. 35793]). Current status: Valid as Microphilypnus tapajosensis Caires 2013. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Middle Tapajós River, Brazil. Habitat: freshwater.

tecta, Eleotris Bussing [W. A.] 1996:252, Figs. 1, 2a, 3a [Revista de Biología Tropical v. 44 (no. 1); ref. 21937] Quebrada Banegas, tributary of Río Rincón, 3 kilometers southwest of Rincón, upper Golfo Dulce, 8°40'20"N, 83°31'10"W, Pacific coast of Costa Rica, below elevation of 10 meters. Holotype: LACM 45893-1. Paratypes: LACM 20050-52 (1, 1, 2); UCR 1318-8 (3). Type catalog: Angulo et al. 2015:374 [ref. 35212]. •Valid as Eleotris tecta Bussing 1996 -- (Bussing 1998:418 [ref. 24179], Pezold & Cage 2002:47 [ref. 25941], Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:659 [ref. 27061], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194], Angulo et al. 2020:7 [ref. 37425]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris tecta Bussing 1996. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Central America, northwestern South America: Pacific slope of Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.

ternetzi, Microphilypnus Myers [G. S.] 1927:134 [Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology v. 68 (no. 3); ref. 3096] Caño de Quiribana near Caicara, Venezuela. Lectotype: CAS-SU 18080 (15.2 mm). Paralectotypes: CAS 76818 [ex IU 17702] (3 not 2), MCZ 31710 [as 31582 in orig.] (1). Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:107 [ref. 12291]. Lectotype selected by Caires & Figueiredo 2011:45 [ref. 31523]. The species ternetzi is selected over amazonicus, both species appearing in the same publication (see Caires & Figueiredo 2011:45 [ref. 31523]). •Valid as Microphilypnus ternetzi Myers 1927 -- (Kullander in Reis et al. 2003:662 [ref. 27061], Thacker et al. 2006:491 [ref. 28798], Caires & Figueiredo 2011:45 [ref. 31523], Van Tassell 2011:148 [ref. 31732], Caires 2013:156 [ref. 33010], DoNascimiento et al. 2017:95 [ref. 35633], Guimarães-Costa et al. 2017:4 [ref. 35781], Caires & Toledo-Piza 2018:54 [ref. 35793]). Current status: Valid as Microphilypnus ternetzi Myers 1927. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Widespread in Amazon and Orinoco basins: Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela. Habitat: freshwater.

thermophila, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Jenkins [A. P.] 1999:153, Fig. 10 [aqua, Journal of Ichthyology and Aquatic Biology v. 3 (no. 4); ref. 24290] Dalhousie Springs, South Australia, about 26°28'S, 135°29'E. Holotype: AMS I.25947-004. Paratypes: AMS I.25762-001 (1), I.25763-001 (1), I.27103-001 (1); SAMA F.4194 (12), F.5385 (9). •Valid as Mogurnda thermophila Allen & Jenkins 1999 -- (Allen et al. 2002:310 [ref. 25930], Hammer & Walker 2004:89 [ref. 28129], Hoese 2006:1606 [ref. 28998], Hammer et al. 2012:65 [ref. 32389]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda thermophila Allen & Jenkins 1999. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Australia: Dalhousie Mound Springs (Great Artesian basin, South Australia) endemic. Habitat: freshwater.

tohizonae, Eleotris Steindachner [F.] 1880:245 [8], Pl. 2 (fig. 2) [Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe v. 82 (1. Abth., no. 2); ref. 4230] Tohizona River, discharging in to Antongil Bay, eastern coast of Madagascar. Syntypes: (4) NMW 30914-17 (4), ?30918 (1). On p. 8 of separate. •Valid as Eleotris tohizonae Steindachner 1880 -- (Maugé 1986:395 [ref. 6218], Reinthal & Stiassny 1997:354 [ref. 22780]). •Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Thacker & Unmack 2005:2 [ref. 28186]). Current status: Synonym of Hypseleotris cyprinoides (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Madagascar [if valid]. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

tolsoni, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1854:542 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 6 (no. 3); ref. 13965] Near Djunkulon, extreme western Java, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH 5180 (1 of 17). •Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

tubularis, Eleotris Heller [E.] & Snodgrass [R. E.] 1903:210, Pl. 10 [Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences v. 5; ref. 2089] Cocos Island, eastern Pacific. Holotype (unique): CAS-SU 6348. Type catalog: Böhlke 1953:106 [ref. 12291]. •Valid as Eleotris tubularis Heller & Snodgrass 1903 -- (Bussing 1996:251 [ref. 21937], Miller 1998:289 [ref. 24950], Pezold & Cage 2002:48 [ref. 25941], Van Tassell 2011:147 [ref. 31732], Angulo et al. 2013:1006 [ref. 33194]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris tubularis Heller & Snodgrass 1903. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Pacific: Cocos Island. Habitat: freshwater.

tumifrons, Eleotris Valenciennes [A.] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1837:241 [Histoire naturelle des poissons v. 12; ref. 1006] Unknown locality [? Indian Ocean]. Holotype (unique): ZMB 2155. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:50 [ref. 19958], Paepke 1999:77 [ref. 24282]. Unneeded substitute for Sciaena macrolepidota Bloch 1792. •Objective synonym of Ophiocara macrolepidota (Bloch 1792) -- (Maugé 1986:397 [ref. 6218]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara macrolepidota (Bloch 1792). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater.

tutuilae, Fagasa Schultz [L. P.] 1943:253, Fig. 23 [Bulletin of the United States National Museum No. 180; ref. 3957] Small creek near the village of Fagasa at Fagasa Bay, Tutuila Island, American Samoa. Holotype (unique): USNM 116168. •Possibly based on juvenile eleotrids -- (D. Hoese/H. K. Larson data). Current status: Valid as Fagasa tutuilae Schultz 1943. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: American Samoa. Habitat: freshwater.

uellensis, Eleotris Boulenger [G. A.] 1913:161 [Revue de Zoologie Africaine v. 2 (fasc. 2); ref. 14944] Dungu, upper Uelé River, Democratic Republic of Congo. Syntypes: (5) BMNH 1912.12.6.17-18 (2), MRAC 1819-1821 (1, 1, 1). •Valid as Kribia uellensis (Boulenger 1913) -- (Maugé 1986:396 [ref. 6218] as uelensis, Pezold et al. 2007:489 [ref. 30082]). Current status: Valid as Kribia uellensis (Boulenger 1913). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Democratic Republic of Congo. Habitat: freshwater.

urophthalmoides, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1853:273 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 4 (no. 2); ref. 12580] Lake Meninju, Palembang, Sambas, western Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: (7) ?RMNH 6206 (7 of 19). Original as urophthalmoïdes. •Valid as Oxyeleotris urophthalmoides (Bleeker 1853) -- (Roberts 1989:167 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:135 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:246 [ref. 23210], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Parenti & Lim 2005:194 [ref. 28285], Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris urophthalmoides (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

urophthalmus, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1851:202 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 2 (no. 2); ref. 329] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Syntypes: (2) RMNH 6205 (up to 2 of many). •Valid as Oxyeleotris urophthalmus (Bleeker 1851) -- (Roberts 1989:167 [ref. 6439], Kottelat et al. 1993:135 [ref. 23448], Kottelat & Lim 1995:246 [ref. 23210], Larson in Randall & Lim 2000:639 [ref. 25122], Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293], Larson et al. 2008:138 [ref. 29532], Kottelat 2013:395 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris urophthalmus (Bleeker 1851). Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific. Habitat: freshwater.

valenciennesi, Erotelis Poey [F.] 1860:273 [Memorias sobre la historia natural de la Isla de Cuba v. 2; ref. 3499] Cuba. Holotype (?): MCZ 12567. Paratypes: ?MCZ 13120 (1), ?USNM 164930 (1). Type catalog: Howell Rivero 1938:213 [ref. 22926] with MCZ 12567 as holotype. •Synonym of Erotelis smaragdus (Valenciennes 1837). Current status: Synonym of Erotelis smaragdus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

vanicolensis, Eleotris (Giuris) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:54 [15] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Islands, southwestern Pacific. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1675. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:15 [ref. 19958]. On p. 15 of separate. •Synonym of Giuris margaritacea (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Hoese 2006:1600 [ref. 28998]). •Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:393 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Giuris margaritaceus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: marine.

variegata, Mogurnda Nichols [J. T.] 1951:1, Fig. 1 [American Museum Novitates No. 1539; ref. 12905] Lake Katuba (Kutubu), Delta Division, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: AMNH 18576. Paratypes: AMNH 15101 (10). •Valid as Mogurnda variegata Nichols 1951 -- (Allen & Hoese 1986:92 [ref. 6252], Allen & Hoese 1991:35 [ref. 19370], Allen 1991:163 [ref. 21090], Allen & Renyaan 1996:52 [ref. 22224], Allen et al. 1999:64 [ref. 24272], Jenkins et al. 2000:50 [ref. 24444], Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda variegata Nichols 1951. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

veritas, Milyeringa Whitley [G. P.] 1945:36, Fig. 15 [Australian Zoologist v. 11 (pt 1); ref. 4707] Milyering, 20 miles southwest of Vlamingh Head, North West Cape, Western Australia. Holotype (unique): WAM P.2913-001. Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:41 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:48 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Milyeringa veritas Whitley 1945 -- (Humphreys 1999:469 [ref. 24250], Unmack 2001:1064 [ref. 25797], Hutchins 2001:44 [ref. 25847], Allen et al. 2002:304 [ref. 25930], Romero & Paulson 2001:34 [ref. 26040], Humphreys 2001:297 [ref. 26398], Proudlove 2006:196 [ref. 28992], Hoese 2006:1604 [ref. 28998], Chakrabarty 2010:19 [ref. 30921] in Milyeringidae, Larson et al. 2013:144 [ref. 32466], Morgan et al. 2014:31 [ref. 36567]). Current status: Valid as Milyeringa veritas Whitley 1945. Eleotridae: Milyeringinae. Distribution: Western Australia: eastern and western sides of the Cape Range peninsula (Pilbara) endemic. Restricted to subterranean aquifers. Habitat: freshwater.

villadolidi, Paloa Roxas [H. A.] & Ablan [G. L.] 1940:304, Pl. 3 [Philippine Journal of Science v. 73 (no. 3); ref. 13218] Dagupan, Pangasinan Province, Luzon Island, Philippines. Holotype (unique): BSM 31946 (destroyed in WWII). •Synonym of Odonteleotris macrodon (Bleeker 1853) -- (Kottelat 2013:394 [ref. 32989] with question). Current status: Synonym of Odonteleotris macrodon (Bleeker 1853). Eleotridae: Butinae.

viridis, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1849:22 [Verhandelingen van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. v. 22 [6]; ref. 319] Madura Straits near Surabaya and Kammal, Java, Indonesia. Syntypes: RMNH 6197 (1 or more of 36). Appeared without distinguishing features in list in Bleeker 1849:5 [ref. 320]. •Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:384 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Ophiocara ophicephalus (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vitianus, Eleotris (Culius) Sauvage [H.-E.] 1880:56 [17] [Bulletin de la Société philomathique de Paris (7th Série) v. 4; ref. 3887] Fiji Islands. Syntypes: MNHN A-1420 (4). Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:16 [ref. 19958]. On p. 17 of separate. •Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801) -- (Mennesson et al. 2016:503 [reg. 34867], Mennesson & Keith 2017:214 [ref. 35460]). Current status: Synonym of Eleotris fusca (Bloch & Schneider 1801). Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vitta, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.] & Hoese [D. F.] 1986:95, Figs. 12-13 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 13 (pt 1); ref. 6252] Lake Kutubu, Papua New Guinea. Holotype: WAM P.28159-012. Paratypes: AMS IA.8086 (1); CSIRO C 2247 (1), C 3188 (1); WAM P.28159-013 (1). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:42 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda vitta Allen & Hoese 1986 -- (Allen & Hoese 1991:45 [ref. 19370], Allen 1991:164 [ref. 21090], Jenkins et al. 2000:50 [ref. 24444], Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda vitta Allen & Hoese 1986. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Lake Kubutu, Papua New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater.

vittata, Eleotris Duméril [A. H. A.] 1861:249, Pl. 21 (figs. 4-4a) [Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris v. 10 [for 1858]; ref. 1149] Gabon. Holotype (unique): MNHN A-1548. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:16 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861 -- (Maugé 1986:393 [ref. 6218], Lévêque et al. 1989:123 [ref. 26480] dated 1858, Paugy & Bénech 1989:304 [ref. 26478] dated 1858, Miller & Wongrat 1990:955 [ref. 19381], Paugy et al. 1990:343 [ref. 26477] dated 1858, Harrison & Miller in Lévêque et al. 1992:834 [ref. 21590], Miller 1998:285 [ref. 24950], Afonso et al. 1999:86 [ref. 25466], Dankwa et al. 1999:50 [ref. 28023], Pezold & Cage 2002:33 [ref. 25941], Pezold et al. 2007:479 [ref. 30082] dated 1858, Wirtz et al. 2007:21, 39 [ref. 30263], Miller in Carpenter & De Angelis 2016:2829 [ref. 34618], Pezold et al. 2016:106 [ref. 34870], Skelton 2019:228, 237 [ref. 36564]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris vittata Duméril 1861. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Eastern Atlantic: Senegal south to Namibia, including Bioco and Annobón islands. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

vomerodentata, Eleotris (Kieneria) Maugé [A. L.] 1984:98 [Cybium v. 8 (no. 4); ref. 5945] Pangalanes at Andevoranto, eastern coast of Madagascar. Holotype (unique): MNHN 1984-0803. Type catalog: Bauchot et al. 1991:16 [ref. 19958]. •Valid as Eleotris vomerodentata Maugé 1984 -- (Maugé 1986:394 [ref. 6218], Fricke et al. 2018:319 [ref. 35805]). Current status: Valid as Eleotris vomerodentata Maugé 1984. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Habitat: freshwater.

wapoga, Mogurnda Allen [G. R.], Jenkins [A. P.] & Renyaan [S. J.] 1999:64, Fig. 2 [Revue française d'Aquariologie Herpétologie v. 26 (no. 1/2); ref. 24272] Swampy pond on flood plain of Tiawiwa River, 3°01.97'S, 136°22.23'E, about 0.5 kilometers from Freeport Indonesia's Siewa Geological Exploration Base Camp along road leading to Kilometer Zero Staging Area, depth 0.3 meters. Holotype: MZB 10001. Paratypes: MZB 10002 (4), WAM P 31449-002 (5). Type catalog: Moore et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Mogurnda wapoga Allen, Jenkins & Renyaan 1999 -- (Allen & Haidiaty 2014:102 [ref. 33276]). Current status: Valid as Mogurnda wapoga Allen, Jenkins & Renyaan 1999. Eleotridae: Eleotrinae. Distribution: Wapogo River system, West Papua, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

wardi, Prionobutis (Themistocles) Whitley [G. P.] 1939:296, Fig. 1 [Memoirs of the Queensland Museum v. 11 (pt 3); ref. 4697] Near Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, depth 12 fathoms. Holotype: AMS IA.7849. Paratypes: (9) AMS IA.7850 (1), IA.7852-53 (6), IA.7610 (1); QM I.6675 [ex AMS IA.7854] (1) Melville I. •Synonym of Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849) -- (Larson & Williams 1997:371 [ref. 23967], Johnson 1999:750 [ref. 25471], Hoese 2006:1598 [ref. 28998], Larson et al. 2013:185 [ref. 32988], Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]). Current status: Synonym of Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker 1849). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: freshwater, brackish, marine.

wisselensis, Oxyeleotris Allen [G. R.] & Boeseman [M.] 1982:90, Figs. 6-7 [Records of the Western Australian Museum v. 10 (pt 2); ref. 8520] Small streams, vicinity of Tigi Lake, Wissel Lakes, Irian Jaya, Indonesia, about 4°09'S, 136°13'E. Holotype: RMNH 28541. Paratypes: RMNH 28532 (10), 28537 (16), 28539-46 (10, 5, 12, 32, 53, 43, 1, 1); WAM P.27389-001 (17). Type catalog: Hutchins & Smith 1991:42 [ref. 19335], Moore et al. 2008:49 [ref. 30117]. •Valid as Oxyeleotris wisselensis Allen & Boeseman 1982 -- (Allen 1991:171 [ref. 21090], Allen et al. 2000:150 [ref. 27467]). Current status: Valid as Oxyeleotris wisselensis Allen & Boeseman 1982. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Habitat: freshwater.

wolffii, Eleotris Bleeker [P.] 1851:253 [Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indië v. 1 (no. 3); ref. 16890] Bandjarmasin, Borneo, Indonesia. Holotype (unique): RMNH? [whereabouts unknown]. Appeared in Bleeker 1851:270 [ref. 325] without distinguishing features. •Synonym of Butis humeralis (Valenciennes 1837) -- (Kottelat 2013:390 [ref. 32989]), Current status: Synonym of Butis humeralis (Valenciennes 1837). Eleotridae: Butinae. Habitat: brackish, marine.

zonatus, Bostrychus Weber [M.] 1907:259, Pl. 12 (fig. 1) [Süsswasserfische von Neu-Guinea v. 5 (Zool.) pt 2; ref. 4599] Merauke River, southern New Guinea. Syntypes: FMNH 52457 [ex CM 715] (1) Merauke R.; SMF 17484 (1); ZMA 111764-65 (12, 2). Type catalog: Nijssen et al. 1982:96 [ref. 19236], Ibarra & Stewart 1987:16 [ref. 12367]. •Valid as Bostrichthys zonatus (Weber 1907) -- (Allen 1991:153 [ref. 21090], Larson & Williams 1997:370 [ref. 23967], Allen et al. 2000:136 [ref. 27467] dated 1908, Allen et al. 2002:287 [ref. 25930], Pusey et al. 2017:83 [ref. 35250]). •Valid as Bostrychus zonatus Weber 1907 -- (Larson & Murdy 2001:3577 [ref. 26293] dated 1908, Hoese & Kottelat 2005:185 [ref. 28262], Hoese 2006:1597 [ref. 28998], Larson 2008:149 [ref. 30001], Larson et al. 2013:185 [ref. 32988]). Current status: Valid as Bostrychus zonatus Weber 1907. Eleotridae: Butinae. Distribution: Northern Australia and southern New Guinea. Habitat: freshwater, brackish.